Clark Ashton was a fantasy, horror, and science-fiction author. Along with his correspondents H.P. Lovecraft and Robert E. Howard (among others), he developed the basis of what would become known as the Cthulhu Mythos. Clark Ashton Smith is particularly known for the Hyperborean cycle, the Zothique cycle, and Averoigne.
Legacy in Marvel Comics
The contribution of Clark Ashton Smith to Marvel Comics is virtually exclusive to Conan titles.
A few stories were adapted into Conan stories, all by Roy Thomas:
- "The Weird of Avoosl Wuthoqquan" was adapted in Conan the Adventurer #8 (January, 1995), "The Inquisitors of Ong" in Conan the Adventurer #11 was "suggested by a tale by Clark Ashton Smith", seemingly "The Abominations of Yondo", which was adapted in Conan the Adventurer #12 (May, 1995).
- "Necromancy in Naat", a Zothique tale, was adapted as "The Necromancers of Na'at" in Conan the Savage #10 (May, 1996). The story featured Conan as lead (in place of Yadar, referenced in the adaptation, as a word of power), and served as a sequel to Conan of the Isles, a novel by L. Sprague DeCamp and Lin Carter, whose first part was adapted in (Conan the Barbarian Annual #7, 1982), before the whole adaptation was published in Marvel Graphic Novel #42: Conan of the Isles (1988).
Additionally, a few references to creations of Clark Ashton Smith were glimpsed into some books:
- Tsathoggua and the Book of Eibon are well-known Cthulhu Mythos subjects, that are mentioned in various titles related to magic or horror (notably because they have been used by other authors of the Cthulhu Mythos or of Conan stories, themselves adapted in Marvel Comics, such as Conan the Liberator by L. Sprague de Camp and Lin Carter, or "The Shambler from the Stars" by Robert Bloch).
- In "Swordless in Zamboula" (Savage Sword of Conan #195; March, 1992), by Roy Thomas, the incantations from the Scroll of Chthon are composed of names created by Clark Ashton Smith. Similarly, in "Barbarians of the Border" (Savage Sword of Conan #200; August, 1992), the incantation chanted by Dharmi Shan is made of Cthulhu Mythos references, including many to Smith, Lovecraft, and Howard.
- The Ape Lords, evil deities created by Robert E. Howard, adapted as talking ape-men in Conan: The Ravagers Out of Time #1 (June, 1992), were named Thasaidon and Xeethra, after two creations of Clark Ashton Smith's Zothique stories.
- The poem "Tolometh" inspired the main-quest of the series Conan the Adventurer, and Tolometh himself appeared in Conan the Adventurer #13 (June, 1995), the final issue.
- Zvilpogghua was one of the antagonists in the story arc"Frightful", in Ultimate Fantastic Four #30 to #32 (July to October, 2006).
Appearances in the Marvel Universe
- In "Tales of the Zombie!: Damballah's Deeds" (Bizarre Adventures #33; December, 1982), Myrna Lukaikas possessed a book by or about "Clarkashton".
Images Attributed to Clark Ashton Smith
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