Conan was born in Cimmeria, a northern kingdom of barbarians, among the Snowhawk tribe. All of his chronicled adventures take place in the Hyborian Age. At the age of fifteen, Conan fought in the Battle of Venarium. After this, Conan, went on several adventures as chronicled in the The Nemedian Chronicles, and eventually came to be the king of Aquilonia, one of the most powerful kingdoms of the Hyborian age.
He battled for, with, and/or against numerous factions (including most of the nations of the Hyborian world, among them Aquilonia, multiple Corinthian city-states, Turan, Zingara, the Aesir, the Picts), he fought alongside other adventurers, thieves, and pirates such as Bêlit and the Black Corsairs, the Kozaki and the Vilayet Pirates, Juma, Red Sonja, the Zuagirs, the Red Brotherhood, Zula, Fafnir, among many ohers.
He battled numerous sorcerors and cults --among them the Stygian wizards Thoth-Amon and Kulan Gath, and the Witch-Men of Hyperborea--, monsters, gods and demons (including some of the Old Ones), and was helped as well by many of those, including the priest of Ibis Karanthes, the sorcerer and half-god Zukala, the albino sorcerer-king Elric of Melniboné, or the god Mitra.
After many years of ruling Aquilonia, Conan abdicated in favor of his son, Conn, and departed across the Western Ocean to investigate mysterious forces which menaced Aquilonia, and discover new lands to explore, such as Antillia, the isle of Na'at, Mayapan, and possibly Zothique. His ultimate fate is not recorded.Conan's adventures were written by early 20th century writer Robert Howard, later published into Marvel Comics group' comics, adapted into movies, and became part of pop culture.
- Know, O prince, that between the years when the oceans drank Atlantis and the gleaming cities, and the rise of the sons of Aryas, there was an Age undreamed of, when shining kingdoms lay spread across the world like blue mantles beneath the stars. Hither came Conan, the Cimmerian, black-haired, sullen-eyed, sword in hand, a thief, a reaver, a slayer, with gigantic melancholies and gigantic mirth, to tread the jeweled thrones of the Earth under his sandaled feet.
Conan followed a rough code of honor throughout his life. Although willing to engage in acts of thievery and mercenary work, he remained loyal to those he genuinely saw as comrades. Conan was an unrepentant womanizer for much of his life, but he remained respectful of women. He was at times shocked by how "civilized" people of his era sold their daughters and treated them like property.
Conan was a fiercely proud man, preferring death to surrender. As a young man, Conan would kill a man for insulting him, although by middle-age he had mellowed somewhat to the point that he allowed the poet Reinaldo to vilify him in ballads, partially out of a belief that poets were more powerful than monarchs, and partially out of fondness for the mad poet’s art.
As king of Aquilonia, Conan showed genuine love and concern for his subjects. He once boasted that under his rule "no Aquilonian noble dares maltreat the humblest of [his] subjects."
While Conan was considered a usurper king due to his lack of royal ancestry, he considered himself better than several hereditary monarchs of his era, and mocked their "divine right to rule:
"Gleaming shell of an outworn lie; fable of Right divine
You gained your crowns by heritage, but Blood was the price of mine.
The throne that I won by blood and sweat, by Crom, I will not sell
For promise of valleys filled with gold, or threat of the Halls of Hell!"
Conan mated or shared romantic interest with Tara[verification needed] Moira,[verification needed] Jenna, Queen Zenoria of Aquiloria (the wife of an alternate version of himself), Naia, Queen Fatima of Zahmahn, Queen Melissandra of Makkalet,[verification needed] Bêlit, Queen Vammatar of Hyperborea.
Conan stated that he worshiped Crom only, whom he regularly invoked. However, he invoked the names of the Cimmerian gods, other Tuatha de Danaan, such as Morrigan, Macha and Nemain, Mannanan Mac lir, Badb, but also "all the gods of the Frozen North", and other gods, such as Mitra (even sometimes invoked as "Holy Mitra") and Ishtar, whom he personally met and helped (despite doubting her godhood). He sometimes invoked Ymir's, Bel's and Erlik.
Early in his career, Conan was told by the priest of Mitra Ixastophanis to learn and speak the names of other deities than the northern gods, to flatter them, that they might welcome the attention if they truly exist, and no harm done if they didn't.
Still, short after that time, he sometimes disdained other people's invocations of Mitra (despite his later frequent invocations of his name) but later confessed that he would light a candle to Mitra if he was able to slay a monster by the blade alone, and of Tarim (as well as his idols), but was admirative when Fafnir's invocations of Ymir, Bragi and the Gods of the North seemingly accomplished a feat of great strength.
He soon learned to be wary about offending gods, and declared that he feared all the gods (but not their statues or idols). At 30, he was known as a man who didn't mock the gods, especially those unknown to him.
- Inhuman Strength: Conan possessed strength way over the hardiest of his race. Conan was physically one of the most powerful humans who ever lived, considered as having the strength of ten to twenty men. Yet, he did not had the strength of a demi-god of legend, and would be staggered by two men's combined momentum and weight.
- Peak Human Durability: Conan's great physical size, musculature and mental toughness is considered to have the ability to withstand injury superior to those of ordinary humans. His skeleton (or at least his skull) was seemingly more resistant than the norm: he was simply knocked out when falling on the head in a ravine, when others' would had been split open.
- He was also more resistant to poison, ending up a "living corpse" instead of dead after ingesting juice of the Purple Lotus which should had killed an ordinary man, or two. Similarly, Conan considered that there was "no such thing as too much to drink", and awakened every morning with a clear head.
- Peak Human Endurance: Conan could stay awake for days as well as exert himself for a considerable amount of time without rest before showing any signs of fatigue.
- Preternatural Speed and Agility: Conan possessed considerably greater speed and agility than a man of his size should have; his speed and agility were often compared to that of a jungle cat.
- Enhanced Senses: Conan was born and raised in the dark grey hills of Cimmeria, and spent much time outdoors-as both a necessity and as a form of leisure; as such, he developed senses of vision, smell (he could sometimes smell Purple Lotus drug in wine), and hearing that were several times more acute than those of a "civilized" human.
- Wilderness Instinct: Having been raised as a barbarian, Conan had time from birth to nurture a survival instinct lost to most other humans. This very instinct had saved his life on many occasions, making him an even more formidable warrior.
- Master Warrior: Conan was a highly formidable armed and unarmed combatant. He had been trained to use most weapons available to his time with great ability. His skill, brutality and intensity was unsurpassed and he had been shown to kill highly skilled and armed opponents by the score, whether armed or bare-handed. Conan possessed skills at arms way over the hardiest of his race. He learned the use of a bow while in Hyrkania.
- Master Athlete: In addition to his raw strength, Conan was trained and experienced in a variety of athletic fields, including swimming, mountaineering, and horseback riding. Conan frequently performed feats that other men considered impossible, such a small scaling nearly-sheer cliff faces.
- Master Tactician and Strategist: Conan was a born leader and commander of men. His vast experiences in battle gave him considerable tactical and strategic knowledge.
- Multi-Lingual: Conan was exceptionally intelligent and able to speak, read and write multiple modern and ancient languages: enough Hyperborean to be understood, ZIngaran (which he could read), Ophirean, Pictish, though he wasn't fluent, Stygian, Shemite (or Shem) (including some of its offshoots), Pelishtic, (he could even decipher a few informations from a scroll in archaic Pelishtic), pretty bad Hyrkanian (including Hyrkanian dialects) and "never too good" Zamorian. He stated he had mastered Amazon, he seemingly master the tongue of Darfar, and was able to talk with someone who spoke in a tongue similar on the Seventh Isle of Doom. He also was familiar with a some Kushite dialects, though not all. He spoke Khitan. He learned the language of Antillia. He also recognized accents and intonations in other languages. He knew to read Thelic.
- Master of Stealth: As he was raised in a wilderness environment, Conan possessed sufficient stealth to surprise forest animals. This was further honed during Conan's career as a thief. He was also able to move with little noise.
Conan possessed strength way over the hardiest of his race. Conan was stated and had demonstrated, on several occasions, that his physical strength was above the finest human (Hyborian Age) athletes. Strength Scale# Superhuman Conan was physically one of the strongest humans who ever lived; as demonstrated by overpowering the physically bigger strangler Baal-Pteor, and breaking the neck of a wild Cimmerian bull when he was only a teenager. Conan consistently demonstrated feats of power in his strikes, such as easily breaking the bones of humans and beasts alike. Additionally, Conan could crush bone with his grip strength alone, as demonstrated on numerous occasions. Conan was stated to have the strength of ten to twenty men.
Whatever the situation called for at the time.
Conan generally traveled on horseback.
A wide variety of bladed weapons, though he usually preferred a two-handed Broadsword.
Creation and licensing
- Conan was created by Robert E. Howard and later licensed by Marvel Comics, but was under license to Dark Horse Comics from 2000-2018. Marvel introduced a number of unique characters through the Conan books over which it remains in full control. Similarly, a number of characters central to the Conan story (such as his patron god, Crom), have sporadic but important roles in the early history of Marvel's Earth-616.
- Conan is the licensed property of Paradox Entertainment, Inc. and its affiliated company, Conan Properties International LLC.
- While Conan as a character is still claimed to be protected under copyright and owned by various companies, most of the original Conan stories by Robert E. Howard (d. 1936) were published over 80 years ago and are considered to have passed into the public domain. Several of them are available to read online at websites such as Project Gutenberg and Wikisource, which cover public domain works. However, Howard stories which were published posthumously are probably still under copyright. In the case of several incomplete or unpublished Howard stories which were completed, edited, or otherwise modified by other writers, following his death and prior to their original publication, they are all still under copyright and will continue to be so for several decades.
- Conan the Barbarian returned to Marvel Comics in January 2019.
- Conan's actual first appearance in any media is the short story The Phoenix on the Sword, which was published in Weird Tales magazine during 1932. Writer Robert E. Howard actually based this story on one of his older, unpublished stories starring Kull. This particular story was called By This Axe I Rule! and was written in 1929, but would not be published until 1967.
- Conan's debut story The Phoenix on the Sword also introduced the sorcerer Thoth-Amon. In this story, Conan and Thoth-Amon happen to have enemies in common. Thoth-Amon's plot to eliminate his enemies ends up almost killing Conan as well. The two characters did not meet in person, and were mostly unaware of each other's existence. Robert E. Howard included plots and mentions of Thoth-Amon in several other Conan stories, but the sorcerer and Conan never met in person in his works. However, the pastiche writers, who continued writing Conan stories following Howard's death, felt that Thoth-Amon was the closest thing to an archenemy Conan ever had. They greatly expanded Thoth-Amon's role in their stories, and the Marvel Comics writers mostly followed their example. The Earth-616 versions of the two characters had a long-running series of hostile encounters, starting with Conan in his early 20s and ending with a middle-aged Conan who has a grown-up son.
- Conan's creator Robert E. Howard intended for his stories to follow Conan's long life and career from early life to old age, but never intended to create or publish the stories in chronological order. The original Conan story The Phoenix on the Sword (1932) introduced Conan as a middle-aged man who had recently claimed the throne of Aquilonia and faced assassination plots. The short story The Scarlet Citadel (1933) and the novel The Hour of the Dragon (1936) also feature King Conan facing efforts to depose him, foreign invasions, and an attempt to restore a long-dead empire. But these are the only stories to follow this example. The rest of the Conan tales by Howard feature a younger or much younger Conan, and jump back and forth in time. The chronological clues are sometimes clear and other times vague, leading to various Conan scholars coming up with contradictory timelines for the events depicted. For example, it is generally agreed that the short story "The Tower of the Elephant (1933), which features a novice Conan who is still new to civilization, takes place very early in Conan's life. Most estimates have him being a teenager in this story, though there are disagreements on whether he is underage or just entering adulthood. Meanwhile the chronological clues in the short story "The Frost-Giant's Daughter" (1932), where Conan faces a daughter of Ymir in the far north of the Hyborian world, are vague to non-existent. Other Conan scholars have placed this as the chronologically earliest Conan story with Conan barely 15 or 16 years-old, while others argue that it features an experienced Conan who is at least in his 30s. This style of storytelling has influenced the Marvel version of the Conan tales, where stories were also not published in chronological order. Various Marvel writers have attempted to give chronological clues as to where to place their stories in Conan's timeline, while others did not even try and their stories feature no actual clues about their placement.
- Following the death of Robert E. Howard in 1936, a large number of writers have written additional Conan short stories and novels. Among them were Björn Nyberg, L. Sprague de Camp, Lin Carter, Andrew J. Offutt, Karl Edward Wagner, Poul Anderson, Robert Jordan, John Maddox Roberts, Steve Perry, Leonard Carpenter, Roland Green, Sean A. Moore, John C. Hocking, Harry Turtledove, Loren L. Coleman, Richard A. Knaak, Jeff Mariotte, and Michael A. Stackpole. Their works form an extended canon of Conan literature, and they have often added their personal vision of the Hyborian world in each book. Marvel Comics has licensed and adapted at least part of these works, and also several of the original characters introduced in them. In some cases, like with Isparana (an Andrew J. Offutt creation), the characters went on to make many more appearances than the mere adaptation of the original novel.
- In Marvel Comics, some stories are adaptations of other works of Robert E. Howard, or from other writers, in which the main protagonist is replaced by Conan. The replacement is sometimes homaged in the story:
- The current list of Conan literary stories in chronological order starts with the novel Conan of Venarium (2003) and ends with the novel Conan of the Isles (1968). The first features Conan when 14 or 15 years-old and taking part in the Battle of Venarium, the event which Robert E. Howard mentioned as Conan's first battle but never fully depicted. The second features Conan in his 60s, abdicating the throne of Aquilonia in favor of his grown-up son, having one last recorded adventure in the Western Ocean (the Hyborian name for the Atlantic Ocean) and the Antillian Isles, and sailing further west towards the Americas. Marvel Comics has at times depicted events involving the Battle of Venarium in their stories, and flashback tales to Conan's childhood and early teenage years. It has also adapted the "Conan of the Isles" novel and published at least one tale which serves as its sequel, "The Necromancers of Na'at" in Conan the Savage #10 (May, 1996). It has Conan losing all his crew but continuing to sail towards the Americas.
- In "Song of the Dead", Savage Sword of Conan #124, Kull and his soldiers witness inscription of the story of a mighty warrior whose totem is the lion defending his homeland from invaders, slaying a king and stealing his crown to rule a mighty land from a throne in a wondrous city, until something slew the king and his followers, and ruled a barren wasteland. Kull rejects it as his history, noting that his totem is the tiger and not the lion, and that he doesn't comes from a "land of mountains and ice". The "Mighty Warrior" could be Conan, who fought his homeland invaders (presumably the Aquilonians and Gundermen of Venarium, or possibly the Picts, Hyperboreans or Vanir), slew King Numedides of Aquilonia, stole his crown and ruled Aquilonia from Tarantia. However, the end of the warrior, killed while being a king, doesn't fit with the last known adventures of Conan.
- In the first Conan story, "The Phoenix on the Sword", Epemitreus the Sage (a good sorcerer who has been supposedly dead for 1500 years) grants Conan a magical symbol to use against dark magic. It is the symbol of the Phoenix on Conan's sword. Marvel has adapted this story, but it was never clarified if the symbol has any connections to the Phoenix Force.
- Conan is probably long dead, but the circumstances of his death have never been depicted. Lin Carter did write a narrative poem called "Death-Song of Conan the Cimmerian" (1972) (adapted in Savage Sword of Conan #7), which has an elderly Conan facing his own mortality and approaching death. But the topic of the poem is Conan contemplating his past life, all the people he has met, all the lessons he has learned, and declaring that he has no regrets, with no actual telling of his death.
- When he was part of the Aquilonian Army against the Picts , Conan didn't considered himself to have been the king of a civilized country, despite having been king:
- of Bal-Sagoth (de jure, by taking the emblem of kingship, but the kingdom was destroyed instants later)
- of Attalus in Stygia (by defeating Ptolemy, and only for the time of a battle).
- of Aquiloria, the Earth-8313 version of Aquilonia, by usurping his alternate version, King Konar.
- of the valley, as the scriptures told that the one to defeat the demon Mahgmu was the returned long-lost King Atamu.
- While reading a Conan comic, Skaar thought Conan needed a bigger sword.
- Jean Grey considered Namor as emitting "underwater Conan the Destroyer" vibes.
- 705 Appearances of Conan (Earth-616)
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- 697 Images featuring Conan (Earth-616)
- 70 Quotations by or about Conan (Earth-616)
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- Conan official website
- Conan profile at the Conan Wiki
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- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #145; Sword and Scrolls letters page, answer to Chris Clark: "Conan is his full name."
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #33
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #51
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #74
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #117
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #214
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 Conan the Barbarian Annual #7 / Marvel Graphic Novel #42, Part I: Red Shadows and Black Kraken!
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #227; Day of Manhood
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 Savage Sword of Conan #25
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Savage Sword of Conan #6; People of the Dark
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #84
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 Savage Sword of Conan #2
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 Savage Sword of Conan #11
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 14.2 Conan the Savage #10; The Necromancers of Na'at
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #56
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 16.2 Conan the Barbarian #120
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 17.2 Jean Grey #3
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #37
- ↑ 19.0 19.1 Savage Sword of Conan #54; The Stalker Amid the Sands
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #153; Blood on the Sand
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #125
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 Savage Sword of Conan #50
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 Savage Sword of Conan #218; Conan Magus!
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #77; The Cave Dwellers!
- ↑ Marvel Graphic Novel #42: Conan of the Isles, Part III: Gods of Light and Darkness!
- ↑ 26.0 26.1 26.2 Savage Sword of Conan #36
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #221
- ↑ 28.0 28.1 28.2 Savage Sword of Conan #123; Secret of the Great Stone
- ↑ 29.0 29.1 29.2 Savage Sword of Conan #149; Slaves of the Circle
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #121
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #76
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian: Scarlet Sword #3
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #262
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #273
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian: The Usurper #1-3
- ↑ 36.0 36.1 King Conan #1
- ↑ Savage Tales #2; Red Nails
- ↑ 38.0 38.1 38.2 38.3 38.4 Conan the Barbarian #271
- ↑ 39.0 39.1 Conan the Barbarian #106
- ↑ 40.0 40.1 40.2 40.3 Savage Sword of Conan #5; A Witch Shall Be Born
- ↑ 41.0 41.1 41.2 Savage Tales #1; The Frost Giant's Daughter
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #39; Legions of the Dead
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #140
- ↑ 44.0 44.1 44.2 44.3 44.4 44.5 44.6 44.7 Handbook of the Conan Universe #1; Conan's entry
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian Vol 3 #2; The Life & Death of Conan: part two – The Savage Border
- ↑ 46.0 46.1 Savage Sword of Conan #25; Jewels of Gwahlur!
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #162; The Horned God
- ↑ 48.0 48.1 Savage Sword of Conan #41
- ↑ 49.0 49.1 Savage Sword of Conan #3
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #38
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #30
- ↑ 52.0 52.1 52.2 52.3 Conan the Barbarian #29
- ↑ 53.0 53.1 53.2 53.3 53.4 53.5 Conan the Barbarian #20
- ↑ 54.0 54.1 54.2 54.3 54.4 Conan the Barbarian #18
- ↑ 55.0 55.1 55.2 Conan the Barbarian #19
- ↑ 56.0 56.1 56.2 56.3 56.4 Conan the Barbarian #12
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #145
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #147
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #159
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #172
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #173
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #175
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #178
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #212
- ↑ 65.0 65.1 Conan the Savage #2; Stalker of the Snows
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #45; The Gem In the Tower
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #7
- ↑ 68.0 68.1 Conan the Barbarian #8
- ↑ 69.0 69.1 69.2 69.3 Conan the Barbarian #10
- ↑ 70.0 70.1 Conan the Barbarian #17
- ↑ 71.0 71.1 71.2 Conan the Barbarian #24
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #203; Old Garrad's Heart
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #212; To Live as Gods ... To Die as Men
- ↑ 74.0 74.1 74.2 74.3 74.4 74.5 Savage Sword of Conan #119
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #187; Blood Bond
- ↑ 76.0 76.1 Conan the Barbarian #101
- ↑ 77.0 77.1 Conan the Barbarian #80
- ↑ 78.0 78.1 78.2 78.3 Savage Sword of Conan #93
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #81
- ↑ Conan the Savage #8
- ↑ 81.0 81.1 81.2 81.3 81.4 81.5 Conan the Barbarian #1
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #155
- ↑ Conan the Savage #3; Blood Rimmed Tide
- ↑ Conan the Savage #2; Jobber
- ↑ Conan the Savage #5
- ↑ 86.0 86.1 86.2 Conan the Barbarian #2
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #38; A Gazetteer of the Hyborian Age, Part VI: Nameless Continent's entry
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #200
- ↑ 89.0 89.1 Incredible Hulk #602
- ↑ Uncanny X-Men #191
- ↑ Slapstick Vol 2 #2
- ↑ 92.0 92.1 The Scarlet Citadel
- ↑ 93.0 93.1 Conan the Barbarian #46
- ↑ Savage Tales #4; Night of the Dark God
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #48
- ↑ Savage Tales #5; The Secret of Skull River!
- ↑ 97.0 97.1 97.2 Conan the Barbarian #23
- ↑ 98.0 98.1 Conan the Barbarian #58
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #254
- ↑ 100.0 100.1 100.2 Savage Sword of Conan #1; Curse of the Undead-Man
- ↑ 101.0 101.1 Savage Sword of Conan #35
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #55; Black Lotus and Yellow Death
- ↑ All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #3; Council of Godheads's entry
- ↑ 104.0 104.1 104.2 Conan the Barbarian #5
- ↑ 105.0 105.1 105.2 105.3 105.4 Conan the Barbarian #13
- ↑ 106.0 106.1 106.2 106.3 Conan the Barbarian #31
- ↑ 107.0 107.1 107.2 Conan the Barbarian #54
- ↑ 108.0 108.1 Conan the Barbarian #26
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #15
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #27
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #28
- ↑ 112.0 112.1 Conan the Barbarian #37
- ↑ 113.0 113.1 Conan the Barbarian #42
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #34
- ↑ 115.0 115.1 115.2 Conan the Barbarian #41
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #1
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #40
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #7
- ↑ 119.0 119.1 Conan the Adventurer #2
- ↑ 120.0 120.1 Savage Sword of Conan #220; Death's Dark Tower - Part II of Death's Dark Riders
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #52
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #67
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #6; The Sleeper Beneath the Sands
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #259
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #79
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #51
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #137; The Lost Legion
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #31
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #146; Pillar of the Sky
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #197; A Night in Messantia
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #104
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #122
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #135; Three Lives for N'Garthl
- ↑ 134.0 134.1 Savage Sword of Conan #20
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #191; Jade Coils in Black Khemi - Skull on the Seas Part II
- ↑ 136.0 136.1 Savage Sword of Conan #97
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #136; Seventh Isle of Doom
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #190; Skull on the Seas Part One
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian Annual #7 / Marvel Graphic Novel #42, Part II: Dragons from an Unknown Sea!
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #64
- ↑ Conan the Barbarian #102
- ↑ Howard, Robert E. (June 2013). The Conan Saga (in English). Archived from the original on 2016-05-28. Retrieved on 2016-09-24.
- ↑ Howard, Robert E.. Conan the Barbarian (in English). Archived from the original on 2016-09-09. Retrieved on 2016-09-24.
- ↑ Schedeen, Jesse (January 12, 2018). Conan the Barbarian Returns to Marvel After 18-Year Absence. IGN. Retrieved on January 14, 2018.
- ↑ Vacharn at the Appendix
- ↑ Savage Sword of Conan #27; The Children of Jhebbal Sag
- ↑ The Appendix Listing of Alternate Realities
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