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After the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the estbalisment of the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich) on 12th November 1918, the financial and political instability eventually led the country into a brief Austrian Civil War in February 1934, ending with Engelbert Dollfuß of Christian Social Party in control.[1]

Intending to avoid his country losing sovereignty over to Germany, Dollfuß allied himself with Mussolini's Italian fascists.[1]

Later that year, he was assassinated by Austrian Nazis, and in 1938, Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany.[1]




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