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Frederick Animus (Earth-616) from Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Update '89 Vol 1 1 0001

Dr. Frederick Animus began his career as a medical researcher hired to test the efficiency of some new farmacs. However, he used the facilities to perform strange research on his own. He forged the results of the experiments he was supposed to do. For a time he managed to get his own way. However, his forged data caused the firms to produce lethal drugs and the death of many people, which led to a police investigation and to Animus being discovered. Animus was fired and jailed and, during this time, he became mad. However, Animus's research was found by anti-mutant organization The Right, which was looking for a way to ensure human supremacy over mutants. The Right decided that Animus could find a way to stop mutations and the powers resulting from them. Thus, the Right managed to get Animus' freedom and sent him to an isolated lab-island, Paradise.

But Animus did not like the Right or his direct boss, Cameron Hodge. Instead of helping them with their goals, he studied the means to create intelligent anthropomorphic animals, which he pretended to use as a permanent slave species for humanity. By patenting them, he decided, he would make a fortune and become famous. He spent years working on the first litter of these beings, and later he developed and trained the subjects, which he named the Ani-Mates.

Being clinically insane, Animus used cruel and ruthless methods, giving food only in exchange for success. However, apparently Animus also killed some of the "successful ones" at whim. The Ani-Mates were created to obtain the advantages of human intellect and humanoid form, at the same time keeping the attributes of the animals. Seven litters of Ani-Mates were created, A to G. The G litter was killed before birth. Most had some rudimentary languages combining animal noises and English.

One of the Ani-Mates was a flying being called Bird Brain, who managed to escape from the island and befriended the New Mutants. With the New Mutants as a reinforcement, Bird Brain returned to the island to rescue the other Ani-Mates and stop the experiments. However, when Cameron Hodge became suspicious, he sent a force of Right soldiers to the island, and Bird-Brain finally managed to persuade his fellow Ani-Mates to revolt. During the ensuing fight, Animus tried to kill Wolfsbane from the New Mutants with a gun, since he considered her (thanks to her shape-changing power) too valuable to fall into the hands of the Right, but he instead killed her beloved Cypher, who jumped in front of Rahne to protect her. In retaliation, Magik exiled Animus to her dimension of Limbo, where he was given to the demons as food. The surviving Ani-Mates remained on Paradise. The Right was destroyed soon afterward, so their existence remains a well-kept secret.[2]

Prior to his death, Animus modified a virus to infect other beings and reshape them into a duplicate of his body and mind, to serve as a backup of his consciousness. When the New Mutants returned to Paradise some time after his demise, they found the virus had infected and consumed most of the island's native life in its attempt to recreate Animus.

However, as the virus had initially been benign, Animus's plans were only partially successful; the virus resisted his attempts to re-engineer it, and the New Mutants were able to purge Animus's imposed commands, bringing to an end his attempts at resurrection.[3]



Animus has shown skill in medicine and genetic engineering.


Somewhat fragile psyche.

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