Artificial intelligence, also abbreviated to A.I. is the intelligence exhibited by machines or software. It is also the name of the academic field of study which studies how to create computers and computer software that are capable of intelligent behavior.
The "Turing Test" is a test, developed by Alan Turing in 1950's. It's used to tell if a machine's has the ability to exhibit intelligent behavior equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, that of a human.
(See Also: Category:Artificial Intelligences, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turing_Test)
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