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Sorcerers Supreme[]

Doctor Strange and the Sorcerers Supreme Vol 1 2 Textless

The Sorcerers Supreme

Sorcerer Supreme or Sorceress Supreme is a title granted to the "practitioner of the mystic or magic arts who has greater skills than all others or commands a greater portion of the ambient magical energies than any other organism on a given world or "dimension".[citation needed]

By definition, there can be at most two Sorcerer Supremes per world at a time: there will be two Sorcerers Supreme if one of them has greater skills than all others but does not command a greater portion of the ambient magical energies than all other, while the other commands a greater portion of the ambient magical energies than any other but does not have greater skill than all others; there will be no Sorcerer Supreme if there is a tie between two organisms in terms of both their above-mentioned skills or abilities; and there will be one Sorcerer/ess Supreme if the same organism both has greater skills than all others and commands a greater portion of the ambient magical energies than any other.[citation needed]


Prime Marvel Universe Earth[]

Agamotto, circa 1,000,000 BC and 18,000 BC to 15,000 BC[]

Agamotto (Earth-616) from Marvel Legacy Vol 1 1 Deodato Wraparound Variant Textless

Agamotto the All Seeing

The immensely powerful being known as Agamotto the All Seeing, son of the Elder Gods of Earth Oshtur, unofficially served as Earth's first Sorcerer Supreme.[1] Agamotto was also part of an Avengers team around 1,000,000 BC.[2]


Hanuman the Supreme, after the fall of the Elder Ones (exact timeframe unknown)[]

Hanuman the Supreme (Earth-616) from Savage Sword of Conan Vol 1 161 0001

Hanuman the Supreme

After Man eventually wrestled control of the planet from the last of the Elder Ones, soon, at the dawn of civilization, Hanuman, Sorcerer Supreme of the House of Xal, "king" of the shamans of his era, the greatest of all conjurers, and the "father" of the black sciences, acquired the Crystal of the Elder Ones.[3]


Thulsa Doom (exact timeframe unknown)[]

Thulsa Doom (Earth-616) from Savage Avengers Vol 2 4 0001

Thulsa Doom

Thulsa Doom once presented himself (during the Hyborian Age) as the Sorcerer Supreme.[4] Whether he claimed or truly wielded this title during the Hyborian Age, the Pre-Cataclysmic Age, or the Elder Days, remain unrevealed.


Zhered-Na, circa 16,500 BC[]

Zhered-Na (Earth-616) from Marvel Spotlight Vol 1 17 0001

Zhered-Na

Zhered-Na became the Sorcerer Supreme in the 17th millennium before the common era, but was killed before she was fully trained and ready to assume full duties. Agamotto was so angry over her death, he withdrew himself from humanity for the rest of the millennium.[1]


Hyborian Age[]

Shamhat of Akah Ma'at, circa 15,000 BC to 11,000 BC[]

Among the Bird-Men of Akah Ma'at, the great priestess of Oshtur, Shamhat Saraswati was hand-chosen by Agamotto to serve as his successor as the Sorcerer Supreme.[1][5]


Mekri Ra (exact timeframe unknown)[]
Mekri Ra (Earth-616) from Savage Avengers Vol 1 11 001

Mekri Ra

Mekri Ra was the Sorcerer Supreme for part of the Hyborian Age before being overthrown and cannibalised by Kulan Gath.[6]


Kulan Gath (exact timeframe unknown)[]
Kulan Gath (Impostor) (Earth-616) from Savage Avengers Vol 1 2 001

Kulan Gath

The sorcerer known as Kulan Gath became the Sorcerer Supreme after cannibalizing Mekri Ra.[7] It is unknown if or how he retained this title due to his use of dark magic.


Ayesha, circa 10,000 BC to 6000 BC[]

When a battle between all of Earth's mightiest mages was held to determine the next Sorcerer Supreme, the priestess Ayesha, the Rain Queen of Balobedu emerged as the champion. Ayesha is believed to be the ancient ancestor of Ashake and Ororo Munroe.[1][5]


Hermes Trismegistus, circa 6000 BC to 3000 BC[]

Hermes Trismegistus (Earth-616) from Marvel Tarot Vol 1 1 001

Hermes Trismegistus

In ancient Egypt, a powerful wizard was chosen as the Sorcerer Supreme. With this honor, he changed his name to Hermes Trismegistus and served as the Sorcerer Supreme for nearly 3000 years.[1][5]


Aged Genghis, circa 3000 BC[]

Aged Genghis (Earth-616) from All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z Vol 1 1 001

Aged Genghis

Granted power and wisdom from the Vishanti, the ancient wizard known as Aged Genghis served for a time as the Sorcerer Supreme. Aged Genghis also maintained other duties such as judging the contest of Earth's most powerful magic users to determine who can hold the title of Sorcerer Supreme.[1][5]


Zoroaster, circa 1800 BC to 1300 BC[]

Zoroaster (Earth-616) from Conan the Barbarian Vol 1 129 001

Zoroaster

In Persia, the great wizard priest Zoroaster served as the Sorcerer Supreme between 1800 BC to 1300 BC.[1][5]


Salomé, circa 1300 to 1100 BC[]

Semiramis (Earth-616) from Marvel Universe Cards 1994 Set 0001

Salomé

Salomé, possibly the ancestor of the namesake of the millennia-old line of sorceresses of the same name became the Sorceress Supreme around the thirteenth century BC. Eventually, Salomé's lover was slain in battle and she became insane, leading the Vishanti to banish her from Earth.[1][5]


King Solomon, circa 1000 BC to 800 BC[]

Solomon (Earth-616) from Black Panther Annual Vol 1 1 0001

King Solomon of Israel

Solomon, the legendary King of ancient Israel, was a prophet of the Israelite people and a powerful sorcerer. He was the Sorcerer Supreme for almost 200 years.[1][5]


Queen of Sheba, circa 800 BC to 550 BC[]

Balkis (Earth-616) from Bible Tales for Young People Vol 1 4 001

Balkis, the Queen of Sheba

Following the death of her mentor and paramour, King Solomon, Balkis, Queen of Sheba, took up the mantle of Sorcerer Supreme.[1][5]


The Triumvirate, circa 550 BC to 400 BC[]

In 550 BC, a group of three Greek philosopher sorcerers, Thales the Milesian, Pythagoras of Samos, and Pherecydes of Syros, jointly held the position of Sorcerer Supreme as The Triumvirate. Pythagoras was eventually replaced by Empedocles of Agrigentum and Thales was replaced by Epimenides of Knossos.[1][5]


Caius of Lacedaemons, circa 400 BC to 100 BC[]

After defeating the Triumvirate, Caius of Lacedaemons succeeded them as the Sorcerer Supreme.[1][5]


Zhang Jiao, circa 100 CE[]

In China, the powerful sorcerer Zhang Jiao served as the Sorcerer Supreme and used his power to lead the Yellow Turban Rebellion.[1][5]


Merlin, circa 500 CE[]

Merlyn (Otherworld) from Doctor Strange and the Sorcerers Supreme Vol 1 1 001

Merlin

Although he initially refused to take the role after winning the conquest,[1] Merlin eventually did take up the position.[8]


Makeen, circa 616 CE[]

Makeen (Earth-616) from Doctor Voodoo Avenger of the Supernatural Vol 1 3 001

Makeen

Another past African Sorcerer Supreme, Makeen, was shown accompanying former Houngan Supreme, Legba, in the "six hundredth and sixteenth Age of Man" (apparently 616 CE) to prevent the Voodoo god Ogoun from invading the Earthly plane, eventually sacrificing their "living souls" to seal the gateways and turning their physical forms into statues which stand to this day; the Eye of Agamotto and Cloak of Levitation then together left Makeen for their next master, the new Sorcerer Supreme.[9]


Murkfoot, circa 1000 CE[]

Murkfoot (Earth-616) from Avengers Vol 8 38

Murkfoot

A Sasquatch known as Murkfoot held the title of sorcerer supreme and was a member of the Avengers of his era. [10][11]


15th to early 20th centuries[]

According to Doctor Strange, the demonic, tentacled Marrakant Hellguard, resistant to Strange's magic, has incinerated every other Sorcerer Supreme since the 1500s (though apparently before the Ancient One's time holding the office) that has confronted it, only to be slain by Strange using Hitler's Handgun, designed to be effective in disposing of mystically-powered opponents.[12]


Ancient One, circa 1450s[]
Yao (Earth-616) from New Avengers Vol 2 3 0001

The Ancient One

Yao, the Ancient One was a mysterious figure who served as Earth's Sorcerer Supreme off and on for centuries.[5][8]


Hiram Shaw, circa 1690s[]
Hiram Shaw (Earth-616) from X-Men Hellfire Club Vol 1 1 002

Rev. Hiram Shaw

In Salem, Massachusetts, Reverend Hiram Shaw, an ancestor of Sebastian Shaw, was the Sorcerer Supreme.[13]


Isaac Newton, circa 1700s[]
Isaac Newton (Earth-616) from Doctor Strange and the Sorcerers Supreme Vol 1 2 001

Sir Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton rose to the position of Sorcerer Supreme.[14]


Demon Rider, circa mid to late 1800s[]
Kushala (Earth-616) from Doctor Strange and the Sorcerers Supreme Vol 1 3

Kushala, the Demon Rider

Kushala the Demon Rider was an Apache woman possessed by Spirit of Vengeance after the massacre of her people. Following her possession, she searched the world learning different magical forms and eventually became the Sorcerer Supreme.[15][16]


Nina the Conjuror, circa 1950s[]
Nina (Sorcerer Supreme) (Earth-616) from Doctor Strange and the Sorcerers Supreme Vol 1 1 001

Nina the Conjurer

The mysterious woman only known as Nina the Conjurer was trained in magic by her brother, João.[17] Around the mid-20th century, she won the title of Sorcerer Supreme while enhancing her magical abilities while searching for her brother who was imprisoned by Merlin.[8][17]


Stephen Strange[]
William Kaplan (Earth-616) and Stephen Strange (Earth-616) from New Avengers Vol 1 51 001

Ex-Master of the Mystic Arts

Stephen Strange (Earth-616) and William Kaplan (Earth-616) from New Avengers Vol 1 51 001

Victor von Doom?

Strange first got the title after the transcendence of his mentor, the Ancient One.[18] This was later reaffirmed when he was the winner of the Trial of the Vishanti.[19]


Brother Voodoo[]
Jericho Drumm (Earth-616) from New Avengers Vol 1 53 001

Brother Voodoo

For a short time, having failed in his duties, Strange no longer held the title and decided to pass on his title for another of a purer heart. A new Sorcerer Supreme was chosen after the Eye of Agamotto automatically displayed to Strange and the New Avengers at least thirty-five images of "those who would replace" Strange, suspended in floating and shimmering blue bubbles of light, before the Eye itself vanished from Strange. At the end, after Dormammu, the Hood and their forces worked to attack the New Avengers, the Son of Satan, and Doctor Strange, the new Sorcerer Supreme of the Marvel Universe was revealed to be Brother Voodoo, the Haitian Houngan Supreme who has worked with Strange in the past, who now bore the Eye as a symbol of his new position and intervened with a potent display of his own firepower.[20] Drumm assumed the title, despite his lacking in knowledge of outer fields of magic beyond his own, having been appointed by the joint choice of the Vishanti and the Ancient One, due to his soul being the most pure and deserving.[21] The title was returned to Doctor Strange after Drumm's (temporary) death.[22]


Loki[]
Doctor Strange Vol 1 381 Textless

Loki

Loki became the Sorcerer Supreme after having been granted the title by the Vishanti after a tournament, despite not participating in the tournament, let alone winning it. The Vishanti said that "It has been decided that a mortal can no longer fulfill the role of Sorcerer Supreme" due to an unspecified looming threat and that they sensed in Loki a desire to be better, "Restraint. Regret. Atonement." They were also displeased with the previous title holder and tournament winner Doctor Strange. This was later revealed to be an elaborate illusion orchestrated by Loki to become Sorcerer Supreme who believed that Strange wasn't ready to for the looming threats that were going to endanger the Earth. After feuding with Strange and forced to work together with him to subdue the Void, Loki gave Strange back his position as Sorcerer Supreme.[23]


Other planes[]

Clea, Sorcerer Supreme of the Dark Dimension[]

Strange Vol 3 1 Campbell Virgin Variant

Clea

The Sorceress Supreme of the Dark Dimension, the realm to which Dormammu had been banished, is Clea, disciple and lover of Doctor Strange.[24]


Illyana Rasputina, Sorcerer Supreme of Limbo[]

X-Men Vol 5 6 Parillo Virgin Variant

Magik

The current Sorceress Supreme of the demonic Limbo is the mutant Magik (Illyana Rasputin).[24]


Aggamon, Sorcerer Supreme of the Purple Dimension[]

Aggamon (Earth-616) from Death of Doctor Strange Vol 1 2

Aggamon

The Sorcerer Supreme of the Purple Dimension, a less well-known pocket realm based in old Doctor Strange stories, where green-skinned humanoids abduct humans as slaves, is Aggamon.[24]


Margali Szardos, Sorcerer Supreme of the Winding Road[]

Margali Szardos (Earth-616) from Nightcrawler Vol 4 3 001

Margali of the Winding Way

The Sorceress Supreme of the Winding Road (and former Sorceress Supreme of Earth) is Margali Szardos, a sorceress with power enough to proclaim herself as the Sorceress Supreme.[25]


Tiboro, Sorcerer Supreme of the Sixth Dimension[]

Tiboro (Earth-616) from Vengeance Vol 1 5 0001

Tiboro

Tiboro is the Sorcerer Supreme of the Sixth Dimension, and owns a strangely-shaped wand that fires an ectoplasmic ray, powered by lightning.[24]


Shanzar, Sorcerer Supreme of the Strange Matter Dimension[]

Shanzar (Earth-616) from All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z Vol 1 10 0001

Shanzar

Shanzar is the Sorcerer Supreme of the Strange Matter dimension, a mystic realm visited by Doctor Strange.[26]


Xhoohx, Sorcerer Supreme of Tunnelworld[]

Xhoohx (Earth-616) from Defenders Vol 73 001

Xhoohx

Xhoohx was the Sorcerer Supreme of Tunnelworld before he sacrificed himself to save Doctor Strange from the evil sorcerer Ytitnedion.[27]


Magister Szandor Sozo, Sorcerer Supreme of the Thirteenth Dimension[]

Szandor Sozo (Earth-616) from Doctor Strange Vol 4 1 001

Szandor Sozo

Magister Szandor Sozo of the Thirteenth Dimension was one of the many Sorcerers Supreme killed in the Empirikul's crusade to destroy magic. He used the Eye of Thelema to send a warning to all other Sorcerers Supreme before being torn apart by Witchfinder Wolves.[28]


Moridun, Sorcerer Supreme of the Fifth Cosmos[]

New Avengers Vol 4 4 Textless

Moridun

Moridun was the Sorcerer Supreme of the Fifth Cosmos, the multiverse where magic and sorcery were first formed. It was prophesied that Moridun would see the end of the Fifth Cosmos and enter the Sixth as Omnimax, its iteration of the Devourer of Worlds. Eventually, his ghost would find its way to the Eighth as well.[29]


Others[]

Magister Miracle (Earth-616), Zelatrix Lavey (Earth-616) and Lords of Wyrd (Earth-616) from Doctor Strange Vol 4 3 001

The corpses of Magister Miracle, Zelatrix Lavey, and the Lords of Wyrd

During the magic-hunting crusade of the Empirikul, they killed several Sorcerers Supreme, including Magister Miracle of the 18th Dimension, Zelatrix Lavey of the Lower Aether, and the Lords of Wyrd from Beyond the Purple Veil.[30]

Doctor Strange later stated that he buried seventeen Sorcerers Supreme, and that after spelling a call to all the Sorcerers Supreme, no one answered the call.[31]

The Sorcerer Supreme Merlin once gathered together a group of Sorcerers Supreme from various dimensions and timelines to assist Yao in achieving immortality.[32]


Selection and Succession[]

Marvel Tarot Vol 1 1 page 007

Ian McNee notes on the succession of the Sorcerer Supreme

As has been stated many times by various characters, there cannot be any permanent Sorcerer or Sorceress Supreme of a dimension/reality; eventually, the office would pass on to another, with one's will or without. However, one could be a master of the mystic arts (such as Baron Mordo or Morgan Le Fay) and not hold the title. Each existent reality of the Marvel Multiverse appears to be defended by a Sorcerer or Sorceress Supreme, though certain dimensions linked to each reality does not (such as Asgard or Olympus). Urthona was the Sorcerer Supreme of his home planet Gevaltu within the Earth-616 dimension, but sought to become the Sorcerer Supreme of the entire universe by overpowering the one that had currently held that position, Doctor Strange, though his efforts eventually failed.

It appears possible that holders of the position of Sorcerer or Sorceress Supreme in other universes or dimensional planes are capable of becoming candidates for the Marvel Universe's. Dormammu has also claimed destroying the most recent Sorcerer Supreme would grant the killer the title in his stead. The Eye of Agamotto, along with other magical objects, are not automatically removed or given to the new Sorcerer Supreme or candidates even after the former one has fallen from the station.[33] The Sorcerer Supreme can also "surrender," "lose" or "bestow" his position upon others of worthiness (as well as inheriting it from the former Sorcerer Supreme), though is also capable of taking it back multiple times after such a loss, as Strange has done various times in the past. Taking back the office has also been accomplished by Salomé of the Fallen, even without a contest between the universe's major mages of power. One can become a Sorcerer Supreme against one's will, as shown in a divergent reality of Earth-938, as done to Stephen Strange by the dying Doctor Doom, though conventionally and under normal circumstances, one must first consent to accept the challenge and the responsibilities coming with the station, as voiced by the Ancient One and Agamotto through the Eye. Religion also does not appear to be a significant factor in the determination of the role of Sorcerer Supreme, as made evident when Brother Voodoo, of the Haitian faith, was chosen by the arcane deity Agamotto through his Eye and the spirit of the Ancient One, despite Drumm's worship of the Loas; in fact, the presence of Voodoo's spirit brother also appeared to be included in this responsibility, instead of a hindrance in the selection. Once, on Earth-148, the Sorcerer Supreme Necrom, while holding values opposite to those of most other Sorcerers Supreme, even worked with the dark arts, including necromancy, apparently indicating not all Sorcerers Supreme throughout the Marvel Multiverse must be pure in order to hold the title. There is also some kind of sign, test or initiation one must survive (though survival is not guaranteed, even if one is chosen for the office) to truly take up the mantle of Sorcerer Supreme. It is possible for even moderately-proficient mages to steal the magical powers of a Sorcerer Supreme against his will, as Nicodemus did to Doctor Strange; however, one must also possess considerable mental discipline as the Sorcerer Supreme, or else one would be overwhelmed by the sheer power and vast mystical awareness that belonged to the office-holder. Never before has the Houngan Supreme of Haiti served as the Sorcerer Supreme before Jericho Drumm.[34]

The Vishanti are apparently the ones who select the current Sorcerer Supreme of the Marvel Universe, as it was they who gave great magical power to the Aged Genghis shortly after humanity's dawn in return for his summoning together the greatest mystics in the world every century for a tournament to determine the Sorcerer Supreme, affirmed by the Vishanti themselves. The Vishanti were also the ones who stripped Strange of the Sorcerer Supreme title in the past and, while finding her repulsive, made Salomé Sorceress Supreme once again. Strange competed against a dozen others, including Doctor Doom, to retain his own position, and ultimately triumphed. The Vishanti have rarely been called upon for power by those other than the Sorcerers Supreme Doctor Strange and the Ancient One, and, on one instance, Clea, Strange's disciple. When Mockingbird asked Doctor Strange whether a "bad" person (or, as Strange says, one who abuses their magic for personal gain), by the context of their society, could possibly obtain the office, Strange replied that, "Good, bad, they have no real meaning here...not in this context."[35]

The new Sorcerer Supreme has been shown to be benevolent in nature, as Dormammu has mentioned to the Hood that the spells of Earth's Sorcerer Supreme bar him from entering their plane, thus confirming neither the Hood nor Dormammu received the title;[36] as Strange lost both the title and the power to maintain or work such spells long before the Reign, this refers to the new Sorcerer Supreme. However, the new Sorcerer Supreme still has "a lot to learn" and must learn what he requires from Spider-Man, ruling out Doom, Mordo, Loki, Harkness or Clea as the new Sorcerer Supreme.[37]

Capabilities[]

Sorcerers Supreme Joining Together

Five Sorcerer Supremes joining together

The Sorcerer or Sorceress Supreme is functionally immortal, having the immortality conferred upon him or her after their ascension. Such a being with the role does not age nor succumb to medical diseases after a trial with Death, which they are forbidden to fight evoking the power of the Vishanti, (in which one does not truly destroy Death itself, but truly accepts one's own mortality), though he can be killed; the Sorcerer or Sorceress Supreme has access to the near-unlimited power of the Vishanti, the Octessence, and various other Principalities, as well as granted possession of such powerful mystic items ("gifts") as the Eye of Agamotto, Orb of Agamotto, Wand of Watoomb, and the Cloak of Levitation, along with "books of knowledge" to help the Sorcerer Supreme train for his or her quests, such as the Book of the Vishanti.[citation needed]

Notes[]

  • The term "Sorcerer Supreme" for Earth's supreme mystic protector was stated to allegedly not having been used from the beginning,[38] though Agamotto was seen using it one million years ago.[2] It even further proven that the term was used at the beginning as Ajak coined the term when she met Agamotto one million years ago.[39]
  • According to Ian McNee, there is conflicting information, with evidence to support both theories,[40] as to whether the Sorcerer Supreme is appointed to protect Earth,[41][42] or all of Earth dimension.[43] McNee wondered whether or not there is a Sorcerer Supreme for each solar system (or area of these solar systems).[40]
  • The Marrakant Hellguard allegedly incinerated every Sorcerer Supreme who confronted it since the 1500s (save for Doctor Strange who killed it).[12]
  • During the Dark Reign, when a new Sorcerer Supreme was to be chosen, possible candidates included: Brother Voodoo, Doctor Doom, The Hood, Nico Minoru, Magik, the Ghost Rider, Wiccan, Druid (the son of the late mystic Doctor Druid), Baron Mordo, Ian McNee and Scarlet Witch (or possibly the Asgardian Loki in her guise), Storm, Clea, Spiral, Selene, Agatha Harkness (unclear whether deceased or still living), and even Dormammu. Though Daimon Hellstrom and Jennifer Kale were both deemed suitable candidates, it appeared that they were not destined to hold the title, and instead united to confront a threat so deadly it is worthy of a Sorcerer Supreme to handle. Marvel has described the candidates on its own official website, (as well as in interviews), as well as stating the pros and cons of each one.[44][45] Clea is said by Marvel to be the most likely candidate thus far for the role of Sorceress Supreme of the Marvel Universe, with the odds of 5-1.[44] Formerly, during the Trial of the Vishanti, Khalid Inshallah, Jules St. Thomas, "Screamer," Sen-Yu, Tareva, and Wai Chee Yee, along with at least four other unnamed mystics were also deemed worthy candidates for the office, chosen as most learned in the ways of sorcery by the Aged Genghis.[citation needed]

References[]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 Marvel Tarot #1
  2. 2.0 2.1 Avengers (Vol. 8) #1
  3. Savage Sword of Conan #161 ; Call of the Howling Shadows
  4. Conan the Barbarian #202
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z #7 ; Journals of Ian McNee
  6. Savage Avengers #11
  7. Savage Avengers #3
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Doctor Strange and the Sorcerers Supreme #1
  9. Doctor Voodoo: Avenger of the Supernatural #3
  10. King Thor #4
  11. Avengers (Vol. 8) #61
  12. 12.0 12.1 Doctor Strange: The Oath #4
  13. X-Men: Hellfire Club #1
  14. Doctor Strange and the Sorcerers Supreme #15
  15. Doctor Strange and the Sorcerers Supreme #3
  16. War of the Realms: Journey Into Mystery #4
  17. 17.0 17.1 Doctor Strange and the Sorcerers Supreme #4
  18. Marvel Premiere #12
  19. Doctor Strange and Doctor Doom: Triumph and Torment #1
  20. New Avengers #54
  21. New Avengers #5360
  22. New Avengers (Vol. 2) #34
  23. Doctor Strange #385
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 Death of Doctor Strange #5
  25. https://www.marvel.com/characters/margali-szardos
  26. Incredible Hulk #371
  27. Xhoohx at the Marvel Appendix
  28. Doctor Strange (Vol. 4) #1
  29. Defenders (Vol. 6) #23
  30. Doctor Strange (Vol. 4) #3
  31. Doctor Strange (Vol. 4) #4
  32. Doctor Strange and the Sorcerers Supreme #12
  33. New Avengers #5254
  34. http://www.comicheronews.com/?p=620
  35. New Avengers #53
  36. Marvel Zombies 4 #2
  37. New Avengers #55
  38. Vampires: The Marvel Undead #1 ; Varnae's entry
  39. Eternals: Celestia #1
  40. 40.0 40.1 Marvel Tarot #1 ; Sorcerers Supreme
  41. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z #3 ; Angels' profile
  42. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z #7 ; Magic - History of the Sorcerer Supreme
  43. Doctor Strange: The End #1
  44. 44.0 44.1 http://www.marvel.com/news/comicstories.7099.New_Avengers%7Ecolon%7E_Magic_Show
  45. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=20145

See also[]

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