Overview

The Old Ones are ancient eldritch beings predating Earth and even, for some of them, the universe itself. Many Old Ones dwelt on Earth in the distant past.[2] They are also known as the "Great Old Ones",[5][6] "Many-Angled Ones",[4] "Elder gods",[13][2] "Elder Ones", "Outsiders",[16] "Dark Ones",[16] or "dark gods"[13] (to add to the confusion, other groups have also been known as "Elder Ones", "Dark Gods" or "Elder Gods", and even "Old Ones").

They were led by a certain number of Old Ones, including Shuma-Gorath,[40] True Faery King Oberoth'm'gozz,[22] and Yog-Sothoth, as Sehdoula,[16] while both Shuma-Gorath[41] and Chthon were considered the greatest of the Old Ones.[6] The hierarchy among the Old Ones, if any, is currently unknown.

Many ancient books mentions them and specifically (sometimes strictly) Shuma-Gorath, including Unausprechlichen Kulten, the Thanatosian Tomes, and the Black Sea Scrolls.[42]

In Earth-616, modern author Lovecraft wrote on the subject of the Old Ones, about the True Faeries,[22] while his Earth-1610 counterpart wrote at least on the subject of Zvilpogghua and the great old ones.[20]

History

Origin

Despite being sometimes described as a race[13][38] and to have common elements in origin, there is no evidence that the Old Ones are one and the same race.[2]

The origins of the Old Ones are unclear, and various:

  • They have been described as "extradimensional demonic"[38] beings.
    • The Many-Angled Ones were described as primordial cosmic entities[43] that inhabited the spaces between universes. They were reported as the memory-echoes of the nightmares that plagued the first Daemons, but there were ancient, pestilential ghoul-worlds in dying realities still devoted to their worship. They were documented as the first beings ever to grow old.[23]
  • The Old Ones were described as "primordial beasts" made of antimatter, and to be the embodiment of nothingness, absence of meaning, and thus evil beings.[36]
  • Asteroth claimed to had been born from the Chaos of creation, and to be "the blood and tears of the Universe".[44] It is known that she belonged to a race of cosmic beings.[45]
  • The True Faeries were stated to be the Old Ones Lovecraft wrote about.[22]
  • Despite the general "extradimensional" origin, some Old Ones are known or hypothesized to be originated from Earth:

A few groups of beings named Old Ones have been identified seemingly as seemingly consistent species:

They were led by a certain number of Old Ones, including Shuma-Gorath,[40] True Faery King Oberoth'm'gozz,[22] and Yog-Sothoth, as Sehdoula,[16] while Chthon was considered the greatest of the Old Ones.[6] The hierarchy among the Great Old Ones is currently unknown.

The Ancients, a similar group,[2] may (or may not)[13] be contemporary with, or a sub-set of the Old Ones.[2]

Prehistory and distant past

According to lore, the Old Ones populated all existence before the act of creation.[36] The Nameless Old Ones allegedly ruled the universe a billion eons before the birth of Gayomar, the first of all men.[30]

Shuma-Gorath and other Old Ones came million years ago.[40] The Elder Ones dwelt on Earth before man[18] (or before man climbed down from the trees,[9][16] and became man)[17] including in ancient Kush where they reigned over all.[9] The Old Ones ruled the Earth and feasted on the ape-men.[40]

They were known to love fire, blood, degradation, sacrifice and death, all which the mortals were utterly willing to give them.[50]

The Old Ones (as well as the Great Race of Yith) partially wrote the Pnakotic Manuscripts.[51] They also created the Wings of Needless Sorrow, an energy-absorption and -redirection device with also negative impact on people's moral,[52] and brought to Earth the Shining Trapezohedran.[53] During their time on Earth, the Elder Ones came to possess or create various artifacts of power, including the Gem of Earth Fire,[17] and the Crystal of the Elder Ones.[18] Some of those would eventually be retrieved by men.

In their time, the demon N'Garthl walked the Earth, while man was "but a cowering pawn in the shadow of creatures vile beyond imagining".[54]

Disappearance

Many events are told to have been the cause to the disappearance of most of the Old Ones from Earth and the Universe:

  • On Earth:
    • More than 1 million years ago,[55] Shuma-Gorath was banished from the Earth-realm by the time-traveling sorcerer Sise-Neg, along with allegedly "all of the Old Ones".[4]
    • 1 million years ago, two groups of gods fought. One side, led by Chthon, lost, and were banished away.[6]
    • Many others existed on Earth or were summoned, but most of those were slain or driven off,[2] stated to slumber in the sea, waiting to reawaken.[56]
    • During a vision, Victoria Montesi, the daughter of Chthon, stated that the Old Ones were consumed,[57] though the statement was made without any context.
    • At an unknown point, the Old Ones, possibly including Cthulhu, were reborn in a different form, into one simple spiritual entity, the source of all persecution, toxic pride and true depravity: God when his name was invoked in hatred. They assumed various identities, including Ra, prayed by the Egyptians for him to keep the slaves in line and themselves wealthy. When the name "God" was invoked in hatred, the ignrant fueled the word's opposite meaning. This tale was told in opposition to the Old Ones fleeing to an alternate dimension,[36] although it is established many did, under different circumstances.
    • Man eventually wrestled control of the planet from the last of the Elder Ones,[18] after the Final Battle with the Elder Gods.[9]
    • The Elder Ones left this world for another of their own making. Behind them, left a resonance of their power, described as "an echo of a death scream". That story was recounted in the Chronicles of Magnus Tel Shek and the Book of Ages Past.[19]
    • The star-headed Old Ones living in the Mountains of Madness, in Leng, were killed by their slaves, the Shoggoths.[49]
  • Asteroth was exiled by her own race into a "cosmic Hell".[45]
  • In Earth-1610, Zvilpogghua was allegedly cast into "The Abyss", the N-Zone, by the ancestors of Atlantis and the Old Gods.[20]

After that, many Old Ones remained in their new locations, some inactive, others being summoned or trying to pierce the dimensional barriers of their prisons:

  • Some of the Old Ones were stated to slumber in the sea, waiting to reawaken.[56]
  • After fleeing to an alternate dimension,[36] the Old Ones dwelt behind the Gate, seeking Earth's dimension to infest humanity. The Gate could only be opened if Yagotha, the Guardian of the Gate, an ancient and horrible being, would turn the key.[1]
    • Asteroth remained for eons in her "cosmic Hell",[45] while, in Earth-1610, Zvilpogghua was trapped in "The Abyss", the N-Zone.[20]
    • The Elder Ones left this world for another of their own making.[19]

Despite the general disappearance of many Old Ones from activity (through death, extradimensional removal, slumber) due to the various events mentioned up here, part of them remained present and active on the Earth plane.

Soon, at the dawn of civilization, Hanuman, Sorcerer Supreme of the House of Xal, and "king" of the shamans of his era acquired the Crystal of the Elder Ones.[18]

Pre-Cataclysmic Age

28,500 BC

Others, such as, circa 28,500 BC or before, in the hills of Zalgara of Valusia in the middle of summer, an unnamed sorcerer sacrificied seven goats (with Tyre's goat, Devil Butt, last) in the name of the Black Beast of Hell with its Thousand Young to Yagotha, the Guardian of the Gate, to make him turn the key, intending to have the Old Ones do his binding. The sorcerer was killed but not before a frozen horror accessed the Earth's plane and turned the hillside of Zalgara into a frozen wasteland to make the planet hospitable for the Elder Gods. An hero, possibly similar to Kull, came to Zalgara. Using a shield seemingly powered by Valka, he defeated the icy horror that was upon the hills, defeating it into retreat to its voids. Then Yagotha turned the key, closing the Gate upon the Old Ones.[1]

At some point in the Pre-Cataclysmic Age (see notes on Captain Rhan's page), the Captain Ehestes Rhan possessed a few ancient incantations books (though he claimed to have never dabbled in black magic). Rhan was marooned on an isle west of Grebuhl by his crew. While stranded there, Rhan decided to punish the mutineers and to force them to respect the Ancients they despised. He studied the teachings of Set and Mhur in his books. He prayed to the Dark Ones, and to the Great Goat Gods and their brethren, unwillingly summoning a terrible creature only named as "the were-god". The creature seemingly forced Rhan to mate, and later spawned the monstrous Children of Rhan, rapidly aging girls that eventually transform into massive feral creatures if taken away from their birthplace, and causing the weariness of men.[24]

Age of Kull (18,500 BC)

Some men, such as the necromancer Ohris Dehjmal in Valusia, would try to partake from the "wells of evil" left by the Elder Ones, in order to grasp to their power. For his experiments, Dehjmal was sentenced to death.[19]

When told of the story of the Old Ones and the unknown hero, ten thousand years ago, King Kull of Valusia stated that he would oppose the Old Ones, if they were to return into the Earth's dimension.[1]

Hyborian Age of Conan (10,000 BC)

During the Hyborian Age, the Old Ones as a group were unknown of many,[58] and.were considered dead.[59] Some Old Ones were sometimes invoked or even summoned or already present on the Earth plane. A few were even gods of cities and official religions.

Invocations and secret worship

To avenge himself from Captain Lupus Dalvalte who tortured him, left him for dead and stole his daughters, Reimos allegedly entered in contact with the Old Ones, the Black Gods of R'Lyeh, the Goat with a Thousand Young and the children of Great Cthulhu, who offered him his spider-infested castle.[60]

Gods of cities and official religions

Gol-Goroth was the god of darkness in the city of Bal-Sagoth. His cult was administered by the high priest Gothan, and an indestructible idol of him existed within the city. His worship was outlawed by Kyrie (who posed and was worshiped as Aala, the sea goddess).[61] Afterwards, Gol-Goroth manifested itself into Bal-Sagoth before the city's destruction.[62]

Thog, the Ancient, was worshiped in the city of Xuthal.[63]

In Zemizar, in Zamora, the Goat God was known as Sahb Delanzar, and was a major religion of the city. The Brotherhood of Sahb Delanzar tried to gather the Thousand Young (the One Thousand sacrifices who would constitute the leaders of Sahb Delanzar's avenging army when it would return to claim and/or consume Earth). That plan was foiled by Conan of Cimmeria.[11]

5,800 BC

The Unforgiven Dead (also known themselves as the Old Ones), led by Suma-Ket, worshiped the Old Ones.[38]

200 AD

Circa 200 AD,[64] the Pict king Bran Mak Morn invoked the names of the Black Gods of R'lyeh to lay waste on the Romans, swearing vengeance by the Nameless Ones for the execution of a Pict.[34]

Vanaria

One of the last active Old One, the Beast-God, lived in the kingdom of Vanaria and was offered sacrifices. He was killed by Beowulf who later killed his ghost-form as well, destroying him.[65]

Modern Age

The Old Ones' origin was seemingly unknown to the neophytes of this era,[53] though they were still active.

20th century

Lovecraft's writings

At the time of World War I, a man, stranded on the sea after a German sea raid, eventually found himself on an island in the South Pacific, inhabited by fishmen who worshiped Dagon and offered him sacrifices in the form of fish and drowned men. He witnessed the horrible sacrificial ceremony and by the coming of Dagon, and was subsequently rendered insane by the experience. The man managed to flee the island and found himself in San Francisco, where he tried to learn more about what he had seen, and wrote down his story, until he was found back by the fishmen. That story was later published by H.P. Lovecraft, with the man as narrator, under the title "Dagon".[66]

Lovecraft also wrote about the True Faeries, who were known to him as the Old Ones,[22] while his Earth-1610 counterpart wrote at least on the subject of Zvilpogghua and the great old ones.[20]

Shuma-Gorath's return

Shuma-Gorath's servant N'Gabthoth awakened, only to be defeated and killed by Doctor Strange.[32] Strange soon also killed Kathulos, who served Shuma-Gorath as well.[67]

Ascent into Hell

Later, while fighting Urthona, Strange was forced to destroy many objects of powers to swipe his enemy, but in doing so released many ancient evils[68][69] (including the water elemental of the Ancients,[69] and the Old Ones.[5]

He defeated those enemies and their servants, including the water elemental,[69] then then Khats.[70] He then retrieved and contained an artifact created by the Old Ones: the Wings of Needless Sorrow[56]

Strange finally helped Jacob Roark relinquish his magical energies which were keeping together a "thing" from R'lyeh that assaulted him, causing the vanishing of the creature.[71]

Earth-10011's corruption

The Many-Angled Ones had already begun to extend their influence at a significant extent on Reality-10011 (comparatively to Reality-616).[23]


The Many-Angled Ones whispered their influence to the Captain Marvel of Earth-10011 on his deathbed and convinced him to initiate the ritual of Necropsy that destroyed the avatar of Death and released the Angled-Ones into the universe's plane of existence, causing his universe to eventually become known as the Cancerverse.[23]

On Sanctuary,[72] the corrupted heroes performed the Necropsy ritual, sacrificing the Avatar of Death and thus annihilating Death, allowing the Many-Angled Ones to fully enter their plane of existence.[23] Ms. Marvel and her fellow Avengers were placed under Mar-Vell's service, now calling themselves the Revengers, and headquartered at the Trapezohedron.[73]

21st century

Asteroth, Chthon, and Shuma-Gorath attended the Devil's Advocacy meeting where the demons discussed of the threat posed by the Serpent.[74]

Powers and Abilities

Powers

The demonic Old Ones exhibited many powers including:

  • Partial Manifestation: At least some Old Ones can appear as avatars or partial manifestations of themselves, including Yog Sothoth[16] and Shuma-Gorath.[75]
  • Power Bestowal: The Old Ones could bestow bestow powers to other beings, such as Suma-Ket who regularly performed blood sacrifices to the Old Ones for further power.[38] After allegedly entering in contact with the Old Ones, the Black Gods of R'Lyeh, the Goat with a Thousand Young and the children of Great Cthulhu, Reimos was "offered" his spider-infested castle.[60]
    • Demonic Infusion: The Many-Angled corrupted various superhuman beings from the Cancerverse, turning them demonic by infusing them with their ancient power.[72]
  • Possession: They could inhabit other beings. Due to his great power, Franklin Richards was allowed to house several of them.[8]

Weaknesses

The Old Ones are more or less prevented from enterring the Earth plane by various things, such as being blocked being the gate guarded by Yagotha.[1]

Miscellaneous


Level of Technology: The Old Ones created and/or possessed artifacts of power, including the Shining Trapezohedran and the Wings of Needless Sorrow. The Elder Ones created and/or possessed various artifacts of power, including the Gem of Earth Fire,[17] and the Crystal of the Elder Ones.[18]
Representatives: Cthulhu and Shuma-Gorath are considered as archetypal Great Old Ones.[76] Both Shuma-Gorath[41] and Chthon were considered the greatest of the Old Ones.[6]

The following entities were also mentioned as Great Old Ones: Lloigoroth,[77] Slorioth,[78] Tsathoggua,[79] and Zvilpogghua.[20] The Chthon was also stated to be one of the Great Old Ones,[6] despite being an Elder God of Earth.

Asteroth, the Black Gods of R'Lyeh, Erlik Khan, Ghaszaszh Nyrih, Gol-Goroth, Kathulos, N'Gabthoth, Nigguraab, Shub-Niggurath (the Black Goat gods), the Toad God, Thog the Ancient, and Yog-Sokkot are confirmed to either Great of Lesser Old Ones.[76]

Some entities were called "Old Ones" as well, without more details (and are likely not Great Old Ones: the Beast-God,[65] a thing from R'lyeh,[71] and Satha[47] (the Elder God Set).

The Outer Gods (including Azotharoth and Sehdoula, Yog-Sothoth), and the Other Gods (which include only one known member: Nyarlathotep) have been mistaken often enough with the Great Old Ones, at the point they considered the same.[76]

A few among them have been told to lead their brethren:

  • Shuma-Gorath was stated to be the Master of the Old Ones.[40]
  • Oberoth'm'gozz was the True Faery King of the Old Ones.[22]
  • As Sehdoula, Yog-Sothoth was the Lord of the Dark Ones, the Outsiders.[16]

See also the list of known Old Ones.

Some beings might be Old Ones, though it hasn't been confirmed so far:

Among the many names invoked by the denizens of the Cancerverse, presumably those of Many-Angled Ones, were Kthl, Yot-Soter, Shuma-Gorath, and Nyerlathortech. Other, including Llehk, Yoggor. S'geht, and Shoggor (known only for the Jet Mirrors of Shoggor) would be Many-Angled Ones, locations, or something else.

Notes

  • The Old Ones are demons of the Third Class, and are considered to be key elements[81] and the most notable[2] among that class.
  • Despite common elements in origin, there is no evidence that the Old Ones are one and the same race.[2]
    • However, they have been described as a race on occasions.[13][38]
  • The status of Old One hasn't been seen so far to be transmitted to their direct descendants: Khosatral Khel and Dagoth (spawns of the possible Old One Dagon) have never been stated to be Old Ones themselves as far.
  • Many of the Old Ones' names end with the syllable "-oth", a constat that led Ian McNee to suspect Hoggoth to be himself an Old One.[3]

Original creation

Pastiches

Additionally to straight-out appearances, the Old Ones have also appeared as pastiches of some of the original Old Ones.

A few groups of beings have been introduced, who are either more or less inspired by the Old Ones, or are them, yet unconfirmed:

Some of those pantheons and/or groups of mysterious ancient deities may be in fact be part of the Great Old Ones, including the Ancients, the Ancient Ones, the Elder Ones, and the Dark Gods worshiped by the Psyklop.

Doctor Who Universe

Some characters appearing in the Doctor Who Comic Books published by Marvel Comics were identified in later sources (not published by Marvel) as Great Old Ones (or their subsets, including the Elder Gods) or of their progeny. Furthermore, some of those alleged Great Old Ones have been hinted or confirmed to be known Lovecraftian Great Old Ones developed in Marvel Comics.

Such examples includes the Great Intelligence, appearing in "Yonder... The Yeti" (Doctor Who Weekly #31-#34; May to June, 1980), who has been stated to be Yog-Sothoth, or the Nestene Intelligence, appearing in "Business as Usual" (Doctor Who Weekly #40-#43; July to August, 1980), mentioned as the progeny of Shub-Niggurath.

Given most of the accounts of characters being Great Old Ones are either contradictory with other sources or revealed in other source material, often published after the time Marvel published Doctor Who comic books, the connections between those entities and the Great Old Ones (or other Cthulhu Mythos elements) will not be taken in account, unless if explicitly mentioned in Marvel Comics, or in sources predating Marvel Comics.

For more information on the Great Old Ones from the Doctor Who universe, please consult the Tardis Wiki.

Confusion around the name

Trivia

See Also

Links and References

Footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Kull the Conqueror Vol 3 #4; Kuthulos' Tale
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 Marvel Zombies: The Book of Angels, Demons & Various Monstrosities #1; Demons' profile
  3. 3.0 3.1 Marvel Tarot #1; The Inner Planes
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Marvel Fact Files #46; Shuma-Gorath's article
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Blockbusters of the Marvel Universe #1; Appendix: Ascent into Hell's entry
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 Carnage Vol 2 #14
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Thanos Imperative #5
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Annihilation - Scourge: Fantastic Four #1
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 Savage Sword of Conan #150; Call to the Slain
  10. Namor the Sub-Mariner #37
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Savage Sword of Conan #125; At the Altar of the Goat God
  12. 12.0 12.1 Savage Sword of Conan #164; The Slithering God
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #8; N'Garai's profile
  14. Doctor Strange #388
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Thanos Imperative #6
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.6 16.7 16.8 16.9 Savage Sword of Conan #152; Valley Beyond the Stars
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 Savage Sword of Conan #158; Bane of the Dark Brotherhood
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 Savage Sword of Conan #161; Call of the Howling Shadows
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 Savage Sword of Conan #186; Horror Out Of Time
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.6 Ultimate Fantastic Four #31
  21. Savage Avengers #10
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 22.4 22.5 22.6 22.7 22.8 Thunderbolts Annual Vol 2 #1
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 23.4 23.5 23.6 Thanos Imperative #3
  24. 24.0 24.1 Savage Sword of Conan #64; The Children of Rhan
  25. Fantastic Four Annual #33
  26. Namor the Sub-Mariner #38
  27. 4 #26
  28. All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #1; Atlantis's entry
  29. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z Update #5; Kaluu's profile
  30. 30.0 30.1 Conan the Barbarian Annual #7
  31. Savage Sword of Conan #126; The Mercenary
  32. 32.0 32.1 Marvel Premiere #6
  33. Avengers #352
  34. 34.0 34.1 Savage Sword of Conan #16; Worms of the Earth
  35. Doctor Strange Vol 2 #45
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 36.3 36.4 Moon Knight #191
  37. 37.0 37.1 Carnage Vol 2 #4
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 38.3 38.4 38.5 All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #11; Suma-Ket's profile
  39. Heroic Age: Villains #1; Cancerverse's profile
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 40.3 40.4 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Vol 4 #18; Shuma-Gorath's profile
  41. 41.0 41.1 Wolverine: First Class #12
  42. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Mystic Arcana: The Book of Marvel Magic #1; Appendix; Tomes
  43. Marvel Fact Files #38; The Thanos Imperative, Point of Departure
  44. Stormbreaker: The Saga of Beta Ray Bill #4
  45. 45.0 45.1 45.2 Stormbreaker: The Saga of Beta Ray Bill #5
  46. Conan: Serpent War #1
  47. 47.0 47.1 Savage Sword of Conan #30; The Scarlet Citadel
  48. All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z: Update #3; Annunaki's profile, Dagon's and Ea's paragraphs
  49. 49.0 49.1 Conan the Savage #4
  50. Strange Tales Vol 2 #8
  51. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Mystic Arcana: The Book of Marvel Magic #1; Appendix; Tomes; Pnakotic Manuscripts
  52. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Mystic Arcana: The Book of Marvel Magic #1; Talismans of Mystic Power; The Wings of Needless Sorrow
  53. 53.0 53.1 Journey into Mystery Vol 2 #4; The Haunter of the Dark
  54. Savage Sword of Conan #135; Three Lives for N'Garthl
  55. The First Host occurred 1,000,000 years ago per Marvel Zombies: The Book of Angels, Demons & Various Monstrosities #1's Set's profile, while Uncanny X-Men Annual #1989 picture the pre-humans who benefited from Sise-Neg going through the First Host
  56. 56.0 56.1 56.2 Strange Tales Vol 2 #4; Walk on the Wild Side!
  57. Darkhold: Pages from the Book of Sins #9
  58. Conan the Barbarian #100
  59. Savage Sword of Conan #162
  60. 60.0 60.1 Conan the Barbarian #141
  61. Conan the Barbarian #17
  62. Conan the Barbarian #18
  63. Savage Sword of Conan #20
  64. Savage Sword of Conan #14; A Kull Glossary: Gonar's entry
  65. 65.0 65.1 Tower of Shadows #6
  66. Haunt of Horror: Lovecraft #1; Dagon
  67. Marvel Premiere #8
  68. Strange Tales Vol 2 #1; And Have Not Charity...
  69. 69.0 69.1 69.2 Strange Tales Vol 2 #2; The World Well Lost for Love -- !
  70. Strange Tales Vol 2 #3; Goodbye to All That!
  71. 71.0 71.1 Strange Tales Vol 2 #19
  72. 72.0 72.1 Avengers NOW! #1; Cancerverse's profile
  73. Realm of Kings #1
  74. Journey into Mystery #627
  75. Mighty Avengers Vol 2 #3
  76. 76.0 76.1 76.2 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z #3; Demons' profile
  77. Vampires: The Marvel Undead #1; Amenhotep's profile
  78. Defenders: Strange Heroes #1; Slorioth's profile
  79. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z #6; Earth's Solar System, Saturn's profile
  80. Marvel Legacy: The 1970s Handbook #1; Psyklop's profile
  81. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Vol 4 #18; Appendix: Demon classes, Class III
  82. Carnage Vol 2 #15
  83. Savage Sword of Conan #40; A Gazetteer of the Hyborian Age: Valusia's entry
  84. Old Ones at the Appendix to the Handbook of the Marvel Universe
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