Howard Phillips Lovecraft was an American author specializing in the genre of "weird fiction".
He is most widely recognized for creating a pantheon of cosmic beings commonly known as the "Great Old Ones", and being the origin of the Cthulhu Mythos, though he never intended to do so, as stated by August Derleth (a fellow writer and correspondent of Lovecraft), who coined the name, structured the stories in that continuity, and greatly expanded it (through his publishing activity as Arkham House, and by writing his own Cthulhu Mythos.
Legacy in Marvel Comics
Lovecraft's work has laid the groundwork for many other characters and work of fiction. In Marvel Comics, many of his creations were introduced (often as mere mentions, similarly to the style of the Cthulhu Mythos' cryptic name-droppings, while many subjects and storylines were inspired by his fiction, such as the Serpent-Men of Starkesboro (based on the Deep Ones of Insmouth), Magneto's island-base in the Bermuda Triangle and R'llyeh (among others inspired by R'lyeh), or Chthon (sometimes described as a stand-in for Cthulhu).
Doctor Strange villain and lord of the Great Old Ones Shuma-Gorath is sometimes stated to have inspired by the Lovecraft creation H.P. Lovecraft's creation Shub-Niggurath (a name which possibly inspired Robert E. Howard (the creator of Conan, Kull, Red Sonja, Solomon Kane, and many other characters, as well as another fellow writer, Cthulhu Mythos contributor, and correspondent of Lovecraft) in the short story "The Curse of the Golden Skull" (published posthumously in 1967), where "the Iron-Bound Books of Shuma Gorath" were mentioned.
Appearances in the Marvel Universe
- Lovecraft has been established to exist in Marvel universes, and to have wrote about certain entities that exist within those universes (It isn't revealed how he came in knowledge of those creatures, or if other H.P. Lovecraft's material in the Earth-1218 universe were also documented by those counterparts):
- In Earth-616, Thunderbolts Annual Vol 2 #1 (December 18, 2013) established that Lovecraft wrote about the True Faeries, refered to as Old Ones.
- In Earth-1610, Ultimate Fantastic Four #31 (August, 2006) established that Lovecraft wrote about the great old ones, including Zvilpogghua, the Feaster from the Stars.
- Robert Bloch (yet another fellow writer, Cthulhu Mythos contributor, and correspondent) wrote "The Shambler From the Stars" (adapted in Journey into Mystery Vol 2 #3; February, 1973) in which he had a reclusive scholar living in Providence, based on Lovecraft, killed. Lovecraft replied with "The Haunter of the Dark" (adapted in Journey into Mystery Vol 2 #4; April, 1973), in which Robert Blake, based on Robert Bloch, was killed as well.
Images Attributed to Howard Phillips Lovecraft (Earth-1218)
- The central author of the Cthulhu Mythos, Lovecraft is himself a character within the Mythos, mentioned in "Beyond the Treshold" (1941) and "The Dweller in Darkness", stories by August Derleth, as as an author existing within the Mythos' universe.
- No trivia
- No website
Links and References
- Tower of Shadows #3; The Terrible Old Man
- Tower of Shadows #9; Pickman's Model
- Comics Wire, "Doctor Strange ou comment j’ai appris la sorcellerie et à aimer Lovecraft"