James Mandarin was a resident of Greenwich Village who had noticed the presence of Doctor Strange and suspected his true nature. He confronted him at his Sanctum Sanctorum, and slit his own throat, forcing Strange to heal him using his mystic powers. Mandarin asked to become Strange's disciple, but the magician refused. He was then contacted by Satan to be used as a tool against Strange and lured to hell. He was returned to Earth after Strange defeated Satan and stole some mystical books from Strange's home, but was caught by Strange and Clea. Strange then erased all memories he had of him being a sorcerer.