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Marvel Database
This page currently treats of Lemuria, from half a million years ago to the modern age, where two Kingdoms of Lemuria (one Deviant, the other "Atlantean") co-existed.

Lemuria is one of the oldest surviving civilizations.[2]

Lemuria was apparently the only continent where modern man dwelt half a million years ago.[21]

During the Pre-Cataclysmic Age (from about 100,000 until the Great Cataclysm),[22] Lemuria remained one of the great continents of its era, and was ruled mostly by the Deviants and their human slaves.[1]

After the Great Cataclysm, Lemuria was partly retrofitted by the Deviants, while other parts later became the home of the underwater race known as the Lemurians. Lemuria was founded by a splinter group of Homo mermanus[1] who made their way to the Pacific Ocean, whereas Atlantis had been in the Atlantic.[23]


Deviants' Lemuria (1,000,000 BC)[]

Circa 1,000,000 BC, after the First Host, the Deviants established an underground empire in the kingdom of Lemuria.[24][25]

In the ancient past, Lemuria was stated to be part of Mu,[26] or to have been connected to it.[27]

Circa 500,000 BC[]

Age of Dragons[]

About almost half a millions years ago,[28][21] the world of elder Hyperborea and Lemuria was ruled by the Dragon Kings[29] (the other offspring of Sligguth, spawn of Set, along with the Serpent-Men),[30][31] led by kings and necromancers who raised monolithic cities of black stone. As the the Dragon Kings practiced sorcery and were evil and cruel beings, the Nineteen Gods created the first men: Phondath the Firstborn and his mate Evalla.

Men built the Nemedis, Althaar, Yb, and Yaodar, while fighting the Dragon Kings for dominance of Lemuria during the Thousand Year War, before being forced to retreat behind their cities' walls.[29]

Lord Thungarth was eventually approached by the deity Father Gorm, who offered him the Star Sword, imbued with the power of the Nineteen Gods, giving Men the strength to destroy the Dragon Kings at Grimstrand Firth,[29] Nemedis, leading to the end of the Age of Dragons and the beginning of the Age of Men.[32]

For the full presentation of this era, please consult the Thousand Year War page.

Age of Men[]

Lemuria (Pacific Ocean) from Creatures on the Loose Vol 1 25 0001

Lemuria during Thongor's era

The island continent of Lemuria[33] became apparently the only continent inhabited by modern man[21] and where Men first rose to supremacy.[34] At that time, the rest of the world lived in the Pleistocene, and was inhabited by "Neanderthal" or "Cro-Magnon" man (apparently, although it's possible other civilizations existed).[21]

Nemedis in the Far Western Plains became a dead city,[28] but many other cities were built: Cadorna in Kovia (at north-west), Kathool of the Purple Towers, Patanga, the City of Fire, the Dreaming City of Zangabal, Perlorm, Tarakus and Tsargol in Ptartha,[33] Valkarth[35] in the Northern Lands,[36] Shembis among the Cities of the South,[35] Thurdis the Dragon City, and Zaar, the Black City (where the Black Druids served the dark forces).[33]

In the northern lands, the Black Hawk and Snow Bear tribes clashed, causing their mutual destruction save for Black Hawk tribe member Thongor, son of kingly Thumithar.[35] In the Far Western Plains lived the Blue Nomads.[28]

The last of the Dragon Kings were eventually destroyed thanks to the efforts of Thongor of Valkarth, Sharajsha of Zaar, Sumia Chond, and Karm Karvus, helped by Father Gorm.[32]

It is currently unknown what occurs during the gap of time from the fall of the Dragon Kings to the Pre-Cataclysmic Age. The exact relationship between the Lemurias of those eras, if any, are unknown as well, as few clues links them.

Pre-Cataclysmic Age (100,000 to 18,000 BC)[]

Thuria from Kull the Conqueror Vol 1 2 001

The Lemurian Isles (north-east corner of the map) circa 18,000 BC

During the Pre-Cataclysmic Age, the Lemurians were considered among the barbarian nations of their age (along with the Picts and the Atlanteans), and known as savage pirates who inhabited a chain of large islands in the ocean east of Thuria, in the eastern hemisphere,[9][37] (next place where mankind rose to supremacy),[34] as part of the continent of Mu.[38]

The Lemurians came in contact from time to time with the mysterious and non-Thurian race living on the eastern shores of Thuria (those apparently came from a shadowy and nameless continent lying somewhere east of the Lemurian islands).

The crumbling Thurian civilizations employed barbarian mercenaries (Picts, Atlanteans, and Lemurians) as their armies, and consequently, their generals, their statesmen, and often their kings were barbarians.[9]

Set's Serpent Men once lived in Lemuria.[38]

For the full presentation of this era, please consult the Pre-Cataclysmic Age page.

Age of Kull (18,500 BC)[]

Both Atlantis and Lemuria eventually became mighty empires.[39]

During the Age of Kull, Lemurian pirate captains included Roc of Lemuria and Kha Taranka, the pirate king of Lemuria.

To defend Valusia were many forts from those, whom King Kull inspected at least once.[40]

Asfodel IV's reign[]

At the time of Kull, the Lemurian Isles (who faced the Thurian coast of Grondar),[10] including the (possible)[41] colony of Lemuria-of-the-West,[42] were controlled by humans, while the Deviants ruled the Lemurian continent.[5][3]

Asfodel IV, king of Lemuria, hired Kull to kill Rotath of Lemuria, a wizard and priest of the nameless gods.[43]

Khornah, lieutenant of the Atlantean Army, conspired with Lemurian pirates to depose and replace King Om-Ra (before allying to assault the Thurian mainland), but his plans were foiled by Kull and mostly by a Kraken summoned by Kareesha.[44]

Kha Taranka the Pirate King's reign[]

Kha Taranka, the pirate king of Lemuria, was presumably the successor or deposer of King Asfodel IV or of his heirs.[45]

18,000 BC: Phraug's rule / Human-Deviant Wars[]

For the full presentation of this era, please consult the Human-Deviant Wars page.

By 18,000 BC, Lemuria[26][38] (including the Lemurian Isles)[5][3] was the seat of an advanced empire, and like much of the Earth,[30] was ruled by the Deviants[26][38] and their human slaves.[26] The Deviants conquered all known human civilizations,[46][38] save for the state of Atlantis,[26][38] and their outposts extended even as that of Lemura, in what became known as the Savage Land.[38]

The human alchemist Atra intended to overthrow the Deviants. He allied with the Serpent Men to create the Serpent Crown, which was empowered by Set and linked to his mind as a replacement for the Cobra Crown.[30]

Soon, worship of Set flourished across Lemuria.[38]

Under King Phraug,[38] the Lemurians tried to invade Atlantis, then ruled by King Kamuu and his wife Zartra,[47] a refugee from the Deviant-controlled Lemurian Isles.[3] The Atlanteans released their magma vents to drive off invading Lemurians,[47] triggering seismological upheavals,[3] while a survivor from a commando unit of Lemurians stabbed Zartra, killing her.[48][49]

Great Cataclysm from Eternals Vol 1 2 001

Great Cataclysm (18,000 BC)[]

For the full presentation of this event, please consult the Great Cataclysm / Second Host page.

Meanwhile, the Second Host of the Celestials came to Earth over Lemuria,[3] and the Deviants attacked them. The Celestials retaliated by submerging all of Mu (including Lemuria).[38]

This resulted in both continents of Atlantis and Lemuria sinking[26] within a week,[49] the destruction of both cities, and the landscape of the world being dramatically altered.[48]

Deviant Lemuria[]

The Deviants gradually retrofitted part of Lemuria's remains into a new kingdom for themselves,[26] redeveloping Lemuria into an underwater city, while most of the Deviant kingdom retreated beneath Earth, in Subterranea.[38] Many cities were left vacant.[26]

The Deviants tried many times to create worker classes (such as the Gortokians) to assist them, only to fail as they rebelled, creating setback and new enemies to them.

The interference of the Eternals also held back the Deviant progress.[38]

Hyborian Age: Lemurians, Hyrkanians and Turanians[]

Hyboria from Handbook of the Conan Universe Vol 1 1 0002

The Lemurians, on the island east of Khitai

For the full presentation of this era, please consult the Hyborian Age page.

18,000 - 15,000 BC[]

During the Cataclysm, a man called Tarim rose and led his tribe to flee aboard ships westward,[50] on the eastern coast of the Thuria[51] (later known as the eastern shore of the Vilayet),[50] but were enslaved for thousands of years by the ancient race that dwelt there,[51] --> sometimes referred to as the "East-folk".[11]

Lemurians also remained on a massive islands and a few more modest, east of Khitai,[52][53] collectively known as Lemuria.[54]

The enslaved Lemurians eventually rose and destroyed their masters and became savages stalking the ruins of their masters' strange civilization (the survivors of that civilization went to the west to overthrow the pre-humans of the south and founded Stygia).[51]

Thoth-Amon claimed to have, using the Serpent Ring, raised Serpent Men from Lemurian tombs.[55]

14,000 - 10,000 BC[]

The formerly enslaved Lemurians evolved a strange semi-civilization built on the wreckage of their masters, and eventually rose as the Hyrkanians.[56]

One tribe later crossed the Vilayet again to found Turan[50] on the southwestern shore, while other Hyrkanian clans pushed westward around the sea's northern extremity[56] (Hyrkanians and Turanians would become the ancestors of the Huns, Mongols, Tartars, and Turks).[57][58]

The insular Lemurian sorcerer Thulandra Thuu came to Aquilonia during the Age of Conan, manipulating Numedides and pretending to protect his kingdom, while supposedly aiding the king in his search for the secret of immortality, intending to acquire both for himself.[59] After Numedides' defeat, Thulandra Thuu fled[52] and later return under the guise of King Conan, but was finally slain.[60]

Atlanteans (Homo mermanus) Lemurians (6,000 to 5,300 BC)[]

In time, the ruins of the original Atlantis were found by a member of the Homo mermanus race also named Kamuu. Kamuu and his wife, Zartra, founded the underwater city of Atlantis from the ruins of old Atlantis.[61][verification needed] Those Atlanteans took the Olympian god Neptune as their patron.[26]

Within less than five centuries (between 5,800 to 5,300 BC) after the victory of the Atlanteans over the rule of the Unforgiven Dead,[49] a faction emerged among the water-breathing Atlanteans, worshiping the Elder God Set.[26] They abandoned Atlantis to colonize the remnants of Lemuria,[49] unclaimed,[26] in the Pacific Ocean and founded their city of Lemuria.[62]

15th century: Naga's rule[]

In the 15th century, Naga began his rule over the Homo mermanus kingdom of Lemuria and claimed the Serpent Crown, causing the beginning of the Lemurians' transformation, granting some of them scales and/or green skin.[26]

Modern Age[]

Lemuria (Pacific Ocean) from Marvel Atlas Vol 1 1 0001

Both Kingdoms of Lemuria in the modern age

Atlanteans (Homo mermanus)[]

Naga's rule ends[]

For 500 years, the Lemurians were ruled over by the mad king Naga, who wore the Serpent Crown. The crown had kept Naga young, but when the crown was stolen from him he began to age. Naga enlisted Karthon the Quester to steal the crown. Once Naga was reunited with the crown it did not restore his youth but he was too mad to believe otherwise. Namor challenged Naga to battle and Naga played a trick and made Namor believe that he had killed Namor's beloved Dorma. In fact Naga had killed Karthon's sister, causing[citation needed] Karthon to turn against Naga and kill him.[26]

Karthon the Quester's rule[]

Karthon then proclaimed himself king.[26] Under Karthon's wise and just rule, the Lemurians had a peaceful civilization and were allies of the Atlanteans,[3] but this did not last.[citation needed]

Merro's rule[]

Naga's son Merro ascended to the throne.[citation needed]

Llyra's rule[]

Merro was later murdered by his wife Llyra, who became Empress.[citation needed] Llyra was half-human as her mother was human and her father Llyron was Lemurian.[citation needed]


Ghaur (Earth-616), the chief priest of the priesthood, consequently manipulated the rulers of Lemuria.[38]

Brother Tode's rule[]

Brother Tode ruled with his wife Queen Vira. He had a son, Ranar.

When the Fourth Host of the Celestials came, the Deviants tried to manipulate the humans into attacking the Celestials, which was prevented by the Eternals. Eson the Searcher ravaged and flooded the city of Lemuria while examining it, forcing the Deviants to retreat once again to Subterranea. Despite the setback, the city was eventually rebuilt.

Brother Tode then led an attack on Olympia, while he and his cabinet were reassembled at a molecular level into a block of slid matter, which brought the end of a long line of successive rulers and deprived the Deviants of leadership.[38]

After Tode's death, the situation remained stable until Kro's return, with the generals of the armed forces ready to move on Kro's command.[63] Despite the setback, the city was eventually rebuilt,[38] under the leadership of Ranar who led the repairs and restored the economy. Brother Ranar claimed the throne but was put to death by the priesthood.[63]

Brother Kro's rule[]

The thousand years-old Deviant Kro confronted Ghaur as well soon afterwards, aware of Ghaur's murder of Ranar. Ghaur made him sovereign, but mocked his rule.[63] He ascended under the close supervision of Ghaur and the priesthood.

Despite the priesthood's scrutiny, Kro attempted to integrate some Deviants into human culture, establishing the Delta Network program through the USA.

Ghaur's daughter, a Reject, was granted asylum in Wakanda by the Black Panther (T'Challa). Lemuria and Wakanda consequently nearly went to war, but to avoid the scandal, Ghaur settled for placing the child in Atlantean custody.

When Kang the Conqueror started an invasion of Earth, the Deviant general Dulpus went rogue and led an unauthorized invasion of China, which was thwarted by the Avengers. As a gratitude gesture, Kro helped the Avengers by bringing the US President to safety in Lemuria when Kang attacked Washington.[38]

Kro eventually abdicated, causing a civil war in Lemuria.[64]

Brother Brutus' rule[]

Brother Brutus emerged from the ensuing slaughter, commanind the new breed of mutates. Envisioning himself dictator of Subterranea, he began to have his forces recover the past Deviant technology and weaponry scattered and used by other peoples of Subterranea, pushing them away.[64]

His rule over Lemuria was brief, and shattered when his mutate status was revealed by Sersi of the Eternasl.[65]

Brother Visara's rule[]

Brother Visara ruled Lemuria, and attempted to subvert the populace against leaders, eventually causing his death.[38]


Attuma's rule[]

Attuma somehow acquired command of Lemuria, though he publicly declared to do not owe it allegiance, as he desired a greater destiny: Atlantis.[66]

He used his position to master the magics that he used to summon[66] creatures from Lemurian legend to attack freighters, leading to S.H.I.E.L.D. and China to deploy the Hulk and the Dreadnought.[67] Mocking the Lemurian Fleet, Attuma had the chief wizard Rasa to create a weapon so deadly that Atlantis would beg him to take the throne. Meanwhile, the Lemurian Rebel Army was formed by ex-patriots that opposed Attuma's militarization of Lemuria into a fortress. The rebels, including Mara and her betrothed Canor, were joined by Banner/Hulk. They launched an attack against Attuma, destroying Rasa's works, while Hulk punched Attuma into the mouth of the Kophin, a mystical beast he had summoned.

Rebels' rule[]

Within the hour, the forces of Attuma, without leadership, folded. Banner offered to ask the Avengers for help in the reconstruction, but Mara and Canor declined.[66]

Soon afterwards, Deviant forces attacked the city of Lemuria at the point Faira Sar Namora was in control. In the midst of the battle, the Evolutionaries teleported and slaughtered Atlantean and Deviant Lemurian indiscriminately.[68]



The Crystal Rose was a crystaline plant from Lemuria (who would later hold a king's ransom value in the Hyborian Age of Conan).[69]

Alternate Realities[]


Lemuria was an ancient city-state that stood besides Atlantis.[70] Lemuria was the sole rival of Atlantis, and warred against it.[71] The Lemurians were surface-dwellers, that ruled the surface, while Atlantis ruled the seas, as dictated by their treaty, which was law, for nine millenia. They used the Atlantean city of Sestanivor as an embassy. As such, it had rooms for oxygen breathers. To protect its citizens, the city had a cordon of telepathic beacons to ward off deep sea predators. The city was the site of nesting for the Tan-Ed-Drul - the species that lead to the fall of the Atlantean empire,[72] though it was presumed to be a Lemurian strike.[71]

Points of Interest

Age of Dragons[]

At the time of the Dragon Kings' rule, of the coming of the first men, and of the Thousand Years War:[73]

Age of Men and Thongor's era[]

About almost half a million years ago:[74]

Lemuria (Pacific Ocean) from Creatures on the Loose Vol 1 25 0001

Lemuria during Thongor's era

Thuria from Kull the Conqueror Vol 1 2 001

The Lemurian Isles (north-east corner of the map) circa 18,000 BC

Khitai and Lemuria (Pacific Ocean) from Conan the Barbarian Vol 3 13 0001

Lemuria, the island east of Khitai, circa 10,000 BC

Pre-Cataclysmic Age[]

Hyborian Age[]

  • Lemuria: An isle east off the coast of Khitai was depicted on maps, labeled either "Lemurians"[53] or Lemuria.[54]
Lemuria (Pacific Ocean) from Marvel Atlas Vol 1 1 0001

Both Kingdoms of Lemuria in the modern age

Modern Age[]

Alternate realities[]




See Also

Links and References


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Marvel Atlas #1 ; Lemuria's profile
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 Marvel Atlas #1 ; Lemuria (Deviant)'s profile
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe (Vol. 2) #7 ; Lemuria's profile
  4. 4.0 4.1 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #7 ; Appendix: Karthon the Quester's entry
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe #7 ; Appendix: Lemuria's entry
  6. Incredible Hercules #121
  7. Saga of the Sub-Mariner #11
  8. Mystic Arcana: The Book of Marvel Magic #1 ; Talismans of Mystic Power, Star of Capistan's profile
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Savage Sword of Conan #7 ; The Hyborian Age Chapter 1: The Pre-Cataclysmic Age
  10. 10.0 10.1 Kull the Conqueror (Vol. 2) #2 ; The Thurian Continent in the time of King Kull
  11. 11.0 11.1 Savage Sword of Conan #23 ; Stygia: Serpent of the South - I. Before the Fall
  12. Conan the Barbarian #21
  13. Conan the Barbarian #24
  14. Conan the Barbarian #19
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 Creatures on the Loose #22
  16. Invaders Now! #4
  17. Kull the Conqueror #4
  18. Creatures on the Loose #2728
  19. 19.0 19.1 Eternals: The Herod Factor #1
  20. Savage Sword of Conan #229 ; Enslaved!
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 Creatures on the Loose #27 ; Creature Features (letters' page)
  22. Handbook of the Conan Universe #1 ; Atlantis and the Pre-Cataclysmic Age
  23. Sub-Mariner #10
  24. History of the Marvel Universe (Vol. 2) #1
  25. Avengers (Vol. 8) #26
  26. 26.00 26.01 26.02 26.03 26.04 26.05 26.06 26.07 26.08 26.09 26.10 26.11 26.12 26.13 Marvel Atlas #1 ; Lemuria's profile
  27. 27.0 27.1 Blockbusters of the Marvel Universe #1 ; Great Cataclysm's profile
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 Creatures on the Loose #24 ; Red Swords, Black Wings!
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 Creatures on the Loose #26 ; Tower of the Serpent-Women!
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 Marvel Zombies: The Book of Angels, Demons & Various Monstrosities #1 ; Set's profile
  31. Marvel Tarot #1 ; Get of Set
  32. 32.0 32.1 Creatures on the Loose #29 ; Lord of Chaos!
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 Creatures on the Loose #25 ; The Wizard of Lemuria!
  34. 34.0 34.1 Savage Sword of Conan #6 ; The Sleeper Beneath the Sands
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 Creatures on the Loose #22 ; Thongor! Warrior of Lost Lemuria!
  36. Creatures on the Loose #23 ; Where Broods the Demon!
  37. Handbook of the Conan Universe #1 ; Atlantis and the Pre-Cataclysmic Age's profile
  38. 38.00 38.01 38.02 38.03 38.04 38.05 38.06 38.07 38.08 38.09 38.10 38.11 38.12 38.13 38.14 38.15 38.16 Marvel Atlas #1 ; Lemuria (Deviant)'s profile
  39. Conan the Barbarian #9 ; The Garden of Fear
  40. Savage Sword of Conan #132 ; The Sea King
  41. Savage Sword of Conan #36 ; A Gazetteer of the Hyborian Age, Part V: Lemuria's entry
  42. Savage Sword of Conan #36 ; A Gazetteer of the Hyborian Age, Part V: Lemurians' entry
  43. Conan the Barbarian #37 ; The Curse of the Golden Skull!
  44. Kull the Destroyer #17 ; The Thing from Emerald Darkness
  45. Conan Saga #97 ; The Kull Comics Chronology: Blood on the Border
  46. Amazing Spider-Man Annual #23 ; Where Broods the Demon!
  47. 47.0 47.1 Sub-Mariner #62 ; Tales of Atlantis
  48. 48.0 48.1 Sub-Mariner #63 ; Tales of Atlantis: Cataclysm!
  49. 49.0 49.1 49.2 49.3 All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z #1 ; Atlantis' profile
  50. 50.0 50.1 50.2 Conan the Barbarian #19 ; Hawks from the Sea
  51. 51.0 51.1 51.2 Savage Sword of Conan #8 ; The Hyborian Age Chapter 2: The Rise of the Hyborians
  52. 52.0 52.1 Savage Sword of Conan #52 ; Conan the Liberator
  53. 53.0 53.1 Handbook of the Conan Universe #1 ; Map
  54. 54.0 54.1 Conan the Barbarian (Vol. 3) #13 ; Map
  55. King Conan (Vol. 2) #1
  56. 56.0 56.1 Savage Sword of Conan #12 ; The Hyborian Age Chapter 3: The Hyborian Kingdoms
  57. Savage Sword of Conan #17 ; The Hyborian Age - Chapter 6
  58. Thor & Hercules: Encyclopaedia Mythologica #1 ; The Tenger's profile
  59. Savage Sword of Conan #49 ; When Madness Wears the Crown
  60. Savage Sword of Conan #214 ; Reign of Thulandra Thuu
  61. Sub-Mariner #66 ; Tales of Atlantis: The Sword in the Throne!
  62. Sub-Mariner #10 ; Never Bother a Barracuda!
  63. 63.0 63.1 63.2 Eternals (Vol. 2) #2
  64. 64.0 64.1 Avengers Annual #20 ; Of Moles and Mutates
  65. West Coast Avengers Annual #6 ; Storm in Subterranea
  66. 66.0 66.1 66.2 Indestructible Hulk #5
  67. Indestructible Hulk #4
  68. New Warriors (Vol. 5) #2
  69. Conan the Barbarian (Vol. 3) #8
  70. 70.0 70.1 Ultimate FF #2
  71. 71.0 71.1 Ultimate Secrets #1 ; Namor's profile
  72. 72.0 72.1 Ultimate Fantastic Four #56
  73. 73.0 73.1 73.2 73.3 73.4 Creatures on the Loose #26
  74. 74.0 74.1 74.2 74.3 74.4 74.5 Creatures on the Loose #24
  75. Creatures on the Loose #23
  76. 76.00 76.01 76.02 76.03 76.04 76.05 76.06 76.07 76.08 76.09 76.10 76.11 Creatures on the Loose #25
  77. Creatures on the Loose #28
  78. Savage Sword of Conan #231 ; Rotath of Lemuria
  79. All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z: Update #1 ; Ikaris' profile