The Great Library in Alexandria, Egypt, was one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world. It functioned as a major center of scholarship from its construction in the 3rd century B.C. until the conquest by the Roman Empire in 30 B.C., with collections of works, lecture halls, meeting rooms, and gardens. There, Hellenistic scholars amassed hundreds of thousands of scrolls in an attempt to collect 'the books of all the people of the world", including magic and sorcery volumes among them the Scroll of the Vishanti). It contained, among other stuff, knowledge on alchemy and transmutation.
Circa 47-49 B.C., a civil war erupted in Egypt as Julius Caesar attempted to put Cleopatra on the throne in place of her brother Ptolemy (supported by Zota of Pergamum). During the siege of the palace by the Egyptians led by Ptolemy, Caesar and Cleopatra were approached by Doctor Strange and Clea.It was told that it was during that event that the Library of Alexandria was burned down, though it was in fact (as Lucan would later wrote) warehouses in which grain and books (including a minor incantation associated to the Faltine) were stored that were burned due to a defensive fire set by Caesar's troops near the docks. Nevertheless, the theory of Caesar burning the Library became a popular legend, and is still mentioned.
Its content was in fact saved, most of it was being saved by the Eternals and stored in Olympia. The other caches went south and west, one leading to the foundation of Wakanda, while the other went to the Library of Atlantis.
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