Marvel Database

The Manidoog are a humanoid race of extradimensional beings that hail from Giizhigong, a small pocket-dimension adjacent to Earth. Several interdimensional nexuses connect Giizhigong with the Earth realm, to include one called the Sipapu, or "the Place of Emergence." Sipapu is a portal that connects to the Earth realm at the confluence of the Colorado River and Little Colorado River within the Grand Canyon in Arizona.[3]

The Manidoog are also known as the "Native American Gods" who have been worshipped by Native Americans as early as 10,000 BC into modern times, and still revered by many indigenous peoples of the United States.[4] Unlike the members of many other Earth-based pantheons of gods, the Manidoog possess an intimate connection with the Earth that enables them to remain in the Earth realm indefinitely without losing their powers.[4] While many other Earth-based pantheons are organized into a strict hierarchical structure, the Manidoog are more akin to an interdependent collective.[4]



Manitou, the Great Spirit emerged from Giizhigong into an endless void of nothingness. He created the elements of rock, fire, wind and water. However, when he created light, his shadow cast by the light became the malevolent, sentient entity known as KhLΘG. KhLΘG wished to destroy all that Manitou had created, so Manitou took away KhLΘG's physical form and banished him into the nothingness.[5][4]

Working with his son Tawa, Manitou created Tokpela, the first mortal world, as well as Sotuknang, the first mortal being who was to act as their instrument and model the world according to their universal plan. However, the inhabitants of this new mortal world became corrupted and battled for resources leading to their destruction.[6][4]

The Second World, Topka, was born from the flames that destroyed the First World. However, this world eventually fell to a similar fate as Tokpela.[6][4]

The Third World, Kuskurza, arose from the icy wastelands that destroyed the second world, but was later submerged in a great flood due to its inhabitants' sins.[6][4]

After that, the Manidoog ventured through Sipapu and arrived on Tuwaqachi, also known as the Earth realm, where they created the current world. However, the old worlds continued to exist and became known as the "Secret Worlds." They remained as the dwelling places of the spirits of their former inhabitants. Manitou created the Ghost Dancer to serve as gatekeeper between these realms.[6][4]

Ancient History

The Manidoog were worshipped by the humans of North America. Due to the vast size of this land, the gods were known by different names; Tawa is called "Shakuru" to the Pawnee People, "Angpetu Wi" to the Dakota People, and "Tsohanoi" to the Navajo. Prominence and worship of each god varies between tribes. Haokah was honored by the Lakota Tribe, while Toomazooma was honored by the Keewazi Tribe.[4]

Third Host

In 1000 AD, the Third Host of the Celestials occurred, during which the aliens informed they would return 1,000 years later to judge Earth's right to continue existing. Manitou attended the Council of Godheads meeting to discuss this threat.[7]

18th Century

One of the of the most predominant Manidoog gods that interacted with man was the wolf god Owayodata who empowered various Native Americans to be his defenders on Earth, each one taking up the mantle of Red Wolf. The first of these was Wildrun in 1760, who claimed to be the son of Owayodata. He defended the west before he was plucked out of time by Kang the Conqueror to be part of his Anachronauts.[8]

19th Century

Owayodata chose Johnny Wakely to be Wildrun's successor in the 19th Century.[9]

Manitou also exerted his influence during this time, blessing Comanche chief Grey Eagle's son the so-called Red Warrior who became his tribe's greatest warrior.[10] Red Warrior once summoned the power of Manitou to slay some outlaws that murdered the owners of a trading post.[11] Another of the Manidoog who appeared at this time was the Kachina known as the Black Ogre who came to the aid of the Pueblo tribe that worshiped him to slay white gun traders who armed Apaches to attack them. Black Ogre's activities were witnessed by Kid Colt.[12]

In the late 19th century, Manitou appeared before the Comanche brave known as Flaming Star and inspired him to find the "glowing dust from the heavens," actually the luminescent dust of a meteorite, and to use it on a costume for a future hero he foresaw would protect both Native Americans and the descendants of the Europeans. The man who would first don this costume was a lawyer named Carter Slade, who called himself the Ghost Rider.[13]

20th Century

In 1925, Iktomi granted the demon Koyemsi the power to take over the body Curtis Edwards; he was defeated by Nathaniel Great Owl and purged from his body. Iktomi had his powers were removed after that.[14]

Modern Age

Manitou was summoned in recent years to protect the sacred lands of his worshippers from white men who threatened to destroy a dam in order to loot a town with scuba gear. Destroying the dam would be a threat to the sacred lands. Johnny Blaze as the Ghost Rider unwittingly fought against Manitou believing him to be involved in the plot, but Manitou nailed Ghost Rider with a spirit arrow, forcing him back to human form. Neither Ghost Rider nor Manitou was able to stop the dam from blowing up. However, Blaze was sent back in time to the 19th century with the help of a human mystic named Spotted Doe who believed this Ghost Rider to be a malevolent demon.[15] Manitou sent agents to fight this Ghost Rider and eventually felled Ghost Rider with his Spirit Hatchet, forcing him to return to the form of Johnny Blaze. Manitou was preparing to spear the helpless John Blaze when the criminal Tarantula and his men grabbed Spotted Doe. As Blaze went to Spotted Doe’s defense, Manitou realized he was wrong about this Ghost Rider’s motivations and restored him back to his proper place in time. Ghost Rider was returned moments before the dam was destroyed. Returned in time to stop the explosion, Ghost Rider stopped the terrorists and saved the sacred lands.[16]

Powers and Abilities


The Manidoog possess superhuman strength, stamina, resistance to injury, longevity (although they are not immortal like the Olympian gods), and the ability to tap into and manipulate the mystical energies of Giizhigong (known as the Orenda) to perform feats of magic. Unlike the members of many other Earth-based pantheons of gods, the Manidoog possess an intimate connection with the Earth that enables them to remain in the Earth realm indefinitely without losing their powers.[4]

Average Strength Level

The average Manidoog male can lift (press) about 30 tons under optimal conditions; the average Manidoog female can lift (press) about 25 tons under optimal conditions.









Type of Government


Level of Technology


Cultural Traits

The Manidoog were worshipped as gods by the Native Americans of Canada and the modern United States. Collectively, they seem to share a great reverence for nature and the harmony of the universe passed down to their mortal worshipers.


Amitolane, Anguta, Anpa, Awenhai, Black Ogre, Calumet, Chibiabos, Coyote/Nanabozho, Gaoh, Gitche Manitou/Manitou, Glendenwitha, Hasteoltoi, Hino/Haokah, Hotamintanio/Maasewe, Nerrivik, Nowutset, Omamama, Onatah, Owayodata/Sosondowa, Pawa, Pinga, Tawa, Wabasso, We-pi-ahk, Yolkai-Estsan, Tomazooma

See Also

Links and References


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