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Quote1 How many worlds have you been to? I've seen multitudes. They're all beautiful...and different. Quote2
Spider-UK[src]

The Multiverse is the collection of alternate realities which share a universal hierarchy; it is a subsection of the larger Omniverse, the collection of all realities. A large variety of these universes were originated as forms of divergence from other realities, where an event, with different possible outcomes gives rise to different universes, one for each outcome.[5] Some can seem to be taking place in the past or future, due to differences in how time passes in each universe. Additionally, the Multiverse can be destroyed, but if it ends, it is reborn as a completely new form. This has happened several times already, with the current Multiverse designation being the "Eighth Cosmos" (formerly "Seventh Cosmos").[6][7]

Eternity once stated that there are almost infinite aspects of itself, establishing the then official Marvel's positioning about the Multiverse's fundamental nature.[8] Afterward, the mighty Beyonder estimated there is a "seemingly endless number of dimensions" to thereafter explore the entire Multiverse and its "myriad of planes."[9] The Crossroads also leads to an infinite number of dimensions.[10] In addition, the Molecule Man, who was almost omniscient,[11] has also postulated there are infinite parallel dimensions to Earth's universe that together comprise the Multiverse.[12] It was later stated in the Book of the Vishanti that there is a transfinite number of universes in the entire Multiverse.[13] The Multiverse was further described as boundless by Captain Universe.[14] Moreover, the Living Tribunal has also referred to the Multiverse as an infinite realm,[15] and the One Above All himself corroborated the statement that there are infinite realities.[5] The Multiverse has been described sporadically as a realm endowed with infinite levels of existence,[9][16][17][18] whose quantity of extra dimensions stretches across the breadth of conceptual infinity.[19] The Multiverse encompasses even domains of existence beyond all time and space,[20] transcending all levels of reality and dream,[21] so that exceeding this boundary resides the Beyond, which is equated with the Outside.[22]

The Web of Life and Destiny is a structure that forms a map of the Multiverse, with differing nodes representing the universes and the skeins representing people, particularly the avatars of Spider-Totems, objects and series of events.[23]

History

Multiversal Cycle[]

Ever since the Celestial War, reality has gone through cycles of destruction and renewal.[6] Multiverses have a natural lifespan, although they can also end early due to other means.[24] There is usually a period of nothingness between each cycle.[25] The current Multiverse was originally the Seventh Cosmos, until it was destroyed and reborn as the Eighth Cosmos, a direct continuation of the Seventh.[26][27][28]

The First Cosmos and the Creation of the Multiverse[]

Celestial War from Defenders Beyond Vol 1 2 001

The Celestial War in the First Cosmos

In the beginning, there was only one universe: the First Cosmos. The First Cosmos was a single Universe instead of a multiverse. Embodied by the First Firmament, it was a perfect, unchanging cosmos. Loneliness caused the First Firmament to create the Aspirants and Celestials, who then fought a Celestial War. The Celestials wanted change, evolution, and mortality, and at the end of the war, they shattered the First Cosmos into countless pieces, and from these pieces were born countless universes, thus forming the first ever Multiverse of infinite possibilities, the Second Cosmos. This also kickstarted the multiversal cycles.[6][29]

Second Cosmos (Multiverse) from Ultimates 2 Vol 2 6 002

The first Multiverse

Each iteration of the next Multiverses would go through a different instance of renewal, which constitutes in the destruction and re-creation of everything there is starting from zero, with each renewal prompting the Multiverse to evolve further.[27][6]

The Second Cosmos[]

Celestials and Beyonders from Defenders Beyond Vol 1 2 001

The Celestials creating the Omegas (a.k.a. the Beyonders) in the Second Cosmos

The Celestials colonized the Second Cosmos and created servitors called "Omegas" to help them manage the newly-created Multiverse. However, the Second Cosmos only lasted a few millennia because everything at the time was new, including the concept of an "all-death." The personification of the Second Cosmos was eager to try it and thus willingly died.

After its death, it was reborn as the Third Cosmos. The Celestials moved on to the next Multiverse, while the Omegas decided to stay outside of the Multiverse in the remnants of the Second Cosmos. Because of this, the Omegas became known as the Beyonders.[29]

The Third Cosmos[]

Lifebringer One (Multiverse) and Anti-All (Multiverse) from Defenders Vol 6 4 001

The Lifebringer One vs the Anti-All in the Third Cosmos

The Third Cosmos was the first to be born from a completed multiversal cycle (as the First Cosmos did not go through cycles and the Second was born from its war-torn fragments). The Third Cosmos was noted to be basic. Having learned the states of being and non-being from the Second Cosmos, the conflict in the Third Cosmos (the earliest form of "narrative") was between existence and nothingness. This conflict was represented by the battle of Lifebringer One (the first sentry, or first hero)[7] and the Anti-All (the primal void). Lifebringer One defeated the Anti-All; thus, existence conquered non-existence. However, the Anti-All shattered into countless fragments, speculated to be variations of the great nothingness that will appear in future cosmoi.[30][29]

The Fourth Cosmos[]

Fourth Cosmos from Defenders Vol 6 4 001

A conflict between archetypes in the Fourth Cosmos

The Fourth Cosmos was inhabited by archetypal beings who were bound by patterns. They fought in endless cycles, in accordance to those patterns. When the "What-Must-Be" (the archetype for the Devourer of Worlds) threatened the other archetypes, Cloud (who travelled to the Fourth Cosmos alongside the Defenders) convinced the archetypes to break their old patterns to unite against it. The "What-Must-Be" was transformed into the "What-Can-Be" (the archetype for the Lifebringer). The archetypes and patterns from the Fourth Cosmos were passed on into future cosmoses.[31]

The Fifth Cosmos[]

Moridun (Earth-616) from Defenders Vol 6 2 001

Moridun, a Sorcerer Supreme from the Fifth Cosmos

The Fifth Cosmos was the first to have magic and sorcery began here. One of its inhabitants was Moridun, who was Sorcerer Supreme. At the end of the Fifth Cosmos, Moridun presumably bonded with the Sentience of the Cosmos and passed on to the Sixth Cosmos as Omnimax, the Devourer of Worlds.[32]

The Sixth Cosmos[]

Taa from Thor Vol 1 169 001

Taa, an advanced, scientific planet from the Sixth Cosmos

The Sixth Cosmos was devoted to science and is said to began the concept. One of its planets was Taa, a highly advanced world said to be unmatched by any other. A Taa-an named Galan found out that their universe was dying due to a "plague" known the Black Winter. The last Taa-ans launched a ship to the terminal point of the universe and Galan met the Sentience of the Cosmos, who informed him that they were both dying but would pass on to the next cycle as a new lifeform: Galactus, the Devourer of Worlds.[33][34] According to the Black Winter, it intentionally spared Galan so that Galactus could become its herald.[35]

The Seventh Cosmos[]

Earth-616 and Earth-1610 from Ultimate End Vol 1 5 001

Earth-616 and Earth-1610 of the Seventh Cosmos

The Seventh Cosmos was the most well-known Multiverse as it was the present-day Multiverse, up until a great calamity destroyed it. Out of the myriad of realities that composed the Seventh Cosmos, the most notable were Earth-616 (the Marvel Universe) and Earth-1610 (the Ultimate Universe).

X-Termination[]

Before the Celestials had split the Universe into the Multiverse, they created ravenous monsters called the Exterminators to balance their creations of life with death. The Exterminators went out of the Celestials' control so the Celestials sealed them up in one of the Multiverse's universes.[36] However, multiversal travel weakened the walls the Celestials had put up, allowing some of the Exterminators to escape eons later.[37]

The rift first became known on Earth-13812 in the head of the Sphinx. Lord Xavier, the Witch King, Nazi Xavier, and Xavier Head began sacrificing civilians to an interdimensional rift to gain power. The transdimensional X-Men were were able to rescue their Xavier and narrowly defeated Lord Xavier and Nazi Xavier. Unfortunately, the X-Men did not act quickly enough to save that world, and were forced to make an interdimensional jump, leaving that reality and all its citizens being consumed by the Exterminators' vortex.[38]

Exterminators (Race) from X-Termination Vol 1 1 0001

Exterminators

Meanwhile on Earth-616, AOA Nightcrawler and Dark Beast used the Dreaming Celestial to create a portal to New Apocalypse. Unfortunately, this portal opened the rift between realities wide enough for the Exterminators to pass over to Earth-295.[39] When the Exterminators emerged, they were greeted by the X-Men, the transdimensional X-Men, and the X-Terminated.[39][37] One of the Exterminators departed to Earth-616 where he drained the Dreaming Celestial while the other two Exterminators remained on Earth-295, one feeding off the rift and the other seeking out the power of Apocalypse in the Death Seed.[40] They were imprisoned within Earth-295 when Nightcrawler sacrificed himself to seal off their universe.[41]

Age of Ultron[]

After Wolverine traveled back in time numerous times to prevent the rise of power of the evil artificial intelligence known as Ultron, the space-time continuum was broken, causing a multiversal massive shockwave to echo through time and space as reality seeming to shatter before being pulled back together. A "multiversal chaos" was unleashed, where numerous beings from other realities were transported to other universes through the tears of reality.[42]

Incursions and the Eighth Cosmos[]

Quote1 The transition from the Seventh Cosmos to the Eighth was a controlled demolition. Quote2
A Beyonder[src]
Beyonders from New Avengers Vol 3 29 001

Beyonders

Incursion from New Avengers Vol 3 33 001

Incursions

The Beyonders from outside the Multiverse decided to conduct an experiment to end it and spare it from Enigma.[29][43] In every reality, they orchestrated the "accident" of the Molecule Man in hopes that he would explode and take everything out simultaneously. Doctor Doom and the Molecule Man of Earth-616 opposed the Beyonders and went to the past to kill the Molecule Men. Unfortunately, the Molecule Men's deaths caused the Multiverse to contract as part of the Beyonders' design.[44][45]

Incursion from New Avengers Vol 3 2 001

Mechanics of the incursions

The contraction to the Multiverse led to events known as the incursions. Realities throughout the Multiverse began to experience regular collisions one with another, with their respective planets Earth acting as the focal point. Unless the impact was averted by the destruction of either of the two colliding Earths, both intersecting realities would be destroyed when the two planets made contact. In addition, the entire Multiverse's lifespan was shortened.[24]

While numerous different beings and groups of people from across numerous universes attempted to avert the death of everything, it all eventually came down to the final incursion between the last two surviving universes, Earth-616 and Earth-1610, which were subsequently destroyed. Only a handful of inhabitants from each universe outlived their realities, aboard life rafts that kept them in suspended animation. Among them were the Reed Richards of each universe, Mister Fantastic and the Maker.[46]

Reed Richards (Earth-616), Franklin Richards (Earth-616), and Owen Reece (Earth-616) from Ultimates Vol 3 5 001

Restoration of the Multiverse as the Eighth Cosmos

After stealing the power from the Beyonders with the help of the Molecule Man, Doctor Doom managed to salvage the remnants of several destroyed universes, merging them into Battleworld. Doom's eight-year reign as Battleworld's ruler came to an end when the discovery of the two life rafts caused bedlam. During a confrontation between Doctor Doom and Mister Fantastic, the Molecule Man transferred the power of the Beyonders to Reed, destroying Battleworld in the process. With the power he had received, Mister Fantastic began to restore the Multiverse, universe by universe, with the help of his son, Franklin Richards. This chain of events is what caused the creation of the Eighth Cosmos.[47] However, instead of starting over from scratch, most of the Seventh Cosmos was carried over to the Eighth Cosmos.[28]

Eternity War[]

Eternity (Multiverse) from Ultimates 2 Vol 2 1 001

The Multiverse in chains

Still resentful by the existence of multiple realities, the First Firmament decided to attack the current embodiment of the Multiverse, Eternity. Taking advantage of Eternity's weakened state caused by its most recent rebirth, the First Firmament bound it in chains, and sent its Aspirants to destroy it from the inside out.[6] Additionally, the First Firmament and the Aspirants corrupted Lord Chaos and Master Order, leading them to taking over the Multiverse as Logos.[48]

In an attempt to help strengthen Eternity, the Maker harvested the essence of the Aspirants and used the High Evolutionary's technology to disrupt and bring down the Superflow, the network that separated realities from one another, successfully merging every universe within Eternity into one. The Maker also took advantage of this opportunity to rewrite the laws of the Multiverse to bring back to life the original Ultimates from his defunct home universe.[48] Even though the process strengthened Eternity in the beginning and allowed it to break free from the First Firmament's grasp, it soon proved to be counterproductive. Eternity began to deteriorate, facilitating the First Firmament's consumption of it. Because of this, Galactus sent his own Ultimates to stop the Maker.

After Spectrum and the High Evolutionary killed the Maker's then-current body, both teams of Ultimates worked together to reverse the damage caused to the Superflow. Using the nanites from his armor in the High Evolutionary's technology, which had been advanced by the Maker beyond its creator's understanding, Iron Man was capable of interacting with it. Spectrum subsequently used her powers to link together the minds of both teams of Ultimates, allowing their combined brain power to operate the machine, and restore the Multiverse to its normal state.

Ultimates (Multiverse) from Ultimates 2 Vol 1 100 001

The Multiverses assemble

Galactus and his Eternity Watch subsequently entered Eternity. Aided by the Queen of Nevers, who revived the Celestials, and the Black Panther, who ascended with the Tiger God, they defeated the Aspirants and Logos, freeing Eternity from their detrimental influence. Full of vigor once again, Eternity summoned the previous embodiments of past cosmoses from the Far Shore to aid him against the First Firmament. This army of past cosmoses imprisoned the First Firmament, and took it away to another plane of existence in order to heal it.[7]

Infinity Conflict[]

When the future omnipotent Thanos forced his past self to follow his own path by using the Astral Regulator to absorb the majority of the Cosmic Beings,[15] the two merged and then absorbed both the Living Tribunal and the Above All Others, becoming the very embodiment of the entire Multiverse. However, after the future Thanos realized the realities were stuck in a loop, he saw that life was meaningless and sought to "free" everyone by killing himself and destroy all of space and time. Thankfully, thanks to the combined effort of Adam Warlock, Kang the Conqueror, and present Thanos, the future Thanos' plan was stopped and he was erased from existence.[49]

Possible Ninth Cosmos[]

There are at least three possible outcomes for the Ninth Cosmos. The first one, at the end of time of the Eighth Cosmos, Franklin Richards and Galactus of Earth-616 were the sole survivors. While waiting for the entropy to finish the current cosmos, they recalled the history of their universe and multiverse. Finally when the Eighth Cosmos ended and the new one started, Galactus's energy merged with Franklin who became the Devourer of Worlds of the next cosmos.[50]

Bruce Banner (Earth-TRN781) and O%los from Immortal Hulk Vol 1 25 001

The Breaker-Apart destroys the last planet in the possible Ninth Cosmos

On the second one, billions of years into the future at the end of the Eighth Cosmos, an alternate version of the Hulk who had been possessed by the One Below All, killed all other immortals, and devoured the Sentience of the Universe to become the Devourer of Worlds of the next cosmos.[51] However, due to the influence of the One Below All, he would become the Breaker-Apart. This cosmos apparently was inhabited by advanced aliens that communicated through crystals, pulses, and colors. After ten billion years, the Breaker-Apart destroyed almost all life, light, and planets throughout the universe, rendering it dead, with the last surviving inhabitant sending before its death a modified Tiding-fly to the former cosmos.[52]

Edward Brock (Eventuality) (Earth-616) from Free Comic Book Day 2024 Ultimate Universe Spider-Man Vol 1 1 001

The Anti-All rampaging across the Ninth Cosmos

The third one, as related by the Eventuality to Dylan Brock, if Eddie Brock were to reunite with the Venom symbiote, they would emulate Knull, taking up the mantle of the Anti-All. Eddie rampages across the universe leading a horde of insectoid symbiotes similar to Symbiote Dragons in order to find and test a worthy successor to the role of King in Black, declaring his intent to destroy the Ninth Cosmos should none arise.[53][54]

Marvel Cinematic Universe[]

Earth-199999[55] is located in its own multiverse within the greater Marvel multiverse. This universe is also known as "616" or "Sacred Timeline" (not to be confused with Earth-616).[56]

In the past, there was a Multiversal War between variants of Nathaniel Richards, until one variant known as He Who Remains won the war. He went to live in the Citadel at the End of Time and founded the Time Variance Authority to enforce the existence of chosen collection of realities that follow the same baseline known as the Sacred Timeline.[57] Any universes that deviated from their path had been destroyed ("pruned") as soon as they start branching out.[58] The people (known as "variants") who diverged from the Sacred Timeline had been sent to the Void at the End of Time to be consumed by Alioth,[59] except some variants had their memories wiped so they would work as staff for the Time Variance Authority.[60]

Loki Laufeyson (Earth-TRN732) from Loki (TV series) Season 2 6 002

Loki revives the Multiverse

Eventually, Sylvie Laufeydottir killed He Who Remains[57] and the Time Variance Authority started allowing the alternate universes to freely branch out. However, the growing multiverse overloaded the Temporal Loom which was designed to maintain only a single universe. After the Temporal Loom was destroyed, Loki Laufeyson (Variant L1130) was able to personally maintain the multiverse existing while sitting on the throne in the Citadel at the End of Time.[61]

Uatu the Watcher has been observing several alternate universes branched from Earth-199999. This includes a variant of Ultron who threatened to destroy the multiverse and was eventually stopped by the Guardians of the Multiverse.[62][63] Eventually, Doctor Strange Supreme attempted to use the Forge to recreate his own destroyed universe by sacrificing several people from different universes, but he was stopped by Kahhori and Captain Carter.[64]

According to America Chavez, she has no variants in the multiverse. This statement seems to apply only to the Earth-199999's multiverse, since she actually has a number of variants in other universes. She also claimed that food is free in most universes.[65]

In this multiverse, it has been noted that travelling between universes can cause an incursion. This has been described by Reed Richards from Earth-838 as "An incursion occurs, when the boundary between two universes erodes, and they collide. Destroying one, or both, entirely." Some incursions are known to have happened:, Doctor Strange from Earth-838 caused the destruction of another universe, and Sinister Strange caused the destruction of his universe as well.[65]

At some point, all copies of the Darkhold in Earth-199999's multiverse were destroyed by Wanda Maximoff.[65]

Cosmic Hierarchy[]

Each cycle has its own cosmic hierarchy. The following is an incomplete cosmic hierarchy from the Seventh Cosmos.[66]

However, at the start of each cycle, the hierarchy of the previous cycle is rendered obsolete and the power rankings of all the cosmic entities are temporarily in flux while the new hierarchy is being established. This is proven at the start of the eighth cycle, when Galactus was able to defeat Master Order and Lord Chaos despite being below them back in the Seventh Cosmos.[67] Galactus had switched roles from the Devourer of Worlds to the Lifebringer, and after failing to force him to revert back, Order and Chaos tried to appeal to the Living Tribunal. However, the Living Tribunal sided with Galactus as the old cosmic order is no more and the new order is yet to be set, meaning Galactus is allowed to change roles. Displeased with the decision and realizing that the Living Tribunal himself is part of the cosmic hierarchy, Master Order and Lord Chaos then killed the Living Tribunal as he was no longer their superior.[68]

Order and Chaos once again tried to revert Galactus to the Devourer of Worlds, only to fail for the same reason they were able to kill the Living Tribunal: There was no set hierarchy.

To fix this, Master Order and Lord Chaos fused themselves with the In-Betweener to form the cosmic entity Logos and impose their own cosmic hierarchy.[69] Logos was eventually defeated and the Living Tribunal was restored.[7] It is unknown if the cosmic hierarchy of the Eighth Cosmos has been established yet, and if it has, how it differs from the Seventh Cosmos'.

Protectors of the Multiverse[]

Captain Britain Corps (Multiverse) from X-Men Die by the Sword Vol 1 3 001

The Captain Britain Corps

The Multiverse was originally categorized and protected by Merlyn, who established the Captain Britain Corps. Most realities have a Captain Britain designated to protect its version of the British Isles and in extension the reality, thanks to an omniversal dimensional nexus situated in a tower on the shores of the United Kingdom. Individual members of the Corps draw their power from this nexus thanks to Merlyn's magic and science.[70]

There are other beings and groups dealing with protecting the Multiverse, for example the Time Variance Authority,[71] or the Exiles.[72]

New realities are constantly created. As time travel in Marvel Comics usually creates divergent realities,[73] it is usually not possible to alter history or travel to one's own past.[74] However, exceptions to this rule have occurred, such as with Doctor Doom's use of his Time Platform and Silver Surfer being sent back to the beginning of the universe.[75]

Rules of Time-Travel[]

The way time travel works within the Multiverse is open to variations from story to story, and thus inconsistencies in its application exist throughout all mediums. That being said, Mark Gruenwald laid out a loose set of rules for time travel in Marvel Age #117 in 1992:

  • "Time travel should be used very sparingly in order to keep the phenomenon as special as possible. To ensure that future usage of the phenomenon are kept consistent with the majority of past usages, observe the following principles:
  1. The Marvel Universe is part of a multiverse (a system of related universes) which diverge from one another at critical junctures.
  2. The act of time travel always produces a critical juncture diverging a new alternate timeline or world at the moment one enters the reality of another time period, past or future of the time period set out from. It creates one timeline where an extratemporal person or element materialized via time travel, and one 'virgin' timeline where that person or element did not.
  3. Because it is impossible to travel to the 'virgin' timeline, and because divergent timelines are dimensionally displaced from one's root timeline, all time travel actually involves dimensional travel. A time traveler does not truly travel straight backwards or forwards in time, but backwards or forwards and a bit off to the side to a divergent timeline now running parallel to one's timeline of origin. Since this timeline will have been identical to the 'virgin' timeline until the moment of divergence, there will be virtually no differences between the two timelines until most time travelers have no reason to be aware that they are not on the 'virgin' timeline.
  4. If one travels a second time to an era one has already been to, one will not materialize on the 'virgin' timeline nor the timeline diverged by one's previous trip, but a third timeline diverged from one or the other. A time traveler can never travel back to the exact same timeline more than once. Again, since the second and third divergent timelines are identical until the time traveler's arrival, they will be indistinguishable at first.
  5. When one travels a second time to any era in which one already exists, it will be possible to meet a temporal counterpart of one's self already there. A new counterpart diverges into being every single time a time traveler travels to a timeline one already exists in. Subsequently, multiple temporal counterparts could co-exist through multiple time trips to the same time period.
  6. The coexistence of multiple counterparts of the same being on one timeline does not cause time paradoxes. Time paradoxes are only possible in single timeline universes.
  7. Altering an incident in the past will indeed affect the future reality of the timeline diverged by the time traveler's presence. One can create any number of different divergences by one's significant actions, the act of time travel being but the first. Whether one will be able to return to the present of the timeline where one did no reality-tampering divergences or one which diverged as a consequence of one's past actions is a function of the means of time travel.
  8. Returning to one's present also creates a divergent reality. If one has been gone any length of time, one may find differences have accumulated in accordance with the length of time one was away.
  9. Selective alterations in the present as a consequence of the time traveler's actions in the past do not occur. An alteration in the past will create an entirely new timeline with events proceeding smoothly from the point of divergence. To the denizens of that timeline's 'present', the past is a continuous series of events that always happened as they happened. Were one to see selective dematerializations, they would either be caused by something other than the act of time travel unto itself or would be hallucinations.
  10. There are three possible methods of time travel in the Marvel Universe: a. Time travel machines (Dr. Doom, Kang). b. Magic (Dr. Strange, Thor's hammer). c. Personally generated energy (Silver Surfer).

*All methods involve generating 'chronal displacement inertia' freeing one's chronological position in the timestream (just as escape velocity frees one from earth's gravitation), skimming through the extra-temporal realm outside the timestream (Limbo), and re-entering the timestream at another chronological position. Because no time exists outside the timestream, the perceived duration of the passage through limbo may be anything from non-existent to an eternity.

  1. If any of the above is confusing to you or your writers, you may ask the Senior Executive Editor for clarification. If it still is confusing, you should not be doing a time travel story. The above principles only apply to the Marvel Universe; other fictional realities may have other rules of time travel.

According to writer and editor Jordan D. White, these rules are flexible and not strictly enforced.[76] The Handbooks, the Unofficial Appendix and by extension the Marvel Database attempt to follow the original rules laid out by Gruenwald as best as we can.

These rules are referenced in-universe as "Gruenwald's Law." It is possible for time travellers to circumvent these rules, like Doctor Doom and his Time Platform. Doing so can alter history, but it can also cause paradoxes or causal loops.[77]

Notes

  • The Soul Stone of Earth-616 contains an entire Multiverse of worlds within itself,[78] known as Mergiverse. Each life on those worlds is a mix of two individuals.[79]
  • The concept of time is tied to the multiversal cycles. The start of the current cycle is referred to as "the dawn of time";[80][81] the end of the current cycle is referred to as "the end of time";[82][83][84] and beings like Galactus or Knull, who predate the current cycle, are described to be "older than time."[85][86] Previous cycles are called "the time before time,"[87][30] and future cycles are called "a time beyond time."[33] The gap between cycles is also called "a time before time" and "a space before space."[54]

See Also

Links and References

References

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  2. Defenders (Vol. 4) #12
  3. Defenders (Vol. 4) #11
  4. 5.0 5.1 Thanos: The Infinity Finale #1
  5. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Ultimates 2 (Vol. 2) #6
  6. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Ultimates 2 #100
  7. What If? #43
  8. 9.0 9.1 Incredible Hulk #312
  9. Incredible Hulk #305
  10. Secret Wars II #7
  11. Secret Wars II #8
  12. Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme #21
  13. Fantastic Four Annual #2001
  14. 15.0 15.1 Thanos: The Infinity Conflict #1
  15. Incredible Hercules #135
  16. Fantastic Four #51
  17. Ghost Rider 2099 #25
  18. New Exiles #8
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  21. Valkyrie: Jane Foster #4
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  24. King in Black #1
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  28. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 Defenders: Beyond #2
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  76. Venom (Vol. 5) #2425
  77. Secret Warps: Soldier Supreme Annual #1
  78. Secret Warps: Weapon Hex Annual #1
  79. S.W.O.R.D. (Vol. 2) #2
  80. Ultimates (Vol. 3) #2
  81. Thor #245
  82. History of the Marvel Universe (Vol. 2) #1
  83. Venom (Vol. 5) #29
  84. Epic Illustrated #32
  85. Absolute Carnage: Immortal Hulk #1
  86. Defenders (Vol. 6) #2
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