Marvel Database

Due to recent developments, please be aware that the use of large language model or generative AIs in writing article content is strictly forbidden. This caveat has now been added to the Manual of Style and Blocking Policy.


Marvel Database

Quote1 Nothing keeps me down, Kingsley. Not death. Betrayal. Even the entire world against me! Every time I rise back up! Stronger than before! Every time! Quote2
Norman Osborn[src]

Quick Answers

What drove Norman Osborn's obsession with wealth and power? toggle section
From a young age, Norman Osborn was driven by an obsession to amass wealth and power. This obsession was deeply rooted in his childhood experiences and was further fueled by his desire to leave a legacy and meet his own high expectations. His ambitions led him to take on the mantle of the Green Goblin and later the Red Goblin, and he even built a criminal empire in Europe. His thirst for power also led him to join and eventually take control of the Cabal of the Scrier, an ancient criminal organization with goals aligning with his own - unlimited wealth, power, and control.
Provided by: Fandom
How did Norman Osborn's childhood experiences influence his future? toggle section
Norman Osborn's childhood was marked by a strong desire to avoid the failures of his father, who was a struggling business inventor. This early exposure to financial instability and his father's rage fueled Norman's obsession with wealth and power. His determination led him to work after school and study chemistry, electrical engineering, and business administration at Empire State University. These experiences laid the foundation for his future as the head of Oscorp and his transformation into the infamous Green Goblin and Red Goblin. Norman's childhood experiences not only shaped his ambitious and ruthless personality but also his complex relationship with characters like Spider-Man in the Marvel universe.
Provided by: Fandom
What subjects did Norman Osborn study at Empire State University? toggle section
Norman Osborn, also known as the Green Goblin in the Marvel comics, pursued an extensive education at Empire State University. He studied chemistry and electrical engineering, demonstrating his scientific prowess. Additionally, he took several courses in business administration, which later played a crucial role in his establishment of Osborn Chemical, also known as Oscorp.
Provided by: Fandom
How did Norman Osborn become the Green Goblin? toggle section
Norman Osborn, a character deeply rooted in the Marvel universe, became the infamous Green Goblin due to a lab accident. He was attempting to reverse-engineer an experimental serum when a volatile concoction exploded in his face. This incident not only mutated him, giving him superhuman strength, but also triggered a more sadistic personality devoid of Norman's feelings. This transformation led to his first encounter with Spider-Man on a fateful Halloween night. In a twist of fate, Norman Osborn also bonded with the Carnage Symbiote at one point, becoming the Red Goblin.
Provided by: Fandom
What is the relationship between Norman Osborn and the Red Goblin? toggle section
Norman Osborn, also known as the Green Goblin in the Marvel comics, has a direct relationship with the Red Goblin. In an attempt to regain his Green Goblin persona and powers, Norman Osborn bonded with the Carnage Symbiote, transforming him into the Red Goblin. This transformation not only gave him a new alias but also enhanced his powers, making him a formidable adversary in the Marvel universe.
Provided by: Fandom


Early Life and Education[]

As a child, Norman Osborn became obsessed with gaining wealth and power. His father, a failed business inventor who claimed that he was swindled out of his inventions and personal fortune, took out his rage on Norman. Norman would not allow himself to become a failure like his father, he realized that he could not depend on him for financial security, thus began working after school.[30]

Norman studied chemistry and electrical engineering at Empire State University, and also took a number of courses in business administration. However, he had a cheating apparatus which was reported by one of his friends, Ned Tobolowski, causing him to lose his scholarship and nearly getting expelled.[31] One of his teachers was Professor Mendel Stromm. They became good friends and later formed a business partnership. Since Norman put up the bulk of the financing, they called their company Osborn Chemical, a.k.a. Oscorp.[32]

He married his college sweetheart; Emily Lyman and they had a son Harold "Harry" Osborn. Unfortunately, his wife became ill. After she seemingly died, he buried himself in his work and rarely had time for young Harry.[32]


Mephisto and Norman Osborn (Earth-616) from Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 72 001

Dealing with the devil

When he was about to go bankrupt on account of his debts and would eventually have his company taken over by his partner, Mephisto approached him in the guise of an "acquisitions" investor and offered Norman a deal to make his financial life more successful in exchange for his son's soul. Norman initially refused the deal, but after the devil explained to him that if he accepted, he would not even remember their encounter, he agreed. With the deal closed, Mephisto made Norman's business life immensely successful both financially and in status but made him relentless in the process - ultimately leading to his madness. This reality-warping deal greatly affected Norman's life, not only as his soul was corrupted that he became so obsessed with wealth and power, but it also affected his son, that would suffer great misfortunes until Spectacular Spider-Man #200.[33]

But Mephisto honored his part of the deal, as Norman's business partner, Mendel Stromm, was eventually arrested after he discovered he was committing embezzlement, granting Norman complete control over the company as he always wanted; making him the official CEO of Oscorp. While going through Stromm's notes, he found a secret formula that would make him superhumanly powerful.[32] However, his son, Harry, tired of always being ignored and rejected by his father, switched the chemicals in the serum,[30] causing it to explode in his face. Later, at the hospital, Osborn found himself thinking more clearly than ever before, not knowing that he would slowly reach insanity.[32]

Green Goblin[]

Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 568 Ross Variant Textless

The Green Goblin

Attempting to achieve power beyond his wildest dreams, Norman Osborn planned to become the most powerful gang-lord of all by uniting all the independent gangs under his leadership in an attempt to gain control over all of New York's crime. To prove his power and establish his reputation, he decided to choose Spider-Man as his victim of choice, and sent two criminals, Scorcher[34] and the Headsman, after Spider-Man. The two were soundly defeated, and then Osborn decided to take matters into his own hands. Remembering a giant green goblin monster from childhood nightmares, he created a costume that resembled that monster, and he became the "Green Goblin".[35]

The Green Goblin first battled Spider-Man with the help of the Enforcers, by getting Spider-Man to participate in a movie about him. Attempting to defeat him in New Mexico, he let Spider-Man battle the Hulk, after the Green Goblin, the Enforcers, and Spider-Man accidentally stumbled upon the Hulk's stomping grounds. Escaping the Hulk, Spider-Man attempted to capture the Green Goblin, but was too exhausted to prevent his escape. Returning to New York, the Green Goblin easily hid amongst New York's vast population.[36]

Spider-Man and the Green Goblin fought a few months later at a fan club meeting for Spider-Man organized by Eugene "Flash" Thompson. However, when Spider-Man heard that his Aunt May was extremely ill, he was forced to retreat, giving him a sour reputation by most of New York's citizens, including several super heroes, super villains, citizens, and, of course, J. Jonah Jameson, and giving the Green Goblin an impressive reputation.[37] Later still, the Green Goblin pretended to be helping the police by attempting to capture Lucky Lobo, a big gang leader,[38] and, after seeing defeat by Spider-Man, attempted a partnership with the Crime-Master,[39] which again ended in defeat.[40]

With constant defeat, the Green Goblin became more determined. In time, Osborn became obsessed with Spider-Man and began directing all of his efforts to find a way to defeat his web-swinging adversary.[32]

And he did. The Green Goblin managed to discover Spider-Man's secret identity, by utilizing a false gang that sprayed Spider-Man with a gas that nullified his spider-sense, allowing the Green Goblin to follow him without being detected. Capturing Spider-Man with ease, he brought him to his hideout and revealed himself to be Norman Osborn, the father of Peter Parker's friend.[5] After revealing his past, he let Spider-Man escape, so as to prove his superiority. Spider-Man managed to defeat the Goblin by sending him into a bunch of disconnected, high-voltage wires that were drenched in chemicals. Suffering amnesia, Osborn lost all memory up to the years that his son was in high school. Spider-Man, content in this knowledge, burned the Green Goblin's costume, hoping never to see him again.[32]

Separate Entity[]

Probably thanks to the chemicals, the Green Goblin became a separate entity in Norman Osborn's brain. Norman's memories eventually returned, and the Green Goblin persona attempted to take over Norman and defeat Spider-Man once more, this time with a bomb that was filled with a gas that nullified his wall-clinging ability. Spider-Man defeated him this time by landing on his back and luring him to the hospital room of Norman's son, extremely ill from drug abuse. Snapped back to reality, Norman returned to normal.[41]

Osborn was eventually led to believe that during this period of his life, he was involved in a brief affair with Gwendolyne "Gwen" Stacy (while she was still in a relationship with Peter Parker) during her time in Europe. He was also led to believe that the affair resulted in the birth of twins, Gabriel and Sarah. However, these were false memories implanted later in his life by Mysterio, who was hired by Harry at the time in order to torture Peter, Mary Jane, and his own father. The twins, that were in actuality genetically created constructs from Norman's and Gwen's DNA, were later taken with Osborn to Europe during his sabbatical.[42][43]

Final Confrontation and Post-Mortem[]

Norman eventually regained his Green Goblin memories and became more unhinged and obsessed with obtaining revenge against Spider-Man than ever. To torture Spider-Man, the Green Goblin kidnapped Gwen Stacy and threw her off the Brooklyn Bridge. Spider-Man managed to catch her with a webline, but the whiplash broke her neck, killing her instantly. Filled with rage, Spider-Man brutally attacked the Green Goblin, nearly killing him. He returned to his senses at the last minute, but the Green Goblin took the opportunity to attempt one final trick by remote controlling his goblin glider to impale the wall crawler. Spider-Man was able to dodge the glider which instead impaled the Green Goblin, seemingly killing him.[44]

Harry Osborn had witnessed the final defeat of his father at the hands of Spider-Man and removed the Green Goblin costume before the authorities could arrive, thus preserving his secret identity. He even bribed the coroner so that further autopsies would show no trace of the "Goblin" formula in Norman's blood. And for many years, the world believed Osborn to be dead.[29]

Many tried to follow in the original Green Goblin's footsteps, including his first-born son Harry Osborn, therapist Barton "Bart" Hamilton, and millionaire Roderick Kingsley created his own variation on the goblin motif. Each subsequent Goblin variation were defeated, and Harry eventually died as a result of exposure to an untested experimental version of the formula that had given his father his abilities. Little did anyone know that Norman Osborn was in fact alive and devising a master plan that he hoped would ruin Spider-Man forever.[29]

The Return of Norman Osborn[]

The same formula that had given Norman Osborn his heightened strength and intellect also gave him powerful regenerative abilities, allowing him to survive the impalement by his goblin glider. He had escaped the morgue, replacing his body with that of a drifter he had murdered (and impaled through the chest) and fled to Europe. There he joined the Brotherhood of the Scriers, eventually moving up in their ranks and completely taking them over.[29] He also raised (who he believed were) the children of himself and Gwen Stacy. They rapidly aged and developed superhuman strength and endurance thanks to the Goblin Formula in Norman's DNA.[42][43]

From the shadows, Osborn manipulated Empire State University Professor Miles Warren as part of a grand scheme to have Peter Parker believe he was in fact a clone and that Ben Reilly (the real clone) was the original. However, with Mary Jane Watson pregnant and the possibility of a life without Spider-Man on the horizon, Peter freely relinquished his alter-ego to Reilly.[29]

Unsatisfied with these results, Osborn returned as the Green Goblin revealing himself as the mastermind behind the entire fiasco and killed Ben who sacrificed himself to save Peter. Reilly's body disintegrated, proving that Peter was in fact the real Spider-Man all along. In addition, Osborn had his employee Alison Mongrain drug Mary Jane into an induced premature labor, kidnapping the child.[45]

Returning to his former seat of power, Osborn regains control of his business and also buys out the Daily Bugle, humiliating former friend and societal peer J. Jonah Jameson as the latter no longer has control over the newspaper. He also torments Ben Urich and demands a retraction over an exposé of his time as the Goblin, providing faked evidence that he never was the supervillain, despite Urich's extensive research. However, he saves his most sadistic treatment for Peter, acting not only as a constant reminder of all the pain he's inflicted on his nemesis over the years, but a looming threat that could strike at any time. He would then state that he was in hiding from his enemies, including Spider-Man. When Peter's apartment was raided, this build-up of pressure eventually makes Spider-Man snap by savagely beating the civilian and non-resistant Osborn in front of the latter's CCTV, which, combined with Osborn convincing the Trapster to frame Spider-Man for murder, results in Spider-Man becoming a fugitive again. To get around this, Spider-Man adopts four new identities, using two of these identities to convince Trapster to expose his own role in Osborn's scheme, and provide fake evidence that the individual that beat up Osborn was an impostor.

For a time, Osborn retires his costumed persona and uses a stand-in so as not to be suspected of being the Green Goblin. This fifth Goblin kidnapped Norman's grandson and clashed with a wanted and injured Spider-Man. Norman also crosses paths with Roderick Kingsley and initiates a hostile takeover of the latter's corporate empire, in retaliation for raiding the Goblin's arsenal and identity.

Gathering of Five[]

Gathering of Five from Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 441 001

Gathering of Five

Osborn attended the ceremony known as the Gathering of Five. The ritual with five arcane relics, where the people are granted either immense power or they pay the ultimate price. These relics, when brought together and the ritual performed, allow the five who possess them to be blessed or cursed with: power, knowledge, immortality, insanity and death. But the catch is that these powers doesn't seem what they are at first: what first seemed madness was in fact knowledge, what seemed power was madness and death seemed like immortality. Morris Maxwell received "Knowledge", Cassandra Webb received immortality and Mattie Franklin was granted the gift of power and Greg Herd received "Death". Osborn however received "Insanity" causing him to threaten the world with genetic bombs.[46] During this time, Norman reveals to Peter that he faked his Aunt May's death as the real May was alive and the previous one who died was an actress Osborn hired to take her place. Osborn's complete madness is evident, as he hallucinates unmasking and killing Peter; yet in reality Peter easily defeats him. He is rescued from custody thereafter by his cabal of henchmen.

Identity Revealed and Imprisonment[]

Norman Osborn's next grand scheme was to make Spider-Man his heir, first drugging him into wearing the Green Goblin costume and then attacking his friends.[47] After days of physical and mental torture at the Osborn Estate, Peter Parker nearly gave in, but refused at the last minute.[48] Next, the Green Goblin sent a drunken Flash Thompson to drive a truck into Midtown High School, where Peter had taken a job as a teacher. The accident caused Flash brain damage, and spurred Peter into a final battle with his old enemy. Although, it seemed that in some strange way Norman wanted Peter to finish him off, Peter refused, saying he did not want to fight him anymore and declared a truce.[49]

Peter Parker Spider-Man Vol 1 45 Textless

Green Goblin and Spider-Man

Sometime later, Osborn was finally revealed to the public as the Green Goblin by Ben Urich and the Daily Bugle after he murdered a Bugle reporter named Terri Kidder who had confronted him about a number of missing Oscorp employees.[50] Osborn set off a large explosion in his Oscorp office when Urich, super-powered Bugle employee Jessica Jones, and a large contingent of NYPD officers arrived to arrest him for Kidder's murder.[51] Though she and Urich were rescued by Spider-Man, Jones feared that the explosion had killed her unborn child. The Goblin managed to escape despite Jones striking him with his own Goblin Glider. The next day, Osborn turned himself in to authorities and appeared to be fully cooperating with police in an attempt to make this look like another round of groundless harassment perpetuated by the Daily Bugle against him. Outside the courthouse, however, Luke Cage, Jones' boyfriend and father of her unborn child, attacked Osborn's limo, stating: "You do not mess with Luke Cage's family!!" Despite Spider-Man showing up in an attempt to de-escalate the situation, Osborn popped out of the limo on his Goblin Glider and wearing his Goblin mask. After a climactic battle that raged across Manhattan, Osborn was finally captured after being savagely beaten unconscious by Cage and was finally imprisoned.[52]

Things were far from over, however. From behind bars, Osborn once again masterminded a plan against Spider-Man. This time he had MacDonald "Mac" Gargan (Scorpion) kidnap Aunt May. The plan was for Spider-Man to break Osborn out of prison in exchange for his aunt's life. Peter reluctantly agreed and with the help of the Black Cat proceeded to break Osborn out, only to have twelve of his greatest enemies waiting for him on the outside. Osborn had assembled a team, which included Gargan newly bonded with the Venom symbiote. However, Mary Jane had contacted S.H.I.E.L.D., and the villains were faced with the combined might of Captain America, Iron Man, Yellowjacket, Daredevil and the Fantastic Four. During the fracas, the Green Goblin had escaped to kidnap Mary Jane Watson and took her to the George Washington Bridge in order to recreate his murder of Gwen Stacy. However, a drugged Doctor Octopus intervened, attacking the Green Goblin. Spider-Man was able to save Mary Jane after a bolt of lightning sent the two villains into the river. Following some verbal clues from the Green Goblin, Peter was also able to discover where he had hidden Aunt May and rescued her as well. It was revealed that Osborn sent Peter a letter before the fight, thanking Peter for giving his life meaning and purpose, but Peter never received the letter due to moving from his residence.[53][54]

After the Green Goblin's takedown, Norman and Gwen's twins confronted Spider-Man. They believed Parker to be their father as well as responsible for killing their mother and abandoning them. Spider-Man told the twins the truth - Gabriel Stacy rejected Spider-Man, and accepted the Gray Goblin mantle, becoming insane in the process. After battling Spider-Man, the deranged Gray Goblin disappeared, while Sarah Stacy sought training to use her powers for good.[42]

The Green Goblin later watched in shock as Spider-Man publicly revealed his identity as Peter Parker, railing that his nemesis "broke the rules!". Peter also confirmed on TV that Osborn was the Green Goblin, and that he killed Gwen Stacy. He was then approached by S.H.I.E.L.D. agents who were seeking his aid. When Osborn fled during his last jailbreak, S.H.I.E.L.D. agents picked him up outside of France and returned him to his jail cell under heightened security.[55] The Green Goblin confronted and attacked Ben Urich in an alley, but S.H.I.E.L.D.'s nano-machines caused him to stop, involuntarily making him collapse and foam at the mouth.[56] He later attacked a group of Atlanteans in his gear, killing and wounding many.[57]

The Thunderbolts[]

Thunderbolts Vol 1 121 Textless

The director of the Thunderbolts

Norman Osborn made a deal with a shadowy figure from the pro-registration side who gave him a serum to override the control of the nano-machines implanted by S.H.I.E.L.D. The figure was indicated to be highly trusted by the superhero community, though whether he was a super hero himself was unspecified; Sally Floyd and Ben Urich believe it to be Tony Stark.[58]

Later, when an Atlantean ambassador attempted to give a speech, Norman appeared and shot him, wounding but not killing him. As he was being taken away by security, Norman said he was 'sick' and not in control of his actions. While being interrogated by two officers, Norman became increasingly agitated when they questioned who gave Norman access to the press conference and assisted in smuggling a weapon there. At first, Norman became angry, threatening to kill the two officers' families, then he became more and more afraid until a government figure interrupted the interview (assumed from Norman's comments to be the man who neutralized his nano-machines) at which point Norman begged the officers not to let him go, even promising to reveal all he knew to them.[59]

Osborn became the government-appointed new director of the Thunderbolts and was prescribed medication to stabilize his personality. He remained unbalanced, however, and prone to maniacal laughing fits. One such occurrence happened after he read a file on the Steel Spider.[60] Now he planned to take down the Steel Spider so as to punish Spider-Man for his defiance.[61]

After Mephisto changed reality, no one (including Norman) knew Spider-Man's secret identity.[62] In addition to calling the Thunderbolts to New York to hunt down Spider-Man, Norman agreed to help New York mayoral candidate Randall Crowne who got into trouble when Ben Urich's newspaper Front Line revealed that he had been operating an illegal sweatshop. Norman confronted the man who took the photos: Peter Parker. Norman was unable to find a way Parker could contact Spider-Man and left him. When he later observed a fight between Venom, Anti-Venom, and Spider-Man, Norman was confronted by Menace. After a short confrontation, Menace spared him, after accusing Osborn of being a fool for devoting all his time and assets to Spider-Man's destruction. As Menace left, Norman found Peter Parker's camera and used it to reverse engineer the tracing system allowing the camera to zero on Spider-Man's chest. Norman later used the captured villain Freak to produce a countermeasure for Anti-Venom, at the same time providing Mac Gargan with a protective Scorpion battle suit that would distribute the cure throughout his body, healing the symbiote faster. However, when faced with the combined might of Anti-Venom and Spider-Man, Anti-Venom fled the fight and Norman had to destroy his recent New York Headquarters after his fight with Spider-Man. However, he was still regarded as a hero within the eyes of the public.[63]

Secret Invasion[]

Captain Marvel, revealed to be a sleeper agent of the Skrulls, attacked Thunderbolts Mountain, but he could not bring himself to kill Norman Osborn. Osborn offered him a chance to explain himself, spoke with him in private, and convinced him to leave. Following this, it became clear the Thunderbolts - due to Norman forcing the usage of Oscorp technology over Stark Industries products, the latter of which had been deactivated by Skrull agents - were the only team that could reach and defend Washington, D.C.. Norman successfully managed and directed the team, while personally joining the battle with a machine gun. During the conflict, several Skrulls shape-shifted into duplicates of Spider-Man, the sight of whom drove Norman to an apparent nervous breakdown. He gunned down every one of them, stating the slaughter to be "therapeutic" for him.[64][65]

Norman Osborn (Earth-616) from Secret Invasion Vol 1 8 001

Vs. Skrulls

After saving Washington D.C., Norman successfully manipulated the media to promote himself and the team as patriotic heroes and undermined the CSA and his former business rival Tony Stark. He subsequently led the team to New York, joining the final battle. His "heroic" status was exemplified when numerous TV cameras captured his gunshot killing Skrull Queen Veranke. When the President of the United States shut down S.H.I.E.L.D. and indicted Stark, Norman was given the role of running the S.H.R.A. and the Avengers Initiative.[66]

Dark Reign[]

My name is Norman Osborn and I approve these Avengers!Iron Patriot

Dark Avengers Vol 1 1 Djurdjevic Variant Textless

Norman Osborn as Iron Patriot

Norman Osborn was seen as America's greatest hero, and had been effectively granted the power to restructure the U.S. military-industrial complex to fill the gap left by S.H.I.E.L.D.[66] Osborn secretly brought together a group of super villains and morally-ambiguous heroes, comprised of Doctor Doom, Namor, Emma Frost, the Hood, Loki, and later Taskmaster,[67] under the name of the Cabal. Norman and his Cabal would initiate drastic changes that would tip the scales in favor of super-villainy, with Osborn promising to give them all an opportunity to reach their respective goals.[68] To counteract the villain's inherently treacherous natures, they were threatened into compliance by the Sentry, though Namor, Emma Frost, and Doctor Doom would all later leave or defect.[69]

Norman reformed S.H.I.E.L.D. into H.A.M.M.E.R., with himself as director, and former S.H.I.E.L.D. accountant Victoria Hand as deputy. Osborn had former S.H.I.E.L.D. director Tony Stark portrayed as being indirectly responsible for the Skrull Invasion. Osborn had him hunted down as a fugitive, with the intention of recovering the sole remaining copy of the S.H.R.A. database, and also to obtain the secret behind the Iron Man armor's repulsor batteries.[70]

Osborn renamed the 50-State Initiative to the Thunderbolts Initiative. With many of the previous members of the Thunderbolts folded into his new Avengers, he created a new team of Thunderbolts as his own black ops team. Led by the second Black Widow, this team's first mission was to assist Osborn in divesting himself of the bad publicity attached to the Green Goblin image. When Osborn was called to ride aboard Air Force One by the new U.S. President, he was confronted by Doc Samson who possessed footage of one of the Green Goblin's murderous rampages. However, Osborn's new Thunderbolts engineered a scenario in which Osborn appeared to save the President from a gamma-irradiated Doc Samson and a copycat Green Goblin (in actual fact, the Thunderbolt Headsman). Grateful, the President gave Osborn and H.A.M.M.E.R. his blessings.[71] When overseeing the closure of Thunderbolts Mountain, an irate Swordsman confronted Norman about his actions. Norman seized his sword and murdered him in a psychotic tantrum. Norman then began to realize that his Green Goblin persona was starting to resurface.[68]

During his Dark Reign, Norman Osborn drew up a "to-do" list, consisting of solutions to major threats to his status quo, which he pursued with varying degrees of success.[72]

The Dark Avengers[]

New Avengers Vol 1 56 page 15-16 Avengers (Dark Avengers) (Earth-616)

The Dark Avengers

Norman Osborn's next order of business was setting up his new team of Avengers. He was able to recruit Sentry and Ares as well as Marvel Boy as Captain Marvel, Moonstone as Ms. Marvel, Venom as Spider-Man, Bullseye as Hawkeye, and Daken as Wolverine. With the help of Ghost, Osborn was able to create his own armored suit, fusing elements of Tony Stark's Iron Man suit and Steve Rogers' Captain America's costume, naming his new super "hero" persona the "Iron Patriot".[6]

The Dark Avengers' first mission was a response to a distress call from Doctor Doom who had been attacked in his homeland of Latveria by Morgan Le Fay.[6] Osborn and Doom linked their armors to travel back in time, killing Morgan before she could launch her assault.[73] Osborn and the Dark Avengers later encountered rogue Atlanteans[74] and Molecule Man.[75]

The Void and the Green Goblin Resurgent[]

Norman Osborn appeared initially to use his experiences of mental illness to empathize with Robert Reynolds's schizophrenia, helping to suppress the Void. However, it would gradually become apparent that Osborn was merely callously gaining Reynold's trust, so that he would more willingly acquiesce to Osborn's later requests to allow to the Void to take control. Perhaps as a result of Osborn's manipulations, the Void would eventually establish itself as the dominant persona and begin to destroy New York. Osborn was able to negotiate a deal of sorts, with Osborn promising the Void happiness if he followed his orders.[76] Concurrent to Reynolds' deterioration, Osborn's own psyche appeared to be fracturing. He began to suffer auditory and visual hallucinations of the Green Goblin persona - some (if not all) of which were revealed to be due to Loki's sorcery.[77]

American Son[]

Norman Osborn became the father of Lily Hollister's child. Norman wanted to turn Harry Osborn into the "American Son", a hero combining Iron Man's armor technology and Captain America's super-soldier serum. When he offered a job at H.A.M.M.E.R., Harry refused, but reconsidered later when he found out that Lily was pregnant, believing the child was his. After Harry's first day working at the Avengers Tower, he snuck into restricted areas (using Green Goblin gadgets) and found an antidote serum for Lily. Lily mocked Harry, claiming she wanted to be Menace, and confessed the child was Norman's. Spider-Man, disguised as Venom, infiltrated Stark Tower to see why Harry accepted his father's proposal, but ended up getting exposed, captured, and tortured by Norman. Harry confronted Norman who confessed his plan to have American Son die after his inception, to rally Americans around Iron Patriot.[78] Harry used the American Son armor to fight Norman in the Iron Patriot suit. Norman insulted Harry saying that he had to breed a better child to make up for Harry's failure. When Harry has the option of killing Norman, Spider-Man recommended decapitation, since Norman's healing factor would repair a simple blow to the head. Spider-Man also cautioned Harry that killing Norman would cause Harry to "become the son Norman always wanted". Harry instead backed down, and turning away from the Osborn name forever, accepting that Norman was no longer his father.[79]


When riots began in San Francisco over regulation for mutants, H.A.M.M.E.R. moved in to secure the situation. Norman Osborn branded Cyclops as the instigator of the chaos and turned public opinion against him and the X-Men. He had Namor and Emma Frost assemble a team of mutants to serve as Osborn's X-Men for the riots and round up many hostile mutants to subject to the Omega Machine, a device created by Dark Beast to sap them of their powers.[80] Cyclops negotiated with Osborn and demanded that he leave the city once he had the riots under control. However, their arguments went nowhere, so Cyclops left. In a more sinister moment, Osborn announced that he would kill Cyclops personally.[81]

Soon enough, Frost and Namor turned on Osborn, having been working for Cyclops the whole time, allowing X-Force to evacuate the captive mutants. They retreated to a rebuilt Asteroid M, christened the Utopia. Cyclops denounced Osborn and his methods on live television. Angered at this betrayal, Osborn became determined to kill his fellow Cabal members.[82] However, his team was defeated one by one by the X-Men. Eventually, only Osborn and Sofen were left, forcing them to retreat.[83]

The Siege of Asgard[]

Siege Vol 1 1 page - Norman Osborn (Earth-616)

Iron Patriot leads the Siege of Asgard

Norman Osborn viewed the presence of Asgard above Oklahoma as a threat to the American way of life. At Loki's suggestion,[69] Osborn sought to create a scenario that would force the President of the United States to allow H.A.M.M.E.R. to invade and destroy Asgard. Osborn tasked the Hood with recruiting a team of villains that would be able to instigate the Siege.[84] The Hood's U-Foes implicated Volstagg, an Asgardian, in the massacre of thousands of innocent spectators at a football game at Soldier Field in Chicago. With an Asgardian apparently responsible, Osborn was now able to justify his invasion.[18]

Despite Ares' initial misgivings, and without receiving official clearance from the President, Osborn led the Dark Avengers, members of the Thunderbolts Initiative and the Hood's gang, and a surfeit of H.A.M.M.E.R. troops and helicarriers in an assault of Asgard.[18] While the Void set about destroying Asgard proper, Osborn and his cronies battled with Thor, Maria Hill, Nick Fury and his Secret Warriors, the New and Young Avengers, the recently-returned Steve Rogers, and the recently-revived and Extremis-free Tony Stark.[85]

Meanwhile, in the White House, appalled by Osborn's unsanctioned attack on Asgard, the President gave the order to dissolve H.A.M.M.E.R. and arrest Osborn for treason. Back in Oklahoma, Osborn encountered both Rogers and Stark. While fighting Rogers, Osborn's Iron Patriot suit was disabled by Stark's own MK IV armor. Osborn, realizing his imminent defeat, commanded the Void to destroy Asgard utterly. Before Rogers could place Osborn under arrest, the compromised Iron Patriot armor disintegrated, revealing that the stress of running H.A.M.M.E.R. had taken a grievous toll on Osborn's mental health: underneath, Osborn had been wearing a crude face-paint rendition of the Green Goblin mask. The images of Osborn's breakdown were broadcast worldwide, cementing his downfall and the end of the Dark Reign.[86]

The assembled heroes were subsequently threatened by the grotesquely malformed Void. Osborn, deranged and defiant, claimed that his sympathy and influence was all that had kept the Void under control, and that without it, the Void was unstoppable. In the ensuing battle, Osborn briefly escaped, only to be recaptured by Volstagg and Rogers.[87]

Imprisonment Once Again[]

Norman Osborn was initially incarcerated in the Raft penitentiary, still tormented by his Green Goblin persona, whom Osborn blamed for preventing him from successfully remaking the world as he saw fit. Later, Osborn was secretly transferred to the Special Containment Center. There, he met his secret follower Father Coulmier. When his other imprisoned followers rioted in the Second Wing, he and other dangerous villains, including Ai Apaec and June Covington, broke free. Afterward, Osborn surrendered himself to the police.[88]

Shattered Heroes[]

Norman Osborn (Earth-616) from Avengers Vol 4 23 001

Norman Osborn is back

Preparing to be escorted by Luke Cage in his cell, the Green Goblin persona began to harass Norman over his failure. It told him that H.A.M.M.E.R. still existed and all he needed to do was call them. After he threatened Jessica Jones's baby, he stated "the call has been given" and caused H.A.M.M.E.R. sleeper agents to come to his aid and free him.[89] He rejoined with H.A.M.M.E.R. which now included Superia, Madame Hydra and Gorgon. They later sent out Ultimo to attack the Avengers.[90] Osborn then recruited a new team of Dark Avengers. It consisted of Skaar (as Hulk), Trickshot (as Hawkeye), Ai Apaec (as Spider-Man), Gorgon (as Wolverine), Toxic Doxie (as Scarlet Witch), Superia (as Ms. Marvel), and Ragnarok (as Thor).[91] The Dark Avengers made their first appearance controlling a situation which had broken out in Miami. Due to the planning of Victoria Hand (who was a double agent within the Avengers), Luke Cage's Avengers arrived late and faced the Dark Avengers. This damaged their credibility as they had attacked the people who took care of the problem.[92]

Norman Osborn (Earth-616) from Avengers Vol 4 24 001

Using Super-Adaptoid powers

While these events transpired, Osborn also sent a hologram of himself to incite a riot at a protest outside Avengers Mansion. This egged the Avengers on to attack various H.A.M.M.E.R. bases and they were trapped by several enhanced H.A.M.M.E.R. agents (such as "Spider-Hulks", Giant-Men and Wasps).[93] Osborn then negotiated with the President of the United States to reclaim his position as head of national security. When various Avengers managed to get free from H.A.M.M.E.R.'s HQ, Osborn appeared with an army of Hand ninjas. Meanwhile, the Dark Avengers were transferring Captain America and were ambushed by Luke Cage's team. Skaar betrayed his team and aided Cage's team in defeating them, revealing he was a mole for Captain America (as was Victoria Hand, who informed the team of Cap's whereabouts earlier).[94] The Avengers soon realized Osborn had the powers of the Super-Adaptoid (thanks to a procedure performed by Monica Rappaccini). It was with the reinforcements of Luke Cage's team that they finally managed to defeat Osborn and bring him into custody. H.A.M.M.E.R. disbanded, and Madame Hydra used the remaining members to reinforce Hydra.[9] Later, after Hobgoblin returned to New York, a nurse and doctor are called to Norman's hospital room only to find him no longer in his bed.[95]

Rise of the Goblin King[]

Norman Osborn (Earth-616) From Superior Spider Man Vol 1 31

Disguised as Mason Banks

At some point in time, Norman Osborn underwent facial reconstruction surgery and became Alchemax's executive "Mason Banks" and started a plot to create an empire for his grandson. Gathering followers that were brutalized by the Superior Spider-Man to his cause, including Phillip "Phil" Urich and Menace, the Green Goblin gradually amassed an army in the underground sewers of New York. Thanks to Superior Spider-Man focusing on the larger picture, the Green Goblin was effectively able to own over half of New York's organized crime, and he made sure to stamp his authority by wiping out those against him. After kidnapping Carlie Cooper, the Green Goblin soon learned that Otto Octavius's mind is now in Spider-Man's body. He entered in a conflict with the Hobgoblin and defeated the impostor.[96]

When Otto refused his offer of a partnership, the Green Goblin ordered that everything Otto cherished was to be destroyed, and those close to him be captured, beginning his full scale attack in New York city.[97] His subordinate Menace was able to kidnap Anna Maria Marconi, which the Green Goblin used as a hostage.[98]

Ultimately, his plans failed when he did not count on Otto sacrificing himself so that the original Spider-Man could regain control of his body. He was caught unaware when confronted by Spider-Man and attempted to flee. After an epic duel, Spider-Man unmasked the Green Goblin and injected him with the Goblin Serum antidote, effectively depowering him. However, he managed to escape captivity thanks to Liz Allan's interference. Adding to this was for the first time in years, Norman was now completely sane.[20]

Goblin Army[]

Amazing Spider-Man Vol 4 25 Textless

Following his return to sanity, Osborn allied himself with the new leader of Symkaria, Countess Karkov. Together, Osborn and Karkov put the resources of the country and exploited its people into building an empire of technologically-advanced weapons-making that became known as the Goblin Army.[99] He offered his services to despicable people, such as dictators.[100] Additionally, Osborn started to make use of plastic surgery to better cover his tracks and keep his secrecy more easily.[16] Following world-shaking events involving the new Jackal, Spider-Man set his sights on capturing Norman Osborn.[16] Hot on Osborn's trail, Spider-Man allied himself with Silver Sable to invade Symkaria and overthrow its current leaders.[101] Norman attempted to grow his Goblin Army in numbers by gassing the Symkarian people with Goblin Serum, but the missile meant to spread the gas was disabled by Spider-Man's allies while the wall-crawler was personally fighting Osborn. When S.H.I.E.L.D. appeared on the scene, Osborn fled. Having concluded that the only times he had come close to beating Spider-Man were when he let his Green Goblin persona out, Norman set out to regain his insanity.[102]

Rise of the Red Goblin[]

Norman Osborn (Earth-616) and Carnage (Symbiote) (Earth-616) from Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 795 0001

Osborn becomes Carnage

Unfortunately for Osborn, the cure Spider-Man gave him that rid him of his powers also prevented him from using the Goblin Formula to restore them. After science failed him, Osborn traveled to the Temple With No Name to learn how to become a magic-user, but the keepers of the temple deemed him to be too villainous and evicted him.[103] Osborn also tried to break into the Sanctum Sanctorum, but failed.[104] Osborn had two henchmen rob the Lock Box of the Carnage symbiote, where it was being stored, and Osborn quickly bonded with it to become the new Carnage. After making the symbiote restore his facial features and eject the nanites that prevented him from regaining his powers from his body, Osborn decided to use the Goblin Formula to become a goblin/symbiote hybrid.[105]

After taking the Goblin formula, Norman kidnapped J. Jonah Jameson in order to find out who Spider-Man was. When the Goblin King came to the Goblin cache where Norman kept Jameson, Osborn killed him. After Osborn suited up as the Green Goblin, Jameson said how he couldn't stop Spider-Man since even throwing Gwen Stacy off the bridge didn't stop him fighting back. Those words made Norman remember why he did it and how Peter Parker was Spider-Man.[13] The Green Goblin attacked the Daily Bugle and told Peter to go get Spider-Man. When Spider-Man finally arrived, he and the Goblin got into a brawl as the Bugle's staff evacuated. Osborn revealed he knew who Spider-Man was under the mask, and then revealed he had bonded to the Carnage symbiote. Osborn transformed into a monstrous form he dubbed the Red Goblin, causing Spider-Man to flee in terror. Incapacitating Peter, Osborn issued an ultimatum: give up being Spider-Man, or watch the Red Goblin painfully kill all of his loved ones. When Spider-Man accepted the terms, the Red Goblin left in triumph.[7]

Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 799 Textless

The Goblin Triumphant

The Red Goblin's next target was his own family. Following Harry, Liz, and Mark Raxton to the Port Authority, Norman confronted his family and his wife, Emily, who was thought dead for years, as she tried to flee with her grandchildren. The Goblin was then assaulted by the Human Torch, Clash, Silk, and Spider-Man; however, the Red Goblin defeated all four in moments. The arrival of Agent Anti-Venom and his symbiote-destroying powers caught Osborn off guard, but he turned the tables by forcing Agent Anti-Venom to make a difficult choice: defeat him or save his mortally wounded friends. Agent Anti-Venom chose the latter, but paid for it, as the Goblin cut him down while he saved the last of his friends. Norman then tracked down his family, who had attempted to flee in the confusion, and revealed his true objective: his grandson, Normie Osborn, who he then infected with a piece of the Carnage Symbiote.[106]

The Red Goblin's next stop was at Alchemax to destroy the Anti-Venom stored there; he was successful, and was confronted by Spider-Man, who voided his deal with Osborn in doing so. While he sent Normie to attack Aunt May, the Goblin flew to Stark Tower to kill Mary Jane. However, the Goblin was attacked by Venom, who was sent by Jameson. Spider-Man also arrived, but Norman shrugged off their attack and fled, wanting to aid Normie. When he arrived, he found Normie facing Doc Ock, who had sworn to protect May. Even the arrival of a Spider-Slayer controlled by Jameson wasn't enough to stop the Goblin, who injured Octavius and immobilized the Slayer before escaping with Normie in tow. Norman and Normie confronted Liz and Harry at Alchemax to coerce them to sign over the company to Normie; however, Harry fought Norman with a Glider and pumpkin bombs, and a Humanitron army. The Goblin trounced the Humanitrons, wounded Harry, and flung Liz out the window. Liz was saved by the recently-Venomized Spider-Man, who attacked Norman alongside Normie, who turned on Norman for trying to kill Liz. Norman pursued Spider-Man across the city and revealed his master stroke: the symbiotic needles he injured some of Spider-Man's loved ones with, such as Mary Jane, May, and Harry, had embedded themselves in the victims' bodies and would pierce their brains, killing them. However, he was thwarted by Agent Anti-Venom, who deduced the plan and neutralized the needles. Infuriated, the Red Goblin mauled the weakened Flash, killing him.

Spider-Man punched Norman away, who crash-landed in Times Square. There, he decided the best way to get to Spider-Man would be to simply start killing indiscriminately, which the Goblin took to with relish, firing Carnage Bombs off in every direction. While Spider-Man was distracted by the carnage and his attempts to save civilians, the Red Goblin pinned him down and began to strangle him; however, Spider-Man noted that the credit for his death would go entirely to the Carnage Symbiote, banking on Norman's enormous ego. Sure enough, the Goblin angrily shed the symbiote, insisting that all he needed to kill Spider-Man was himself. Spider-Man, who had shed the Venom symbiote, then went toe-to-toe with the Green Goblin, emerging victorious. When Norman desperately attempted to re-bond with the Carnage symbiote, however, Spider-Man incinerated it, and the mental backlash destroyed Norman's mind, with the cracks filled by Cletus' personality. Later, when questioned by Spider-Man in Ravencroft Asylum, the brain-damaged Osborn told him he believed Spider-Man to be Norman Osborn, and that he himself was Cletus Kasady. Spider-Man then left the former supervillain to his madness, stating "Norman Osborn no more."[15][107]

Absolute Carnage[]

Still believing himself to be Cletus Kasady, Norman was visited by the demon Kindred,[108] who was secretly none other than Harry Osborn, somehow turned into a demon and bent on enacting revenge on Spider-Man.[109] Kindred expressed the desire to make Osborn suffer; but settled for implanting a demonic centipede into his brain, saying he would take revenge when Osborn was himself again. Osborn's "Cletus Kasady" personality relayed a message from his repressed original personality - mocking Kindred for assuming that he regretted anything and saying that he had figured out who Kindred was and was proud to see the human-turned-demon reduced to a vengeful monster as a result of his actions.[110] He was constantly visited by Doctor Treadwell who mocked of his current condition, sure that Norman couldn't hurt him since he was jailed.[111] Osborn was the subject of an attempted jail-break at the hands of Spider-Man and Venom, who sought to relocate him from Ravencroft in order to remove the Carnage symbiote's codex in his spine. Dark Carnage - the real Cletus Kasady's new form after bonding to the Carnage symbiote - attacked the prison and infected the inmates with the Carnageized Grendel symbiote, turning Norman into a new Carnage.[22]

Carnage's Hive (Earth-616) from Absolute Carnage Vol 1 1 002

Turned into Carnage

Confused and frustrated by Dark Carnage not simply butchering everyone they come across in a gleeful frenzy of chaos and violence, in Dark Carnage's lair, annoyed by Osborn's delusion, Dark Carnage dismissed him as a wannabe playing dress-up; Carnage retorting that sooner or later they'd fight to the death over the codices, and the outcome of that duel would determine who the one true Cletus Kasady was.[112] Carnage was dispatched to locate Normie and claim his codex. When Carnage attacked Oscorp and confronted Harry Osborn, Norman's persona fought to reassert itself but was suppressed. However, Harry managed to escape when the facility exploded. Norman fell into the sewers, where he had a brief confrontation with the Carnage symbiote about his identity, killing two utility workers in the process. Returning to Dark Carnage's lair, the true serial killer was angry that his copycat didn't found Normie and still annoyed by his identity crises, proved himself to be the real Cletus Kasady by showing his face, and recommended Norman to resolve it and then return to their plans. Norman meet Doctor Treadwell in his house by killing the officers who were protecting his house. Norman calmed the psychiatrist down and said he just wanted to be "fixed". Unfortunately, the Carnage symbiote killed the doctor and took control of Norman's body.[113] Osborn was dispatched to claim the Scorpion's codex, damaging his spine and crippling him, but his sadism enabled Venom and Miles Morales to intervene and rescue Gargan. As Venom escaped with Gargan, Osborn vengefully infected Miles with the Grendel symbiote; turning him into a six-armed symbiote-doppelgänger.[114][112]

Osborn was sent after Deadpool, easily subduing him before Spider-Man intervened. Capturing Spider-Man instead, Osborn took him to Dark Carnage's lair; surreptitiously followed by Deadpool, who foiled Dark Carnage's attempt to harvest his codex by filling his body full of dynamite and blowing up the lair.[115] Recovering, Osborn accompanied the rest of Dark Carnage's horde in an attack on Rex Strickland's Warehouse, and pursued Spider-Man in order to hunt down Dylan Brock and Normie. Osborn initially overwhelmed Spider-Man but was stopped from killing him by Kindred's implanted centipede; enabling Spider-Man to get a second wind and defeat him.[116][110] With Norman unconscious, the Carnage symbiote left him in an attempt to kill Dylan but was destroyed by Dylan's symbiote powers. While the others were distracted by Venom's final showdown with Carnage, Norman regained consciousness and escaped unnoticed.[117]

Consultant at Ravencroft[]

Restored to his true self, Norman escaped repercussions by blaming his madness on the Carnage symbiote and through the influence of the J.A.N.U.S. organization and returned to a life of wealth and privilege. Sometime later, he was hired by Mayor Wilson Fisk to serve as a consultant at the rebuilt Ravencroft Institute, to John Jameson's disgust.[118][119]

Osborn became J.A.N.U.S.'s mole within Ravencroft and was given the task of helping John Jameson regain the ability to turn into Man-Wolf so he could become an asset to it.[119] Osborn attempted to force Jameson to become Man-Wolf by first giving Mister Hyde the means to attempt to assassinate him. During the commotion Hyde created, Osborn stole the journal of Jonas Ravencroft where Jameson hid it for J.A.N.U.S. to use. Osborn also tried to manipulate Jameson further by creating a clone of Ashley Kafka, which Jameson had a soft spot for, and then rigging tests to make everyone think that she wasn't a clone.[120][119]

When the Unwanted, a group of vampires that lived beneath Ravencroft for decades, took over the institution, Osborn staged a fight with staff member Misty Knight that allowed her to escape. Osborn's stunt resulted in him being brought before the Unwanted's leader Bud Adams who was trying to force Jameson to tell him where he hid Jonas Ravencroft's journal. Osborn was able to antagonize Jameson enough for him to finally transform into the Man-Wolf and defeat Adams just as Ravencroft was being retaken. Osborn later met with J.A.N.U.S.'s leaders, who told him that they were satisfied with his results as Jameson had become Ravencroft's new warden and they were free to use the material in Ravencroft's basement for their own ends.[121]

Kindred Rising[]

Made the director of Ravencroft by Mayor Fisk, Osborn found himself targeted by the Sin-Eater, a vigilante resurrected by Kindred and granted the supernatural ability to cleanse criminals of their sins.[122] When the Sin-Eater's army of followers attacked Ravencroft to get him, Osborn was rescued by his old nemesis Spider-Man, who had been conflicted whether to let the Sin-Eater get to Osborn or not.[123] The duo eventually teamed-up to fight a super-powered Sin-Eater, who had absorbed the powers of the Juggernaut, with Norman returning to his identity of the Green Goblin for the occasion. After saving Spider-Man's life once during the battle to repay him for the very first time the Wall-Crawler saved him, the Green Goblin attempted to drown Spider-Man in a pool of liquified cement they had used to neutralize the Sin-Eater. He was stopped by the Order of the Web, and they all fled on an escape pod. When Norman recognized Ghost-Spider as an alternate universe version of Gwen Stacy, he began to taunt Spider-Man about the original Gwen. This caused Spider-Man to break, and he threw Norman out of the vessel, leaving him at the Sin-Eater's mercy.[124] The Sin-Eater eventually caught up to Norman and cleansed him, causing Osborn to lose his depravity and develop a deep sense of repentance, which prompted him to seek out Kindred.[109]

Peter Parker (Earth-616) and Norman Osborn (Earth-616) from Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 49 001

Working together with Spider-Man

Despite the effects of the Sin-Eater's crusade being reverted, Norman was the only of his victims to remain "purified."[125] Norman recruited Mary Jane Watson as an intermediary to reach out to Harry,[126] facilitating her to join a confrontation between Kindred and Spider-Man.[127] Osborn also allied himself with Fisk to intercept the encounter and trap Kindred in a cage of Darkforce, after which Harry was transported to Ravencroft. Norman attempted to reach out to Kindred to make amends, but Harry remained unresponsive.[125] Norman would also use his new lease of life to make up for past and began trying to reconnect with his grandson Normie.[128]

Eventually, through directions from Mendel Stromm's last will and clues by Kindred, Norman went to Paris and learned the real truth behind the demon: Kindred was in actually Gabriel and Sarah Stacy, clone children made from the genetic matter of Gwen and Norman, cultivated and perfected by the Osborn A.I., which was remotely activated to create them with the goal of destroying Spider-Man; mentally, physically, and spiritually. Norman also learned that Harry had indeed died saving his best friend[129] and a clone was made to replace him[62] as part of a larger mind game against both Norman and Peter. Norman raced to reveal this truth to Spider-Man, and witnessed Harry die again saving his friend. With Kindred gone, Norman helped Peter and Mary Jane return to New York.[130]

Gold Goblin[]

Gold Goblin Vol 1 1 Virgin Variant

Gold Golbin

Norman later became Peter's boss and gave him a new suit equipped with a Spider-Glider called "Bug" and other advanced gadgets.[131] While investigating a case with Roderick Kingsley and Ned Leeds after one of them supposedly became the Hobgoblin again, Spider-Man was nearly beaten by both of them as Hobgoblin. Watching Peter get brutalized from a screen, Norman decided to use a work-in-progress Spider-Suit to save him.[132] When the news picked up on this and dubbed him Gold Goblin, Norman suffered a tailspin before accepting the title in time to defeat Jack O'Lantern.[1] As demons swarmed New York, Norman was met by a revived Ben Reilly, newly dubbed Chasm, seeking revenge on Norman. Although he donned his Gold Goblin gear, Ben posed as Peter to infiltrate and sabotage his tech beforehand, opening Norman to a brutalizing beatdown by Ben.[133]

Saved by Liz, the two decided to return home in order to protect Normie and Stanley from the demonic invasion. However, Norman was intercepted by Ashley Kafka, who was now the receptacle for Norman's sins - now going by tha alias of Queen Goblin. She tried to psychologically torture Norman, though he managed to escape. While he joined just in time for Normie's birthday party, he was attacked by Jack O'Lantern, though he convinced Owen to leave the criminal path.[134] Norman eventually participated in the final battle against King Chasm.[135]

While patrolling, Norman saw a tormented Owen deciding to take away his own life and that of innocent citizens due Queen Goblin's "treatment". However, Norman tried to stop him amid the explosion and was framed by his death. Ashley took matters at her own hand and decided to "give" back Norman's sins herself, kidnapping him during Owen's funeral. Once Spider-Man intervened she decided to infect him instead, which prompted Norman to seemingly kill her using chains to snap her neck.[136] However, Ashley wasn't killed and returned to life to torment Norman.[137]

She would team-up with Kraven the Hunter ir order to transform Norman into the Green Goblin once again - Kraven seeking to hunt Spider-Man. She channeled Norman's sins into a spear Kraven could use. However, Spider-Man was stabbed instead of Norman when Kraven invaded Oscorp, receiving Norman's sins. Norman tried to warn Mary Jane and Paul to leave the city while he stayed behind in order to face Peter. Though defeated, he brought the same spear a now buried Kraven tried to use on him in order for the Hunter to extract his sins from Spider-Man. While Kraven has Spider-Man immobilized, Norman stabbed Peter and extracted his sins from him. While it cured Peter and had seemingly been stored within the spear, Norman's sins, however, returned home,[138] as he had taken them back in order to keep them away from Peter.[139]


Quote1 You can make fun of me all you want...but you know this is true... I was right. The world is a mess and the world needed me to fix it. And I would have. I could have. This world is a madhouse of mutants, terrorists, psychotics, aliens, and monsters. All of them clashing and crashing into each other at every second of every day. People put on costumes and just decide, all by themselves, that they are the savior of this world. That it's okay for them to go and do whatever the hell they want to whoever they want because they have a costume. Well, I am telling you, the world is going to end, one day soon, it's actually going to explode. The wrong creature is going to slam into the wrong Mutant and boom. That will be it. All of this--All of it will have been for nothing. All I wanted was to stop it. All I wanted to do was fix the problems before they happened. I know the mutants of this world will rise up and kill us. I know that the Hulk will one day decide to destroy everything he sees. I know the Punisher will one day kill the wrong person and set off a chain of events that will lead to nuclear holocaust. I know these heroes will dive head first into something they do not understand and end up doing such insane damage to the world that humans can no longer live on it. Victor von Doom will crush us under his last mad gasp of air. I know this is true. I know it. And I could have stopped it. If not for the fact that you kept standing in my @#$@# way... Quote2
Norman Osborn to his Green Goblin persona[src]

A ruthless and ambitious, yet paranoid, troubled and disturbed man long before taking the Goblin Formula. His charisma and ambition have led him to become the director of S.H.I.E.L.D. for a time, rebranding it as H.A.M.M.E.R.;[70] found his own personal army;[140] and even locate the Temple With No Name to learn how to use magic.[103] Norman is normally callous towards his son, Harry, dismissing him as a milquetoast disappointment unworthy of inheriting his legacy;[15] though there were short-lived and occasionally-faked occasions where Osborn suffered amnesia and became caring towards Harry.[141][142] Initially harboring the ambition of conquering the criminal underworld,[36] as a result of Spider-Man's constant meddling with his plans Osborn developed an intense obsession with destroying Peter Parker's life as thoroughly as possible, to the detriment of his ambitions of becoming a crime-lord.[38]

After being exposed to the Goblin formula, which enhanced his physical abilities at the cost of his sanity, Osborn adopted the persona of the Green Goblin - a grandiose and theatrical wisecracking maniac with a sadistic sense of humor.[36][38] After the Gathering of Five, Osborn was cursed with insanity and his mental instability worsened, with the Green Goblin eventually developing into a split personality that at times cooperates with Osborn and at times wars with him for control of their body.[143][89] Osborn's disdain for the Green Goblin's theatrics was such that he was initially happy to be de-powered by Spider-Man,[20] but after realizing that without superpowers he was at a massive disadvantage he became increasingly obsessed with becoming the Green Goblin again;[102] to the point of bonding to the Carnage symbiote.[2]

After suffering the psychic backlash of the Carnage symbiote's death, Osborn's psyche was shattered and overwritten by that of Cletus Kasady;[15] though there were moments when Osborn's psyche fought to reassert itself.[111][144] After being turned back into Carnage by the real Cletus Kasady, who had bonded to an empowered Carnage symbiote,[22] Osborn expressed frustration and disdain towards Kasady's "Prophet of the Void" motif, threatening to turn on him and take all the codices for himself.[112] Following his symbiote's destruction, Norman returned to his original self.[118]

Norman was then cleansed of his evil when he was shot by Sin-Eater and was shown to feel genuine remorse for everything he had done, deeming himself unworthy of help and in a long time wanting to help his son Harry.[109]


Power Grid[160]
:Category:Power Grid/Fighting Skills/Some Training:Category:Power Grid/Energy Projection/Single Type: Short Range:Category:Power Grid/Durability/Regenerative:Category:Power Grid/Speed/Superhuman:Category:Power Grid/Strength/Superhuman (800 lbs-25 ton):Category:Power Grid/Intelligence/Gifted


Green / Gold Goblin
Goblin Formula: Thanks to the chemical composition of the Goblin Formula, Osborn gained the following abilities:

  • Superhuman Strength: Osborn can easily overpower humans by lifting them up with one hand or by hurling them around. He can also lift extremely heavy objects, crush and break through wood panels and templates, bend metal, and can punch through glass without gaining injury. As shown on many occasions, Osborn could match Spider-Man even before bonding with the Carnage symbiote.
  • Superhuman Speed: Osborn can run and operate at superhuman speeds.[145]
  • Superhuman Stamina: Osborn can operate or maintain his movements for up to a day without exhausting himself.[27]
  • Superhuman Durability: The formula also fortified all of Osborn's bodily tissues, making them far tougher and more resistant to injury than normal humans. While Osborn can be injured by something along the lines of a knife or small conventional bullets composed of conventional material, he is very resistant to great impact forces and blunt trauma. He can withstand powerful impacts, such as falling from several stories or being repeatedly struck by a superhuman enemy, that would severely injure or kill a normal human with little to no injury to himself.[52][146]
  • Regenerative Healing Factor: If Osborn does sustain injury, his body's increased metabolism allows him to heal damaged tissue much faster and more extensively than a normal human is capable of. While not nearly as efficient as the healing powers possessed by Wolverine, he can heal from injuries that would prove lethal to an ordinary human. For example, Osborn survived being impaled by his Goblin Glider and made a full recovery with only a scar left on his chest.[29] He also recovered from having over a dozen of his bombs explode while webbed to his chest.[45]
  • Superhuman Agility: Osborn's agility, balance, and bodily coordination are enhanced to levels beyond the natural physical limits of the finest human athlete.[14]
  • Superhuman Reflexes: His reflexes are similarly enhanced and are superior to those of the finest human athlete.[147]


Indomitable Will: The monks from the Temple With No Name described Norman as being someone with a strong will and spirit, which would explain how he was able to reach and see them.[103]

Gifted Intelligence: Even before consuming the Goblin Formula, Norman was extremely smart and intelligent, was extremely skilled with mathematics and science, possessing an immense knowledge of chemistry and the side-effects of drugs on humans and animals. The Goblin Formula enhanced Osborn's mental capacities and creative talents. Aside from his physical advantages, the serum also greatly enhanced Norman's already highly above average intellect, making him capable of making progress in advanced areas of genetics, robotics, engineering, and applied chemistry that most professional scientists can scarcely comprehend.[citation needed]

For example, Osborn created a cure for cancer, but he decided to instead use it as a weapon against Deadpool.[150] Since becoming the Goblin King, he was able to gain 52% of the New York underground without anybody noticing.[19] He was even able to implement the "Goblin Protocol" which blocked out the presence of anyone with a Goblin mask or symbol[19] into Spider-Man's systems meaning he is an expert hacker because those systems were created by both Otto and and child prodigy Uatu Jackson.[19] Goblin also re-powered an abandoned subway line while having it avoid other trains.[20]

Expert Marksman: As the Green Goblin, Norman uses various hand-held throwing weapons such as explosives and razor projectiles which he will throw with great aim rarely ever missing his target. He is also a skilled sharpshooter with various firearms.[151][152]

Skilled Combatant: He is a skilled unarmed combatant that is capable of using most weapons proficiently.[68][153]


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: After being cleansed of the Green Goblin personality by Sin-Eater, Norman began to feel immense guilt for his past crimes. His guilt was so strong that he started seeing hallucinations of those he had hurt.[109]



Goblin Armor: The Green Goblin's costume incorporated chain mail in the tunic, giving him further protection from high impacts, such as the punches or kicks inflicted during his battles with Spider-Man.[28]


Pumpkin Bombs: The Green Goblin created and utilized various concussive, incendiary, and other specialized explosives in his career, most in the form of miniature jack-o'lantern-shaped grenades. The Goblin usually carried these in a shoulder bag, nicknamed his "bag of tricks".

  • Concussive: The original variant of the pumpkin bomb was little more than a flashbang designed to disorient opponents.[37]
  • Incendiary: The incendiary grenades ignited almost soundlessly and released enough heat to melt through a three-inch thick sheet of steel.
  • Smoke/Gas: He also carried a variety of smoke and gas-emitting bombs, which were surrounded by a light plastic mantle that fluttered like a wraith when the bomb was thrown. Other gas bombs emitted hallucinogenic gases, and others released a specially concocted gas that could neutralize Spider-Man's spider sense for a limited period of time.

Razor Bat: The Green Goblin sometimes threw razor sharp bat-shaped projectiles which could slice into or ram and impale themselves into opponents.

Electrical Discharges: The Green Goblin's gloves were interwoven with microcircuit-conducting filaments capable of high-frequency electrical discharges - variously referred to as Goblin Sparks, Goblin Blast, and Sparkle Beams - from rechargeable power packs in both his glove cuffs and costume tunics.[37] They had the capacity to discharge for up to five minutes of sustained fire before depleting their power supplies.

Bag of Tricks: In addition to the common Goblin weapons, there are many others in the bag of tricks like a crescent moon boomerang, a ghost that is stronger than steel, a toad that can emit sonic blasts, and can carry many other weapons in it most of which are unrevealed.


Goblin Glider: Osborn's primary mode of transport is the Goblin Glider, a rocket-propelled aircraft capable of great maneuverability and speeds of up to 90 miles per hour. The original version of the Goblin Glider was capable of supporting about 400 pounds including Norman's weight (and far more for very brief periods of time). Top speed and a full normal load would exhaust the fuel supply in about one hour. The main microprocessor assisted manual controls were behind the head of the glider, and later modifications added voice-activated radio-linked controls integrated into the Green Goblin's mask. The goblin glider was steered primarily, however, by the weight and attitude of its rider, with Goblin's boots locking into the stirrups of the glider electromagnetically.


  • The Green Goblin was #47 in Series A of the Marvel Value Stamps, published in 1974.
Norman Osborn (Earth-616) as a Value Stamp from Marvel Two-In-One Vol 1 6 001

Series A Value Stamp #47: The Green Goblin

  • While being H.A.M.M.E.R. Commander, he was granted Security Level Ten and Code Clearance White.[18]
  • Dan Slott had denied Norman being the Goblin King. However, there were already hints that Norman was the Goblin like explicitly calling himself Norman Osborn, the Glider scar, and reacting to Hobgoblin talking about Harry. It was eventually revealed at the end that Norman was both the Goblin King and Mason Banks.
  • Norman's email was[155]
  • His murder of Gwen Stacy was one of Norman's proudest achievements.[20]
  • In Amazing Spider-Man #122, when Norman dies, Peter mentioned that: " So do the Proud Men Die: Crucified, not on a cross of gold----but on a stake of humble tin.", Jesus Christ died crucified, so this is a possible reference to Norman's god Complex.
  • The Green Goblin was the first Marvel Super-villain to appear in a video game, The Amazing Spider-Man, in 1981.
  • In Thunderbolts #113, Moonstone described Osborn as being bipolar, whether this was her professional opinion, a diagnosed condition or a lie by Moonstone is unclear, though it should be noted that Moonstone also stated he was on several medications at the time which was in fact true.
  • During Absolute Carnage, Norman sported Cletus Kasady's hairstyle, though this wasn't reflected by every artist who worked on the event.
  • Norman's deal with Mephisto is considered by the devil himself to be the biggest deal he made in the entire millennium.[33]


  • In Marvel Ultimate Comics: Absolute Carnage Norman was voiced by Giles Panton.
  • When talking about the creation of the character of Green Goblin in the journal Starlog and Comics Scene Present Spider-Man and Other Comics Heroes Steve Ditko stated that: "Stan's synopsis for the Green Goblin had a movie crew, on location, finding an Egyptian-like sarcophagus. Inside was an ancient, mythological demon, the Green Goblin. He naturally came to life. On my own, I changed Stan's mythological demon into a human villain".
  • In the introduction of Green Goblin and in his early appearances his true identity was unknown. According to Stan Lee and John Romita Jr., Lee always wanted the character to be someone Peter Parker knew, while Ditko wanted his identity to be someone not yet introduced, since in real life very often a villain turns out to be somebody that you never knew. Lee was against that, since he felt that it cheated the readers. However, Lee couldn't remember if it was his or Ditko's idea that Norman Osborn would be the Green Goblin, though Ditko stated that it was his.[156][157]
  • Following his redemption Norman appears to be Christian.[158]

See Also

Links and References

Recommended Readings[]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Gold Goblin #1
  2. 2.0 2.1 Amazing Spider-Man #795
  3. Superior Spider-Man #10
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z: Update #1
  5. 5.0 5.1 Amazing Spider-Man #39
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Dark Avengers #1
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Amazing Spider-Man #798
  8. Amazing Spider-Man 2000 #1
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Avengers (Vol. 4) #24
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 Amazing Spider-Man #569
  11. Wolverine: Origins #34
  12. New Avengers (Vol. 2) #21
  13. 13.0 13.1 Amazing Spider-Man #797
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Thunderbolts #120
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 15.6 Amazing Spider-Man #800
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 4) #25
  17. Superior Spider-Man #18
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 Siege #1
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 Superior Spider-Man #14
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 Superior Spider-Man #31
  21. Superior Spider-Man Team-Up #12
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 22.4 Absolute Carnage #1
  23. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Spider-Man 2004 #1
  24. Corrections Spider-Man 2004 corrections
  25. 25.0 25.1 Avengers: The Initiative #26
  26. 26.0 26.1 Civil War Files #1
  27. 27.0 27.1 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Master Edition #27
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 Amazing Spider-Man #122
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5 Osborn Journals #1
  30. 30.0 30.1 Spectacular Spider-Man Annual #14
  31. Red Goblin: Red Death #1
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 32.4 32.5 32.6 Amazing Spider-Man #40
  33. 33.0 33.1 Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 5) #72
  34. Untold Tales of Spider-Man #1
  35. Untold Tales of Spider-Man #8
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 Amazing Spider-Man #14
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 Amazing Spider-Man #17
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 Amazing Spider-Man #23
  39. Amazing Spider-Man #26
  40. Amazing Spider-Man #27
  41. Amazing Spider-Man #9698
  42. 42.0 42.1 42.2 Amazing Spider-Man #509514
  43. 43.0 43.1 Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 5) #73
  44. Amazing Spider-Man #121122
  45. 45.0 45.1 Spider-Man #75
  46. 46.0 46.1 Amazing Spider-Man #441
  47. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 2) #25
  48. Peter Parker: Spider-Man #25
  49. Peter Parker: Spider-Man #4447
  50. The Pulse #2
  51. The Pulse #4
  52. 52.0 52.1 The Pulse #5
  53. Marvel Knights: Spider-Man #14
  54. Marvel Knights: Spider-Man #912
  55. Civil War: Front Line #2
  56. Civil War: Front Line #45
  57. Civil War: Front Line #7
  58. Civil War: Front Line #11
  59. Civil War: Front Line #711
  60. Thunderbolts #110112
  61. Thunderbolts #113
  62. 62.0 62.1 Amazing Spider-Man #545
  63. Amazing Spider-Man #568573
  64. Thunderbolts #122125
  65. Secret Invasion #37
  66. 66.0 66.1 Secret Invasion #8
  67. Avengers: The Initiative #31
  68. 68.0 68.1 68.2 Secret Invasion: Dark Reign #1
  69. 69.0 69.1 Siege: The Cabal #1
  70. 70.0 70.1 Invincible Iron Man (Vol. 2) #89
  71. Thunderbolts #128129
  72. Dark Reign: The List - Amazing Spider-Man #1
  73. Dark Avengers #4
  74. Dark Avengers #5
  75. Dark Avengers #10
  76. Dark Avengers #14
  77. 77.0 77.1 Dark Avengers #12
  78. Amazing Spider-Man #598
  79. Amazing Spider-Man #599
  80. Uncanny X-Men #513
  81. Dark Avengers #7
  82. Dark Avengers #8
  83. Dark Avengers / Uncanny X-Men: Exodus #1
  84. New Avengers #5960
  85. Siege #3
  86. Siege #34
  87. Siege #4
  88. Osborn #15
  89. 89.0 89.1 New Avengers (Vol. 2) #16.1
  90. New Avengers (Vol. 2) #18
  91. New Avengers (Vol. 2) #1819
  92. New Avengers (Vol. 2) #1920
  93. Avengers (Vol. 4) #20
  94. Avengers (Vol. 4) #23
  95. Amazing Spider-Man #697
  96. Superior Spider-Man #26
  97. Superior Spider-Man #27.NOW
  98. Superior Spider-Man #28
  99. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 4) #27
  100. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 4) #3
  101. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 4) #26
  102. 102.0 102.1 Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 4) #2728
  103. 103.0 103.1 103.2 Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 4) #32
  104. Marvel Legacy #1
  105. Amazing Spider-Man #794796
  106. 106.0 106.1 106.2 Amazing Spider-Man #799
  107. Marvel Ultimate Comics: Absolute Carnage S1E04
  108. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 5) #30
  109. 109.0 109.1 109.2 109.3 Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 5) #50
  110. 110.0 110.1 Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 5) #3031
  111. 111.0 111.1 Marvel Ultimate Comics: Absolute Carnage S1E01
  112. 112.0 112.1 112.2 Absolute Carnage #2
  113. Absolute Carnage: Breakout-Part 4
  114. Absolute Carnage: Miles Morales #1
  115. Absolute Carnage vs. Deadpool #3
  116. Absolute Carnage #4
  117. 117.0 117.1 117.2 Absolute Carnage #5
  118. 118.0 118.1 118.2 Ruins of Ravencroft: Dracula #1
  119. 119.0 119.1 119.2 Ravencroft #5
  120. Ravencroft #23
  121. Ravencroft #45
  122. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 5) #46
  123. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 5) #48
  124. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 5) #49
  125. 125.0 125.1 Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 5) #56
  126. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 5) #52.LR
  127. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 5) #55
  128. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 5) #58
  129. Spectacular Spider-Man #200
  130. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 5) #7274
  131. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 6) #8
  132. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 6) #13
  133. Dark Web #1
  134. Gold Goblin #23
  135. Dark Web Finale #1
  136. Gold Goblin #45
  137. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 6) #27
  138. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 6) #3135
  139. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 6) #50
  140. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 4) #4
  141. Amazing Spider-Man #3940
  142. Amazing Spider-Man Annual #9
  143. Dark Avengers #16
  144. Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 5) #31
  145. Peter Parker: Spider-Man #44
  146. Spider-Man: Revelations #1
  147. Spectacular Spider-Man #261
  148. New Avengers (Vol. 2) #22
  149. New Avengers (Vol. 2) #20
  150. Deadpool (Vol. 4) #12
  151. Amazing Spider-Man #37
  152. Amazing Spider-Man #597
  153. Osborn #2
  154. Amazing Spider-Man #570
  155. Secret Wars #1
  156. Cronin, Brian (January 4, 2013) Comic Book Legends Revealed #400 (Part 1).
  157. The ULTIMATE SPIDER-MAN writer talks about Spidey's new Amazing Friends and lays the Osborns to rest once and for all | News Retrieved on April 27, 2010.
  158. Venom (Vol. 5) #19
  159. All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z: Update #1
  160. All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z: Update Vol 1 1