The Philistines were one of the people living in Israel during the Biblical times, and were enemies of the Israelites.
Masters of the Israelites
The Philistines tyrannized the people of Judah, among which none was strong enough to defy their persecutors.
Opposing the Israelites
The Israelites, then including many idols-worshipers, went to battle with the Philistine, bringing the Ark of the Covenant to ensure their victory. Allegedly due to God being angry to the Israelites who worshiped idols, the Philistines won the battle and took the Ark. They brought it to their city of Ashdod and placed the Ark in the temple of Dagon. The two next nights, the statue of Dagon fell or broke, and the Philistines returned the Ark to the Israelites, as the prophet Samuel had said they would.
- The Philistines were a people that lived in Mesopotamia, and often clashed with the Hebrews.
- Philistines also became as a pendantic derogatory expression for uneducated or art-unappreciative people.