Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator was the brother of Cleopatra,[2] and became the 13th ruler of Egypt's Ptolemaic Dynasty at 12 years old.[1]

Circa 47-49 B.C., a civil war occurred, with the Egyptians led by the boy-king Ptolemy (backed by Zota of Pergamum) besieging the Romans in the palace, as Julius Caesar attempted to put Cleopatra on the throne in place of her brother. It was told that it was during that event that the Great Library of Alexandria was burned down, though it was in fact (as Lucan would later wrote) warehouses in which grain and books were stored that were burned due to a defensive fire set by Caesar's troops near the docks.[2]

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