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{{Marvel Database:Character Template
[[Image:Kraven_001.jpg|frame|right|Kraven the Hunter]]
 
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| Image = Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 22 Textless.jpg
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| RealName = [[Sergei Nikolaevich Kravinoff]]
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| RealName2 = (originally [[Sergei Kravinov]])
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| CurrentAlias = [[Kraven the Hunter]]
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| Aliases = [[Beast|The Beast]],{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 17}} Emperor of the Wild,{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 635}} [[Ghost|The Ghost]],{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 17}} [[Grim Hunter]],{{r|Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Spider-Man: Back in Black Vol 1 1}} [[Hunter|The Hunter]],{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 635}}{{r|Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 32}} King of Lions,{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 635}} Prisoner #678-439,{{r|Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Spider-Man: Back in Black Vol 1 1}}, [[Scarlet Spider]],{{r|Scarlet Spider Vol 2 21}} [[Sergei Kravin]],{{Citation}} [[Spider|The Spider]],{{Citation}} The Unhuntable Sergei{{r|Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 35}}
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| Identity = Public
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| Affiliation = Formerly [[Sons of Kraven (Earth-616)|Sons of Kraven]], {{m|Justice Pals (Earth-616)|Justice Pals}}, {{m|Army of Evil (Earth-616)|Army of Evil}}, {{m|Sinister Six}}, {{m|Avengers (1950s) (Earth-616)|1950's Avengers}}, ally of [[Gog (Tsiln) (Earth-616)|Gog]], the [[Martin Blank (Earth-616)|Gibbon]], [[Edward Lansky (Earth-616)|Lightmaster]], [[Calypso Ezili (Earth-616)|Calypso]] and [[Dmitri Smerdyakov (Earth-616)|Chameleon]], {{m|Legion Accursed}}, {{m|Alien Kill Krew}}
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| Relatives = Nikolai Kravinoff (father, deceased);<br>
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[[Anna Makarova (Earth-616)|Anna Makarova Kravinoff]] (mother);<br>
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[[Dmitri Smerdyakov (Earth-616)|Dmitri Smerdyakov]] (half-brother);<br>
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[[Aleksandra Nikolaevna (Earth-616)|Sasha Nikolaevna Kravinoff]] (wife, deceased);<br>
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[[Vladimir Kravinoff (Earth-616)|Vladimir Kravinoff]] (son, deceased);<br>
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[[Alexei Kravinoff (Earth-616)|Alyosha Kravinoff]] (son, deceased);<br>
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[[Nedrocci Tannengarden (Earth-616)|Ned Tannengarden]] (son, deceased);<br>
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[[Anastasia Kravinoff (Earth-616)|Ana Tatiana Kravinoff]] (daughter);<br>
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[[Gog (Tsiln) (Earth-616)|Gog]] (adoptive son);<br>
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[[Xraven (Earth-616)|Xraven]] (clone);<br>
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[[Last Son of Kraven (Earth-616)|Last Son of Kraven]] (clone / "son");<br>
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Pasha (clone, deceased)
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| Universe = Earth-616
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| BaseOfOperations = [[Savage Land]]; formerly [[Kenya]], [[Africa]]; [[Volgograd]] (Stalingrad), [[Russia]]
   
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| CharRef = {{c|Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Spider-Man: Back in Black Vol 1 1}}
__TOC__
 
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| Gender = Male
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| Height = 6'0"
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| Weight = 235 lbs
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| Eyes = Brown
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| Hair = Black
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| Hair2 = <br>(possibly [[:Category:Dyed Hair|dyed]])[[Category:Dyed Hair]]{{r|Deadpool: Back in Black Vol 1 4}}
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| UnusualFeatures = Tattoos{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 22}}
   
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| Citizenship = Russian, Soviet
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| Citizenship2 = (formerly)
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| Citizenship3 = United Kingdom
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| Citizenship4 = United States of America
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| Citizenship5 = Ethiopia
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| MaritalStatus = Widowed
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| Occupation = Professional game hunter, adventurer, mercenary; member of Russian nobility
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| Education = College educated
   
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| Origin = [[Homo sapiens|Human]] [[Mutates|mutate]], son of a Russian aristocrat who consumed a <nowiki>witch doctor's</nowiki> herbal potion to enhance his physical powers.
'''Real Name:''' Sergei Kravinoff <br>
 
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| PlaceOfBirth = [[Volgograd]] (Stalingrad), [[Russia]] (former [[USSR]])
'''Nicknames:''' Kraven the Hunter <br>
 
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| PlaceOfDeath = [[Central Park]], [[New York City]], [[New York (State)|New York]]
'''Former Aliases:''' No known former aliases <br>
 
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| Creators = Stan Lee; Steve Ditko
'''Other Current Aliases:''' No other known current aliases <br>
 
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| First = Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 15
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| Death = Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 22
   
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| Quotation = I need to sharpen my stalking skills... if Kraven is to hunt again!!
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| Speaker = [[Sergei Kravinoff (Earth-616)|Kraven the Hunter]]
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| QuoteSource = Peter Parker, The Spectacular Spider-Man Vol 1 65
   
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| HistoryText =
==Status==
 
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===Early Life===
'''Occupation:''' big game hunter, dead <br>
 
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[[File:Sergei Kravinoff (Earth-616) from Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 209 001.jpg|thumb|left]]
'''Legal Status:''' Russian citizen <br>
 
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Sergei Kravinoff ('''Russian:''' Сергей Кравинов) was born and raised in [[Volgograd]], [[Russia]] in the early half of the 20th Century during the time of the [[Russian Revolution]]. Born into an aristocracy that had come to an end, also known as "Kraven the Hunter", became one of the world's greatest hunters to fulfill his sense of lost nobility.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man #389}}
'''Identity:''' widely known as a greatest hunter in the world <br>
 
'''Marital Status:''' Single <br>
 
'''Group Affiliation:''' Former Member Of The Sinister Six...Ally of Gog, The Gibbon, Lightmaster, & The Chameleon<br>
 
'''Base of Operations:''' Base of operations unknown <br>
 
   
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Kravinoff found he had a great talent after finding employment in [[Kenya]], [[Africa]]. Kravinoff began his career using the typical tools of the hunter but over time he developed a preference to take down large animals with his bare hands. After meeting a [[Voodoo]] witch doctor named [[Calypso Ezili (Earth-616)|Calypso]], Kravinoff took a [[Calypso Serum|herbal potion]] which enhanced his physical powers give him the strength, speed and senses to match a jungle cat. The potion also extended his life keeping his health and vitality for years to come.{{Citation}}
   
==Origin==
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===Avengers 1959===
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Kraven was approached by [[Nicholas Fury (Earth-616)|Nick Fury]] while relaxing with his then-girlfriend, [[Aquaria Neptunia (Earth-616)|Namora]], on a private beach on the Emerald Coast of [[Florida (State)|Florida]] in 1959. Fury wanted the pair to join his black ops team code-named the [[Avengers (1950s) (Earth-616)|Avengers]]. During this meeting it was revealed that Kraven and fellow recruit [[Victor Creed (Earth-616)|Victor Creed]] had previously met in [[Africa]], prompting Kraven to shoot the mutant in the chest. Creed quickly recovered due to his healing factor and Fury told the pair to put aside any differences between them if they wanted to be part of his team, which they agreed to do.{{r|New Avengers Vol 2 10}} These new Avengers then traveled to Helsingborg, [[Sweden]], where the [[Red Skull (1950s Impostor) (Earth-616)|Red Skull]] and his newly formed Fourth Reich were trying to create a new [[Super-Soldier]] formula. The group gained entry to the Skull's castle headquarters by hijacking a truck and hiding in the back while the [[Ernst Sablinova (Earth-616)|Silver Sable]] drove. When the truck's doors were opened the operatives opened fire on the unprepared Nazi guards. While searching for the Red Skull, the group came across a Nazi [[Captain America (Nazi) (Earth-616)|Captain America impostor]].{{r|New Avengers Vol 2 11}} Kraven was ordered to continue hunting for the Skull while many of the other group members stayed to deal with the super-soldier. Kraven found the Red Skull and fired at him with his sniper rifle, but shot the soldier standing to the Skull's right. The hunter couldn't believe that he missed a target like the Red Skull's big red head. To compound things, he then accidentally shot Sabretooth as he pounced on the Skull, temporarily taking him out of the fight.{{r|New Avengers Vol 2 12}} After Namora captured the Skull, Nick Fury took his briefcase and told the rest of the group he would meet up with them later before disappearing for over a month.{{r|New Avengers Vol 2 13}}
The son of a Russian aristocrat , Sergei found he had a great talent after finding employment in Africa...After meeting a witch doctor, Kraven took a herbal potion which enhanced his physical powers...He used his new found powers to further aid his big hunts...He soon befriended the Chameleon who suggested his biggest hunt of his life: Spider-Man! <br>
 
   
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[[File:New Avengers Vol 2 10 Textless.jpg|thumb|left|The 1950s Avengers]]
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When he reappeared in Autumn of that year, Fury gathered the team together at the [[Stork Club]] in [[New York City]] to celebrate a job well done. During the dinner, Kraven and Sabretooth resumed their rivalry once more, with Kraven shooting him in the face before he was berated by Namora. After the meal, the members each went their separate ways with Kraven and Namora heading to their houseboat docked in the 96th Street Boat Basin. Here the pair continued their argument over Sergei's behavior and were just able to make up when their boat came under attack by a submarine bearing a skull-shaped blazon on it. Kraven was able to destroy the sub by shooting a large amount of ammo crates on his own boat.{{r|Avengers 1959 Vol 1 1}}
   
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Fury soon reassembled his team after realizing that many of their members had come under similar attacks. The enigmatic [[Powell McTeague (Earth-616)|Powell McTeague]] then used his magical abilities to teleport Kraven, Namora, [[Duvid Fortunov (Earth-616)|Dominic Fortune]] and Sabretooth aboard a ship in the South [[China Seas]] which was under the command of Nazi superhumans [[John Falsworth (Earth-616)|Baron Blood]] and [[Werner Schmidt (Brain Drain) (Earth-616)|Brain Drain]].{{r|Avengers 1959 Vol 1 2}} Before the Avengers were able to capture them, however, the villains were teleported away, leaving nothing but a fiery skull symbol burned into the deck of the boat behind. While still on the Nazi vessel, which was being piloted by McTeague's magic, the group next came to the aid of Nick Fury and the [[Louise Grant (Earth-616)|Blonde Phantom]] who were traveling to [[Madripoor]] by boat and were attacked by the [[Ubermadchen (Earth-616)|Ubermadchen]].{{r|Avengers 1959 Vol 1 3}} The Avengers quickly overpowered the women and questioned them before allowing Sabretooth to kill them and continuing on to Madripoor. Here they learned more about their shadowy foes and staged an attack on their mansion headquarters, capturing their strategist [[Heindrich von Wilhelm Innsbruck (Earth-616)|Innsbruck the Planner]]. From him they learned that the organization's name was [[ICON (1950s) (Earth-616)|ICON]] and their next target was the scientifically futuristic nation of [[Wakanda]].{{r|Avengers 1959 Vol 1 4}} The Avengers were able to arrive there in time to stop ICON's attack on the nation. During the ensuing struggle, Kraven fought [[Doctorangutan (Earth-616)|Doctorangutan]], subduing the orangutan by shoving a taser wand in his mouth and activating it. The group were then teleported to [[Washington, D.C.]] to apprehend ICON's leader, [[Geoffrey Sydenham (Earth-616)|Geoffrey Sydenham]]. In this final struggle, Kraven was able to take down Baron Blood by hurling a wooden javelin tipped with a silver blade through the vampire's heart. After ICON had been dismantled, the Avengers again each went their separate ways, with Kraven wanting to join his father in Key West , as the marlin were apparently biting. The irony of going on a fishing expedition alongside Namora was apparently lost on Kraven.{{r|Avengers 1959 Vol 1 5}}
'''Place of Birth:''' Russia <br>
 
'''Place of Death:''' New York<br>
 
'''Known Relatives:''' son Vladimir Kravinoff - Grim Hunter(deceased), half brother the Chameleon (deceased), Alyosha Kravinoff (Kraven II) <br>
 
'''First Appearance:''' Amazing Spider-Man #15 <br>
 
'''Final Appearance:''' Amazing Spider-Man (Vol. 1) #294, Part 5 of "Kraven's Last Hunt"<br>
 
   
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===Targeting Spider-Man===
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At some point the notion of big game hunting began to bore the hunter, so his associate (later revealed to be his half-brother) proposed to Kraven that he hunt [[Peter Parker (Earth-616)|Spider-Man]], and thus gave Kraven new purpose in life. Kraven gained powers by drinking rare and exotic jungle elixirs given to him by his voodoo priestess lover -- Calypso. These elixirs gave him the strength and speed of a savage beast, all the better to catch Spider-Man with. Despite being assisted by the [[Dmitri Smerdyakov (Earth-616)|Chameleon]], his scheme failed and he was deported from the U.S.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 #15}} He returned soon, however, first alongside the Chameleon (where he was caught by [[Anthony Stark (Earth-616)|Iron Man]]).{{r|Tales of Suspense Vol 1 #58}}
   
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[[File:Sinister Six (Earth-616) from Amazing Spider-Man Annual Vol 1 1 0001.jpg|thumb|As a member of The Sinister Six (far Right)]]
==History==
 
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Unable to best the wall-crawler on his own, Kraven sought strength in numbers. Early in his career, he and five other members of Spider-Man's rogues gallery united under the leadership of [[Otto Octavius (Earth-616)|Doctor Octopus]] -- brilliant, respected scientist turned tentacled terror. The inaugural incarnation of the [[Sinister Six (Earth-616)|Sinister Six]] also included the shifty [[William Baker (Earth-616)|Sandman]]; the illusion-casting [[Quentin Beck (Earth-616)|Mysterio]]; the high-flying, lowdown [[Adrian Toomes (Earth-616)|Vulture]]; and [[Maxwell Dillon (Earth-616)|Electro]]. The villains' master plan: pummel the wall-crawler one by one until one of them would manage to defeat him. The outcome: Spidey, 6; bad guys, 0.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Annual #1}}
Born into an aristocracy that had come to an end, Kraven became one of the world's greatest hunters to fulfill his sense of lost nobility. But he became bored and wanted a different kind of trophy on his wall.The trophy was Spider-mans head. Kraven gained power by drinking rare and exotic jungle elixirs. These elixirs gave him the strength and speed of a savage beast all the better to catch Spider-man with.
 
   
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Shortly afterwards, Kraven was contracted by the [[Norman Osborn (Earth-616)|Green Goblin]] into killing Spider-Man. But upon reading of the Goblin's apparent demise, he set out to find out Spider-Man's weaknesses by manipulating a few of his comrades into attacking the Wall-Crawler: the behemoth known as [[Aleksei Sytsevich (Earth-616)|Rhino]]; the carnivorous, cold-blooded [[Curtis Connors (Earth-616)|Lizard]]; the original Vulture and his rival, [[Raniero Drago (Earth-616)|Raniero "Blackie" Drago]].{{r|Spider-Man: Blue Vol 1}}
Unlike other hunters, he typically disdained the use of guns or bow and arrows preferring to take down large dangerous animals with his bare hands even though he often made elaborate preparations to weaken a quarry before hand. He also used a mystical serum to give him similar strength to Spider-Man, but even without the serum he was a threat to the wall-crawler. However, Kraven's continual underestimation of the superhero's resourcefulness made him a frustrating quarry.
 
   
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When he kidnapped [[David Malraux (Earth-616)|Dr. David Malraux]] who had developed a psychomotor response procedure by which Kraven hoped to increase his neural responses, he clashed with and was defeated by [[Greer Grant (Earth-616)|Tigra]].{{r|Marvel Chillers #4}} Unlike other hunters, he typically disdained the use of guns or bow and arrows preferring to take down large dangerous animals with his bare hands even though he often made elaborate preparations to weaken a quarry before hand. He also used a mystical serum to increase his strength to superhuman levels, but even without the serum he was a threat to the wall-crawler. However, Kraven's continual underestimation of the superhero's resourcefulness made him a frustrating quarry.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man #209}}
In the acclaimed story by J.M. DeMatteis and Mike Zeck, "Kraven's Last Hunt," his aggravation with his inability to run the superhero down further destroyed his sanity. With that, he hatched a scheme that actually defeated Spider-Man, and seemingly and uncharacteristically shot him dead. Considering his enemy effectively dead, Kraven buried him alive. After this, Kraven donned a copy of Spider-Man's costume and sought to prove that he was superior at his enemy's activities. This culminated with his successful singlehanded capture of a minor supervillain, Vermin, whom Spider-Man needed the help of Captain America to defeat. After that triumph, Spider-Man revived from the tranquilizer dart he was actually shot with and dug his way out of the grave. Kraven greeted him and explained that he had made his point about defeating his enemy. Then he released Vermin and told Spider-Man to pursue him. Convinced he had finally regained his honor, the deranged Kraven took his own life..
 
   
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===[[Kraven's Last Hunt|Last Hunt]]===
Kraven's alliegances and relatives in life were, for the most part, revealed only after his death. The Chameleon was the person who initially gave Kraven the idea of hunting Spider-Man in Amazing Spider-Man #15. After Kraven died, the Chameleon was revealed to be Dmitri Smerdyakov, Kraven's half-brother, personal servant, and the victim of Kraven's abuse, and yet, according to Smerdyakov, the two were best friends nonetheless. Kraven's lover, the voodoo priestess Calypso, manipulated the Lizard against the wall-crawler in the first issues of Todd McFarlane's best-selling Spider-Man series.
 
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As time passed, his aggravation, combined with his inability to run the superhero down, further destroyed Kraven's sanity. A time ago, he faced [[Wade Wilson (Earth-616)|Deadpool]], who was in possession of [[Venom (Klyntar) (Earth-616)|the Venom symbiote]], confusing the merc with a mouth with Spider-Man. When Kraven realized that wasn't Spider-Man, the alien gained control over deadpool's body and suggested the hunter to use a gun next time.{{r|Deadpool: Back in Black Vol 1 4}} Driven by this idea, he hatched a scheme that actually defeated Spider-Man, and seemingly and uncharacteristically shot him. Considering his enemy effectively dead, Kraven buried him alive. After this, Kraven donned a copy of Spider-Man's costume and sought to prove that he was superior at his enemy's activities. He brutally attacked and beat up criminals, culminating in 15 men in the hospital and one killed. He single-handed captured a minor super villain, [[Edward Whelan (Earth-616)|Vermin]], whom Spider-Man needed the help of [[Steven Rogers (Earth-616)|Captain America]] to defeat. After that triumph, Spider-Man was soon revived from the tranquilizer dart he was actually shot with and dug his way out of the grave. Kraven greeted him and explained that he had made his point about defeating his enemy. Then he released Vermin and told Spider-Man to pursue him. Convinced he had finally regained his honor, the deranged Kraven left a note for the police confessing that he impersonated Spider-Man and took his own life.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 294}}
   
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After Kraven died, the Chameleon was revealed to be Dmitri Smerdyakov, Kraven's half-brother, personal servant, and the victim of Kraven's abuse, and yet, according to Smerdyakov, the two were best friends nonetheless.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man #389}} Kraven was temporarily resurrected and used as a soldier by a mysterious villain.{{r|X-Statix Presents: Dead Girl #1}}
Kraven has since had two sons take up his role. The first had a brief career as the "Grim Hunter," and was killed by Kaine, an insane clone of Spider-Man. The second, Alyosha Kravinoff (or "Al Kraven") briefly operated as the second "Kraven the Hunter" before retiring from the supervillain scene, moving to Hollywood, and becoming a hero himself. He had a third son, Ned Tannengarden, who tried unsuccessfully to kill his half-brother Al and was himself killed by the Chameleon, who at this point was so insane he believed himself to be the original Kraven.<br>
 
   
==Characteristics==
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===The Grim Hunt===
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Kraven's family, headed up by his wife [[Aleksandra Nikolaevna (Earth-616)|Sasha Kravinoff]], began facilitating the return of Spider-Man's villains to wear him off while also hunting down other spider-themed people, including [[Cassandra Webb (Earth-616)|Madame Web]] and [[Martha Franklin (Earth-616)|Mattie Franklin]], as part of a plan to resurrect Kraven and restore the glory of the Kravinoffs. In the process, they sacrificed Franklin in a ritual to return [[Vladimir Kravinoff (Earth-616)|Vladimir]] to life as a humanoid lion-like creature.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 634}}
'''Height:''' 6'03" <br>
 
'''Weight:''' 240 lbs (106 kg) <br>
 
'''Eyes:''' Eye colour unknown <br>
 
'''Hair:''' Black <br>
 
'''Unusual Features:''' No unusual features <br>
 
   
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When the Kravinoffs caught Spider-Man in a trap at their New York estate where Kraven had been buried,{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 635}} his clone [[Kaine Parker (Earth-616)|Kaine]] managed to take him off the table and steal his costume and impersonated him to confront the Kravinoffs on his behalf.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 636}} Kaine was killed by the Kravinoffs and his body was used in a ritual to bring Kraven back to life.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 635}} Kraven was disgruntled with his family for returning him, a sentiment exacerbated when he found out that Kaine had taken Spider-Man's place, and his had corrupted the ritual, cursing Kraven to become unable to die unless it was by the hand of Spider-Man.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 636}} Spider-Man then attacked the estate to save the kidnapped spider-people and kill Kraven, but was convinced otherwise by a vision of a dark future shared with him by [[Julia Carpenter (Earth-616)|Arachne]], who had been passed down Madame Web's precognitive powers. After Spider-Man refused to kill Kraven despite his pleas, the Kravinoffs escaped.
   
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Kraven took his family to the [[Savage Land]], where the hunter wanted his family to be hardened by the jungle to earn the name of Kravinoff. He killed Sasha when she objected, and then murdered Vladimir out of pity for his return to life. [[Anastasia Kravinoff (Earth-616)|Ana]] agreed to Kraven's terms, and hunted down [[Alexei Kravinoff (Earth-616)|Alyosha]], who attempted to walk away.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 637}} While in the Savage Land, Kraven came across [[Eugene Thompson (Earth-616)|Agent Venom]] and attacked, believing that the [[Venom (Klyntar) (Earth-616)|Venom symbiote]], which he regarded as Spider-Man's dark spirit, would be able to end his curse. Upon learning his opponent was handicapped, Kraven was outraged and attempted to kill Flash outright to assuage his honor, but was carried away by a giant bat.{{r|Venom Vol 2 2}}
==Powers==
 
'''Known Powers:''' Enhanced speed, stamina, strength, senses and reflexes <br>
 
'''Known Abilities:''' Skilled at taming wild beasts, using exotic animal fighting techniques...Uses nerve punch that can paralyze... <br>
 
'''Strength Level:''' Greatly enhanced human strength roughly 2-4 times as strong as human his size<br>
 
   
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Kraven next appeared in the Pacific northwest of the United States, tracking the [[Bruce Banner (Earth-616)|Hulk]]. He actually managed to subdue the behemoth long enough to explain his reason for attacking him. Sergei wanted to die and he wanted the Hulk to bring him Spider-Man to do the killing. In return, he would help Hulk find the hidden [[City of Sasquatches]], thinking that Hulk knew what it was that Banner was looking for. Hulk didn't care about the city but did hate that Kraven slowly murdered a Bigfoot, making its nearby kin respond to its screams of pain. The enraged Sasquatches took Hulk captive and Kraven rescued his "partner" from their city by threatening to kill one of the few remaining Bigfoot cubs. Hulk responded by punching him far out of the city.{{r|Incredible Hulk Vol 3 10|11}}
   
==Miscellaneous==
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===Turn of Leaf===
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[[File:Sergei Kravinoff (Earth-616) as Scarlet Spider 002.jpeg|thumb|left|As Scarlet Spider]]
'''Equipment:''' traps <br>
 
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Shortly after Kraven revived, so did Kaine. Following events in which his degeneration was cured, Kaine started a new life in [[Houston]] as the new [[Scarlet Spider]]. But he was followed by Kraven, who wanted his death at the hands of Kaine to break the curse which didn't let him die.{{r|Scarlet Spider Vol 2 16}} Kaine was confronted by Kraven, who began to torture him while dressed as [[Ben Reilly (Earth-616)|Ben Reilly]].{{r|Scarlet Spider Vol 2 21}} With the help of Ana, Kraven kidnapped Kaine's friends in order to motivate the Scarlet Spider fight him. In the end, Kaine delivered Kraven a fatal blow in the chest, which paralyzed his heart, but using the same attack, Kaine brought him back to life, hoping that would break the curse. Following the fight, both Kravens disappeared.{{r|Scarlet Spider Vol 2 23}}
'''Transportation:''' No known transportation. <br>
 
'''Weapons:''' uses various weaponry such as darts, spears, axes, nets, whips, poisons, and gases <br>
 
   
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Deciding that he wanted heirs in his own image, Kraven approached the [[Herbert Wyndham (Earth-616)|High Evolutionary]], and had him create eighty-seven perfect clones, designed to age into adulthood at an accelerated rate. When Ana learned of Kraven's plan, she renounced the Kravinoff name and abandoned her father. During his children's quick growth, Kraven trained and raised them, feeling love and pride for them. When they reached adulthood, Kraven sent his children on individual journeys of hunt to prove themselves worthy of his name. During their quest, Kraven set out to rebuild his fortune and reclaim his territories.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 16}}
   
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Some time later while patrolling Manhattan, Kraven entered into conflict with the superhero [[Doreen Green (Earth-616)|Squirrel Girl]] after attacking one of her squirrels, [[Tippy-Toe (Earth-616)|Tippy-Toe]]. Since Kraven remained obsessed with hunting down Spider-Man, Doreen suggested he tried to take down Atlantean beasts.{{r|Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 1 1}} Since hunting underwater required expensive gear, Kraven sought to raise funds by hunting in the employ of others, namely a sports hunter named [[Shannon Sugarbaker (Earth-616)|Shannon Sugarbaker]]. He crossed paths with Squirrel Girl again when he kidnapped [[Howard the Duck (Earth-791021)|Howard the Duck]]. Shannon turned on Kraven after he refused to attack Squirrel Girl when the young hero infiltrated her mansion to rescue Howard.{{r|Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 6}} Kraven joined forces with Squirrel Girl, Howard, and other people he had captured on Sugarbaker's behalf to survive her hunting grounds and ultimately take her down. This episode prompted Kraven to re-evaluate his life, and he decided to become a hunter of hunters.{{r|Howard the Duck Vol 6 6}}
==Notes==
 
*
 
   
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===The Army of Evil===
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Not long afterwards, Kraven was captured by [[Strategic Homeland Intervention, Enforcement and Logistics Division (Earth-616)|S.H.I.E.L.D.]] and imprisoned inside [[Pleasant Hill]], a prison-town where its inmates had their minds and bodies tampered with by a sentient [[Cosmic Cube]] named [[Kobik (Earth-616)|Kobik]] to turn them into model citizens.Kraven lived a life as a zookeeper until [[Helmut Zemo (Earth-616)|Baron Zemo]]'s revolt freed him. When the search for Kobik proved futile, Kraven offered his services to Zemo, recruiting [[Norbert Ebersol (Earth-616)|Fixer]] and [[Peter Petruski (Earth-616)|Trapster]] in aiding him. Together, the trio made a trap disguised as a birthday party setting, designed with Kobik's childish appearance and personality in mind.{{r|Captain America: Sam Wilson Vol 1 8}} He and the other prisoners were eventually defeated by the [[Avengers (Earth-616)|Avengers]], [[Avengers Unity Division (Earth-616)|Avengers Unity Squad]], and agents from S.H.I.E.L.D.{{r|Avengers Standoff: Assault On Pleasant Hill Omega Vol 1 1}}
   
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At the start of [[Hydra (Earth-616)|Hydra]]'s [[Secret Empire|rise to power]], Kraven later joined Baron Zemo's [[Army of Evil (Earth-616)|Army of Evil]].{{r|Captain America: Steve Rogers Vol 1 13}} When Manhattan was covered by the [[:Glossary:Darkforce|Darkforce]] dome, Kraven the Hunter was seen inside heading to the Daily Bugle trying to find out Spider-Man's identity. [[Philip Sheldon (Earth-616)|Phil Sheldon]]'s daughter [[Jennie Sheldon (Earth-616)|Jennie Sheldon]] ran off to warn J. Jonah Jameson. Kraven the Hunter followed her to where J. Jonah Jameson was and soon struck him down. Using a flare gun, Jennie fired it into the sky which attracted the attention of [[Jessica Drew (Earth-616)|Spider-Woman]], who defeated Kraven the Hunter.{{r|Secret Empire: Brave New World Vol 1 3}}
==Trivia==
 
*
 
   
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At one point either before or after Hydra's takeover, Kraven returned to the [[Savage Land]] with the objective to take down dinosaur poachers. Kraven set his sights in one hunter in particular, the infamous [[Poachmaster General (Earth-616)|Poachmaster General]].{{r|Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 #22|23}} After Kraven defeated the Poachmaster, an [[Ultron (Oak Tree) (Earth-616)|Ultron T-Rex]] who was fighting Squirrel Girl stumbled into Kraven and took him hostage. Kraven attempted to convince Squirrel Girl to try to stop Ultron's plans to destroy the Savage Land despite the robot's threats to kill him if she interfered. Doreen managed to rescue Kraven, and he helped her rally dinosaurs to distract Ultron until she could insert a USB stick with a virus that shut it down.{{r|Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 24}}
   
  +
===Return to New York===
==Recommended Readings:==
 
  +
Kraven returned to New York City after hearing about news of [[Dinosaur-People (Earth-616)|Dinosaur-People]] lurking in the sewers.{{r|Venom Vol 1 155}} He began terrorizing the Dinosaur-People, and caught the attention of their protector, [[Edward Brock (Earth-616)|Venom]]. After fighting Venom,{{r|Venom Vol 1 156}} Kraven was officially endorsed by Mayor [[Wilson Fisk (Earth-616)|Wilson Fisk]] and Commissioner [[Chris Rafferty (Earth-616)|Chris Rafferty]] to hunt down the Dinosaur-People with help from a SWAT team. For his second encounter with Venom, Kraven brought [[Frances Barrison (Earth-616)|Shriek]], whose sonic powers weakened Venom, allowing Kraven and the SWAT team to approach the Dinosaur-People's lair and attack them.{{r|Venom Vol 1 157}} Having recovered with the help of [[Julia Fontana (Earth-616)|Tana]] and the [[Moloids]], Venom went into a feral state and attacked Kraven. Following the hunter's defeat, Tana convinced the SWAT team that her people were harmless, and they were left alone. Kraven the Hunter and Shriek were then arrested by the SWAT team.{{r|Venom Vol 1 158}}
*[[Amazing Spider-Man 15|Amazing Spider-Man #15]] - First Appearance; Teamed with the Chameleon to battle Spider-Man; Defeated and deported.
 
*[[Tales of Suspense 58|Tales of Suspense #58]]
 
*[[Amazing Spider-Man Annual 1|Amazing Spider-Man Annual #1]] - Battled Spider-Man as a member of the Sinister Six.
 
*[[Amazing Spider-Man 18|Amazing Spider-Man #18]] - Cameo Appearance
 
*[[Amazing Spider-Man 34|Amazing Spider-Man #34]]
 
*[[Amazing Spider-Man 47|Amazing Spider-Man #47]]
 
*[[Amazing Spider-Man 49|Amazing Spider-Man #49]]
 
*[[X-Men: The Hidden Years 16|X-Men: The Hidden Years #16]]
 
*[[X-Men: The Hidden Years 17|X-Men: The Hidden Years #17]]
 
*[[Astonishing Tales 1|Astonishing Tales #1]]
 
*[[Astonishing Tales 2|Astonishing Tales #2]]
 
*[[Amazing Spider-Man 103|Amazing Spider-Man #103]]
 
*[[Amazing Spider-Man 104|Amazing Spider-Man #104]]
 
*[[Amazing Spider-Man 110|Amazing Spider-Man #110]]
 
*[[Amazing Spider-Man 111|Amazing Spider-Man #111]]
 
*[[Amazing Spider-Man 294|Amazing Spider-Man #294]] - his suicide
 
   
  +
[[File:Venom Vol 1 157 Textless.jpg|thumb|right|Venom at the Hunter's mercy]]
  +
After regaining his freedom, Kraven traveled to the [[Amazon Jungle]] to defend the local fauna from poachers. Since she believed that Kraven was a good person deep inside, Squirrel Girl invited him to hang out with her civilian identity to sway him away from bad influences. Before taking part in a [[wikipedia:Escape room|escape room]], Doreen decided to reveal her secret identity to Kraven as a sign of trust even though he had already deduced it.{{r|Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 32}} The escape room turned into a series of deadly puzzles after its owner revealed himself to be the supervillain [[Mojo II (Mojoverse)|Mojo II]], whom Kraven, Squirrel Girl and his friends defeated in the end. Unfortunately, Kraven was sighted by police officers after leaving the escape room and he resisted arrest. Doreen tried to defend Kraven, but the situation escalated, and she was arrested as well together with her friends.{{r|Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 33}}
   
  +
[[File:Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 32 Textless.jpg|thumb|left|Kraven and Squirrel Girl]]
==Related Articles==
 
  +
Squirrel Girl became disillusioned after learning of Kraven's past records, but he convinced her he was trying to be a better person. Nonetheless, when Kraven, Doreen and her friends were put on trial, they were all found innocent except for Kraven. Lamenting that he failed to become a better person, Kraven tried to run away, but he was intercepted by Spider-Man.{{r|Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 34}} Squirrel Girl and her allies caught up to Kraven and convinced Spider-Man to let him go for the time being. Doreen offered Kraven to become her partner in crime-fighting so that he could clean his reputation, but he declined, arguing that he had to work on himself first. Before parting ways, Kraven ensured Squirrel Girl would hold him to the promise that he would try to be heroic again. Not long afterwards, Kraven would start dabbling in vigilantism, apprehending criminals and leaving them to the police under the sobriquet of the "Unhuntable Sergei."{{r|Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 35}}
*
 
   
  +
===The Great Hunt===
  +
When Kraven finished the preparations for the return of his children from their missions, he was surprised to receive only one of them. The [[Last Son of Kraven (Earth-616)|Last Son of Kraven]] had hunted down his brethren to prove that only he was worthy of their father. Despite his shock for his children's death, Kraven was overjoyed with the fruit of his labor, and recognized the survivor as his son. Kraven shared with him his discontent for the state of the jungle, razed by hunters and poachers, and made him part of his plan to fight them off.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 16}}
   
  +
Recruiting the services of [[Arcade (Earth-616)|Arcade]], Kraven sealed off [[Central Park]] and turned it into a hunting ground, providing a cadre of wealthy would-be hunters the opportunity to hunt down animal-themed supervillains who had been previously kidnapped by the mercenaries [[Tony Masters (Earth-616)|Taskmaster]] and [[Eric O'Grady (LMD) (Earth-616)|Black Ant]]. Kraven sought to make these criminals honor the souls of the animals whose identities they adopted by forcing them to survive being hunted.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 16}} To this end, Arcade provided Kraven's benefators an army of [[Hunterbot]]s, near-indestructible androids modeled after Kraven and controlled remotely by a virtual-reality headset wired to their brain.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 17}} Kraven also made it so the hunters couldn't take off the VR headset used to control the Hunterbots, and any damage made to their units recoiled on their bodies to the point of risking death, in order to teach them the true dangers of the hunt.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 20}}
==External Links==
 
* [http://www.spiderfan.org/characters/kraven.html Kraven at SpiderFan.org]
 
   
  +
Kraven also forced one last person into the conflict, Spider-Man, in an attempt to harden him and push the Wall-Crawler to kill him to free him from his curse. As the hunt raged between the Hunterbots and the villains, Kraven forced Spider-Man into a situation in which he needed to help Curt Connors let loose his alter-ego of the Lizard to save his son [[William Connors (Earth-616)|Billy]] from the clutches of the Last Son.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 21}} Afterwards, Kraven confronted Spider-Man in an effort to force him to abandon his ideals against killing, promising to shut down the Hunterbots, free the prisoners and ensure Billy's survival if Spider-Man murdered him. Spider-Man beat up Kraven and made him watch a video feed of the Lizard saving Billy without succumbing to his murderous instincts, also sparing the life of the Last Son, proving that compassion showed true strength of character.
   
  +
Coming to the realization that he was the kind of beast he was seeking to kill all along, Kraven called off the Great Hunt, freeing his prisoners and letting Spider-Man go. Embracing Spider-Man's nobility and ideals, Kraven donned Spider-Man's costume and intercepted his son to die in battle against him. Since his death was deliberate, therefore by his own hand, and he had "become" Spider-Man in spirit, the curse allowed Kraven to remain dead.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 22}} Kraven was buried in his estate, wearing Spider-Man's costume. He left his son a note in which he expressed his pride for him, and bestowed on him his name and alias, becoming himself Kraven the Hunter.{{r|Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 23}}
==References==
 
*
 
   
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| Powers = '''Chemical/Magical Enhancement:''' After Kraven ingested [[Calypso Ezili (Earth-616)|Calypso]]'s mythical potions, his physiology underwent several changes endowing him with superhuman physical attributes. The powers he gained put him 'on the top of the food chain' as they are even greater than those of Captain America, who is himself considered a pinnacle of human evolution. Kraven is better, stronger, faster and more cunning than any human, coupled with his skills, Kraven truly is a dangerous and deadly adversary.
  +
* '''''Superhuman Strength:''''' Kraven was superhumanly strong and was capable of lifting approximately 2 tons. However, due to his fighting experience, his strength is just enough to go toe-to-toe with the likes of Spider-Man.
  +
* '''''Superhuman Speed:''''' Kraven was capable of running and moving at speeds greater than even the finest human athlete. At his peak, Kraven could spring short distances at speeds up to 60 miles per hour.
  +
* '''''Superhuman Stamina:''''' Kraven's musculature produced less fatigue toxins during physical activity than the musculature of an ordinary human. He could exert himself at peak capacity for several hours before fatigue began to impair him.
  +
* '''''Superhuman Durability:''''' Though far from invulnerable, Kraven's body was somewhat tougher and more resistant to injury than the body of an ordinary human. He could withstand great impacts and blunt force trauma, such as being punched and kicked by Spider-Man, without injury.
  +
* '''''Superhuman Agility:''''' Kraven's agility, balance, and bodily coordination were enhanced to levels that were beyond the human body's natural limits. His agility and speed are enough to keep up and even catch up to Spider-Man.
  +
* '''''Superhuman Reflexes:''''' Kraven's reflexes and reaction time were enhanced to levels that were beyond the human body's natural limits.
  +
* '''''Extended Longevity:''''' Kraven's jungle potions drastically altered his natural aging process, causing him to age much slower than an ordinary human. Despite being in his 70's at the time of his death, Kraven had the physical appearance and vitality of 30 year old man.
  +
* '''''Enhanced Senses:''''' Even before ingesting the serum, Kraven had peak human senses but the ingestion seems to have enhanced them even further. He can see clearly over vast distances, but is still affected by darkness. His sense of hearing is also greatly improved and has very sensitive hearing. His smell is his strongest and most trained sense. Kraven is able to track prey by smell alone and can remember different scents and their owners, much like a dog.
   
  +
'''Immortality:''' Due to his resurrection being imbalanced, Kraven is in a state of immortality. Only Spider-Man is able to kill him, and if anyone attempts to, he will survive it. However, there is a loophole to this curse, as Kraven is able to die by donning the Spider-Man costume and embracing his ideals while allowing his son to kill him.
----
 
   
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| Abilities = '''Experienced Combatant:''' Kraven is a master of many armed and unarmed forms of combat and his skill is great enough to beat Spider-Man in one-on-one combat. He is also a expert knife fighter. His fighting style is very savage in nature and Kraven has developed a unique fighting style by fighting wild and vicious animals with his bare hands. His fighting skills are often enough to defeat Spider-Man in combat, a being with far greater strength than Kraven.
[[Category:Characters]]
 
  +
[[Category:Deceased Characters]]
 
  +
'''Weapon Specialist:''' He masters the usage of most melee weapons such as swords, knives, axes, staves and spears. However, due to his hunting experience, he is also skilled with ranged weaponry and has a remarkable skill with rifles and blow darts.
[[Category:Bad Characters]]
 
  +
[[Category:Male Characters]]
 
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'''Expert Marksman:''' Kraven used all sorts of ranged weaponry during his life and as a result he possesses great accuracy and skill with guns and throwing weapons and also blow darts. He rarely misses his target.
  +
  +
'''Master Tactician and Strategist:''' Kraven has a brilliant tactical mind and often deploys elaborate traps to surprise his foes. He makes excellent use of his taming skills by incorporating deadly predators into his schemes. Kraven's observatory skills are top-notch and he can patiently wait for hours just to find the perfect moment to strike. His plots allowed him to outsmart and kidnap the likes of Spider-Man and even Venom. He recently used his tactical skills to haunt the new Scarlet Spider (Kaine) while disguised as Ben Reilly.
  +
  +
'''Master Hunter and Tracker:''' Kraven was and still is one of Earth's best hunters. He possesses astonishing tracking abilities and is even able to track Spider-Man across rooftops. Furthermore he can pick up his prey's trail from meager details in the area. He also has vast hunting experience, knowing many special hunting methods and animal specific habits. He also developed techniques to track and hunt superpowered individuals like Spider-Man without their notice.
  +
  +
'''Medical Knowledge:''' He is very familiar with medicine and with exotic poisons, drugs, plants, tranquilizers and their effect on both animal and human anatomy. He has amassed a great knowledge about animal biology and has moderate knowledge about human anatomy as well.
  +
  +
'''Master Animal Tamer:''' Kraven can subdue and train almost any animal. Animals he has trained show fearless loyalty to Kraven and follow his orders almost perfectly. He is able to train two animals and then command them in unison and with flawless synchronization. Due to this skill, most people think he uses some sort of mind control.
  +
  +
'''Minor Occult Knowledge:''' During Kraven's travels throughout the world, he came into contact with numerous tribes and civilizations. Thus he witnessed many of their rituals and has minor skills in their performance. He was able to recreate the Calypso serum for himself and his family.
  +
  +
| Strength = While empowered by his mystic potions, Kraven could press lift 2 tons.
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| Weaknesses =
  +
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| Equipment = [[Kraven's Lion's Head Vest]], Traps
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| Transportation = [[Kra-Van]]
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| Weapons = Used various weaponry such as darts, spears, swords, axes, knives, staves, nets, whips, poisons, and gases.
  +
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| Notes =
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| Trivia = * Kraven is card #15 of 4522 in Deadpool's Guide to Super Villains.{{r|Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 1 1}}
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| Marvel =
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| Wikipedia =
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| Links = * [http://www.spiderfan.org/characters/kraven.html Kraven at SpiderFan.org]
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}}
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[[Category:Kravinoff Family]]
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[[Category:Suicide]]
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[[Category:Immortals]]
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[[Category:Undead]]
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[[Category:Calypso Serum]]
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[[Category:Strategists]]
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[[Category:Weapons Expert]]
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[[Category:Thrown Weapons]]
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[[Category:Trackers]]
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[[Category:Soviets]]
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[[Category:Hyperosmia]]
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[[Category:Superhuman Stamina]]
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[[Category:Superhuman Agility]]
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[[Category:Superhuman Reflexes]]
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[[Category:Advanced Longevity]]
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[[Category:Tattoos]]

Latest revision as of 20:12, September 20, 2020



Quote1 I need to sharpen my stalking skills... if Kraven is to hunt again!! Quote2
-- Kraven the Hunter src
 

Early Life

Sergei Kravinoff (Earth-616) from Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 209 001

Sergei Kravinoff (Russian: Сергей Кравинов) was born and raised in Volgograd, Russia in the early half of the 20th Century during the time of the Russian Revolution. Born into an aristocracy that had come to an end, also known as "Kraven the Hunter", became one of the world's greatest hunters to fulfill his sense of lost nobility.[9]

Kravinoff found he had a great talent after finding employment in Kenya, Africa. Kravinoff began his career using the typical tools of the hunter but over time he developed a preference to take down large animals with his bare hands. After meeting a Voodoo witch doctor named Calypso, Kravinoff took a herbal potion which enhanced his physical powers give him the strength, speed and senses to match a jungle cat. The potion also extended his life keeping his health and vitality for years to come.[citation needed]

Avengers 1959

Kraven was approached by Nick Fury while relaxing with his then-girlfriend, Namora, on a private beach on the Emerald Coast of Florida in 1959. Fury wanted the pair to join his black ops team code-named the Avengers. During this meeting it was revealed that Kraven and fellow recruit Victor Creed had previously met in Africa, prompting Kraven to shoot the mutant in the chest. Creed quickly recovered due to his healing factor and Fury told the pair to put aside any differences between them if they wanted to be part of his team, which they agreed to do.[10] These new Avengers then traveled to Helsingborg, Sweden, where the Red Skull and his newly formed Fourth Reich were trying to create a new Super-Soldier formula. The group gained entry to the Skull's castle headquarters by hijacking a truck and hiding in the back while the Silver Sable drove. When the truck's doors were opened the operatives opened fire on the unprepared Nazi guards. While searching for the Red Skull, the group came across a Nazi Captain America impostor.[11] Kraven was ordered to continue hunting for the Skull while many of the other group members stayed to deal with the super-soldier. Kraven found the Red Skull and fired at him with his sniper rifle, but shot the soldier standing to the Skull's right. The hunter couldn't believe that he missed a target like the Red Skull's big red head. To compound things, he then accidentally shot Sabretooth as he pounced on the Skull, temporarily taking him out of the fight.[12] After Namora captured the Skull, Nick Fury took his briefcase and told the rest of the group he would meet up with them later before disappearing for over a month.[13]

New Avengers Vol 2 10 Textless

The 1950s Avengers

When he reappeared in Autumn of that year, Fury gathered the team together at the Stork Club in New York City to celebrate a job well done. During the dinner, Kraven and Sabretooth resumed their rivalry once more, with Kraven shooting him in the face before he was berated by Namora. After the meal, the members each went their separate ways with Kraven and Namora heading to their houseboat docked in the 96th Street Boat Basin. Here the pair continued their argument over Sergei's behavior and were just able to make up when their boat came under attack by a submarine bearing a skull-shaped blazon on it. Kraven was able to destroy the sub by shooting a large amount of ammo crates on his own boat.[14]

Fury soon reassembled his team after realizing that many of their members had come under similar attacks. The enigmatic Powell McTeague then used his magical abilities to teleport Kraven, Namora, Dominic Fortune and Sabretooth aboard a ship in the South China Seas which was under the command of Nazi superhumans Baron Blood and Brain Drain.[15] Before the Avengers were able to capture them, however, the villains were teleported away, leaving nothing but a fiery skull symbol burned into the deck of the boat behind. While still on the Nazi vessel, which was being piloted by McTeague's magic, the group next came to the aid of Nick Fury and the Blonde Phantom who were traveling to Madripoor by boat and were attacked by the Ubermadchen.[16] The Avengers quickly overpowered the women and questioned them before allowing Sabretooth to kill them and continuing on to Madripoor. Here they learned more about their shadowy foes and staged an attack on their mansion headquarters, capturing their strategist Innsbruck the Planner. From him they learned that the organization's name was ICON and their next target was the scientifically futuristic nation of Wakanda.[17] The Avengers were able to arrive there in time to stop ICON's attack on the nation. During the ensuing struggle, Kraven fought Doctorangutan, subduing the orangutan by shoving a taser wand in his mouth and activating it. The group were then teleported to Washington, D.C. to apprehend ICON's leader, Geoffrey Sydenham. In this final struggle, Kraven was able to take down Baron Blood by hurling a wooden javelin tipped with a silver blade through the vampire's heart. After ICON had been dismantled, the Avengers again each went their separate ways, with Kraven wanting to join his father in Key West , as the marlin were apparently biting. The irony of going on a fishing expedition alongside Namora was apparently lost on Kraven.[18]

Targeting Spider-Man

At some point the notion of big game hunting began to bore the hunter, so his associate (later revealed to be his half-brother) proposed to Kraven that he hunt Spider-Man, and thus gave Kraven new purpose in life. Kraven gained powers by drinking rare and exotic jungle elixirs given to him by his voodoo priestess lover -- Calypso. These elixirs gave him the strength and speed of a savage beast, all the better to catch Spider-Man with. Despite being assisted by the Chameleon, his scheme failed and he was deported from the U.S.[19] He returned soon, however, first alongside the Chameleon (where he was caught by Iron Man).[20]

Sinister Six (Earth-616) from Amazing Spider-Man Annual Vol 1 1 0001

As a member of The Sinister Six (far Right)

Unable to best the wall-crawler on his own, Kraven sought strength in numbers. Early in his career, he and five other members of Spider-Man's rogues gallery united under the leadership of Doctor Octopus -- brilliant, respected scientist turned tentacled terror. The inaugural incarnation of the Sinister Six also included the shifty Sandman; the illusion-casting Mysterio; the high-flying, lowdown Vulture; and Electro. The villains' master plan: pummel the wall-crawler one by one until one of them would manage to defeat him. The outcome: Spidey, 6; bad guys, 0.[21]

Shortly afterwards, Kraven was contracted by the Green Goblin into killing Spider-Man. But upon reading of the Goblin's apparent demise, he set out to find out Spider-Man's weaknesses by manipulating a few of his comrades into attacking the Wall-Crawler: the behemoth known as Rhino; the carnivorous, cold-blooded Lizard; the original Vulture and his rival, Raniero "Blackie" Drago.[22]

When he kidnapped Dr. David Malraux who had developed a psychomotor response procedure by which Kraven hoped to increase his neural responses, he clashed with and was defeated by Tigra.[23] Unlike other hunters, he typically disdained the use of guns or bow and arrows preferring to take down large dangerous animals with his bare hands even though he often made elaborate preparations to weaken a quarry before hand. He also used a mystical serum to increase his strength to superhuman levels, but even without the serum he was a threat to the wall-crawler. However, Kraven's continual underestimation of the superhero's resourcefulness made him a frustrating quarry.[24]

Last Hunt

As time passed, his aggravation, combined with his inability to run the superhero down, further destroyed Kraven's sanity. A time ago, he faced Deadpool, who was in possession of the Venom symbiote, confusing the merc with a mouth with Spider-Man. When Kraven realized that wasn't Spider-Man, the alien gained control over deadpool's body and suggested the hunter to use a gun next time.[7] Driven by this idea, he hatched a scheme that actually defeated Spider-Man, and seemingly and uncharacteristically shot him. Considering his enemy effectively dead, Kraven buried him alive. After this, Kraven donned a copy of Spider-Man's costume and sought to prove that he was superior at his enemy's activities. He brutally attacked and beat up criminals, culminating in 15 men in the hospital and one killed. He single-handed captured a minor super villain, Vermin, whom Spider-Man needed the help of Captain America to defeat. After that triumph, Spider-Man was soon revived from the tranquilizer dart he was actually shot with and dug his way out of the grave. Kraven greeted him and explained that he had made his point about defeating his enemy. Then he released Vermin and told Spider-Man to pursue him. Convinced he had finally regained his honor, the deranged Kraven left a note for the police confessing that he impersonated Spider-Man and took his own life.[25]

After Kraven died, the Chameleon was revealed to be Dmitri Smerdyakov, Kraven's half-brother, personal servant, and the victim of Kraven's abuse, and yet, according to Smerdyakov, the two were best friends nonetheless.[9] Kraven was temporarily resurrected and used as a soldier by a mysterious villain.[26]

The Grim Hunt

Kraven's family, headed up by his wife Sasha Kravinoff, began facilitating the return of Spider-Man's villains to wear him off while also hunting down other spider-themed people, including Madame Web and Mattie Franklin, as part of a plan to resurrect Kraven and restore the glory of the Kravinoffs. In the process, they sacrificed Franklin in a ritual to return Vladimir to life as a humanoid lion-like creature.[27]

When the Kravinoffs caught Spider-Man in a trap at their New York estate where Kraven had been buried,[2] his clone Kaine managed to take him off the table and steal his costume and impersonated him to confront the Kravinoffs on his behalf.[28] Kaine was killed by the Kravinoffs and his body was used in a ritual to bring Kraven back to life.[2] Kraven was disgruntled with his family for returning him, a sentiment exacerbated when he found out that Kaine had taken Spider-Man's place, and his had corrupted the ritual, cursing Kraven to become unable to die unless it was by the hand of Spider-Man.[28] Spider-Man then attacked the estate to save the kidnapped spider-people and kill Kraven, but was convinced otherwise by a vision of a dark future shared with him by Arachne, who had been passed down Madame Web's precognitive powers. After Spider-Man refused to kill Kraven despite his pleas, the Kravinoffs escaped.

Kraven took his family to the Savage Land, where the hunter wanted his family to be hardened by the jungle to earn the name of Kravinoff. He killed Sasha when she objected, and then murdered Vladimir out of pity for his return to life. Ana agreed to Kraven's terms, and hunted down Alyosha, who attempted to walk away.[29] While in the Savage Land, Kraven came across Agent Venom and attacked, believing that the Venom symbiote, which he regarded as Spider-Man's dark spirit, would be able to end his curse. Upon learning his opponent was handicapped, Kraven was outraged and attempted to kill Flash outright to assuage his honor, but was carried away by a giant bat.[30]

Kraven next appeared in the Pacific northwest of the United States, tracking the Hulk. He actually managed to subdue the behemoth long enough to explain his reason for attacking him. Sergei wanted to die and he wanted the Hulk to bring him Spider-Man to do the killing. In return, he would help Hulk find the hidden City of Sasquatches, thinking that Hulk knew what it was that Banner was looking for. Hulk didn't care about the city but did hate that Kraven slowly murdered a Bigfoot, making its nearby kin respond to its screams of pain. The enraged Sasquatches took Hulk captive and Kraven rescued his "partner" from their city by threatening to kill one of the few remaining Bigfoot cubs. Hulk responded by punching him far out of the city.[31]

Turn of Leaf

Sergei Kravinoff (Earth-616) as Scarlet Spider 002

As Scarlet Spider

Shortly after Kraven revived, so did Kaine. Following events in which his degeneration was cured, Kaine started a new life in Houston as the new Scarlet Spider. But he was followed by Kraven, who wanted his death at the hands of Kaine to break the curse which didn't let him die.[32] Kaine was confronted by Kraven, who began to torture him while dressed as Ben Reilly.[5] With the help of Ana, Kraven kidnapped Kaine's friends in order to motivate the Scarlet Spider fight him. In the end, Kaine delivered Kraven a fatal blow in the chest, which paralyzed his heart, but using the same attack, Kaine brought him back to life, hoping that would break the curse. Following the fight, both Kravens disappeared.[33]

Deciding that he wanted heirs in his own image, Kraven approached the High Evolutionary, and had him create eighty-seven perfect clones, designed to age into adulthood at an accelerated rate. When Ana learned of Kraven's plan, she renounced the Kravinoff name and abandoned her father. During his children's quick growth, Kraven trained and raised them, feeling love and pride for them. When they reached adulthood, Kraven sent his children on individual journeys of hunt to prove themselves worthy of his name. During their quest, Kraven set out to rebuild his fortune and reclaim his territories.[34]

Some time later while patrolling Manhattan, Kraven entered into conflict with the superhero Squirrel Girl after attacking one of her squirrels, Tippy-Toe. Since Kraven remained obsessed with hunting down Spider-Man, Doreen suggested he tried to take down Atlantean beasts.[35] Since hunting underwater required expensive gear, Kraven sought to raise funds by hunting in the employ of others, namely a sports hunter named Shannon Sugarbaker. He crossed paths with Squirrel Girl again when he kidnapped Howard the Duck. Shannon turned on Kraven after he refused to attack Squirrel Girl when the young hero infiltrated her mansion to rescue Howard.[36] Kraven joined forces with Squirrel Girl, Howard, and other people he had captured on Sugarbaker's behalf to survive her hunting grounds and ultimately take her down. This episode prompted Kraven to re-evaluate his life, and he decided to become a hunter of hunters.[37]

The Army of Evil

Not long afterwards, Kraven was captured by S.H.I.E.L.D. and imprisoned inside Pleasant Hill, a prison-town where its inmates had their minds and bodies tampered with by a sentient Cosmic Cube named Kobik to turn them into model citizens.Kraven lived a life as a zookeeper until Baron Zemo's revolt freed him. When the search for Kobik proved futile, Kraven offered his services to Zemo, recruiting Fixer and Trapster in aiding him. Together, the trio made a trap disguised as a birthday party setting, designed with Kobik's childish appearance and personality in mind.[38] He and the other prisoners were eventually defeated by the Avengers, Avengers Unity Squad, and agents from S.H.I.E.L.D.[39]

At the start of Hydra's rise to power, Kraven later joined Baron Zemo's Army of Evil.[40] When Manhattan was covered by the Darkforce dome, Kraven the Hunter was seen inside heading to the Daily Bugle trying to find out Spider-Man's identity. Phil Sheldon's daughter Jennie Sheldon ran off to warn J. Jonah Jameson. Kraven the Hunter followed her to where J. Jonah Jameson was and soon struck him down. Using a flare gun, Jennie fired it into the sky which attracted the attention of Spider-Woman, who defeated Kraven the Hunter.[41]

At one point either before or after Hydra's takeover, Kraven returned to the Savage Land with the objective to take down dinosaur poachers. Kraven set his sights in one hunter in particular, the infamous Poachmaster General.[42] After Kraven defeated the Poachmaster, an Ultron T-Rex who was fighting Squirrel Girl stumbled into Kraven and took him hostage. Kraven attempted to convince Squirrel Girl to try to stop Ultron's plans to destroy the Savage Land despite the robot's threats to kill him if she interfered. Doreen managed to rescue Kraven, and he helped her rally dinosaurs to distract Ultron until she could insert a USB stick with a virus that shut it down.[43]

Return to New York

Kraven returned to New York City after hearing about news of Dinosaur-People lurking in the sewers.[44] He began terrorizing the Dinosaur-People, and caught the attention of their protector, Venom. After fighting Venom,[45] Kraven was officially endorsed by Mayor Wilson Fisk and Commissioner Chris Rafferty to hunt down the Dinosaur-People with help from a SWAT team. For his second encounter with Venom, Kraven brought Shriek, whose sonic powers weakened Venom, allowing Kraven and the SWAT team to approach the Dinosaur-People's lair and attack them.[46] Having recovered with the help of Tana and the Moloids, Venom went into a feral state and attacked Kraven. Following the hunter's defeat, Tana convinced the SWAT team that her people were harmless, and they were left alone. Kraven the Hunter and Shriek were then arrested by the SWAT team.[47]

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Venom at the Hunter's mercy

After regaining his freedom, Kraven traveled to the Amazon Jungle to defend the local fauna from poachers. Since she believed that Kraven was a good person deep inside, Squirrel Girl invited him to hang out with her civilian identity to sway him away from bad influences. Before taking part in a escape room, Doreen decided to reveal her secret identity to Kraven as a sign of trust even though he had already deduced it.[4] The escape room turned into a series of deadly puzzles after its owner revealed himself to be the supervillain Mojo II, whom Kraven, Squirrel Girl and his friends defeated in the end. Unfortunately, Kraven was sighted by police officers after leaving the escape room and he resisted arrest. Doreen tried to defend Kraven, but the situation escalated, and she was arrested as well together with her friends.[48]

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Kraven and Squirrel Girl

Squirrel Girl became disillusioned after learning of Kraven's past records, but he convinced her he was trying to be a better person. Nonetheless, when Kraven, Doreen and her friends were put on trial, they were all found innocent except for Kraven. Lamenting that he failed to become a better person, Kraven tried to run away, but he was intercepted by Spider-Man.[49] Squirrel Girl and her allies caught up to Kraven and convinced Spider-Man to let him go for the time being. Doreen offered Kraven to become her partner in crime-fighting so that he could clean his reputation, but he declined, arguing that he had to work on himself first. Before parting ways, Kraven ensured Squirrel Girl would hold him to the promise that he would try to be heroic again. Not long afterwards, Kraven would start dabbling in vigilantism, apprehending criminals and leaving them to the police under the sobriquet of the "Unhuntable Sergei."[6]

The Great Hunt

When Kraven finished the preparations for the return of his children from their missions, he was surprised to receive only one of them. The Last Son of Kraven had hunted down his brethren to prove that only he was worthy of their father. Despite his shock for his children's death, Kraven was overjoyed with the fruit of his labor, and recognized the survivor as his son. Kraven shared with him his discontent for the state of the jungle, razed by hunters and poachers, and made him part of his plan to fight them off.[34]

Recruiting the services of Arcade, Kraven sealed off Central Park and turned it into a hunting ground, providing a cadre of wealthy would-be hunters the opportunity to hunt down animal-themed supervillains who had been previously kidnapped by the mercenaries Taskmaster and Black Ant. Kraven sought to make these criminals honor the souls of the animals whose identities they adopted by forcing them to survive being hunted.[34] To this end, Arcade provided Kraven's benefators an army of Hunterbots, near-indestructible androids modeled after Kraven and controlled remotely by a virtual-reality headset wired to their brain.[1] Kraven also made it so the hunters couldn't take off the VR headset used to control the Hunterbots, and any damage made to their units recoiled on their bodies to the point of risking death, in order to teach them the true dangers of the hunt.[50]

Kraven also forced one last person into the conflict, Spider-Man, in an attempt to harden him and push the Wall-Crawler to kill him to free him from his curse. As the hunt raged between the Hunterbots and the villains, Kraven forced Spider-Man into a situation in which he needed to help Curt Connors let loose his alter-ego of the Lizard to save his son Billy from the clutches of the Last Son.[51] Afterwards, Kraven confronted Spider-Man in an effort to force him to abandon his ideals against killing, promising to shut down the Hunterbots, free the prisoners and ensure Billy's survival if Spider-Man murdered him. Spider-Man beat up Kraven and made him watch a video feed of the Lizard saving Billy without succumbing to his murderous instincts, also sparing the life of the Last Son, proving that compassion showed true strength of character.

Coming to the realization that he was the kind of beast he was seeking to kill all along, Kraven called off the Great Hunt, freeing his prisoners and letting Spider-Man go. Embracing Spider-Man's nobility and ideals, Kraven donned Spider-Man's costume and intercepted his son to die in battle against him. Since his death was deliberate, therefore by his own hand, and he had "become" Spider-Man in spirit, the curse allowed Kraven to remain dead.[8] Kraven was buried in his estate, wearing Spider-Man's costume. He left his son a note in which he expressed his pride for him, and bestowed on him his name and alias, becoming himself Kraven the Hunter.[52]

Powers

Chemical/Magical Enhancement: After Kraven ingested Calypso's mythical potions, his physiology underwent several changes endowing him with superhuman physical attributes. The powers he gained put him 'on the top of the food chain' as they are even greater than those of Captain America, who is himself considered a pinnacle of human evolution. Kraven is better, stronger, faster and more cunning than any human, coupled with his skills, Kraven truly is a dangerous and deadly adversary.

  • Superhuman Strength: Kraven was superhumanly strong and was capable of lifting approximately 2 tons. However, due to his fighting experience, his strength is just enough to go toe-to-toe with the likes of Spider-Man.
  • Superhuman Speed: Kraven was capable of running and moving at speeds greater than even the finest human athlete. At his peak, Kraven could spring short distances at speeds up to 60 miles per hour.
  • Superhuman Stamina: Kraven's musculature produced less fatigue toxins during physical activity than the musculature of an ordinary human. He could exert himself at peak capacity for several hours before fatigue began to impair him.
  • Superhuman Durability: Though far from invulnerable, Kraven's body was somewhat tougher and more resistant to injury than the body of an ordinary human. He could withstand great impacts and blunt force trauma, such as being punched and kicked by Spider-Man, without injury.
  • Superhuman Agility: Kraven's agility, balance, and bodily coordination were enhanced to levels that were beyond the human body's natural limits. His agility and speed are enough to keep up and even catch up to Spider-Man.
  • Superhuman Reflexes: Kraven's reflexes and reaction time were enhanced to levels that were beyond the human body's natural limits.
  • Extended Longevity: Kraven's jungle potions drastically altered his natural aging process, causing him to age much slower than an ordinary human. Despite being in his 70's at the time of his death, Kraven had the physical appearance and vitality of 30 year old man.
  • Enhanced Senses: Even before ingesting the serum, Kraven had peak human senses but the ingestion seems to have enhanced them even further. He can see clearly over vast distances, but is still affected by darkness. His sense of hearing is also greatly improved and has very sensitive hearing. His smell is his strongest and most trained sense. Kraven is able to track prey by smell alone and can remember different scents and their owners, much like a dog.

Immortality: Due to his resurrection being imbalanced, Kraven is in a state of immortality. Only Spider-Man is able to kill him, and if anyone attempts to, he will survive it. However, there is a loophole to this curse, as Kraven is able to die by donning the Spider-Man costume and embracing his ideals while allowing his son to kill him.

Abilities

Experienced Combatant: Kraven is a master of many armed and unarmed forms of combat and his skill is great enough to beat Spider-Man in one-on-one combat. He is also a expert knife fighter. His fighting style is very savage in nature and Kraven has developed a unique fighting style by fighting wild and vicious animals with his bare hands. His fighting skills are often enough to defeat Spider-Man in combat, a being with far greater strength than Kraven.

Weapon Specialist: He masters the usage of most melee weapons such as swords, knives, axes, staves and spears. However, due to his hunting experience, he is also skilled with ranged weaponry and has a remarkable skill with rifles and blow darts.

Expert Marksman: Kraven used all sorts of ranged weaponry during his life and as a result he possesses great accuracy and skill with guns and throwing weapons and also blow darts. He rarely misses his target.

Master Tactician and Strategist: Kraven has a brilliant tactical mind and often deploys elaborate traps to surprise his foes. He makes excellent use of his taming skills by incorporating deadly predators into his schemes. Kraven's observatory skills are top-notch and he can patiently wait for hours just to find the perfect moment to strike. His plots allowed him to outsmart and kidnap the likes of Spider-Man and even Venom. He recently used his tactical skills to haunt the new Scarlet Spider (Kaine) while disguised as Ben Reilly.

Master Hunter and Tracker: Kraven was and still is one of Earth's best hunters. He possesses astonishing tracking abilities and is even able to track Spider-Man across rooftops. Furthermore he can pick up his prey's trail from meager details in the area. He also has vast hunting experience, knowing many special hunting methods and animal specific habits. He also developed techniques to track and hunt superpowered individuals like Spider-Man without their notice.

Medical Knowledge: He is very familiar with medicine and with exotic poisons, drugs, plants, tranquilizers and their effect on both animal and human anatomy. He has amassed a great knowledge about animal biology and has moderate knowledge about human anatomy as well.

Master Animal Tamer: Kraven can subdue and train almost any animal. Animals he has trained show fearless loyalty to Kraven and follow his orders almost perfectly. He is able to train two animals and then command them in unison and with flawless synchronization. Due to this skill, most people think he uses some sort of mind control.

Minor Occult Knowledge: During Kraven's travels throughout the world, he came into contact with numerous tribes and civilizations. Thus he witnessed many of their rituals and has minor skills in their performance. He was able to recreate the Calypso serum for himself and his family.

Strength level

While empowered by his mystic potions, Kraven could press lift 2 tons.

Equipment

Kraven's Lion's Head Vest, Traps

Transportation

Kra-Van

Weapons

Used various weaponry such as darts, spears, swords, axes, knives, staves, nets, whips, poisons, and gases.

  • Kraven is card #15 of 4522 in Deadpool's Guide to Super Villains.[35]

Discover and Discuss

Footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 #17
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Amazing Spider-Man #635
  3. 3.0 3.1 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Spider-Man: Back in Black #1
  4. 4.0 4.1 Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 #32
  5. 5.0 5.1 Scarlet Spider Vol 2 #21
  6. 6.0 6.1 Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 #35
  7. 7.0 7.1 Deadpool: Back in Black #4
  8. 8.0 8.1 Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 #22
  9. 9.0 9.1 Amazing Spider-Man #389
  10. New Avengers Vol 2 #10
  11. New Avengers Vol 2 #11
  12. New Avengers Vol 2 #12
  13. New Avengers Vol 2 #13
  14. Avengers 1959 #1
  15. Avengers 1959 #2
  16. Avengers 1959 #3
  17. Avengers 1959 #4
  18. Avengers 1959 #5
  19. Amazing Spider-Man #15
  20. Tales of Suspense #58
  21. Amazing Spider-Man Annual #1
  22. Spider-Man: Blue Vol 1
  23. Marvel Chillers #4
  24. Amazing Spider-Man #209
  25. Amazing Spider-Man #294
  26. X-Statix Presents: Dead Girl #1
  27. Amazing Spider-Man #634
  28. 28.0 28.1 Amazing Spider-Man #636
  29. Amazing Spider-Man #637
  30. Venom Vol 2 #2
  31. Incredible Hulk Vol 3 #10-11
  32. Scarlet Spider Vol 2 #16
  33. Scarlet Spider Vol 2 #23
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 #16
  35. 35.0 35.1 Unbeatable Squirrel Girl #1
  36. Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 #6
  37. Howard the Duck Vol 6 #6
  38. Captain America: Sam Wilson #8
  39. Avengers Standoff: Assault On Pleasant Hill Omega #1
  40. Captain America: Steve Rogers #13
  41. Secret Empire: Brave New World #3
  42. Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 #22-23
  43. Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 #24
  44. Venom #155
  45. Venom #156
  46. Venom #157
  47. Venom #158
  48. Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 #33
  49. Unbeatable Squirrel Girl Vol 2 #34
  50. Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 #20
  51. Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 #21
  52. Amazing Spider-Man Vol 5 #23
  53. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Spider-Man: Back in Black #1
  54. Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Spider-Man: Back in Black #1



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