In 1937, the mutant adventurer Logan and his friend Eugene Judd assisted in the Spanish resistance. They battled alongside writer Ernest Hemingway. This battle was briefly relived by the two heroes future selves who were transported into the past along with Wolverine's foe Lady Deathstrike who attempted to assist NaziCaptain Horst Schlachter in stopping the resistance fighters. Ultimately this plot was foiled and the future Logan and Puck were returned to their own time along with Lady Deathstrike.
American Playboy Dan Kane adopted the masked identity of "Captain Terror" to battle against the fascist forces. With the success of General Franco's side, Captain Terror allowed the fascists to believe he had been killed, and returned to the United States.
In 1939, Franco's Nationalists took control of Spain.
Despite the fascist and Nazi support, Franco remained neutral during World War II. Franco restored the monarchy in 1969, and the country became a constitutional monarchy after his death in 1975.