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Quote1 Been to many worlds, but none of them this strange. Understood feelings before, but simple feelings - like colors, bold and bright. Happy. Sad. Angry. Then... met Spider-Man. Feelings got complicated. Learned guilt. Also the first time I felt fear. Felt agony. Learned feeling: Betrayal. Learned first words they called me. Monster. Parasite. Bad.[...] Feels good to be a hero. Did bad things, too. Can't deny. Mac Gargan was bad. Thoughts like poison stingers. It was a thrill to kill. Knew it was bad. Didn't care. Gargan made it easy. Got to punish Gargan for what he did. He was evil and afraid. Lee Price was not afraid. He was a soldier. Hurt and desperate. I trusted him. Talked to him. But Lee was too strong. Didn't want to talk. Didn't want to be a hero. Wanted power. Couldn't stop the bad things he was doing. Lee was bad. Hurt me. Eddie hurts me too, sometimes, but Eddie is different. Eddie never means to.[...] if Eddie is good, why do we disagree? if disagree... am I a monster? parasite? bad? can't be bad. Wasn't bad with Flash. Fought with heroes. Was a hero. Trained another symbiote. Got to learn. Got to teach. Flash called me partner. Was never afraid like Spider-Man. But Flash is gone... and heroes don't hide. Not from anything... especially their mistakes. Quote2
-- Venom Symbiote src
 
Knull (Earth-616) and Klyntar (Race) from Venom Vol 4 4

The birth of Venom's species.

Origins

The symbiote that later became known as Venom was created by the dark elder god Knull on a desolate, nameless planet;[5][6] where it saved a group of newborn baby rodentoid aliens by bonding to them and transforming them into apex predators.[7]

After the symbiotes were freed from Knull's control and formed themselves into the Klyntar,[5] most of the symbiote's memories were presumably altered or erased,[8] as it later believed itself to be the 998th generation of a lineage of symbiotes born on the planet Klyntar,[9] hatched from a clutch of eggs in a cavern.[8] Ostracized by its brethren for unknown reasons, the symbiote was discovered by Kree explorers, who speculated it was being shunned due to cognitive defects and decided to harvest it for further study. The symbiote was eventually bonded to a soldier named Tel-Kar, and underwent months of training alongside him before they were dispatched to fight in the Kree-Skrull War, acting as a deep-cover spy, saboteur, and assassin. When Tel-Kar broke cover to rescue a ship of Kree refugees, he separated from the symbiote and erased its memories of him in case it was captured. Tel-Kar instructed the leader of the refugees to take the symbiote to Hala, but the refugees abandoned it to be marooned on a planet when their ship crash-landed.[10]

Venom (Klyntar) (Earth-616) and his Original Host from Venom Space Knight Vol 1 12 0001

Venom's genocidal "first" host.

At some point, the symbiote bonded to an alien native to an icy world - who it later recalled as its first host - believing him to be a noble warrior and worthy host. In reality, the warrior used the symbiote to carry out a genocide against his homeworld, twisting it into a predatory and hate-filled being addicted to rage.[11] The alien arms-dealer Haze Mancer claimed to have captured the symbiote at some point, dosing it with chemicals to further amplify its aggression and bloodlust; but it lacked recollection of these events.[12] Despite these experiences, rather than seeking to dominate its subsequent hosts, the Klyntar desired to bond with and protect them.[7][13] As a result, it was eventually imprisoned by its malevolent brethren, who considered it an aberration and feared it would contaminate the gene pool.[14] This prison was later inadvertently incorporated into the makeup of Battleworld by the Beyonder.[15]

Secret Wars

The symbiote’s first human host was Deadpool, who came across its prison while on Battleworld and - hoping for a makeover - wore the creature for a few minutes before realizing it was alive and interfacing with his mind. Concerned that his insanity would adversely affect it, Deadpool returned the symbiote to its prison moments before the arrival of Spider-Man, whose own suit had been damaged in the battle happening outside. Spider-Man found the prison module the symbiote had been trapped in and activated the machine, which released the symbiote in the form of a black sphere. When Spider-Man touched the symbiote, it covered his body and formed into a black-and-white costume with large white spider-emblems on its chest and back derived from Knull's dragon emblem,[16] though Spider-Man assumed it had been reacting to his thoughts about the outfit worn by the second Spider-Woman. Interfacing with its new host's genome, the symbiote imprinted Peter Parker's spider-powers into itself, developing the abilities to adhere to surfaces and to project its constituent matter into a seemingly inexhaustible supply of stronger organic webbing.[17][18]

Peter Parker (Earth-616) with Venom (Symbiote) (Earth-616) for the first time

Bonding with Spider-Man

Playing Superhero

Once back on Earth, the symbiote was initially content to play the part of a sophisticated costume capable of shapeshifting into civilian clothes; helping Spider-Man fight crime by augmenting his abilities.[19][20] Feeding off Peter's desire to be a hero and protect those weaker than himself, the symbiote began taking over his body while he slept to fight crime, though it resolved to discontinue this when it realized it was harming him.[21][22] However, its desire to permanently bond to him made it increasingly reluctant to separate itself from him even for short periods. Confused as to why he was constantly exhausted and increasingly unnerved by his new costume's autonomy, Spider-Man took it to the Fantastic Four for analysis on the advice of his girlfriend, Black Cat. Upon learning the "black suit" was not only alive but sentient, and wished to permanently bond with him, Peter rejected it out of shock and disgust. With the aid of Mr. Fantastic and the Human Torch, Spider-Man discovered the symbiote was vulnerable to sound and intense heat, and he used sonic waves to remove it and flames to scare it into a containment module.[23] The symbiote escaped briefly with the help of Kristoff Vernard and possessed Mr. Fantastic in order of take revenge against Spider-Man; later trying to possess a stronger body, attacking the Baxter Building and possessing the Invisible Woman before possessing Franklin Richards. Franklin rejected the symbiote with the help of Spider-Man and Reed, and it was imprisoned again.[24]

Angered at having been rejected and imprisoned, the symbiote escaped and took over a tourist named Leonard Elkhart, using him to make its way back to Peter's closet, where it disguised itself as a spare red and blue uniform. When the Vulturions attacked, the symbiote revealed itself and attempted to forcibly bond to Spider-Man, who fled to the bell tower of the Our Lady of Saints Church. The bells rang to sound the hour, which - coupled with Spider-Man's rejection of it - weakened the alien and forced it to relinquish its hold on him. The symbiote, using its remaining strength, dragged Peter to safety before fleeing through the cracks of the floor to the lower levels of the church, which would lead Spider-Man to assume the symbiote had actually perished.[25][26] Parker's repeated rejections left the symbiote extremely bitter toward him, a trait it would share with most of its future hosts.[25]

After recovering from its injuries, the symbiote found itself being hunted by a trio of alien bounty hunters - Killer Thrill, Guzz, and Coldwar - and reunited with Deadpool.[26] Over the course of a single night, "Venompool" slaughtered a squadron of Zn'rx attempting to abduct the Power Pack,[27] fought White Rabbit alongside Black Cat,[28] fought Kraven the Hunter,[13] and devoured Killer Thrill's left arm - forcing the bounty hunters to flee empty-handed. However, the symbiote's growing rage towards Spider-Man led to it having a falling-out with Deadpool, and it returned to Our Lady of Saints Church.[29]

Villain to Lethal Protector

Venom origin in church

Venom is born.

The symbiote's third human host, Eddie Brock, had been a reporter for the Daily Globe who was fired after Spider-Man debunked his story exposing the identity of the Sin-Eater, humiliating him and ruining his career to the point where he could only find work with cheap gossip magazines. Contemplating suicide after being disowned by his abusive father and divorced by his wife, Eddie entered Our Lady of Saint's Church to pray for forgiveness. Attracted by his mutual hatred towards Spider-Man, the symbiote bonded with Eddie, suggesting the name "Venom" for their merged form.[30] However, Eddie's hatred for Peter further twisted the symbiote's own feelings towards its former host into a fixation with either reclaiming or killing him.[7][29][31][32]

Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 316 Textless

Venom vs. Spider-Man

When bonded, Venom spoke using the first person plural (we), signifying that Brock and the symbiote were two separate entities joined together - although, on occasion, Eddie referred to it as "My Other and I". They fought Spider-Man many times, and came close to winning on several occasions. By this time, Spider-Man had married Mary Jane Watson, and Venom scared her horribly, causing her to ask Spider-Man to stop wearing the black costume and return to his original suit.[33]

Despite its bond to Eddie, the symbiote viewed him as an inferior host and saw Spider-Man as its soul mate, frequently making efforts to return to him in between attempts to kill him.[34][35][36] The symbiote also began manipulating Eddie's memories and biochemistry to make him believe he had a deceased uncle and a sister, and that he had been diagnosed with cancer; gaslighting him into staying bonded to it whenever he questioned their relationship.[37]

Spawn of Venom

During a battle between Spider-Man, Styx, and Stone, the symbiote was seemingly killed by Styx's lethal touch.[38] It recovered and sought Eddie out, freeing him from prison while leaving an asexually-produced spawn behind. This spawn bonded to serial killer Cletus Kasady, becoming known as Carnage.[39] Carnage proved more powerful than its progenitor, forcing Spider-Man and Venom to call a truce, though Eddie would switch back and forth several times between either helping Spider-Man or fighting against him.

During this period, the Venom symbiote joined with Eddie's ex-wife Anne Weying on two occasions. The first bonding occurred when Anne was seriously wounded after being shot by the second Sin-Eater. With her condition rapidly deteriorating, the symbiote bonded with Anne on Eddie's insistence in order to save her. Under the influence of the symbiote, Anne impulsively murdered a pair of thugs, an act she instantly regretted.[40] The second time she bonded with the symbiote occurred in police custody. Used as bait to lure her ex-husband, Anne was once again joined with the symbiote after Eddie transferred his other through a telephone line, allowing her to escape. These instances proved traumatic for Anne, causing her to commit suicide later on.[41]

Venom was captured by the Life Foundation, which separated Eddie from the symbiote and forced it to give birth to five offspring: Riot, Lasher, Phage, Agony, and Scream. Eddie reclaimed the Venom symbiote, while its offspring were bonded to mercenaries hired by the Life Foundation.

During a battle between Venom, Spider-Man, and the Fantastic Four, the symbiote's tongue was severed and wound up in the possession of the Ararat Corporation, which used it to create a modified clone of the symbiote.[42] The Ararat Corporation intended for the clone to be assimilated by the original symbiote, whereupon it would induce the gestation of an army of symbiotes to exterminate all life on Earth.[43] While the original Venom symbiote succeeded in absorbing its clone, for unknown reasons the Ararat Corporation's plan never came to pass.[44]

Separation

Over time, the symbiote grew more powerful, developing an increased resistance to its weaknesses and learning how to speak even without a host. When Eddie refused to satiate its hunger it left him on two separate occasions to hunt on its own for prey and a more suitable host.[45][20] On the occasions when it bonded to Eddie's ex-wife Anne Weying it dominated her and nearly caused her to eat several people.[46][47] After Eddie lost his memories, the symbiote influenced him into relapsing into villainy as Venom and attempting to eat Sandman and Spider-Man.[48] However, despite Eddie's best efforts to suppress its predatory urges,[49] the occasions when the symbiote's bloodlust overwhelmed him and he was forced him to satiate its ravenous hunger caused him to begin to distrust and fear its influence over him.[50][51][52] When the symbiote's gaslighting of Eddie by manipulating biochemistry to trick him into thinking he had terminal cancer caused him to actually develop the disease,[53] the symbiote sought to forsake him and return to Spider-Man.[54] Disgusted by its growing cruelty, following a Christian reawakening Eddie ultimately sold the symbiote to Maggia don Vincente Fortunato at a supervillain auction.[55]

Eddie was subsequently tormented by hallucinations of the symbiote, representing his dark impulses, and had a hand in determining Aunt May's fate when she was in the same hospital as him after being shot by a sniper hired by Wilson Fisk. After a long time of this figment of his imagination taking away his sanity, he spotted Aunt May and Mary Jane and had no idea what to do, but his dark side persuaded him to order a black suit similar to Peter's and put it on, apparently making the decision that would forever damn him. Although Eddie eventually resisted the hallucination's urging to murder the helpless May Parker, he implied he still desired to reunite with the symbiote, stating that "I'm the one in charge."[56]

Descent Into Villainy

Angelo Fortunato, Don Fortunato's son, became the second Venom for a brief period of time. Angelo was able to master the symbiote's powers after only a brief time spent bonded to it. The symbiote revealed Spider-Man's secret identity to him and they attacked Peter Parker at a class reunion. As Venom, Angelo initially overwhelmed Spider-Man, but after he killed a civilian cosplaying as the superhero Spider-Man stopped holding back and turned the tables against the fledgeling supervillain. When Angelo fled from Spider-Man, the symbiote deemed him an unworthy host and scornfully abandoning him to fall to his death while he was jumping between buildings.[57]

Venom (Klyntar) (Earth-616) and Angelo Fortunato (Earth-616) from Marvel Knights Spider-Man Vol 1 8 0001

Leaving Fortunato.

The Venom symbiote later approached MacDonald "Mac" Gargan, who was considered a low-level villain as the Scorpion, offering him new abilities in exchange for killing Spider-Man. Gargan bonded with the creature, which gave him an extra edge as part of Norman Osborn's Sinister Twelve. Even with these additional powers, he was still swiftly defeated by Spider-Man, as the Avengers dealt with the rest of the Twelve. Gargan later became a member of a sub-group of Norman Osborn's Thunderbolts, which was drafted by the Avengers to hunt down the members of the fugitive Secret Avengers. In order to keep the increasingly feral symbiote in check, the government outfitted Gargan with electrical implants. Despite this, over time Gargan's control over the symbiote declined, leading to him expressing nausea and fear of the organism despite being addicted to its power.[58] During a battle with the Steel Spider, Gargan lost control of the symbiote and devoured the antihero's arm.[59] Following this, Gargan was ostracized by his teammates; but after being vehemently berated by a hallucination of the alien caused by the third Bluestreak he rapidly embraced the creature's bloodlust and came to gluttonously enjoy indulging its appetite;[60] devouring other humans, Skrulls, Atlanteans, Kree, Asgardians, and squirrels.

When hunting for Spider-Man, the symbiote sensed a former host and led Gargan to Eddie Brock.[61] To Gargan's dismay, the symbiote tried to abandon him and return to its former host, who had been cured of his cancer by Martin Li. However, Li's Lightforce powers had altered remnants of the symbiote inside Eddie and caused them to form into a new, mindless symbiote called Anti-Venom.[62] Proving caustic to the Venom symbiote, Anti-Venom nearly killed it, but Gargan managed to escape and it eventually recovered in time to stop him from killing Eddie.[63]

A sizeable sample of the Venom symbiote in the possession of the Avengers was taken by the Fantastic Four for analysis and wound up bonding to a horde of dinosaurs accidentally teleported into New York by Deadpool. The Avengers, Spider-Man, and Deadpool teamed up to destroy the symbiote replicants, part of which briefly managed to bond to Deadpool and tried to take him over before being destroyed.[64]

Having obtained a sample of the Venom symbiote at some point, Doctor Doom engineered a virus that near-perfectly replicated the symbiote and its abilities, accidentally unleashing it on New York.[65]

Edward Brock (Earth-616) from Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 570 0001

Gargan against Venom's former hosts.

As the symbiote's influence over him grew, Gargan became increasingly monstrous and bloodthirsty. However, in preparation for announcing his Dark Avengers, Osborn developed a symbiote suppressant compound that granted Gargan increased control over the symbiote and allowed him to shift between his Venom form and a smaller form identical to Symbiote Spider-Man at will,[66] using this as a way of discrediting their old enemy Spider-Man.[45]

During the Dark Avengers' Siege of Asgard, Gargan and the symbiote went on a feeding frenzy before being confronted by Ms. Marvel and Spider-Man. Ms. Marvel managed to rip Gargan from the symbiote, which promptly bonded to and took over her; mocking Spider-Man while trying to devour him. With Spider-Man's help, she was able to eventually pull it off of herself when she flew into some power lines and expelled all the energy she had absorbed from them.[67] The symbiote returned to Gargan, but after the Dark Avengers' defeat the U.S. Military removed it from Gargan and took it into custody for study.[68]

Agent Venom

After the symbiote was removed from Gargan, the US military established Project Rebirth 2.0, an attempt to weaponize it as a suit of body armor based on the earlier Sym-Soldier Program.[69] Through studying the symbiote, the researchers determined that a 48-hour window existed after the first contact with the symbiote until it bonded to its host and became more difficult to remove, only permitting recruits to wear it for the duration of missions. After a series of unsuccessful trials that ended with the recruits losing control and being terminated, the symbiote was assigned to Colonel Eugene "Flash" Thompson. While wearing it, Flash was able to use it to create prosthetic legs and gained spider-powers; revelling in his ability to walk again and emulate his idol Spider-Man. While bonded to Flash, the symbiote took on the appearance of body armor, later manifesting chitinous spikes and a more exoskeletal appearance. To keep it from going on out-of-control feeding frenzies, the Venom symbiote was dosed with symbiote suppressant drugs intended to lobotomize it. However, the drug was imperfect and unable to fully suppress the symbiote, which frequently used Flash's anger issues to seize control and revert to its monstrous form. As "Agent Venom", Flash battled the Crime-Master, and destroyed an illegal shipment of Vibranium. In retribution for this, the villain kidnapped Betty Brant, but gave the location to Flash only if he swore not to bother him anymore. The symbiote seized control when Venom was attacked by Jack O'Lantern and Spider-Man - who believed he had been the one who kidnapped Betty - but Flash managed to suppress its rampage long enough to tell Spider-Man where she was.[45]

Venom Vol 2 4 Textless

Introducing: Agent Venom.

During Spider-Island, Venom battled the Spider-Queen and infiltrated her hive dressed as her guard, Spider-King. When the Project Rebirth 2.0 headquarters was attacked, the symbiote temporarily bonded with Samson, a German Shepherd belonging to General Brad Dodge.[70] When Flash was dispatched to capture Eddie Brock so that the Anti-Venom symbiote could be used to cure the Spider-Virus, the symbiote abandoned him to rebond to its former host. By this point Eddie hated the Venom symbiote and he was terrified at the prospect of being re-bonded to it, even shedding tears as it covered him. While the symbiote was jubilant to return to its former host, Flash was able to convince it to return to him by telling it that Eddie would constantly fight its control.[71] Along with Steve Rogers, Venom killed the Spider-Queen, but she mutated into a giant spider-monster, which was later killed by Kaine.

Following this, the Crime-Master sent Jack O'Lantern to threaten Flash into carrying out missions for him to protect his family, the first of which was to steal the Toxin symbiote from Blackheart's lair in Las Vegas.[37] To protect his family, Flash went AWOL and fully bonded to the Venom symbiote, ending up helping Red Hulk - who had been sent by Captain America to retrieve him and the symbiote, Laura Kinney, and Ghost Rider stop Blackheart from unleashing Hell on Earth.[72] During the Circle of Four, the symbiote secretly bartered with Mephisto to receive a Hell-Mark and seized control of Flash in an attempt to claim the Spirit of Vengeance for itself, but was stopped by Blackheart. Flash gave Red Hulk the symbiote in conjunction with Ross bonding to the Spirit of Vengeance, becoming both Venom and Ghost Rider. After the events of Circle of Four, Red Hulk returned the symbiote to Flash.[73][74]

With Red Hulk's testimony, Flash was pardoned by Captain America in recognition of his heroism and made a member of the Secret Avengers.[75] Dispatched to Doverton, Colorado as backup for the Mercury Team, the symbiote was accidentally separated from Flash and took over a silverback gorilla that had escaped from a zoo, using it to escape from a horde of other animals being controlled by the Carnage symbiote. It later left the gorilla and returned to Flash, saving him from being killed by Kasady.[76]

While investigating the Department of Occult Armaments, Flash was ambushed by Daimon Hellstrom, who possessed Flash with a powerful demon in an attempt to turn Venom into one of his Monsters of Evil, which backfired due to the Hell-Mark.[77] To protect his friends and loved ones in New York, Flash subsequently moved the Philadelphia, struggling to cope with the supposedly lobotomized symbiote subconsciously undermining his control. However, he was followed by both Toxin[78] and the Jack O'Lantern. When the latter tried to kill his neighbor Andi Benton, Flash sent what he thought was a small portion of the symbiote to protect her, though this turned out to be the symbiote's clone, which bonded to her. Calling herself Mania, Andi set out to avenge her father using the cloned symbiote, while Flash interrogated the original symbiote to find out what had happened. It scolded him for suppressing it and revealed it had shunted the Hell-Mark onto its clone to keep the demon from taking over them.[79]

Superior Spider-Man Vol 1 25 Textless

The Superior Venom.

When Flash returned to New York to investigate rumors that the Crime-Master had returned from the dead, he was attacked by the Superior Spider-Man and his Spiderlings. With the symbiote wounded, Agent Venom revealed his identity to Spider-Man in the hopes that he would be shown mercy, and escaped when Spider-Man tried to kill him.[80] Flash sought shelter with his friend Peter Parker, not knowing that he was Spider-Man and had been overtaken by his enemy Otto Octavius. "Peter" convinced Flash to undergo surgery to install high-tech prosthetics and used the opportunity to extract the Venom symbiote, intending on containing it in his lab. The symbiote, having grown more powerful in the years since Spider-Man had been its host, broke free and sought to return to its former host.[81] Sensing something was different about its old host that it disliked, the symbiote tried to return to Flash, but Otto forced it to remain bonded to him, revelling in its power. As the "Superior Venom", Otto became even more vicious and aggressive under the symbiote's influence, using extreme violence against even minor infractions and lashing out at Aunt May when she was insensitive towards Anna Maria Marconi's height. Mary Jane, thinking Peter had been overtaken by the symbiote, contacted the Avengers,[82] who engaged Venom in a fight just as he was about to kill some of Hobgoblin's gang members. With the symbiote's power, Otto was able to fight evenly with them, but he realized too late that the symbiote had been undermining his will and was taken over by it. When Flash arrived in Iron Man's armor and tried to convince it to return to him, Venom lashed out in rage at having been controlled by drugs. Unable to suppress it or expel it, Otto gave in to despair but was saved by the remnant of Peter Parker's psyche, who expelled the symbiote. The symbiote returned to Flash, and later informed him something was wrong with Spider-Man.[83]

Agent Venom joined Red Hulk's iteration of the Thunderbolts, although the violent methods the group employed undermined his control of the symbiote, enabling it to seize control and go on a feeding frenzy while on the Punisher's mission to exterminate the Paguro Family and their clients.[84] Flash also let the symbiote go berserk against a horde of Frost Giants in order to attract Valkyrie's attention, and later augmented it with Milfour's Dragonhelm in preparation to fight against "Doctor Strange". The symbiote also devoured several True Fairies, but freaked out when witnessing their eldritch true form.[85] After this, Flash allowed the symbiote to take control of him in a test to see if the team could take him down, forcing them to work together to subdue it. Red Hulk offered to kill the creature, but Flash - needing it to survive and having become addicted to its power - refused and rebonded to it.[86]

Agent of the Cosmos

Eventually, Captain America asked Flash to take Tony Stark's place as a liaison for the Guardians of the Galaxy. Once in space, the symbiote changed its appearance to lose all semblance of body armor while maintaining an exoskeletal appearance and manifesting a jagged mouth. Sensing the symbiote's return to space, the Klyntar hive-mind reached out to it across the cosmos and tried to reconnect to it,[87] causing Flash to lose control of it as it lashed out in rage and confusion, taking on an insectoid appearance when berserk.[88] Seeking to return to Earth, Flash and the symbiote attacked the Guardians but were separated by Peter Quill and Rocket Raccoon. However, the symbiote escaped containment and took over the nearby Groot.[88]

Venom Space Knight Vol 1 1 Lim Variant Textless

Venom: Agent of the Cosmos.

After being separated from Groot by Drax, the symbiote took over Rocket, transforming his arms into biomechanical multi-barrelled guns and demanding the Guardians turn over their ship to it.[89] When Drax grabbed hold of Rocket, the symbiote immediately transferred over to him, using him to defeat the other Guardians and pilot their ship to its destination: the symbiote homeworld.[89] The symbiote separated from Drax of its own accord, whereupon it was cleansed of its hatred and bloodlust, reintegrated into the Klyntar hivemind, and rebonded to Flash.[87]

After being purged of its bloodlust, the symbiote took on the appearance of bulky body armor with a face markedly resembling that of the Destroyer, though it could still manifest its signature fangs and tongue. After being cleansed, the symbiote developed the ability to hear the "voice" of the Cosmos, guiding it to those in need of protection; and the ability to take on humanoid form independently of its host for short periods of time.[90] Together with Flash, the symbiote acted as an Agent of the Cosmos, seeking to restore order across the universe.[91] After being separated from Flash by Gramosian space pirates, the symbiote bonded to their leader, Mercurio, as part of a ploy on Flash's and the symbiote's part in order to buy time for their allies to arrive and to obtain intel on Mercurio's armada.[92] However, the brief period of time the symbiote spent bonded to the warlord undid its cleansing, and the symbiote eventually went berserk, rampaging across the planets it had helped alongside Flash. Seeking to corrupt Flash, it lured him to its first host's homeworld, where it took him over and it attempted to drive him insane with his darkest memories.[93]

With the help of Flash's new allies, the symbiote was subdued and contained, and was taken back to Klyntar to be re-cleansed. Instead, it was placed on trial by the Agents of the Cosmos and nearly executed, but with Flash's help it managed to overcome its bloodlust and learned that its cleansing had failed due to Mania having been corrupted and taken over by the Hell-Mark.[94]

Return to Earth

Venom Space Knight Vol 1 12 Textless

It's good to be back.

Flash and the Venom symbiote returned to Earth partly to aid Carol Danvers against Tony Stark in the second Civil War, but also to seek out Mania. A spider-bot detected the presence of Flash and the symbiote, tracking them to Philadelphia. Believing the symbiote to be evil and that it had taken over his friend, Peter — as Spider-Man — ambushed Venom using anti-symbiote technology developed at Parker Industries. Despite both Flash and the symbiote protesting that they didn't want to fight, Spider-Man separated the symbiote from Flash, preparing to imprison it in his lab. Enraged, the Venom symbiote used its ability to take on humanoid form without a host to catch Peter by surprise and easily overwhelmed him. Trying to lead it away from civilians, Spider-Man quipped that they were old friends due to him being a former host, which to his surprise the symbiote didn't remember. The symbiote prevented Spider-Man from fleeing and bonded to him, but instead of taking over him it showed him memories of its birth and first host, explaining its origins and that the cleanse had purged it of all its memories except those of its original host — who had corrupted it and left it with an addiction to rage — and Flash Thompson. The symbiote noted that Peter was teeming with rage towards it, and sincerely apologized for everything it had done to him, stating that it was no longer the Venom he knew and hated. The symbiote released Spider-Man and returned to Flash, who explained that he and the symbiote had returned to Earth to find Mania, Venom's corrupted clone and its protégé. Accepting that the symbiote had changed for the better, Spider-Man volunteered to help Venom find Mania, and assisted in capturing her before returning to New York.[37]

Andi, corrupted by the Hell-Mark, tried to take both the Mania and Venom symbiotes from Flash, but Venom's allies arrived in time to stop her and suppress the demonic corruption.[95] Some time later the FBI, seeking to return possession of the symbiote to the US Government, hunted Flash down and attacked him with a suit of powered armor equipped with anti-symbiote weaponry, separating him from the symbiote and sending into a feral state. While it regained control of itself, the symbiote did not return to Flash out of shame at enjoying being bloodthirsty and angry.[96]

Lee Price (Earth-616) from Venom Vol 3 1 003

New host, new problems.

In search of a new host after being separated from Flash Thompson, the symbiote came across former Army Ranger Lee Price when he was about to be gunned down in a shootout between Tombstone's gang and Black Cat's gang. It bonded to him to protect him and was initially excited to discover he was a soldier, but was quickly horrified when he dominated it with his will and proceeded to massacre both groups of gangs, forcing the memories of his traumatic childhood on it to shut it up when it protested.[97] The symbiote subsequently engaged in a mental argument with Lee, berating him over his actions and callous attitude while accidentally revealing its own sanguine past. Unable to directly control Lee due to his Army Rangers training, the symbiote resigned itself to being bonded to him, but attempted to sabotage his application to Black Cat's gang by causing him to vomit, and tried to refuse to aid him in fighting off the assassin sent by Tombstone to kill him - though when injured by flames it lashed out and killed the assassin.[98]

Two FBI agents soon learned of Venom's new host and tried to force him into becoming informant, threatening to reveal his identity to the public if he didn't comply, thus risking turning him into a target for law enforcement agencies and vigilantes.[99] When the plan of the FBI agents fell through, Eddie Brock and his anti-symbiotic task force set out to capture him.[100] Spider-Man helped the FBI separate the symbiote from Lee, tricking Venom into thinking he wanted to become its host again. Lee was arrested by the NYPD subsequently while the symbiote was taken to the FBI.[101]

Return of the Lethal Protector

Edward Brock (Earth-616) from Venom Vol 3 6 001

"We are back!"

Before the suit could be handed over to Alpha Flight, Brock broke it free and became Venom once again.[101] However, he was determined to ensure that his relationship to it was different from what it had been when they first bonded. The symbiote's relapse into corruption made this difficult, as it was violently possessive towards him, viciously attacking a priest who it perceived as undermining Eddie's desire to be bonded to it.[96] Knowing that the symbiote had recently been heroic and wanting to understand why it was relapsing into its predatory corrupted state, Eddie sought the help of Alchemax,[102] and learned that his body had been rendered nearly inhospitable to symbiotes a result of being saturated with symbiote suppressant drugs during his time with the FBI.[103] Alchemax decided to help Eddie if he brought Stegron to them along with the equipment he stole. Doing so, they gave him a medicine that would rebalance Eddie's metabolism so his body wouldn't reject the Klyntar.[104]

Together, they arrested criminals and the symbiote felt good to be a hero again. However, it took to sometimes making Eddie sleep longer so it can think while watching TV, and subconsciously influencing Eddie in order to fight criminals. The symbiote was concerned at feeling emotions contradictory to those of its host, such as feeling joy in contrast to Eddie's anger when he was unable to sell the television. With the effects of its cleansing ending, the symbiote was able to remember its previous hosts and the influences they'd had on it, lamenting having been separated from Flash. In its quest for redemption for everything it had done through the years, it payed a visit to the priest it have previously attacked, asking for forgiveness. After a brief conversation, the symbiote realized why Eddie had talked to the priest and it was happy he hadn't died, promising him its protection.[105]

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War against the Poisons.

A little after, they were summoned to an alternate universe by Venomized versions of Captain America and Doctor Strange to help in a multiversal war against the Poisons, an extra-dimensional alien race that permanently bond with symbiotes, consuming their hosts' bodies to complete the bonding process and also assimilate their powers. At the last moments, the Venomized Doctor Strange sent the remaining Venoms back home before the Poisons' ship exploded.[20]

After returning home, the symbiote's growing corruption renewed its bloodlust, causing it to frequently relapse into its feral, villainous state despite Eddie's efforts to satiate its hunger without resorting to murder or cannibalism. After it attempted to devour a corrupt cop,[106] Kraven the Hunter,[52] and the Ringer, Eddie finally became fed up and returned to Alchemax to demand an explanation as to the diminishing effectiveness of the cure. Flash Thompson intervened and demanded Eddie return the symbiote to him, and the symbiote tried to bond to both of its favorite hosts at once. Spider-Man intervened in an attempt to kill it and overturned a vat of serum derived from the Anti-Venom symbiote (which caused the symbiote to be cured from its re-corruption and made Eddie's metabolism return to normal), thus the symbiote biomass bonded to Flash was converted into an artificial replica of the Anti-Venom symbiote,[107] which he used to forcibly extract the Venom symbiote from Eddie. Despite being unable to rebond to Flash due to the Anti-Venom, the symbiote was nevertheless happy to reunite with its old host, and was left in Bobbi Morse's bathroom for safekeeping while Spider-Man and Anti-Venom went looking for Lee Price, who had attacked Mania and stolen her symbiote.[108] The symbiote eventually decided to escape and destroyed the bathroom before noticing a shard of glass fall down the drain. Escaping into the sewers in search of Eddie, it scared a couple of city workers before finally finding and rebonding with Eddie, who had met up with Black Cat.[109]

Venom and Black Cat searched for Dr. Steve so they could weaponize the Anti-Venom serum, using it to free Spider-Man - who had been infected by the Maniac symbiote. Venom reluctantly teamed up with Spider-Man, Agent Anti-Venom, and Andi Benton - who had come to New York to help Flash and reclaim her symbiote, still going by the alias as Mania using her hellish powers.[110] The six decided to face Maniac, who had infected the Five Families with his symbiote. Using the Anti-Venom serum and the replica of the Anti-Venom used by Flash Thompson, they defeated the Inklings.[111] However, the small pieces infecting everyone returned to Maniac, who absorbed them to assume a massive form and attempted to forcibly assimilate the Venom symbiote by eating Eddie. However, Spider-Man and Black Cat figured out that they were immune to the Maniac symbiote since they were previously possessed by it. Spider-Man made the Anti-Venom symbiote absorb his blood with the "Anti-Maniac" properties, thus allowing its immunity to take down Maniac and revert the symbiote to its original mass and size, though it would still be bounded with Lee Price. After Price was arrested, Flash finally came to the conclusion that the Venom symbiote was safe with Eddie Brock and brokered an uneasy truce between Spider-Man and Venom.[112]

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Meeting Spider-Woman.

With Eddie's altered metabolism having been cured by being doused in the Anti-Venom serum, the symbiote was able to recover from its physical and psychological instability, returning to the benevolent state it had been in as an Agent of the Cosmos. When Spider-Woman attacked Eddie, the symbiote temporarily bonded to her to convince her they were turning over a new leaf and revealed that it was about to give birth again - though it chose to keep this a secret from Eddie.[113]

The Poisons Strike Back

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Venom and the X-Men.

When the Young X-Men approached Venom and asked for his assistance, their allies the Starjammers having been captured by symbiote-clad bounty hunters, the Venom symbiote tried to persuade an unwilling Eddie to help them. When Eddie obstinately refused to listen to it, the symbiote knocked him out and allowed the Young X-Men to capture them and take them into space. When Eddie regained consciousness, the symbiote persuaded him to help them after hearing that the bounty-hunters had been using their symbiotes as weapons - having been traumatized by the events of the war against the Poisons.[114] The symbiote was confused when Haze Mancer - who had sold symbiotes to the bounty hunters - recognized it, not remembering him.[115] It recognized Killer Thrill and informed the Young X-Men of her powers through Eddie, and was horrified to discover the Poisons had infiltrated Earth-616,[116] lamenting the loss of several of its brethren and that it was only a matter of time before the Poisons pursued it to Earth.[117] The symbiote subsequently aided Eddie in defeating the Poisons, destroying the Hive, and returning its captured brethren to Klyntar.[20]

Seventh Spawn, Red Goblin, and First Host

As the time for it to give birth drew closer, the Venom symbiote began to go out of its way to protect its unborn spawn, even if it meant endangering Eddie in the process. Not telling him out of fear that its soon-to-be-born spawn would turn out to be a monster like its others had, the symbiote was almost captured by the FBI's Symbiote Task Force, which wanted to claim the spawn and bond it to Mac Gargan. While the symbiote keeping secrets had formed a rift of distrust between it and Eddie, he took it to Alchemax so Dr. Steve could assist in it giving birth - the labor being longer and more difficult than its previous spawns'. The symbiote agreed to leave its offspring in Dr. Steve's custody until it and Eddie decided the offspring was ready to take a host.[118]

Peter Parker (Earth-616) and Venom (Klyntar) (Earth-616) from Amazing Spider-Man Vol 1 800 001

Together again.

When Norman Osborn bonded to the Carnage symbiote to become the Red Goblin, Eddie was blackmailed by J. Jonah Jameson into protecting Mary Jane. Despite teaming up with Spider-Man, Venom was outmatched and only barely managed to fend the Red Goblin off. Exhausted, Eddie decided to lend the symbiote to Spider-Man - giving him a much-needed power boost. Peter reluctantly agreed and the symbiote bonded to him, making him powerful enough to fight toe-to-toe with the Red Goblin. When Flash Thompson was mortally wounded, Symbiote Spider-Man went berserk and Venomized, though Flash managed to calm him down so as to keep the symbiote from being re-corrupted by Peter's rage. As part of a gambit to separate Osborn from the Carnage symbiote, Spider-Man separated from the Venom symbiote and sent it back to Eddie, assuring it that he would be fine when it expressed concern for his safety. After reuniting with Eddie, the symbiote attended Flash's funeral in the shape of a tuxedo.[119]

Shortly afterward, Tel-Kar came to Earth looking for the symbiote, which prompted Eddie to rescue him from the Skrull Warbride M'lanz. The symbiote subsequently regained its memories of Tel-Kar, who asked it to leave Eddie and re-bond with him; but when it refused he blackmailed it into bonding to him by threatening to corrupt its spawn, the Sleeper symbiote.[120] Tel-Kar dominated the Venom symbiote, suppressing its consciousness and using it to attack a Skrull military installation containing a species-annihilating bioweapon, but it broke free of his control when he attempted to kill Eddie and its offspring. Tel-Kar forced the symbiote off himself and it rebonded to Eddie, while Sleeper latched on to M'lanz to protect her from the bioweapon.[45] Venom returned to Earth, severing ties with Alchemax, and when Tel-Kar attacked the symbiote was disabled protecting its offspring; recovering to learn that the Sleeper symbiote had bonded to and lobotomized Tel-Kar before setting off to explore the cosmos.[121]

Battle with the Symbiote God and Abandoning Eddie

Edward Brock (Earth-616) and Venom (Klyntar) (Earth-616) from Venom Vol 4 1 001

In the thrall of the Symbiote God.

Some time later, the symbiote began to suffer nightmares of an ancient and powerful evil deity that had been worshipped by the symbiotes in the ancient past. As the symbiote god's influence over it intensified, the Venom symbiote was inflicted with increasingly frequent and intense bouts of insanity and bloodlust. This prompted Eddie to suppress it with anti-psychosis medication and refrain from combat out of fear it would attack innocents, spending several months attempting to figure out what was wrong with it. In the thrall of the symbiote god, the Venom symbiote went berserk and attempted to kill a Jack O'Lantern impersonator and a pair of policemen, but was subdued by Rex Strickland - a former member of a team of symbiote-enhanced super-soldiers. Returned to lucidity, the symbiote helped Eddie attempt to rescue Strickland's former comrades, but was controlled by the symbiote god and forced to separate from him. When Eddie was mortally wounded by one of the controlled super-soldiers, the symbiote snapped out of its stupor and healed him, attempting to explain what was going on as a symbiote-dragon devoured the super-soldier's symbiotes and went on a rampage.[69]

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Venom's newfound ability to create wings.

When Eddie confronted Rex over what had happened, the symbiote succumbed to the dark god's control and attacked, though Eddie was able to subdue it with the flames from Rex's blast furnace.[122] When the new Spider-Man, Miles Morales, attacked, having mistaken Eddie for the Venom that had killed his mother, the symbiote went berserk and nearly killed him before being subdued by a Venom Blast. After the symbiote dragon was defeated by Morales' Venom Blast and Knull - the dark god of the symbiotes - manifested, the symbiote initially submitted itself to him before Eddie's rage over Knull casually killing innocents sent it into a berserk rage. Knull subsequently stripped it from Eddie and attempted to connect it to his hive mind, turning its eyespots red; but it returned to Eddie after Knull was attacked by Morales.[45] Restored to lucidity and with new powers as a result of its brief connection to Knull, the Venom symbiote informed him that Rex was actually the last piece of the symbiote-dragon, merging with him so as to become powerful enough to fight Knull.[123] Despite being armed with an arsenal of high-power weapons, the Venom and Tyrannosaurus symbiotes were stripped from Eddie and absorbed into the Grendel symbiote, though Eddie detonated said arsenal. Shielded from the blast by the Tyrannosaurus symbiote, the Venom symbiote returned to Eddie. When the Tyrannosaurus symbiote sacrificed itself to drag Knull's avatar into the blast furnace, Eddie sustaining severe burns while holding the door shut. The Venom symbiote was overwhelmed by the intense heat and strain of keeping him alive, and seemingly perished while telling Eddie it loved him.[124]

The Venom symbiote survived, seizing control of an unconscious Eddie when he was discovered by Project Oversight and rampaging for three weeks. Recognizing Dylan Brock as Eddie's son and fearing that learning this would cause him to abandon it, the symbiote pretended to be brain dead and began suppressing various memories it sensed would be harmful to him;[53] leading to Eddie not remembering the Maker's repeated attempts to interrogate him over a period of two weeks and forgetting Flash Thompson's death.[125]

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As a "guard dog".

When the Maker revealed that he had extracted a codex - trace remnants of symbiote biomass left in former hosts - from a sample of Flash's blood, and that he intended to exhume and vivisect Flash's corpse in order to extract more; the Venom symbiote went berserk and attacked him. Separating from Eddie in order to restrain the Maker, the symbiote stuffed him in a morgue locker and stole Flash's codex. When they were attacked by guards wielding sonic weapons, the symbiote reabsorbed the codex and was temporarily taken over by the copy of Flash's consciousness it contained; transforming Eddie into Agent Venom. However, the codex eventually burnt out and the symbiote returned to its mindless state.[126]

When Eddie travelled to San Francisco to try to reconcile with his father, the symbiote took on the form of a dog. Eddie's reunion with his father ended disastrously, with Carl saying they never were a family and punching Eddie in the face. This enraged the symbiote, which tried to devour him; but Eddie managed to restrain it and ran away. When a pair of homeless men attempted to break into Eddie's motel room, symbiote discovered that Carnage had returned more powerful than ever, and had taken over the Underground City that Venom had once protected.[127] Believing himself to be Eddie's younger half-brother, Dylan tried to get Eddie's help to kill their physically-abusive father.[128] Eddie agreed to make sure the abuse stopped, but he passed out after a vision of Knull, vomiting blood. After Eddie was taken to the hospital, the Venom symbiote put him into a comatose state, cocooning his body.[129] Engaging in a mental confrontation with Eddie, the symbiote posed as Mary Brock, Eddie's uncle, and his father in an attempt to get Eddie to fully embrace it. However, Eddie was able to see through its deceptions and was outraged that it would trick and lie him after everything they had been through following their reunion.[53] Rejected by Eddie and separated from him by the Maker, the symbiote incapacitated the evil Reed Richards and used its power to take on humanoid form without a host to rescue Dylan. Impersonating Eddie to berate Carl Brock in a mental confrontation, the symbiote left him in the desert before taking Dylan to Eddie. Apologizing for what it had done, the symbiote said that both Eddie and Dylan would be better off without it before departing from their lives.[130]

Savage Avengers

Alerted to the suffering of another member of its species at the hands of Kulan Gath- who had captured, imprisoned, and tortured it in order to serve as bait;[131] the Venom symbiote arrived to help Logan, the Punisher, Elektra, and Doctor Voodoo fight the eldritch god Jhoatun Lau. Exposure to the Jhoatun Lau's cosmic radiation caused the Venom symbiote to take on the form of a massive dragon similar to the Grendel, letting it hold its own against Jhoatun Lau in combat. Angered Noticing that Conan had bonded to the enslaved symbiote, Venom demanded that he relinquish its dying brethren and was angered when he refused. Before they could come to blows, Elektra intervened and proposed they work together until they could vanquish the Marrow God.[131]

War of the Realms

Still without a host, the Venom symbiote was recruited by Captain Marvel into her War Avengers strikeforce alongside Deadpool, Weapon H, Sif, Winter Soldier, and Captain Britain. Sent into battle against Malekith himself in London, Venom immediately attempted to eat the dark elf warlord but was subdued using the Ebony Blade.[132][133] Captured and taken to Stonehenge, the Venom symbiote was tortured by Malekith in an attempt to bend it to his will despite its efforts to resist. After Malekith realized the Black Bifrost had been captured, he bent the symbiote to his will and used it to badly wound All-Mother Freyja; wielding it in the form of a dagger and sword in emulation of All-Black.[134] Bonding to the symbiote and dubbing himself the "Butcher of Thors" in emulation of Knull and Gorr the God-Butcher, Malekith attempted to use the magic-enhanced "Venom Blade/Symbio Sword" to kill Thor Odinson, All-Father Thor, Young Thor, and Thor (Jane Foster). The symbiote was ultimately separated from Malekith by Thor, and left to begin preparing for Carnage's imminent attack.[4][3]

Absolute Carnage

Locating Eddie and Dylan in Manhattan, the Venom symbiote rebonded to Eddie to protect him when Cletus pushed them in front of an oncoming subway train. While Eddie was initially reluctant to reunite with it, Cletus transformed into Dark Carnage - a towering skeletal monster - and easily overpowered them. After Eddie escaped by electrocuting Kasady with the subway's third rail, the symbiote put him in a coma so that it could heal him and took over his body; walking with Dylan to Peter Parker's apartment before returning control to Eddie.[135]

The symbiote urged Eddie to set aside his jealousy and anger, and to together with Spider-Man to stop Dark Carnage. When Spider-Man and Venom entered Ravencroft to prevent Dark Carnage from getting Norman Osborn's Carnage codex, John Jameson - who had been infected by the Grendel symbiote - fell under Carnage's control and set off the alarm, incapacitating the Venom symbiote until Eddie shot out the PA system. Before it could fully recover from the sonic attack, the Venom symbiote sensed Dark Carnage infecting the inmates with the Grendel symbiote and began screaming in terror inside Eddie's head. When Dark Carnage threw Spider-Man through Norman Osborn's cell door, Venom incapacitated Osborn - who believed himself to be Cletus Kasady - and barricaded the door using the symbiote. However, Dark Carnage easily kicked him out of the way and bonded Osborn to part of the Grendel symbiote to turn him into Carnage again.[135]

After escaping using the Venom symbiote's ability to create wings, Venom set out to warn the supervillains and antiheroes who had bonded to symbiotes in the past, coming across Mac Gargan and Miles Morales fighting against a horde of Carnage Doppelgangers. When Norman Osborn attacked, crippling Gargan and bonding Miles to a portion of the Grendel symbiote,[136] the Venom symbiote speared Osborn through the chest and demanded that Eddie kill him and Miles, threatening to abandon him for a stronger host if he didn't find the resolve to do what was needed to end the war. After rescuing Gargan and returning to Rex's warehouse, the symbiote asked Eddie to tell Spider-Man the full story regarding the symbiotes' presence on Earth in order to end his persecution complex, and was annoyed when he refused to do so. When Dark Carnage attacked, the symbiote angrily abandoned Eddie when he tried to retreat to protect Dylan; bonding to Bruce Banner, who transformed into the Devil Hulk after being killed by Dark Carnage.[137]

The Venomized Hulk put up an even fight against Dark Carnage, who sensed the power of the One Below All and wanted to merge its power with Knull's. When the Venomized Hulk refused to join him, Dark Carnage stabbed tendrils into his brain to force him to revert into Bruce Banner, then ripped the Venom symbiote off of him and assimilated it - transforming into an even more powerful form sporting draconic wings and horns, and pauldrons and arm wraps resembling those of Knull.[138]

Quote1 Though we are a benevolent species, there is no literature on my home planet. And though it is our goal to make the universe better, we create no art, no music, no culture. At least, not as other civilizations would understand it. All we have are our hosts -- the beings we join with -- to forge through the cold and unforgiving cosmos with. The bond between a Klyntar and its host is sacred. They give our lives context and our existence meaning. They give us history. All we have are our hosts to tell us who we are. Quote2
--Venom Symbiote[src]

Throughout the symbiote's convoluted history, it has had a number of hosts both good and evil, each of whom had a profound impact on its psychology and personality.[105] While bonded to Tel-Kar, its self-proclaimed first host, the symbiote was able to live out its desire to do good as an Agent of the Cosmos, though its memories of him were effectively erased following their separation and it only regained them following their reunion several years later.[120] Conversely, the individual who it later identified as its first host had a disastrous impact on it; using it to carry out a genocide against his homeworld and leaving it a bloodthirsty predator addicted to rage.[8] Despite its corruption, the symbiote still desired to protect and help its hosts - albeit by transforming them into vicious monsters.[7] This desire to "[play] super hero"[26] ultimately led to its imprisonment by other corrupt symbiotes, who viewed it as a threat. Before coming to Earth, it was only able to understand simple emotions like happiness, anger, and sadness.[105]

Prior to its cleansing by the Klyntar hive mind, the symbiote considered Peter Parker to be its ideal host, and through bonding with him it developed a basic understanding of complex emotions.[26][105] The heartbreak of Peter's rejection, coupled with the danger it found itself in soon afterward, filled the symbiote with rage towards Spider-Man.[13] While Deadpool worried that interfacing with his twisted mind would have adverse effects on its sanity,[17] he attempted to have a positive influence on the creature and persuade it to let go of its rage and hatred.[13] Instead, the symbiote passed its positive emotions towards Spider-Man and desire to do good onto him, leaving it with only rage and hatred.[29] That, possibly combined with the influence of Deadpool's insanity, transformed the desire it still felt for Spider-Man into a vengeful obsession with either rebonding to or killing him; the latter a desire it shared with its third and fifth human hosts, Eddie Brock and Mac Gargan. In spite of considering Eddie to be an inferior host, prior to him bonding to the Toxin symbiote the Venom symbiote displayed a similar kill-or-reclaim attitude towards him as it did towards Spider-Man.[71]

As its corruption worsened, the symbiote became arrogant, scornful, and sadistic; often berating its hosts for their shortcomings: it openly considered Eddie Brock to be a second-rate host compared to Peter Parker;[36] deemed Angelo Fortunato an unworthy host for not possessing enough "venom", leaving him to fall to his death;[139] influenced Mac Gargan into giving in to its bloodlust;[140] and repeatedly criticized Flash Thompson for suppressing it with chemicals.[74][83] It possessed an instinctual hatred towards its progeny Carnage and Toxin, stating at one point that familial love was anathema to their kind.[9] Despite this, it has been noted that the symbiote is adverse to lying and as such is brutally honest when permitted to talk.[86]

The symbiote also became increasingly bloodthirsty, twice abandoning Eddie Brock when he refused to satiate its growing hunger for flesh.[49][141] Brock described Venom's bloodlust in its corrupted state as being like an ocean of darkness trying to drown him with its rage and hunger, reducing his mind to a "red ruin" at its most intense.[52] When bonded to Mac Gargan, the symbiote's bloodlust grew so intense that its host was initially terrified of its influence over him,[58] and was ultimately driven to willingly commit cannibalism to satiate its ravenous hunger.[59] While its understanding of human morality is limited, by the time the symbiote was bonded to Mac Gargan it knew killing and eating sentient beings was bad, but its corruption was so advanced that it didn't care and revelled in being evil.[105][93] Before the symbiote was cleansed, Flash Thompson had to take drugs to suppress it; but it would frequently exploit his volatile temper to undermine his control, and he often found himself in situations where he had to unleash it to survive.[45][85][84][86]

The Venom symbiote has a habit of abandoning its current host to return to a prior one or to seek out a stronger one: attempting to abandon Eddie Brock on several occasions to return to Spider-Man; seeking to leave Mac Gargan and Flash Thompson to return to Eddie Brock once his cancer was cured;[62][71] and returning to Spider-Man once separated from Flash Thompson.[81][142] The symbiote once attempted to leave Flash and bond with Kaine, though Flash prevented it from doing so through sheer force of will.[143] When Flash Thompson tried to reclaim it from Eddie Brock, the symbiote was torn between its two favorite hosts and tried to bond to both of them at the same time, but ultimately chose Eddie due to Flash becoming Agent Anti-Venom.[108][109]

The symbiote deeply resented Flash's use of drugs to suppress it, berating him in a mental conversation and lashing out at him when bonded to Otto Octavius.[74][83]

After being reconnected to the Klyntar hive mind, the symbiote's memories were purged in order to cleanse it of its bloodlust.[87][8] Following this, the Venom symbiote was repentant, docile, and subservient to Flash, who expressed concern that his own hot-headedness could have adverse affects on it.[144] Speaking independently, the symbiote admitted to preferring Flash as a host, and that while it now possessed the ability to operate without a host it preferred being bonded to him, calling him its partner and friend.[90][8] However, following the symbiote briefly bonding to Mercurio, it began to relapse back into its bloodthirsty, hate-filled state.[93] While it initially reveled in being restored to its old self and attempted to corrupt Flash, after being put on trial by the Agents of the Cosmos the Venom symbiote managed to suppress its rage with Flash's help.[94] In a mental conversation with Spider-Man, the symbiote admitted it was addicted to rage as a result of its first host, and expressed genuine remorse for everything it had done to Spider-Man.[8] When Venom reabsorbed Mania and took the elixir that would revert its corruption, it became finally pure, although it was revealed that the effects were only temporary and could not prevent the Hell-Mark from re-corrupting its clone.[95]

After Agent Venom was struck by a beam that separated the symbiote from its host, it relapsed into its corrupted state and abandoned Flash.[96] Coming to its senses in a weakened state, the symbiote bonded to a homeless man and began searching for a worthy host; ashamed at having revelled in its bloodlust. The Venom symbiote bonded to a former Army Ranger named Lee Price in order to protect him from being shot during a botched arms-deal and was initially overjoyed to be bonded to another soldier, but was subsequently horrified when Lee used it to slaughter the members of Tombstone's and Black Cat's gangs present at a botched arms deal.[97] Revolted by Lee's callousness and casual attitude towards murder, the symbiote berated and threatened Lee in an attempt to intimidate him, and even attempted to take over him, but was suppressed by his army training. Unable to control him directly, it resigned itself to being bonded to him but was still able to influence his autonomous nervous system in order to sabotage his application to join Black Cat's gang - having somehow regained its memories of its former hosts and recognized Mac Gargan. Given its unwillingness to commit acts of violence, it attempted to refuse to help Lee if he intended to use it to hurt or kill people. However, it was in desperate need of a host and thus forced to compromise, and was unable to stop Lee from abusing its power.[98] Price's influence began to corrupt the symbiote despite its efforts to oppose him,[145] and following Spider-Man tricking it and helping the FBI capture it, the symbiote's hatred towards its former host was briefly rekindled,[101] though it later revealed it knew Eddie had tricked Spider-Man.[102]

After returning to Eddie Brock, the symbiote was re-corrupted but still desired to be a hero. However, its growing rage and bloodlust, coupled with its possessiveness towards Eddie, led to it violently lashing out at and trying to kill those it perceived as threatening its bond with him, such as a priest who suggested Eddie reconsider re-entering into a previously abusive relationship.[96] Alchemax scientist Dr. Steven determined the main cause of this worsening behavior to be Eddie's metabolism, which had been altered by the symbiote suppressant drugs he took during his stint with the FBI, rendering his body inhospitable to the symbiote. This induced toxic shock syndrome in it, causing it to physically deteriorate and accelerate its psychological degeneration into its corrupted state. Alchemax developed a cure to their condition, causing it to regain its mental stability when dosed with the medication. Recalling its previous hosts, good and bad, and how they had affected it, the symbiote resolved to continue following Flash Thompson's example and apologized to the priest it had previously attacked. Despite initially being afraid, the priest accepted its apology and advised it to do everything int its power to earn the love of those it cared about. Somewhat missing the point, the symbiote decided to do so "by crushing criminals," telling the priest that it was slowly learning.[105] However, the symbiote's rage and ravenous appetite for flesh returned with its re-corruption, causing problems for Eddie in both his efforts to turn over a new leaf and search for a new job.[106][52][107] After Eddie's altered metabolism was cured by Alchemax's Anti-Venom serum, the Venom symbiote recovered from both its toxic shock syndrome and corruption,[113] returning to the benevolent state it had been in during its stint with Flash Thompson as an Agent of the Cosmos,[114] though showing willingness to kill when necessary.[113] With the birth of its seventh spawn, it finally understood the concept of family,[146] and was angered to learn Alchemax had been exploiting its offspring for selfish purposes.[10] When Spider-Man bonded with the symbiote to defeat the Red Goblin, even disliking the idea, he forgave the symbiote for all that happened between them in the past, saying for it not to worry about him and to avoid the fire around them when they separated, showing he does care for it.[119]

After Knull awakened, the symbiote began rapidly oscillating between its lucid "cleansed" and bloodthirsty "corrupted" states, going berserk in an instinctive show of submission to the symbiote god.[45] Being partially reconnected to Knull's hivemind restored the symbiote to its pre-Lee Price level of articulateness,[123] but the psychic backlash of fighting Knull resulted in its personality and voice being erased, leaving it unable to communicate with its host.[125] The symbiote quickly recovered from this, but out of fear that Eddie would forsake it to look after his son the symbiote resumed gaslighting him by modifying his memories and making him violently ill. Realizing it had done wrong by him, the symbiote left Eddie to seek redemption on its own,[147] though it still expressed a willingness to indulge its predatory side.[132]

However, it never left Eddie. When Carnage came after him, it bonded to him again ir order to stop Cletus.[135] However, his experiences with Knull made Venom realize how urgently they needed to stop the symbiote god, making the symbiote leave its host behind and bond with Hulk, who has enough power to defeat Carnage once and for all.[138]

Powers

Even without a host, the Venom symbiote is capable of freely extending its biomass into tentacles and tendrils, and usually manifests a fanged mouth and large white eyespots. It can also manifest a humanoid head, torso, and arms; and after being cleansed became able to take on humanoid form without a host for brief periods. When bonded to a host, it can shapeshift to mimic any type of clothing whatsoever, as well as blending Venom in with his surroundings, rendering him invisible. The symbiote has augmented all of its host's physical abilities to superhuman levels equal to, and in some cases greater than, Spider-Man's.

Spider-Man (Peter Parker): While not the symbiote's first host or even its first human host, Peter Parker nevertheless had the most profound impact on the symbiote and its powerset. In addition to augmenting Peter's physical abilities when bonded to him, the symbiote interfaced with his genetic code and imprinted most of his powers into itself.[97] The symbiote retained these copied powers even after separating from Peter, and bestowed them on its subsequent hosts.

  • Body Storage: Peter Parker was able to use the symbiote to store his camera and rolls of film.[148] Flash often utilized the symbiote to withhold and store munitions and equipment through dimensional apertures within the suit. Wherein he could store foreign objects while keeping a sleek, aerodynamic profile.[149] Having used this quality to store a live grenade within his body while keeping it from exploding.[150]
  • Camouflage Capabilities: The symbiote is capable of shapeshifting to mimic the appearance of any form of clothing, can camouflage with its surroundings to appear invisible, and can even mimic the appearance of other people. Peter Parker only used the former ability during the brief period he was bonded to it, while Brock's preferred form of clothing was a black shirt, jacket and pants.
  • Constituent-Matter Generation: The symbiote can use the living abyss comprising its matter to generate tendrils and pseudopods, and can use this for lethal effect against criminals. While Spider-Man was unaware it possessed this ability and did not consciously use it, Eddie Brock and its subsequent hosts would often use this ability offensively, such as by sending a part of the symbiote into a victim's body to smother them from the inside.[151]
  • Parasitic Inheritance: The symbiote can copy the powers and abilities of other beings by interfacing with their genetic code, and primarily utilizes the spider powers it adapted from Spider-Man.
  • Wall-Crawling: The alien costume replicated Spider-Man’s ability to cling to walls by controlling the flux of inter-atomic attraction between molecular boundary layers.
  • Webbing Generation: The symbiote can convert its constituent matter into strands of white or black webbing, which it can shoot from the white patches on the back of its hands at high pressure up to a distance of 70 feet. The alien’s substance seems to be composed of tough, flexible fibers of organic polymers, which regenerate swiftly after "shedding." The strands have extraordinary adhesive properties, which diminish rapidly once they abandon their living source. After about three hours, with no source to nourish them, the strands dry up like dead skin and dissolve into a powder. The strands possess a tensile strength of 125 pounds per square millimeter of cross-section. The one limitation to this ability was used to Spider-Man's advantage during his second bout with Venom: Since the webbing itself is comprised of the symbiote's constituent matter, if Venom generates too much he will be left vulnerable as the symbiote is weakened and unable to replenish its lost mass for a short period of time.

Venom (Eddie Brock): The third human individual to bond with the symbiote was Edward Brock. Naturally, the symbiote chose to endow Eddie with most of the powers Spider-Man had, but via Brock's innovative mentality the symbiote has managed to create some new powers and even mutate over time.

  • Superhuman Strength: Before he came into contact with the costume, Brock had conditioned himself to lift (press) 700 lb.[152] Once they merged, the costume added Spider-Man’s superhuman strength to Brock’s vast human strength, making him more powerful than Spider-Man. However, his full strength often fluctuates. Venom has demonstrated strength ranging from only slightly greater than Spider-Man's to being capable of trading blows with high-powered individuals such as Juggernaut. This is caused by the several mutations that the symbiote took with Brock, gaining additional bulk and muscle mass over long periods of time with its host.
  • Superhuman Durability: Venom's body is highly resistant to physical injury, capable of withstanding assault from high-caliber bullets as well as attacks from super powered individuals. When distributed at a typical thickness over Brock's body, the symbiote is capable of absorbing bullets from small-arms weapons firing conventional ammunition. The symbiote is however particularly vulnerable to both sonic and heat-based attacks.
  • Superhuman Stamina: Venom is also capable of surviving in harmful areas for long periods of time such as underwater or in toxic gases, the symbiote filtering breathable air to the host.
  • Regenerative Healing Factor: Additionally, the symbiote is capable of healing injuries in the host at a faster rate than normal human healing allows. The symbiote is also capable of healing injuries and illnesses that current human medical care cannot such as cancer. The symbiote has enabled its host to recover from injuries that should have been lethal, such as Mac Gargan being impaled by the Swordsman's Makluan Sword;[153] and Flash Thompson being impaled by Toxin's blade-arm,[154] and having his head sliced in half by Jack O'Lantern V's scythe.[155]
  • Genetic Memory: The symbiote possesses some psychic ability, making it capable of obtaining information from its hosts and even other people and symbiotes simply by touch; The symbiote is capable of recalling information from previous hosts. This ability allowed Eddie Brock to know the secret identity of Spider-Man when the symbiote bonded with him. It can however, be forced to forget information if the symbiote is inflicted with heavy trauma.
  • Offspring Detection: The symbiote is also capable of psychically detecting its offspring, however with effort this ability can be blocked.
  • Body Chemistry Manipulation: After being reconnected to Knull's hive mind, the Symbiote gained the ability to directly affect the neurochemical functions within its host in order to induce various psychological effects, such as calmness, sleep, or even memory suppression.[123]
  • Telepathy: The Klyntar species communicate both psionically and biochemically with the host and each other. Their powers of the mind initially start out as weak without a host to bond too. Venom's years fused to Eddie Brock had more than strengthened its lingering psychic powers to the point its screams of anguish could be felt across all of New York.[156] While indwelled by a demon, Agent Venom employed this creatively through his tendrils to seize control of an army of mercenaries.[157] After coming into contact with Knull, the symbiote displayed the ability to telepathically communicate with other symbiotes.[123]
  • Constituent-Matter Manipulation: While the symbiote did not use this ability frequently when bonded to Eddie Brock, it was capable of transforming parts of its host's body: it once morphed Venom's hands into scythe-like hooks and sword-like blades during a battle against Nova, and turned his arms into bat-like wings to let him glide.[158] After being augmented by Knull, the symbiote developed the ability to manifest wings resembling those of the Grendel symbiote-dragon in order to fly.[123] Venom could also project its biomass into a multi-layered shield to better withstand powerful attacks.[159] When bonded to Mac Gargan, it used this ability to grow a tail, emulating Gargan's appearance as the Scorpion.[160] When bonded to Flash Thompson, the symbiote regularly displayed the ability to morph sections of Agent Venom's body, such as his hands or feet, into spikes, blades, axes or a shield.
  • Digital Immersion: In a battle with its offspring Carnage, the Venom symbiote and its host displayed the ability to physically enter into the Internet on a “molecular level” and travel between hard-wired computers through Ethernet cables.[161]
  • ESP: Venom possesses an extrasensory ability similar to Spider-Man’s spider-sense, though it is not a spider-sense itself. This response is not as complicated as Spider-Man’s inherent sense since the alien costume can detect danger from every direction and conduct Brock in plenty of time. It's a lot more efficient than Spider-Man’s spider-sense because it takes less time to sense the danger, and Brock’s reflexes are faster than Spider-Man’s, even when they are enhanced by the alien costume for instance, Venom can dodge a gunshot or a barrage of bullets.
  • Empathetic Empowerment: The Venom symbiote, like others of its kind, is capable of feeding off its host's negative emotions - chiefly rage, hatred, and bloodlust - in order to augment itself. However, doing so has a corrupting effect on the symbiote, causing it to become increasingly bloodthirsty, cruel, and feral.[139][11][94]
  • Klyntar Assimilation: In a similar manner to how the Hybrid symbiote was formed, Venom is capable of amalgamating with other symbiotes in order to bolster their shared power. It merged with its clone, increasing its strength by an unknown degree;[44] and amalgamated with Rex Strickland's symbiote in order to become powerful enough to face Knull and the Grendel symbiote.[123]
  • Immunity to Spider-Man's Spider Sense: Due to Spider-Man being a host to the symbiote, Venom, and his offspring, is able to bypass Spider-Man's spider-sense. Venom is capable of attacking Spider-Man without alerting him, making Venom a deadly foe. It should be noted that as Ben Reilly was cloned from Peter before he bonded with Venom, Eddie was not immune to his spider sense.
  • Poisonous Fangs: An ability developed by Eddie Brock upon bonding with the symbiote. Originally he commanded the symbiote to sprout a maniacal grin and tongue, differentiating him from Spider-Man. Later it is revealed that this set of fangs not only intimidates foes but can deliver a powerful, venomous bite (true to Brock's namesake). This bite was able to cripple the Sandman, eventually leaving the villain turned hero unable to reform himself properly and almost causing his death.[162]
  • Stretching and deforming: Although it's widely known that the symbiote can stretch and deform itself, recently it was able to perform this ability while bonded with a human host. Venom can expand to any size as long as they have something to grow on such as a host or an object. Symbiotes can get inside of small areas such as electric wires and the insides of cars and completely disable them.
  • Telepathy Resistance: As a result of Venom being a bond between two separate minds, it takes longer than conventional for a telepath to affect his mind. This defense is not absolute, however.[114] Additionally, attempting to telepathically incapacitate Venom by targeting the host does not prevent the symbiote from fighting back.[29]

Malekith: Another whom would bond with the Venom klyntar was a second non-human entity to utilize it's powers.[133] Through use of Dark Magic and the arcane ambience of Stonehenge in Scotland, the King of the Dark Elves would use his talents to enslave the symbiote then bond with it to increase his own combat prowess.[45]

  • Symbiotic Expansion and Psychic Control: Through Venom, Malekith could extend his symbiote to others and interlink them to his own being. Wielding his warriors like a puppet armed force which he could further guide and enhance with symbiote like abilities of they're own.[3]
  • Constituent-Matter Manipulation: Like many users of the symbiote species, Malekith can conjure and utilize symbiote biomass in order to create his own colorful arsenal physiological extremities. The likes of razor sharp or blunt force melee weaponry, large batlike wings to fly with or simply transforming the symbiote itself into a metamorphic blade.[92]
  • Dark Magic Enhancement: Through his connection with one of Knull's creations, Malekith found that his own arcane abilities were greatly enhanced many times over. Making both him and the klyntar he'd assimilated powerful enough to trade blows with four iterations of the God of Thunder singlehanded.[3]
  • Stretching and deforming: To a limited extent Malekith could utilize the amorphous properties of the Venom Symbiote to further enhance himself. Having used it elongate his tongue into a lethal razor whip he can fight with.[3]

Agent Venom (Flash Thompson): After the US military bonded the symbiote to Flash Thompson as the fourth host of the symbiote, it displayed all of the above abilities as well as developing a few new ones as a result of being connected to the Klyntar hive mind.

  • Hive Mind: After being purged of its bloodlust, the symbiote gained access to the Klyntar hive mind, enabling it to communicate with the symbiotes on their homeworld and access information about the species' past.[87]
  • Cosmos Communion: As a cleansed Klyntar, the Venom symbiote is able to hear the "voice" of the Cosmos telling it of people in need of assistance.[163]
  • Humanoid Form: Since being cleansed, the symbiote has developed the ability to take on a humanoid form independently of being bonded to its host, for a maximum duration of twelve Earth hours.[90] After coming into contact with Knull, this ability was augmented to enable it to disguise itself as a human.[130][164]
  • Proximity Tracking: Agent Venom can track others by leaving pieces of itself on others, seeking them out wherever they may go.[165]
  • Self-Sustenance: The Venom Symbiote enables the host to survive anywhere in any hostile environment. Be it in the cold reaches of space,[90] or fatally gaseous areas with relative ease.[166] Flash could even impart this a hazardous element filtration system to others.[155]
  • Morphomerge: One time while on mission Flash symbiotically bonded the Klyntar into a stripped and broken down car in order to make it operational again. Said vehicle was not only greatly reinforced by its constituent matter; but had the appearance, tentacles and biting maw normally reminiscent of its feral state.[167] Tel-Kar was also able to use it to interface with his spaceship.[168]

Strength level

The symbiote has enabled its hosts to lift up to 70 tons at regular size in the past, this was not their true limit as their strength increases with their variable muscle mass. With progressive mutation and the variable host shifts adding to Venom's power, a host's current strength level is unknown.

Weaknesses

  • Sonic and Heat: The Symbiote is extremely sensitive to sonic and thermal attacks, making it vulnerable, although the degree of sensitivity has varied over time and the symbiote has built up a resistance.[169]
  • Knull: An ancient deity who created the symbiotes, Knull is able to mentally influence and dominate them, driving them insane with bloodlust and enslaving them to his will.


Discover and Discuss

Footnotes

  1. Dark Reign: Sinister Spider-Man Vol 1
  2. Venom Vol 2 #2
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 War of the Realms #6
  4. 4.0 4.1 Thor Vol 5 #14
  5. 5.0 5.1 Venom Vol 4 #4
  6. Marvel Entertainment on Twitter: "It's time for #MarvelLIVE! On today's episode, presented by @audi, we have an exclusive @CloakAndDagger preview, we reveal new "Carnage-ized" variant covers, actor Scott Adsit stops by, and artist @AdamKubert draws YOUR suggestions.". Twitter (24 April 2019). Retrieved on 24 April 2019.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Venom: Dark Origin #4
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 Venom: Space Knight #12
  9. 9.0 9.1 Venom Vs. Carnage #1
  10. 10.0 10.1 Venom: First Host #1
  11. 11.0 11.1 Venom: Space Knight #8
  12. X-Men: Blue #21
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 Deadpool: Back in Black #4
  14. Venom Super Special #1
  15. Marvel Super Heroes Secret Wars #1
  16. 16.0 16.1 Stegman, Ryan (4 August 2018). ryan stegman on Twitter: "Yeah. Venom's logo is a combination of knull’s dragon and spider-man’s spider.". Twitter. Retrieved on 4 August 2018.
  17. 17.0 17.1 Deadpool's Secret Secret Wars #3
  18. Marvel Super Heroes Secret Wars #8
  19. Amazing Spider-Man #252-257
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 Symbiote Spider-Man #1-5
  21. Spider-Man Family Vol 2 #1
  22. Amazing Spider-Man Annual Vol 4 #1
  23. Amazing Spider-Man #252-258
  24. Spider-Man / Fantastic Four #2
  25. 25.0 25.1 Web of Spider-Man #1
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 Deadpool: Back in Black #1
  27. Deadpool: Back in Black #2
  28. 28.0 28.1 Deadpool: Back in Black #3
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 Deadpool: Back in Black #5
  30. Web of Spider-Man Annual #8
  31. The Spectacular Spider-Man Vol 2 #3-5
  32. Venom Vol 2 #4
  33. Amazing Spider-Man #298-300
  34. Venom: Dark Origin #5
  35. Amazing Spider-Man #317
  36. 36.0 36.1 The Spectacular Spider-Man Vol 2 #3
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 Venom Vol 4 #11-12
  38. Amazing Spider-Man #333
  39. Amazing Spider-Man #361
  40. Venom Sinner Takes All #3
  41. Amazing Spider-Man Vol 2 #19
  42. Venom #11-13
  43. Venom #16
  44. 44.0 44.1 Venom #18
  45. 45.0 45.1 45.2 45.3 45.4 45.5 45.6 45.7 Venom: The Hunger #1-4
  46. Venom Sinner Takes All #3 - 5
  47. Venom: Along Came a Spider #3 - 4
  48. 48.0 48.1 Peter Parker: Spider-Man Vol 2 #16
  49. 49.0 49.1 49.2 Venom: The Hunger #1
  50. Venom Vol 2 #35
  51. Spider-Man / Red Sonja #2
  52. 52.0 52.1 52.2 52.3 Venom #158
  53. 53.0 53.1 53.2 Venom #11
  54. The Spectacular Spider-Man Vol 2 #1 - 5
  55. Marvel Knights: Spider-Man #7
  56. Sensational Spider-Man Vol 2 #38-39
  57. Marvel Knights: Spider-Man #5-8
  58. 58.0 58.1 Thunderbolts #112
  59. 59.0 59.1 Thunderbolts #115
  60. Thunderbolts #118-119
  61. Amazing Spider-Man #568
  62. 62.0 62.1 Amazing Spider-Man #569
  63. Amazing Spider-Man #570
  64. Cable & Deadpool #49 - 50
  65. Mighty Avengers #7 - 8
  66. 66.0 66.1 Dark Avengers #1
  67. 67.0 67.1 Siege: Spider-Man #1
  68. Amazing Spider-Man #648
  69. 69.0 69.1 Venom Vol 4 #1
  70. Venom Vol 2 #6
  71. 71.0 71.1 71.2 Venom Vol 2 #7
  72. Venom Vol 2 #13-14
  73. Venom Vol 2 #13.4
  74. 74.0 74.1 74.2 Venom Vol 2 #41
  75. Secret Avengers #23
  76. Carnage, U.S.A. #5
  77. Venom Vol 2 #23-25
  78. Venom Vol 2 #31
  79. Venom Vol 2 #38-41
  80. Superior Spider-Man #22
  81. 81.0 81.1 Superior Spider-Man #23
  82. Superior Spider-Man #24
  83. 83.0 83.1 83.2 Superior Spider-Man #25
  84. 84.0 84.1 Thunderbolts Vol 2 #17
  85. 85.0 85.1 85.2 Thunderbolts Annual Vol 2 #1
  86. 86.0 86.1 86.2 Thunderbolts Vol 2 #23
  87. 87.0 87.1 87.2 87.3 Guardians of the Galaxy Vol 3 #23
  88. 88.0 88.1 88.2 Guardians of the Galaxy Vol 3 #21
  89. 89.0 89.1 Guardians of the Galaxy Vol 3 #22
  90. 90.0 90.1 90.2 90.3 Venom: Space Knight #4
  91. Venom: Space Knight #1-3
  92. 92.0 92.1 Venom: Space Knight #5-6
  93. 93.0 93.1 93.2 Venom: Space Knight #7-9
  94. 94.0 94.1 94.2 Venom: Space Knight #10
  95. 95.0 95.1 Venom: Space Knight #13
  96. 96.0 96.1 96.2 96.3 Venom #150
  97. 97.0 97.1 97.2 Venom Vol 3 #1
  98. 98.0 98.1 Venom Vol 3 #2
  99. 99.0 99.1 Venom Vol 3 #3
  100. Venom Vol 3 #5
  101. 101.0 101.1 101.2 Venom Vol 3 #6
  102. 102.0 102.1 Venom #151
  103. Venom #153
  104. Venom #152-153
  105. 105.0 105.1 105.2 105.3 105.4 105.5 Venom #154
  106. 106.0 106.1 106.2 Venom #155
  107. 107.0 107.1 Amazing Spider-Man: Venom Inc. Alpha #1
  108. 108.0 108.1 108.2 Amazing Spider-Man #792
  109. 109.0 109.1 Venom #159
  110. Amazing Spider-Man #793
  111. Venom #160
  112. Amazing Spider-Man: Venom Inc. Omega #1
  113. 113.0 113.1 113.2 113.3 Venom #161
  114. 114.0 114.1 114.2 X-Men: Blue Annual #1
  115. 115.0 115.1 Venom #162
  116. X-Men: Blue #22
  117. Venom #163
  118. Venom #164-165
  119. 119.0 119.1 119.2 Amazing Spider-Man #800
  120. 120.0 120.1 Venom: First Host Vol 1-2
  121. Venom: First Host #5
  122. Venom Vol 4 #2
  123. 123.0 123.1 123.2 123.3 123.4 123.5 Venom Vol 4 #5
  124. Venom Vol 4 #6
  125. 125.0 125.1 Venom Vol 4 #7
  126. Venom Vol 4 #8
  127. Web of Venom: Unleashed #1
  128. Venom Vol 4 #9
  129. Venom Vol 4 #10
  130. 130.0 130.1 Venom Vol 4 #12
  131. 131.0 131.1 Savage Avengers #2
  132. 132.0 132.1 War of the Realms #3
  133. 133.0 133.1 War of the Realms Strikeforce: The War Avengers #1
  134. War of the Realms #4-5
  135. 135.0 135.1 135.2 Absolute Carnage #1
  136. Absolute Carnage #2
  137. Absolute Carnage #3
  138. 138.0 138.1 Absolute Carnage #4
  139. 139.0 139.1 Marvel Knights: Spider-Man #8
  140. Thunderbolts #118
  141. The Spectacular Spider-Man Vol 2 #1
  142. Venom: Space Knight #11
  143. Scarlet Spider Vol 2 #10
  144. Venom: Space Knight #1
  145. Venom Vol 3 #4
  146. Venom #165
  147. Venom Vol 4 #11 - 12
  148. Amazing Spider-Man #252
  149. Venom Vol 2 #33
  150. Venom Vol 2 #1
  151. Venom Lethal Protector #1
  152. Spider-Man: Brand New Day Yearbook - 2008
  153. Thunderbolts #119-120
  154. Venom Vol 2 #32
  155. 155.0 155.1 Venom Vol 2 #38
  156. Amazing Spider-Man Super Special #1
  157. Venom Vol 2 #30
  158. Nova Vol 3 #7
  159. Venom The Mace #2
  160. Beyond #1
  161. Venom Carnage Unleashed #4
  162. Spider-Man: The Ultimate Guide (Hardcover) page 151
  163. Venom: Space Knight #2
  164. Cates, Donny (20 March 2019). DONNY CATES on Twitter: "New powers from contact with Knull.". Twitter. Retrieved on 9 April 2019.
  165. Thunderbolts Vol 2 #18
  166. Venom Vol 2 #28
  167. Venom Vol 2 #36
  168. Venom: First Host #3
  169. Venom: Along Came a Spider #2
  170. Venom #152
  171. Amazing Spider-Man #671
  172. Venom: First Host #2
  173. Cronin, Brian (May 16, 2007). Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed Extra: Randy Schueller’s Brush With Comic History. CBR.
  174. Cronin, Brian (11 February 2017). Comic Legends: How Iron Fist Gave Us Venom. CBR. Retrieved on 11 February 2017.
  175. Peter Parker: Spider-Man Vol 2 #10
  176. Dark Reign: Sinister Spider-Man #2
  177. Dark Reign: Sinister Spider-Man #3
  178. Spider-Man and the X-Men #5
  179. Venomized #1



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