House of X Vol 1 3 Textless.jpg
Official Name
Children of the Atom,[citation needed] Xavier's Team,[citation needed] X-People,[1] X-Hombres,[2] "Worshipers of X",[3] Men of X [4]
Current Member(s)
Former Member(s)
Alchemy, Amazing Baby, Angel/Archangel, Anole, Ariel, Armor, Aurora, Banshee, Beak, Beast, "Beast", Blindfold, Bling!, Blink, Boom-Boom, Broo, Cable, Cable (Past), Caliban, Cannonball, Captain Britain, Cerebra, Chamber, Changeling, Cipher, Cloak, Colossus, Creep, Crosta, Cypher, Dagger, Daken, Danger, Darwin, Dazzler, Deathlok Prime, Doctor Nemesis, Domino, Doop, Dr. Frankenstein, Dust, Egg, Elixir, Manuel Enduque, Erg, Ernst, E.V.A., Explodey Boy, Eye-Boy, Face, Fantomex, Firestar, Forearm, Forge, ForgetMeNot, Frenzy, Gambit, Genesis, Glob Herman, Graymalkin, Gwenpool, Havok, Hellion, Hepzibah, Hijack, Hindsight, Husk, Iceman, Indra, Ink, Madison Jeffries, Joseph, Jubilee, Juggernaut, Karasu, Karma, Ziggy Karst, Kid Gladiator, Kid Omega, Krakoa, Kymera, Michaela Ladak, Lady Mastermind, Legion, Lifeguard, Loa, Lockheed, Logan, Longshot, Lucid, Maggott, Magik, Magma, Magneto, Marrow, Match, Mercury, Morph, Mimic, Mirage, Mondo, Mukus, Multiple Man, Multiple Man (Bartender), Mystique, Namor, Nature Girl, Nightcrawler, No-Girl, Northstar, Omertà, Onyxx, Oya, Penance, Petra, Pixie, "Phoenix", Polaris, Prestige, Primal, Prodigy, Professor X, Psylocke (Kwannon), Pyro (Allerdyce), Pyro (Lasker), Dr. Kavita Rao, Red Bishop, Revenant, Dr. Cecilia Reyes, Rictor, Rockslide, Rogue, Sabretooth, Sage, Sapna, Scout, Scorpion Boy, Shadowcat, Karima Shapandar, Shark-Girl, Sebastian Shaw, Silent Monk, Siryn, Skin, Slipstream, Sojobo, "Sojobo", Spider-Man (Parker)[5], Sprite, Squidface, Stacy X, Stepford Cuckoos, Storm, Hope Summers, Sunfire, Sunpyre, Sunspot, Surge, Sway, Synch, Tempus, Thunderbird (Proudstar), Thunderbird (Shaara), Toad, Trance, Transonic, Triage, Tri-Joey, Trinary, Unus the Untouchable, Velocidad, Vulcan, Warbird, Warlock, Warpath, White Queen, Wildside, Wolfsbane, Wolverine (Kinney), Wolverine (Logan), "Wolverine", Wraith, X-Man, Xorn, Zach, Zero, Zorn
Identity and Affiliations
Alpha Flight, Avengers, Avengers Unity Division (defunct), Big Hero Six, Blade, Abigail Brand, Cadre K, Captain Britain, Captain Britain Corps, Captain Marvel (honorary member), Lila Cheney, Peter Corbeau, Darkwind, Deadpool (honorary member), Defenders, Doctor Strange, Fred Duncan (deceased), Elektra, Energizer (honorary member), Excalibur, Exiles, Fantastic Four, Fiz (honorary member), Sharon Friedlander (deceased), Future Foundation, Gateway, Gazer (deceased), Generation X (defunct), Dr. Annie Ghazikhanian (former nurse), Great Captains of Krakoa, Hellfire Trading Corporation, Hellions (Essex), Stevie Hunter (former staff), Illuminati (defunct), Kyle Jinadu, Kate Kildare (public relations), Leech, Dr. Moira MacTaggert, Marauders (Pryde), Mighty Avengers (Initiative) (defunct), Muir Island X-Men (defunct), New Avengers (defunct), New Mutants, New X-Men (defunct), Nocturne, Pulse (honorary member), Quiet Council of Krakoa, Red Lotus (honorary member), Runaways, Sashia, Secret Avengers (defunct), Sentinel Squad O*N*E (defunct), Candy Southern (deceased), Spider-Man, Spider-Woman, Starjammers, S.W.O.R.D., Swordbearers of Krakoa (defunct), Vange Whedon (lawyer), Warclan, X-Corporation (defunct), X-Corps (defunct), X-Factor (X-Terminators) (defunct), X-Factor (Government) (defunct), X-Factor Investigations (defunct), X-Force, X-Force (Strike Team) (defunct), X-Men (Blue Team) (defunct), X-Men (Red Team) (defunct), X-Statix (defunct), X-Terminators (defunct), Harmony Young, Young Avengers (defunct), Young X-Men (defunct), Utopian mutants (defunct), Vescora (unwittingly)
Acolytes, Adjunct, Adversary, Ahab, Ani-Men, Apocalypse, Arcade, Atlanteans, Bastion, Belasco, Beyonder, Black Death, Blastaar, Bloodscream, Bolivar Trask, Bond, Brood, Brotherhood of Mutants, Candra, Cassandra Nova, Cobalt Man, Commcast, Count Nefaria, Crimson Commando, Cyburai, Cyttorak, D'Ken, DARPA, Dark Beast, Dark Riders, Death Sponsors, Deathbird, Deathwings, Demi-Men, Dire Wraiths, Doctor Doom, Dominus, Dracula, Eel, El Tigre, Eric the Red, Exodus, Exterminators, Fabian Cortez, Factor Three, Fatale, Fenris, Firelord, Freedom Force, Friends of Humanity, Gamesmaster, Garokk, Gene Nation, Ghaur, Gideon, Goblin Queen, Gortokians, Grange Janssen, Hand, Hazard, Hellhounds, Hellions, Holocaust, Horsemen of Apocalypse, Humanity's Last Stand, Inciters, Jamil, Judge Chalmers, Juggernaut, K'illace, Kierrok, Kruun, Lady Deathstrike, Larry Trask, Legion, Living Monolith, Llyra, Locust, M-Squad, Maa-Gor, Machinesmith, Magistrates, Magneto, Magus, Major Domo, Mandarin, Marauders, Mastermind, Master Mold, Mekano, Mentallo, Mesmero, Mikhail Rasputin, Miss Locke, Mister Jip, Mister Sinister, Mojo, Mole Man, Morlocks, Moses Magnum, Mutant Liberation Front, Mystique, N'astirh, N'Garai, Nimrod, Omega Red, Onslaught, Ord, Ozymandias, Phalanx, Plantman, Porcupine, Post, Press Gang, Primate, Project Armageddon, Proteus, Psycho-Man, Puff, Puppet Master, Quists, Ramon, Reavers, Ronan, S'ym, Sabretooth, Samedar, Sauron, Savage Land Mutates, Scarecrow, Senator Kelly, Sentinels, Serpent Society, Shadow King, Sidewinder, Sidri, Siena Blaze, Soul Skinner, Spiral, Spite, Stonewall, Starsharks, Stranger, Stryfe, Styglut, Sub-Mariner, Sugar Man, Super-Adaptoid, Super Sabre, Susan Hatchi, Sylatin, Toloc, Trevor Fitzroy, Triumvirate, Tyrannus, ULTIMATUM, Unicorn, Unus, Upstarts, Vanisher, Viper, Warhawk, Wendigo, Wild Sentinels, Wipeout, X-Cutioner, X-Men, Z'nox, Zaladane, Orchis, Inner Demons, Empyre, Swordbearers of Arakko, Summoners of Amenth
Mutants pledged to protect a world that both hates and fears them
Creators and Appearances
First Appearance
Quote1.png To me, my X-Men! Quote2.png
Professor X

The X-Men are a privately owned security force created to harbor peace between the emerging Homo Superior, nicknamed "Mutants" and baseline humans. The roster is made up of Mutants who have been trained and educated in the use of their powers at the Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters.[6] Their operations are funded by Professor Charles Xavier's family fortune and from the patents he created.[7]


This is an abridged version of The X-Men's history. For a complete history see The X-Men's Expanded History


Fruit of an evolutionary saltation, mutants, or Homo superior, are born with superhuman abilities which generally manifest themselves at puberty. Seen as a threat, mutants are often hated and feared by other humans. Spending most of his early adult years studying mutation at Oxford University, Professor Charles Xavier, who himself was secretly a mutant telepath, had a dream of mutants and humans coexisting pacifically. During his period at Oxford, Xavier found the brilliant geneticist Moira as a trusted colleague with whom he shared his ideals and plans.[8][9]

Charles Xavier has a dream

Over the years, Xavier realized other mutants envisioned different agendas and schemes for the future of mutantkind. In Israel, he met a mutant named Magnus, whose views differed radically from his dream, as Magnus expected an inevitable species war between mutants and humans.[10] Following an encounter with another mutant telepath, known as the Shadow King, Xavier vowed to protect the world from the threat of evil mutants, endeavoring to foster peaceful coexistence between mutants and humans.[11]

Ultimately, with Moira's help, Xavier decided to open a school for mutants, to secretly train them to be what would eventually become the legendary X-Men, a mutant task force aimed at protecting a world that hates and fears them.[12] Xavier eventually turned his father's estate into the Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters.[13] In his "X-Mansion", he constructed the Danger Room to test and train mutants,[6] and developed Cerebro, a powerful mutant detector machine.[14][15]

After years of preparation, Xavier decided it was the time to recruit the young mutants whom he had been keeping track of, as anti-mutant hysteria hit its peak. With reports about a young mutant accidentally endangering and then saving a crowd of people with an optic blast, Xavier traveled to Washington D.C., seeking out FBI agent Fred Duncan, assigned to investigate reports of mutants. Xavier convinced Duncan to allow him to enroll young mutants in his school and prepare them to battle evil mutants.[16][12]

In the following days, Xavier, as Professor X, recruited Scott Summers, the young mutant in the news story. Rescued from the clutches of evil mutant Jack Winters, Scott became the first of the X-Men, Cyclops.[17] Next, Cyclops and Professor X saved young Bobby Drake, a mutant commanding extreme cold and moisture, from an angry lynch mob. Drake joined the group as Iceman.[18] Xavier's next recruit was the winged Warren Worthington III, who had already embarked on a solo super-hero career as the high-flying Angel.[19] After a brief battle, Angel agreed to join the group.[20] Their next recruit was the dexterous and intelligent Hank McCoy, whom the X-Men rescued from a would-be conqueror, the Conquistador. McCoy joined Xavier under the codename Beast.[21] Rounding out the group, Xavier had Jean Grey join them as Marvel Girl.[6] Jean Grey had been mentored by Xavier for years since childhood, after her mental powers manifested.[22]

First Class

The Uncanny X-Men vs. Magneto

The uncanny X-Men were formed, and their first mission brought them to a direct confrontation with Xavier's old friend, Magnus, now the self-styled "Master of Magnetism", Magneto, who became their most frequent enemy. The confrontation had a strong ideological basis, as Magneto believed in mutant total supremacy over humans. Although the X-Men acted as super-heroes, growing anti-mutant hysteria eventually marred their reputation.[6]

Their next adventure found them defending Washington D.C. from thief and mutant teleporter, the Vanisher.[23] They also found that not all mutants were interested in joining their mission, when the immovable Blob rejected an invitation into their ranks.[24] The X-Men soon had interactions with the super-hero community: clashing with Iron Man,[25] aiding the Sentry against the General,[26] and clashing with the Fantastic Four when Professor X was enslaved the Puppet Master,[27] among many other situations.

Magneto eventually returned to plague the X-Men, this time with his own group, the so-called Brotherhood of Evil Mutants, formed by Quicksilver, the Scarlet Witch, the Toad and Mastermind. They first clashed with the X-Men when trying to take over the nation of Santo Marco,[28] followed by an attempted full-on capture of the X-Men.[29] The X-Men had subsequent disputes with the Brotherhood. The first was a failed attempt by the Brotherhood to recruit Namor, the Sub-Mariner,[30] the second, a similar scenario involving the Blob,[15] and the third, also a failed recruitment, when the thunder god, Thor, was absurdly prospected to join the Brotherhood's ranks.[31]

Graduation day

Following the X-Men's graduation,[15] the group experienced a rising and fanatical anti-mutant movement. By that time, a future version of Beast transported Xavier's students to the future.[32][33] Upon their return, they faced Unus the Untouchable.[32] Afterwards, Professor X briefly left Cyclops in charge of the school to impede the alien Lucifer from conquering the world. His attempt was foiled thanks to the assistance of the X-Men and the Avengers, beginning the two groups' long-standing association and rivalry.[34] The X-Men gained another ally in Ka-Zar, when an investigation about his existence at the South Pole led to the discovery of the Savage Land.[35]

The X-Men finally witnessed the apparent end of the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants following an encounter with the alien Stranger. This battle ended with the Stranger taking Magneto and the Toad to his space station for study and transforming Mastermind into dense matter.[36] New threats arose however, such as the Professor's stepbrother Cain Marko, who terrorized the X-Men as the mystically-empowered Juggernaut.[37] Juggernaut was defeated with the aid of the Human Torch.[38]

The menace of the Sentinels

With anti-mutant hysteria again on the rise, scientist Bolivar Trask engineered the Sentinels, giant mutant-hunting robots.[39] However, the robots revolted against their own master, taking Trask and Professor X to their new robotic leader, the Master Mold. The Master Mold planned to enslave the entire human race, but the X-Men saved the Professor and found a way to destroy the Sentinels.[40] The encounter came to an end with Trask's death.[41] Trask's legacy would haunt mutantkind in later years as his machines became one of the greatest menaces against mutants.

Still recovering from their battle against the Sentinels, the X-Men were once more targeted by a returned Magneto,[42] who was defeated and recaptured by the Stranger.[43] The X-Men then battled the mysterious Mimic, a bitter young man who had the ability to replicate other people's super-powers and unravelled the X-Men's secret identities. The battle ended with Mimic stripped of his powers and with no memory of the X-Men's true identities.[44] Meanwhile, Lucifer resurfaced to finalize his master's alien invasion, ordering the Blob and Unus to pose as X-Men to besmirch the team's standing with the public and otherwise occupy them.[45] Although the Blob and Unus escaped, the X-Men succeeded in foiling Lucifer's plot.[46] Non-mutant threats were also faced by the X-Men, such as combating Count Nefaria's attempt to ransom Washington D.C.[47] and battling the peculiar Locust. When Jean was forced by her parents to leave Xavier's for Metro College,[48] she remained part of the group, although with less regularity. During this period, the team battled El Tigre,[49] preventing him from taking over the world with the power of the Mayan God, Kukulcan.[50]

The Factor Three Conspiracy

Fearing an imminent threat, Professor X pressed the group to find new recruits. They unsuccessfully pursued Quicksilver, the Scarlet Witch and Spider-Man, though managed to recruit Mimic, who had just regained his memories and powers following a lab explosion at Metro College. He joined the group despite the Puppet Master using him as his pawn to destroy the X-Men.[51] Soon after, the X-Men learned of Factor Three, an organization that sent agents Ogre and the enslaved Banshee after them in an attempt to kidnap Professor X. Freeing Banshee from Factor Three's control, the X-Men easily defeated Ogre.[52]

Mimic left the team after he lost his powers when stopping the Super-Adaptoid.[53] This was followed by the X-Men stopping the Warlock's world domination plot,[54] and halting Cobalt Man rampage at Stark Industries.[55] Sometime later, Cobalt Man's man brother and Jean's friend Ted Roberts asked for the X-Men's help in rescuing his brother, landing them in a conflict between the Mole Man and Tyrannus.[56]

Some time later, Factor Three struck again when Professor X attempted to cure his step-brother of being the Juggernaut. The resulting experiment of both science and sorcery ended with the Juggernaut's revival and Xavier on the brink of death. Factor Three mentally contacted the Juggernaut and tried to recruit him.[57] The X-Men ultimately stopped the Juggernaut with the aid of Doctor Strange, who banished Marko to the Crimson Cosmos. However, during the process, Factor Three managed to kidnap Professor X.[58]

When Banshee attempted to contact the X-Men after locating Factor Three's European headquarters, his message was interrupted, leading to the X-Men briefly battling Spider-Man, mistakenly believing the wall-crawler was a member of Factor Three.[59] Without enough money to pay for airfare to Europe, the X-Men tried to raise it but ended up taking a loan from the wealthy philanthropist father of Tom Regal after the X-Men aided in stopping Tom's rampage as the armored Mekano.[60]

New costumes, new thrills

Arriving in Europe, they were captured by Factor Three, whose membership included the Vanisher, the Blob, Unus and Mastermind as well as two unknown villains: the Changeling and the Mutant Master. The group found the X-Men "guilty" of betraying mutantkind and sentenced them to death. Before executing the X-Men, Factor Three revealed their intentions of sparking a nuclear World War III by attacking both the United States and the Sovier Union.[61] The X-Men split into two groups, ruining both plots[16] and coming face-to-face with the Mutant Master at his headquarters in the United States.[62] There, with the aid of the Changeling, they freed Professor X. The Mutant Master was revealed as a member of the alien race, Siris. The X-Men and Factor Three then worked together to stop Mutant Master, parting peacefully though vowing to meet again as enemies. Upon returning to the X-Mansion, the X-Men were rewarded with new individual costumes designed by Jean.[62]

The Death of Professor X

The Death of Professor X

Professor Xavier learned of an impending invasion from the alien Z'nox race. Needing time to prepare, the Professor made plans to place himself in seclusion. Approached by the terminally ill Changeling, Professor X made a deal with the dying mutant, who aided him in his role by posing as Professor, X while the real Xavier prepared for the invasion. Jean Grey was the only member of the X-Men who was made aware of Xavier's plan was Jean, having her telepathic powers unlocked by the Professor. Xavier proceeded into seclusion while Changeling took his place.[63] When the subterranean Grotesk, mutated by the underground nuclear testing that destroyed his people, threatened the Earth,[64] the Changeling (posing as Professor X) sacrificed his life to stop Grotesk.[65]

After the funeral, the X-Men were captured and imprisoned by Magneto, who had just reformed the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants.[66] Also wishing to get revenge against the Avengers, Magneto allowed Angel to escape to lure the other team to Magneto's hideout.[67] Although Magneto pitted the X-Men and the Avengers against each other, the two groups succeeded in defeating him, who seemingly perished in an explosion.[68]

Returning to the X-Mansion and still mourning the loss of their mentor, the X-Men were visited by Agent Duncan who read the X-Men Xavier's final will, bequeathing everything to them. Meanwhile, Juggernaut had been temporarily returned to Earth before being shunted off to the Crimson Cosmos once more after battling the X-Men. Agent Duncan then informed the X-Men that they were ordered by the government to disband for their own safety.[69] This split proved to be short-lived. After Beast and Iceman battled the Warlock (now calling himself the Maha Yogi),[70] and Cyclops and Marvel Girl battled Quasimodo,[71] the group was drawn back together when Cerebro detected a large concentration of mutants in the San Francisco area.[72]

The X-Men face off Mesmero

While investigating, the X-Men met a mutant named Lorna Dane and learned that Mesmero, a mutant hypnotist, was amassing an army of mutants in the name of Magneto to enslave humanity.[72] Believing Lorna to be the daughter of Magneto, Mesmero took her and Iceman to his Mutant City, outside of San Francisco, where Lorna's latent mutant magnetic powers were activated. As the X-Men came to their rescue, Lorna stayed behind during their escape, deciding to remain loyal to her supposed father[73] (actually an android).[74] The X-Men returned to destroy the Mutant City, having Cyclops pose as an evil mutant named Erik the Red in order to infiltrate their militia.[75] During the ensuing battle, Iceman provided Lorna evidence that she was not Magneto's daughter. She helped the X-Men defeat “Magneto” and Mesmero, leading to Mutant City' detonation. Lorna Dane returned with the X-Men to New York City.[76] Later, an accident during a test of one of the Professor's inventions led to the X-Men accidentally teleporting Blastaar from the Negative Zone to Earth. During the ensuing battle, Blastaar was seemingly killed when the machine to which he was linked short-circuited.[77]

Cyclops reentered the life of his brother Alex who had just graduated from university. Bizarrely, Alex was captured by the Living Pharaoh, a mutant who found that his and Alex's mutant powers were linked.[19] Tracking the Pharaoh to Egypt, the X-Men battled him there and learned that Alex was a mutant who could emit plasma energy.[78] In the ensuing battle, the Pharaoh had full access to Alex's powers, being transformed in the Living Monolith. Alex managed to break free, cutting off the Living Monolith's powers, but was left horrified to find that he did not have control over his new-found powers.[79]

Havok unleashed

Before Alex could be helped by the X-Men, he was captured by Sentinels, that had been rebuilt by Larry Trask with the aid of Judge Robert Chalmers. Trask revived the Sentinels to get revenge against mutants in general, and the X-Men in particular, for the death of his father, Bolivar Trask. Giving Alex a uniform to regulate his powers and naming him Havok, Trask had the confused mutant aid him in capturing all the known mutants, including Iceman, Lorna Dane, and various X-Men villains.[80] Havok aided the X-Men in defeating the Sentinels and learned that Trask was actually a mutant himself.[74] Cyclops ultimately managed to convince the Sentinels to destroy the source of mutations, leading the Sentinels to fly into the sun.[81]

The X-Men put a heavily injured Havok into the care of Dr. Karl Lykos, who secretly required the energies of other people to survive. However, the life energies of mutants caused Lykos to mutate into the powerful pterodactyl-like humanoid called Sauron.[82] Sauron fled to Tierra del Fuego and reverted back to Lykos, being tracked by the X-Men were unable to stop him from seemingly committing suicide to avoid draining the energy of his lover, Tanya.[83] From there, the X-Men traveled into the Savage Land, reuniting with Ka-Zar and agreeing to aid him against the Savage Land Mutates. Meanwhile, Angel was duped into joining with the Mutates by their leader, the Creator (secretly Magneto).[84] As Angel learned the truth, he assisted the X-Men in defeating Magneto and destroying his citadel.[85] Returning to the United States, the X-Men went to Washington D.C. to stop Sunfire, a fire-wielding mutant from Japan, from interrupting an important conference between US and Japanese officials.[86]

Back to the X-Mansion, the X-Men were shocked when Professor X turned up alive and well and explained to them that he had been preparing for the coming Z'Nox invasion. With the help of Cyclops' and Havok's powers, the Professor linked every mind on Earth in order to drive the Z'Nox invasion away.[63] The victory left the Professor on the brink of death, requiring the X-Men to seek out the Hulk, whose human persona had the knowledge to cure the Professor.[87]

The Hidden Years

As Professor X returned, Iceman decided to leave the team over feeling betrayed over Xavier's secrets. Learning what happened in his absence, Professor X sent the remaining X-Men back to the Savage Land to recover the body of Magneto.[88] The X-Men were soon embroiled in stopping the Nhu’Ghari race from enslaving other Savage Land natives, while Marvel Girl learned that Magneto was actually alive.[89] The X-Men found and defeated Magneto, capturing him. When a storm hit their craft, Magneto escaped, while Angel and his Nhu’Ghari ally named Avia were lost at sea. Cyclops, Marvel Girl, and the Beast were whisked away to Kenya where they met the young Ororo, a mutant who could control the weather, and helped her defeat the villain Deluge.[90]

The remaining X-Men returned home only to be met by the Fantastic Four,[91] who were assisting Professor X with the Z'Nox crisis. Though the X-Men stopped an invasion on Earth, they did not prevent the Z'Nox from turning their invasion fleet on another world. Teamed up with the Fantastic Four, the X-Men went to space, where Jean's mind was briefly contacted by the Phoenix. The X-Men and the Fantastic Four worked together to shunt the Z'Nox home-world into the Negative Zone where it could not harm anyone.[92]

X-Men's hidden years

Professor X and Beast temporarily left the X-Mansion to monitor a new mutant detected by Cerebro, a little girl named Ashley Martin, who had mental control over one of Trask's damaged Sentinels.[93] Meanwhile, Cyclops and Marvel Girl searched for a missing Angel, assisted by Candy Southern, Angel's girlfriend. Captured by a man named Stefan Krueger, Angel and the X-Men were sold to the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants,[94] but managed to defeat the villains.[95] On the Savage Land, Havok, Lorna Dane and an amnesiac Iceman got caught up in a battle between Sauron and Magneto. The battle ended with Magneto's defeat and Iceman regaining his memories.[96]

While Professor X chose to stay with the Martins for a while, all the X-Men returned to the X-Mansion, where Candy warned Angel that his uncle, the villain known as Dazzler, had plans to marry Angel's mother.[97] The X-Men stopped the wedding, but were too late to prevent Angel's mother from dying of the poison Burt had administered to her.[98] Finding Havok and Lorna Dane gone after Cerebro signaled mutant presence in the Himalayas, the X-Men went after them and realized Cerebro's initial signal picked up the hidden realm of the Inhumans.[99] Returning home, the X-Men found their friend Avia poisoned by Kraven the Hunter, who challenged one of the X-Men to beat him in combat for the cure. The Beast accepted, winning the duel.[100]

Lorna vanished soon after, after put under the mental control of Tad Carter. The X-Men found that Tad was a member of a group called the Promise, mutants who intended to shape human and mutantkind.[101] Following a brief confrontation, some of the X-Men were sent to their doom, ending up unconscious in the realm of the Mole Man.[102] Meanwhile, Magneto and the Sub-Mariner carried on an attack on Earth, which was being opposed by the Fantastic Four.[103] Ultimately, the rest of the X-Men escaped from the Mole Man's clutches and were reunited with Angel, while Havok managed to free Lorna from the Promise, who parted company when their leader Tobias Messenger was secretly killed by one of their own. After these events, Professor X returned to his X-Men at the X-Mansion.[104]

Beast left the team for a position at the Brand Corporation where he further mutated while battling the Secret Empire.[105] Soon after, the X-Men and other mutants were targeted by the Secret Empire, seen as a valuable power source, which led the X-Men to team up with Captain America the Falcon to defeat the Secret Empire and free the captured mutants.[106]

Deadly Genesis

Moira's secret X-Men

When Cerebro registered a large mutant energy signature on the island Krakoa, the X-Men went to investigate. They learned to their horror that the entire island was one single mutant environment, who captured the X-Men as it fed upon the life forces of mutants.[107] To save his students, Xavier gathered a group of mutants who were mentored by Moira to form a new team of X-Men. These X-Men included Petra, Sway, Darwin, and Kid Vulcan, the last one being Cyclops' lost youngest brother. The inexperienced group went to Krakoa and was rapidly overpowered by the island: Petra and Sway were massacred by the island while Darwin and Kid Vulcan, unknown to everyone, were saved by forcing themselves to a dormant state. Through their sacrifice, Cyclops was free and managed to return to Professor X, believing everyone to be dead, in shock over the ordeal. Professor X telepathically wiped out all memory of Moira's ill-fated group of X-Men and decided to recruit another new team to face Krakoa.[108][109]

This new group of X-Men consisted of German demon-looking teleporter Nightcrawler, Canadian berserker Wolverine, Irish former member of Factor Three Banshee, African wind rider Ororo, now known as Storm, Japanese son of the atom Sunfire, Russian strongman Colossus, and Native American stubborn Thunderbird. This group succeeded in freeing the original X-Men and, as both groups combined their powers to send Krakoa into Earth orbit, its threat ended.[107]

All-New, All-Different X-Men

The all-new, all-different X-Men

After their return, Sunfire and all of the previous X-Men left except for Cyclops, who was in charge of leading the new team. Cyclops had to adjust to new dynamics, such as once again receiving orders from Professor X and also leading a group of older and experienced X-Men who were not used to teamwork. During the new team's second mission against Count Nefaria and his Ani-Men, Thunderbird was tragically killed.[110] As the X-Men coped with his death, Moira moved to the X-Mansion, assisting Xavier in his work and also proving her worth as a combatant as she helped the X-Men battle the demonic N'Garai.[111]

Meanwhile, two new threats came to light: the Shi'ar mercenary Eric the Red, who kidnapped Havok and Lorna (now adopting the codename Polaris), and mutant-hater Stephen Lang, who reactivated the Sentinels.[112] Upon reentry to Earth after a mission in space against Lang's Sentinels, Jean Grey pushed herself to the limit holding their spacecraft together and shielding her team members from intense radiation.[113] Believed dead upon their crash landing in New York's Jamaica Bay, Jean suddenly arose from the ocean calling herself Phoenix and wielding more power than ever before.[114]

The Phoenix is born

Soon after confronting Banshee's cousin, Black Tom Cassidy, who had allied himself with the Juggernaut at the Cassidy Keep,[115] the X-Men returned to space to aid Lilandra Neramani of the Shi'ar stop her mad brother D'ken, who controlled the powerful Imperial Guard, from using the power of the M'kraan Crystal to take over the universe. With the crystal about to shatter and destroy reality itself, Phoenix used her awesome power to fuse it back together. During this adventure, the X-Men met the Starjammers, a revolutionary crew of space pirates led by Cyclops' and Havok's father, Corsair. The X-Men returned to Earth, and Lilandra returned with them.[116]

After a fight with Mesmero and a fierce battle with Magneto inside an Antarctic volcano,[117] most of the X-Men found themselves in the Savage Land and separated from Phoenix and the Avenger Beast, with each group presuming the other dead. Phoenix and Beast returned to the school to give Xavier the tragic news. Believing his X-Men to be dead and having nothing to keep him on Earth, Xavier chose to accompany Lilandra back to Shi'ar space as her consort.[118]

The X-Men slowly made their way home after adventures in the Savage Land,[119] and in Japan, where Banshee injured his vocal cords during a battle with Moses Magnum, leaving him powerless.[120] The X-Men were then ambushed by Alpha Flight on the way back to the United States, who wished to take Wolverine back into custody, although he quickly escaped.[121] When they finally returned home, they found Professor X gone and the X-Mansion uninhabited. As soon as the X-Men returned, they were ambushed by Arcade, being briefly trapped in his Murderworld.[122] Phoenix was reunited with the X-Men at Moira's headquarters on Muir Island, where they battled Proteus, Moira's reality-altering mutant son. Despite his injuries, Banshee still accompanied the X-Men for the mission. However, realizing he wanted to stay by Moira's side, he left the X-Men to be with her.[123]

Dark Phoenix

Professor X returned to Earth to find his X-Men alive and in time to recruit new mutants for his school. The first candidates were Kitty Pryde, a teenage girl with intangibility powers, and Dazzler, a performer with light-based abilities. These two mutants were also the interest of the macabre mutant secret society known as the Hellfire Club. This led the X-Men to directly confront one of the Hellfire Club's high ranked members, Emma Frost, the White Queen, who was overpowered by Phoenix after having captured half the team.[124]

Dark Phoenix!

Meanwhile, it was revealed that Mastermind, who wished to join the Hellfire Club under his alter-ego “Jason Wyngarde”, had been casting illusionary fantasies in Phoenix's mind for months, awakening the darkest parts of her soul. Ultimately, he convinced her to become the Black Queen of the Hellfire Club during the X-Men's battle against their inner circle, namely Sebastian Shaw, Donald Pierce, and Harry Leland.[125] Phoenix broke free from Wyngarde's control by unleashing her dark side, becoming Dark Phoenix. She used her powers to drive Mastermind insane, destroyed the Blackbird, and abruptly departed from Earth. Starving for the same sense of power she had felt inside the M'Kraan Crystal, Phoenix traveled to a distant star and absorbed its energy, destroying a nearby planet inhabited by five billion aliens.[126]

Upon her return to Earth, Beast had designed a neutralizer to subdue the all-powerful entity, and Xavier, assisted by the Angel, placed mental blocks in her mind to reduce Dark Phoenix's powers and allow Jean to regain control.[127] Aware of the massacre in their Empire, the Shi'ar arrived on Earth demanding the execution of Dark Phoenix. Xavier invoked Arin'nn Haelar, an irrefutable Shi'ar duel of honor. Knowing her team would win, Majestrix Lilandra agreed to allow the Imperial Guard to battle the X-Men. Putting up a valiant fight, the mutants fell one-by-one during a long battle on the Blue Area of the Moon. With only Cyclops and Phoenix left standing, Summers was hit by a stray energy bolt. Set into a panic, Jean Grey was able to utilize her full power as Dark Phoenix. To avert the loss of the entire star system, as it had been ordered by Lilandra, Xavier ordered the X-Men to defeat Phoenix. As Jean regained control once more, she activated a weapon and committed suicide to avert another disaster.[128] After Jean Grey's funeral, Kitty Pryde came to live at the school as the newest X-Man, Sprite. Cyclops left the team to figure out where his life was going.[129]

Days of Future Past, Island M and the Brood

The X-Men fend off the Brotherhood

Storm became the leader in Cyclops's absence. As she helped Kitty adjust to her new life at Xavier's, Wolverine and Nightcrawler assisted Alpha Flight in arresting the cannibal monster Wendigo in Canada.[130] Storm's leadership underwent a trial-by-fire when Pryde's consciousness was replaced by a future version of herself called Kate. Kate claimed she was sent back to the past to prevent a dystopic future, result of mutants being the target of immense fear and hatred following the assassination of Senator Kelly by the hands of a new formation of the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants, led by the shape-shifter Mystique. After a desperate conflict, Kelly's life was saved and the Brotherhood was arrested, preventing an immediate catastrophic future for mutants.[131] Notable foes from this period included Doctor Doom and Arcade.[132] Angel, seeing Wolverine as a dangerous man, decided to leave the team as it no longer represented Xavier's original views.[133]

Magneto accidentally slays Sprite

Meanwhile, Cyclops unexpectedly found Magneto's Island M in the Bermuda Triangle. Magneto threatened humanity with an ultimatum: accept mutant supremacy and give up armed conflict forever, attacking a soviet military submarine in the process. The X-Men infiltrated his base and, as Kitty destroyed the central computer of his super-weapon, Magneto lashed out and almost killed her. Horrified at his actions, Magneto ceased fighting and contemplated how he had become no better than the humans who had massacred his family. This battle reunited Cyclops with the team.[134] Around this period, Xavier and Moira formed a secret alliance with Magneto, as both parts agreed that mutantkind was fated to lose.[135]

Following another confrontation between the X-Men and the Hellfire Club, who had capture Storm and Kitty and attacked the X-Men with Sentinels,[136] Corsair and the Starjammers visited to Earth seeking the X-Men's aid in stopping a rebellion against Majestrix Lilandra. The Starjammers were framed for kidnapping Lilandra while the one responsible was really Deathbird, the Majestrix' sister, in league with the alien Brood. The X-Men discovered the truth, stopped the rebellion against the Shi'ar empire, and reunited Xavier with Lilandra, though Xavier was severely wounded by the Brood. Also, Cyclops finally discovered that Corsair was actually his father, abducted by the Shi'ar decades earlier.[137]

Shortly thereafter a television interview with Senator Robert Kelly worried the X-Men, who had FBI connections in their early years, and thus had government files on many of them. Carol Danvers, Wolverine, Storm, and Nightcrawler infiltrated the Pentagon and uploaded an open-ended virus that erased all references to the X-Men or members of the team. While in the Pentagon, they also encountered and fought Mystique and Rogue of the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants.[138]

Soon after, the X-Men had two life deciding encounters with beings of extreme evil. First, Storm became a victim of Dracula, the lord of vampires.[139] Then, Illyana, Colossus' younger sister, was kidnapped by the demon-lord Belasco, spending years of her life in his demonic realm, Limbo.[140] Both Storm and Illyana were saved by the X-Men, but left forever marked by these encounters.

Wolverine fights for his life on Sleazeworld

Meanwhile, as Xavier's condition worsened, Deathbird and the Brood resurfaced, abducting the X-Men, Lilandra, and Carol Danvers to their home planet, where a Brood Queen implanted embryos within them. Interested by Danvers unique genetic code, she was experimented upon and became Binary. Although the X-Men escaped from "Sleazeworld" all seemed lost, as once the embryos matured their hosts would undergo a metamorphosis and become a warrior Brood. Storm was saved by a young Acanti, a large space-faring creature that had been enslaved by the Brood and used as living starships. With nothing left to lose, the X-Men vowed to save the Acanti race. After freeing the Acanti "prophet-singer" soul from the Brood homeworld, the X-Men were healed. Before killing the Brood Queen, Kitty Pryde found the friendly dragon Lockheed who followed her back to Earth. [141][142]

The X-Family Grows

During the prolonged period when the X-Men were abducted by the Brood, Xavier believed they had been killed. Moira convinced him to form a new team of adolescent mutants who were in need of help in controlling their powers. Unwilling to see more of his students perish, Professor X was only willing to train them in the use of their special abilities rather than sending them out into combat as he had with the X-Men. These New Mutants ended up in many battles regardless, and occasionally aided the X-Men.[143]

Reverend Stryker threatens the X-Men

As they returned to Earth, the X-Men learned there was one Brood Queen embryo that had not been eliminated, being implanted in Professor Xavier during their first contact with the evil aliens. Racing home, they found Xavier had already been transformed into one of the Brood while battling the startled New Mutants. Defeated and taken onboard the Starjammer, Xavier's mind was placed in a cloned body, which with time allowed him to regain use of his legs.[144]

Anti-mutant hysteria paved the way to the establishment of one of the most horrendous enemies of mutantkind, Reverend William Stryker's Purifiers, mutant hater fundamentalists who had an agenda of murdering defenseless mutants. The X-Men were targeted by the Purifiers with mediatic and physical attacks, leading to the capture of Professor X, Cyclops, and Storm. In an unexpected team-up with Magneto, the X-Men saved their teammates. During the final confrontation, Stryker threatened Kitty Pryde with death but was a victim of his own hate as he was shot dead by a policeman.[145]

Storm vs. Callisto, to death!

The X-Men found conflict with mutant adversaries, the Morlocks, outcasts who lived underground led by Callisto. Angel was captured by Callisto and taken down into their tunnels to be her groom. Meanwhile, Kitty was found by another Morlock, Caliban, whom she had met months earlier. As the X-Men went to rescue their allies, a violent combat between Storm and Callisto ensued, with no powers and to the death. Victorious, Storm took the leadership of the Morlocks and Angel's freedom.[146][133]

The X-Men found extra dilemmas with other sections of mutantkind when Rogue asked them for asylum and help after finding herself unable of controlling her powers and fractured psyche. Though the X-Men refused to accept Rogue as a member of the team, Professor X insisted on taking her on as a student, vowing never to bail on a mutant in need of help.[147] Rogue soon proved her worth to the X-Men when she put herself at risk to save Wolverine and his fiancée, Mariko, from Viper and the Silver Samurai.[148] However, Mystique was not content with Rogue's dismissal from the Brotherhood, ordering her team to attack the X-Men, while she captured Professor X, demanding Rogue's return. She was eventually talked out of her insane ploy by Rogue herself and ultimately released Xavier.[149]

Rogue proves her worth

The X-Men's personal lives also intertwined with their adventures. After returning from space, Cyclops took an absence from the X-Men and met Madelyne Pryor during a trip to meet his grandparents in Anchorage.[142] Rapidly, they started a relationship.[150] Though Mastermind attempted to foil their romance, he was defeated by the X-Men, which was celebrated by Cyclops' and Madelyne's wedding.[151] Where Mastermind failed in destroying Cyclops' marriage, he succeeded in ruining Wolverine's.[152] As members of the X-Men, Storm and Kitty Pryde experience drastic changes in their lives. Storm realized she had succumbed to more violent aspects of her personality, especially after meeting the assassin known as Yukio in Japan. Kitty, after having an experience also in Japan in which she was brainwashed by Ogun, took up the mantle of Shadowcat, reflecting her darker attitude.[153]

Storm loses her powers

Due to her past as a mutant terrorist and her recent infiltration on a S.H.I.E.L.D. helicarrier, Rogue was targeted as a menace.[154] On Henry Gyrich's request and Val Cooper's approval, mutant inventor Forge created a dampening weapon to extirpate Rogue's powers. Gyrich erroneously shot Storm, who was left powerless under Forge's care.[155]

Meanwhile, Rachel Summers, a time-traveler from Kate Pryde's alternate future and daughter of Cyclops and Phoenix, arrived in the present, bringing the attention of mutant succubus Selene, who desired her immense life force. Rachel was rescued by the X-Men and joined their ranks.[156] However, she was unknowingly followed by super-advanced sentinel Nimrod.[157] The X-Men learned of Nimrod's existence, as he went public during a mission to capture Juggernaut.[158] The robot successfully manipulated public opinion to see him as a paragon against the mutant threat.[159] The death of Thunderbird haunted Xavier when he was kidnapped by James Proudstar, Thunderbird's younger brother, who sought revenge against the X-Men for his brother's death. Following a confrontation between the X-Men and Emma Frost's students, the Hellions, Proudstar released Xavier.[160]

The trial of Magneto

Following the immense threat of the omnipotent Beyonder, the X-Men ironically had Magneto joining their ranks.[161][162] While attending a Holocaust memorial gathering, Magneto was captured by Freedom Force, Mystique's new mutant team sanctioned by Val Cooper.[163] Put on trial in Paris, Magneto was mostly exonerated of charges, but the trial was interrupted by the Fenris twins, who sent Magneto and Professor X for a ride in the Parisian sewers. Half-drowned and near-death from other medical conditions, Xavier convinced his old friend to take his place as headmaster of the institute. Lilandra took Xavier from Earth to recuperate from his injuries.[164] Using the alias of Michael Xavier, Charles Xavier's alleged cousin, Magneto was Headmaster for a long tenure.[165]

When Cyclops' and Madelyne's son was born, Cyclops left the X-Men, now truly passing their leadership to Storm.[166] With Xavier on space, Magneto as the school's headmaster and Jean Grey returned from the dead, the original members of the X-Men could not recognize their former team anymore and decided to found their own independent mutant initiative, known as X-Factor.[167]

Nimrod comes to exterminate the X-Men

Meanwhile, Rachel claimed the Phoenix powers for herself and started to be seen as a menace by her fellow X-Men.[163][168] When she infiltrated the Hellfire Club mansion, with aim of murdering Selene, she was stopped by Wolverine, who mortally wounded her.[169] Teamed up with the Morlocks, the X-Men went to the Hellfire Club to retrieve Rachel and put an end at Selene's maleficent deeds. Such a high agglomeration of mutants caught the attention of Nimrod. The mutants joined their forces to successfully destroy Nimrod. However, Rachel vanished, being captured by the mysterious Spiral and the dreadful Mojo.[170]

Mojo and Spiral also took interest in other mutants, such as British telepath Psylocke and New Mutants Wolfsbane and Sunspot, who were enslaved in the wicked Mojoverse, but saved by the New Mutants.[171] Soon after, Mojo sent the hero Longshot to the X-Men's Danger Room and captured the X-Men themselves, de-aging them into children. Once again, the New Mutants saved the day.[172] After these events, Psylocke and a comatose Longshot stayed at the X-Mansion.

Mutant Massacre

The X-Men witness the mutant massacre

The Marauders, secretly commanded by Mister Sinister, made a substantial impact on the X-Men with their callous murder of most of the Morlocks living in the Alley.[173] In their first battle with the X-Men, the Marauders took a gruesome toll, paralyzing Colossus, putting Nightcrawler in a coma, and trapping Shadowcat in an intangible state such that she was slowly discorporating. Magneto succeeded in healing Colossus, who rejoined the team, but Shadowcat and Nightcrawler were beyond the X-Men's help, being sent to the Muir Island to be treated by Moira.[173][174][175]

After the massacre of the Morlocks, the Marauders kept harassing the X-Men. One of their members, Sabretooth, attacked them at home, in a brawl throughout the X-Mansion, rendering Cerebro destroyed, but granting Psylocke a place on the team.[176] Another member, Malice, tried to possess Dazzler, who was saved by and joined the ranks of the X-Men though.[177] Upon arriving at Muir Island, these new recruits, including a recovered Longshot, had their baptism of fire as X-Men by facing off Juggernaut.[178] As they returned to the X-Men, they were met by Havok, who was also targeted by the Marauders, but ultimately escaped rejoining the X-Men. However, where Dazzler escaped Malice, Polaris did not, becoming the Marauders' new leader.[179] Another prey for the Marauders was Madelyne Pryor and her son, who were brutally stalked by them. As she tried to escape her harassers, she was rescued by the X-Men, who for this time decided to be the hunters. Overpowered, the Marauders escaped. Unfortunately, Madelyne's baby went missing during the pursuit.[180]

Fall of the Mutants

When Storm went missing, on a journey to recover her powers, the X-Men searched for her at Forge's Eagle Plaza, in Dallas, Texas, where they were attacked by Freedom Force. During the fight, a rift opened in the sky of Dallas and a maelstrom of bizarre events ensued. The X-Men and Freedom Force formed a temporary alliance to save the citizens of Dallas. As Storm regained her powers with the help of Forge and Eagle Plaza was destroyed, it was revealed that the entity known as the Adversary was behind the events. The X-Men battled the Adversary and sacrificed their lives to imprison him with a spell cast by Forge. These events had been broadcast on TV and the world believed the heroes to be dead. Meanwhile, Roma recovered the X-Men's souls, granting them access into the Starlight Citadel and restoring them to life. While improving public opinion on the heroism of mutants, the X-Men's friends and family believed them to be dead. Exhausted from being constantly targeted by villains such as the Marauders, they decided to use the story as a cover to go underground.[181] Shadowcat, Nightcrawler, and Phoenix, as a consequence of the “death” of the X-Men, formed the mutant group Excalibur to keep Xavier's dream alive somehow.[182]

The X-Men take over the Reavers' base

Though the X-Men evaded their former enemies, they soon made new ones. Relocated to the Australian Outback, they confronted the deadly mercenaries known as the Reavers, whose base they claimed, liberating Gateway and Jessán Hoan in the process. With the Reavers thrown out, Roma greeted the X-Men making them undetectable by electronics and presenting them with the Siege Perilous, a gem that casts a portal which grants any person who walked through it judgment and a new chance at life.[183] During this period, the X-Men battled mutants infected by the Brood in Denver.[184] Soon after, the X-Men made enemies of the Genoshan government and its mutant oppressing regime after rescuing Jenny Ransome and Madelyne Pryor in a covert ops mission on the island.[185]

Madelyne Pryor unleashes an Inferno

When the X-Men performed missions, Madelyne assisted them as their tech support. Little by little, she was seduced and corrupted by the demon from Limbo N'astirh, ultimately making a deal with him to find her son, becoming the Goblin Queen. [186] Meanwhile, the X-Men tracked the Marauders down, finding them in Manhattan. While the X-Men battled the Marauders, N'astirh took Madelyne to Mister Sinister's orphanage, where she found her son and learned about her origin as Jean Grey's clone. Her corruption as the Goblin Queen unleashed a hellish Inferno in New York in the form of a demonic invasion.[187] As X-Factor also looked for the baby, they eventually met and teamed up with the X-Men for the first time, defeating N'astirth.[188] In an insane outburst, Madelyne put the life of her own son at risk, being opposed by the X-Men and X-Factor. She ultimately was killed in an attempt to take down Jean Grey with her, who absorbed the Phoenix essence within Madelyne.[189] With Madelyne dead, the X-Men traveled to the ruins of the X-Mansion, to confront Mister Sinister, who was telepathically attacking Jean Grey.[190] After a long fight, Cyclops managed to blast Sinister with a full power optic blast, seemingly destroying him. [191]

Though the X-Men survived the Inferno, they soon found their end. First, Nimrod was revealed to be functional and, merging itself with the Master Mold, attacked Rogue and Psylocke in New York City. The X-Men went to help their teammates but were overpowered. With only Dazzler and Rogue left standing, Dazzler cast the Siege Perilous hoping her enemy would be sucked into the portal. While the portal appeared, the Sentinel anchored itself to the ground and grabbed Rogue as she tried to push it through. With no other choice, Dazzler blasted both of them into the gateway. Rogue was lost.[192] Suffering from an existential crisis, Longshot left the X-Men. Soon after, the psychotic super-villain known as Nanny attacked the X-Men at their base, in a confrontation where Havok accidentally killed Storm. The X-Men were down to only Havok, Dazzler, Colossus, and Psylocke.[193]

Psylocke casts the Siege Perilous

Next, Havok received a distress call from Polaris, seemingly free from Malice. Under the leadership of Psylocke, they went to the Savage Land to retrieve her. There, they were attacked by Magneto's former mutates, now led by Zaladane. For the moment, the X-Men managed to evade Zaladane and save Polaris. During their period on the Savage Land, Psylocke telepathically discovered that the Reavers had planned for revenge for months. Now commanded by Donald Pierce and having Lady Deathstrike joined to their ranks, if they battled the X-Men again, they would be successful in murdering them.[194] To save the remaining X-Men from certain death, Psylocke convinced her teammates to pass through the Siege Perilous, even having to telepathically force Havok in doing so. Though the Reavers managed to capture was Wolverine, the X-Men were lost to the world, effectively finished.[195]

X-Men: Reassembled

Meanwhile, Polaris boarded a freighter to travel back home after being extirped from her powers by Zaladane. She managed to contact Muir Island for help, leading Banshee to rescue her.[196] Banshee was then joined by Amanda Sefton and Brigadier Alysande Stuart, who at the time were looking for Excalibur. Though the Reavers had lost track of the X-Men, they still were eager for revenge, directing their rage towards the Muir Island's residents. Their first victim was Banshee, who was shot and incapacitated. Moira haphazardly assembled an interim group of X-Men was formed to protect the mutants living on Muir Island from the Reavers, composed of Polaris, Sefton, Stuart, Sharon Friedlander and Tom Corsi.[197] Val Cooper dispatched Forge and Mystique's Freedom Force to assist Moira in deflecting Pierce's attack. During the conflict and through the undermining of an insane Legion, Morlock Sunder and Freedom Force agents Stonewall and Destiny were killed. The surviving heroes managed to overpower the Reavers. Following the end of the conflict and Polaris' claims the X-Men were alive, Banshee recruited Forge to find and reform the former X-Men.[198]

Wolverine is tortured by the Reavers

Wolverine was tortured by the Reavers for days, until being freed by Jubilee, a mutant kid with fireworks powers who had been secretly living at the X-Men's base for weeks. Together, Wolverine and Jubilee escaped the Reavers.[199] In Hong Kong, Wolverine and Jubilee learned that the Mandarin consolidated his control over Hong Kong's criminal scene by allying himself with the Hand. As they went to investigate, they were ambushed and captured by Mandarin's prime assassin, Lady Mandarin. It was then revealed that Lady Mandarin was actually Psylocke, brainwashed mind and soul and transferred into an Asian body by Matsu'o Tsurayaba. After Psylocke established a mental link with Wolverine upon attacking him with her psychic knife, the backlash of memories of the X-Men broke her free, leading the Mandarin's defeat.[200]

Forge and Banshee arrived at the X-Mansion ruins while looking for clues about the X-Men whereabouts, where they found Jean Grey, who was attacked by a new group of villainous Morlocks led by Masque.[201] One of the Morlocks' targets was Callisto, who at the time was involved with an amnesiac Colossus. Forge, Banshee and Jean Grey teamed up with Callisto and Colossus to put an end to Masque's jests.[202] The group, now joined by the Beast, was then drawn into a conflict against the Genoshan Press Gang. They attempted to recapture Jenny Ransome, who lived with Colossus' flat in New York City after he became a popular artist in Soho. With the Press Gang defeated, Colossus' former teammates decided to leave him alone after realizing he was happy in his new life.[203]

Gambit helps Storm

Surprisingly, Storm had survived, being permanently de-aged by Nanny and living on the streets of Cairo as a teenage thief, where she was recognized by the Shadow King, who sent his “Hounds” after her.[204] Storm was saved from the Shadow King's clutches by the mysterious mutant thief known as Gambit.[205] For weeks, the two maintained a partnership, until being eventually found by Nanny. As they defeated her, Ororo's memories were returned and she decided to rejoin the X-Men, taking Gambit with her to the X-Mansion.[206]

X-Tinction Agenda

The partially regrouped team at the X-Mansion ruins were soon thrown another hurdle; Genoshan Magistrates captured Storm and some of the New Mutants for crimes committed on the island by the X-Men. One of the attackers was Havok, who re-emerged from the Siege Perilous on Genosha.[207] Transported to Genosha by Pipeline, the captives were brought before their true captor: Cameron Hodge. Once an X-Factor ally, Hodge actually despised mutants and made a deal with the demon N'astirh to become immortal, and came to take control of the nation, carrying out an X-Tinction Agenda against mutants. Learning of the kidnapping, X-Factor joined forces with the X-Men and the remaining New Mutants to rescue the hostages.[208][209] Meanwhile, Wolverine, Jubilee and Psylocke heard of their friend's fates ant traveled to Genosha. Jubilee took care of the rescued New Mutants, while Wolverine and Psylocke infiltrated Hodge's Citadel, only to be discovered by Havok. The X-Men and X-Factor fared no better, with both squads becoming captives. Meanwhile, Storm had taken Genegineer David Moreau, creator of the mutate process, hostage but was subdued by Hodge and forced to become a mutate, a process which returned her to adulthood.[210] When Havok witnessed Hodge torturing his brother Cyclops, his memories were returned undoing his brainwashing as a magistrate.[211]

Cameron Hodge's X-Tinction Agenda

A mock trial found the captured mutants guilty, and all were given the choice of being transformed into a mutate or die. They chose death, but Hodge first had to deal with the insurrection of the Genegineer, aware Hodge's actions were insane. Hodge killed the magistrate Wipeout to force the mutant heroes to become powerless. Unbeknownst to Hodge, Moreau gave Storm the ability to return the mutants their gifts rather than into a mutate. Ororo then restored her teammates' abilities, and all escaped.[212] Concurrently, Moreau planted a bomb to destroy all laboratories within the citadel. Furious, Hodge killed the traitor, though the Genegineer was able to weaken him considerably.[213] The X-Men eventually found Hodge and destroyed him and his Citadel. The reunited mutants returned to Salem Center and began to rebuild the team that had been splintered for months.[214] As a result of the tragic and violent conflict, New Mutants' leader, Cable, revamped the team as the more aggressive X-Force.[215]

During the Genoshan incident, Rogue was sent to the Reavers' Australian base with her memory intact weeks after entering Siege Perilous. She soon realized she lacked the memories and the powers of Carol Danvers. Attacked by the Reavers, she was able to flee to the Savage Land using Gateway's powers. There, she was attacked by Ms. Marvel, and discovered the Siege Perilous had given both personalities within Rogue a body connected to a single lifeforce. Rogue was prepared to die, but Magneto intervened and killed Danvers, saving Rogue's life.[216] The two spent time in the Savage Land, allying themselves with Ka-Zar and S.H.I.E.L.D. against Zaladane. Though Magneto and Rogue became attracted to one another, their relationship ended before it had a chance to blossom once Magneto killed Zaladane in cold blood, something Rogue opposed.[217]

Muir Island Saga

Fully reformed, the X-Men unfortunately had no rest. As a result of Deathbird's machinations, the group was recruited by teleporter Lila Cheney, who claimed Xavier's life was at risk.[218] The X-Men reunited with the Starjammers and Professor X in Chandilar,[219] soon learning Xavier was replaced by a War Skrull, as part of a Skrull scheme to control the Shi'ar throne, which explained Deathbird's call for help.[220] After the X-Men defeated the Skrulls and liberated Xavier and the Shi'ar throne, Xavier learned of the Shadow King's actions by accessing Storm's memories. He then decided to return to Earth as his old enemy returned.[221]

While the X-Men were in their adventures, the Shadow King concentrated his efforts on Moira, assembling mutants to her Muir Island team, building an army, consisting of Multiple Man, Siryn, Guido and even Rogue and Colossus. The Shadow King had been spreading waves of hate around the globe, and used Polaris to absorb the negative emotional energy to empower himself to unthinkable levels. Professor X returned from his sojourn in space and sent to Muir Island to confront their oddly acting allies, where they were surprised and defeated by the Shadow King-controlled island residents.[222] Meanwhile, in Westchester, Professor X and Stevie Hunter were attacked by a possessed Colossus.[223] Xavier found no way to break Shadow King's control over him other than erasing the Peter Nicholas personality completely.[224]

The X-Men and X-Factor join forces against the Shadow King

Professor X then asked his original students, X-Factor, to rescue the current X-Men and stop Shadow King's hate wave. On Muir Island, Shadow King used Legion as his human host after the current one was killed while Forge eluded possession and even freed some of his friends.[225] The remaining heroes in good mind were divided into three teams, focusing on an astral plane attack on Farouk with a second team defending Xavier from physical attacks and a third freeing Polaris and disrupting their enemies' nexus. Professor X was badly wounded during the battle, his legs broken and again confined to a wheelchair.[226] As the Shadow King disappeared, all five X-Factor members returned to the X-Men along with Rogue and Colossus; after many years the X-Men had finally reunited as one team.[227] The name X-Factor was appropriated by Val Cooper as a revamped mutant organization sanctioned by the government.[228]

Blue and Gold

Professor X rebuilt the X-Mansion and the X-Men, with the team larger than ever before, moved back to their former home. To remain effective as a group, the X-Men were divided into two squads: Blue, led by Cyclops, consisting of Beast, Wolverine, Rogue, Psylocke, and Gambit; and Gold, led by Storm, consisting of Jean Grey, Iceman, Archangel, and Colossus. Following the return of Magneto's activities, S.H.I.E.L.D. requested the X-Men to investigate. The Blue Squad battled Magneto and his new team, the Acolytes, in Genosha.[229] Discovering Moira had altered his DNA years ago when he was regressed to a toddler, Magneto questioned if his recent turn to heroics was a result of Moira's tampering or his own free will. He then forced Moira to brainwash the X-Men Blue Squad into joining his Acolytes on Asteroid M, a space station haven for mutants. To make matters worse, the American and Russian governments decided to use a plasma cannon on the space station to end the threat of Magneto once and for all.[230] Worried about their friends, the Gold Squad sneaked on board and rescued their teammates, while a traitorous Fabian Cortez abandoned Asteroid M and planned to sacrifice Magneto as a martyr, so mutants around the world would join him. Xavier tried to talk the Acolytes into escaping the doomed base with the X-Men, but Magneto and his followers instead stayed to die.[231]

Back to basics: the X-Men Blue and Gold teams confront Magneto

The Blue Squad then was put into conflict after Omega Red, a member of the Soviet Super Soldier program, attacked the X-Men at home and captured Wolverine. Following his kidnapping, Jubilee joined the Blue Squad. Omega Red had been sent by Matsu'o Tsurayaba, who also planned to regain his control over Psylocke, who took the opportunity to pretend to be still under the Hand's brainwashing. Wolverine's former teammates from Team X, Maverick and Sabretooth, also joined the conflict. With the help of Omega Red, the X-Men successfully defeated their enemies after Psylocke revealed her true allegiances and rescued Wolverine.[232]

Their next adventure ensued after Gambit's wife, Belladonna, demanded his help with a conflict between the Thieves Guild and the Assassins Guild in New Orleans. Belladonna's arrival shoke off Gambit's recent relationship with his teammate, Rogue. As the X-Men investigated the matter, they learned that the Brood was behind the conflict between the Guilds. With the help of the Ghost Rider, the problem was solved.[233][234]

Following a rebellion on Mojoworld, Dazzler, Longshot and Lila Cheney contacted the X-Men Blue Team to assist them in dethroning Mojo. Captured, the X-Men were forced to be actors in Mojo's television system as Professor X was tortured by the mad tyrant. With the combined efforts of the X-Men and the rebels of the Mojoworld, Longshot "canceled" Mojo.[235] Soon after, the X-Men helped Professor X deal with a friend from his infancy, the mutant known as Hazard.[236]

Bishop follows Fitzroy from the future

Meanwhile, the Gold Squad began their tenure attending a party at the Hellfire Club thrown by Emma Frost, who had asked for their help after an attempt on her life and other assaults against members of the Club. Before long, Trevor Fitzroy, a mutant from the future, personally attacked Frost and her Hellions and sent Sentinels to kill Donald Pierce in Australia. Pierce forced Gateway to teleport him out of harm's way to Fitzroy's location, but the Sentinels managed to folllow them through the portal, resulting in them seemingly killing Frost, Pierce, and Jean Grey.[237] Back at the X-Mansion, Xavier realized Jean's consciousness had been relocated to Emma Frost's body. Fitzroy, alongside with Shinobi Shaw, were revealed to be members of the Upstarts, who competed in a contest of murder run by the Gamesmaster. Jean Grey surprised her captors and escaped with the X-Men. As Fitzroy tried to bring allies from the future, Bishop, his archnemesis, arrived instead.[238] Though the Upstarts escaped, the X-Men survived. As Jean's mind returned to her body, a comatose Emma Frost was kept under the X-Men care and Bishop was on the loose.[239]

On their way home, the Gold team received a distress call from Sunfire, concerning a bizarre extra-dimensional rift in the North Pacific.[240] While investigating the rift, the X-Men were dragged to another dimension, where they found Colossus' older brother, Mikhail, who had disappeared years before when he was a Soviet cosmonaut.[241] With Mikhail's and Sunfire's help, the X-Men sealed the portal and returned to the X-Mansion.[242] The Gold squad then turned their attentions back to Bishop, who had been responsible for a destruction path as he tried to locate Fitzroy. The X-Men captured Bishop after a chaotic battle and, to their surprise, Professor X made Bishop an X-Man. As an X-Man and a time-traveler from the future, Bishop revealed the X-Men would soon be betrayed by one of their own.[243]

Following Masque's recent apparent death, the Morlocks attempted to force Callisto to lead them again. Heavily injured, she sought refuge at the X-Mansion.[244] As the Gold team covered the Morlock Tunnels, Mikhail deceivingly joined forces with Callisto, gravely injuring Iceman and claiming the Morlocks' leadership for himself.[245] In a violent conflict with the X-Men, Mikhail decided to flood the tunnels, taking the Morlocks to another dimension in the process, much to Colossus' disappointment.[246]

X-Cutioner's Song

When giving a speech about mutant-human coexistence during a Lila Cheney peace concert, Professor X was shot by X-Force's leader, Cable, being infected with a techno-organic virus. Simultaneously, Cyclops and Jean Grey were abducted by the Horsemen of Apocalypse.[247] They were delivered to Mister Sinister, who was disguised as Apocalypse unbeknownst to the Horsemen and handed the couple over to the MLF in exchange for a mysterious container. The X-Men Blue Team joined X-Factor in arresting X-Force for information on Cable's whereabouts. Meanwhile, MLF's leader Stryfe was revealed to be behind the attacks on Xavier and on Cyclops and Jean Grey by impersonating Cable.[248][249][250]

Cable sacrifices himself to protect the X-Men from Stryfe

The real Cable convinced Wolverine and Bishop it was Stryfe who shot Xavier, revealing both were from the future and had long been enemies.[251] Searching for Cyclops and Jean Grey, the X-Men Gold Team confronted Apocalypse.[252] Apocalypse, in a weakened state, was then defeated by Stryfe.[253] This led to an unexpected team-up between the X-Men and Apocalypse, with aim of defeating Stryfe and save Xavier's life, as Apocalypse was the original creator of the techno-organic virus.[254]

Wolverine received a subconscious telepathic message from Jean, hinting that she was being held captive on the Moon.[255] The X-Men found Stryfe's Moon base and launched an attack.[256][257] Scott and Jean were rescued, though Cable disappeared with Stryfe into the time-stream, after the revelation that Cable was Cyclops' and Madelyne's lost son. Meanwhile, Sinister opened his container unleashing Stryfe's final revenge on the Summers clan; the mutant infecting Legacy Virus.[258]

Jean Grey comforting Jubilee after Illyana's death

Following Stryfe's defeat, Colossus' family was targeted by the Russian government, who wanted to recruit his younger sister, Illyana, to destroy the menacing Soul Skinner. With the efforts of the X-Men Blue Team, Illyana was rescued, though they could not save Colossus' parents.[259] Though orphaned, Illyana was apparently safe at the X-Mansion, until it was revealed she was one of the first to contract the terminal Legacy Virus, severely affecting the X-Men.[260]

Next, the X-Men were confronted by the mysterious Revanche, who accused Psylocke of being an impostor, claiming to be the real Betsy Braddock prior to her entrance in the Siege Perilous.[261] The X-Men Blue Team went to Japan to verify Revanche's claims. After battling the Silver Samurai, Lord Nyoirin, and Matsu'o Tsurayaba, they returned with few answers and Revanche joined to the team.[262] Revanche came to be the first X-Men to fell ill to the Legacy Virus.[263] Before succumbing to the disease, she discovered her body was swiped with Psylocke in a bizarre plot by Spiral. As Revanche died, Psylocke claimed the rights over her identity back.[264]

Meanwhile, the X-Men Gold team was trapped by a set of illusions cast by Mastermind, who was on the verge of death for being afflicted by the Legacy Virus. At the same time, they were attacked by the X-Cutioner, an anti-mutant FBI agent who had access to equipment that the X-Men confiscated from alien races inherited from Fred Duncan and acted as a vigilante, having Wyngarde as his target. As Wyngarde died in the arms of Jean Grey, his illusions faded, and X-Cutioner managed to escape the X-Men.[265]

Fatal Attractions

Obsessed with Magneto's teachings, the Acolytes, under Cortez's rule, were more aggressive than before, being responsible for terrorist attacks against humanity. The X-Men were surprised to see the Acolytes active and tried to stop their harmful activities. However, the fight between the two groups only incited more fear towards mutants.[266] Unbeknownst to the Acolytes, Cortez was secretly colluding with the Upstarts.[267] After the Acolytes captured Moira, the X-Men decided to attack their castle in order to save her. A physical, but also ideological, battle ensued, resulting in Moira being rescued and Cortez unmasked as a false prophet.[12]

Soon after, during a trip to the Savage Land, Professor X, Cyclops, and Storm were attacked by the Upstart Siena Blaze. Their lives were saved by a mysterious benefactor with magnetic powers.[268] It turned out Magneto resurfaced very much alive and with a new lead Acolyte, Exodus, the self-proclaimed voice of Magneto who gathered mutants to Magneto's new haven, Avalon.[269][270] Magneto met the X-Men during Illyana's funeral, offering them a place by his side. Devastated by his family's death, Colossus expressed he had lost faith in Xavier's dream, deciding to join Magneto.[271]

Professor X shuts Magneto's mind down

Magneto then prepared an all-out war on humanity upon learning the Magneto Protocols, a plan to alter the Earth's electromagnetic field to inhibit his powers, had been activated. The rest of the X-Men stood by their mentor and attacked Magneto on his new space base when he began sending massive E.M.P. waves around the globe. During the fight, Magneto ripped the adamantium laced onto Logan's skeleton out of his body leaving him near death. Unable to deal with his old friend's violence any longer, Xavier shut down Magneto's mind, leaving him catatonic. Colossus stayed with his leader, vowing to care for him until he healed.[272]

Cortez, desperate after losing the power he once had as the leader of the Acolytes, brought chaos to Genosha, inciting a mutant revolution by kidnapping Magneto's granddaughter, Luna.[273] Quicksilver asked for the X-Men's help in rescuing his daughter. The X-Men teamed up with the Avengers to defeat Cortez, but were interrupted by Exodus, who wished to execute Cortez for his blasphemy.[274] Unfortunately, Exodus also intended to claim Luna and purge Genosha from its human population.[275] With the efforts of the X-Men and the Avengers, he was ultimately defeated.[271]

Professor X takes Sabretooth in

Gravely wounded by Magneto's attack, Wolverine chose to leave the X-Men.[276] Ironically, he was somehow replaced by his archnemesis Sabretooth, who was a hostage of his own savage powers, leading him to ask for the X-Men's help to control his bestial tendencies. Xavier took Sabretooth to the mansion, keeping him locked in the Danger Room.[277] Sabretooth's presence in the school caused much distress to the X-Men, especially Gambit, whom Sabretooth claimed to had a common past with.[278][279] Meanwhile, among so much conflict in their lives, the X-Men had a moment of joy at the wedding of Cyclops and Jean Grey.[280]

Phalanx Covenant

Around this period, the X-Men experienced several encounters with the mysterious Phalanx, a techno-organic race bent on ruling the world, who consumed organic matter, incorporating it to its collective consciousness.[281] In one of their attacks to the X-Men, Emma Frost inadvertently woke up from her coma in Iceman's body.[282] Confused and believing herself to be a prisoner of the X-Men, she tried to escape, using Iceman's powers in unprecedented ways. When she discovered the fate of her Hellions, she broke down and began to realize that her training had been insufficient and that her students would likely have been better off with the Xavier.[283]

Banshee saves the next generation from the Phalanx

Not long after, the Phalanx took over the X-Mansion and assumed the form of various X-Men. Banshee managed to escape along with the captive Sabretooth, a recovering Emma Frost, and the youngest X-Man, Jubilee.[284] They learned the Phalanx were after the next generation of mutants, hoping to experiment and eventually absorb the young mutants into their collective.[285] Joined by the young Everett Thomas, they saved the targeted young mutants, but only with the sacrifice of the young Blink.[286][287] The surviving teenage mutants became Generation X, being taught by Banshee and Frost at the Massachusetts Academy. With the young mutants gone, the Xavier's School was reformulated as the “Xavier Institute for Higher Learning”.[288]

Age of Apocalypse

When Legion woke up from his coma with his fragmented mind healed, he planned to travel back in time to kill Magneto, his father's greatest enemy. The X-Men Bishop, Storm, Iceman, and Psylocke traveled back in time to stop him, but were unsuccessful. As Legion fired a powerful psi-blast at Magneto, Charles Xavier sacrificed himself to save his friend. With Xavier dead, reality was rewritten. Only Bishop, a temporal anomaly, remained unaffected.[289] Legion's actions were devastating. Noticing the mutant energies during Xavier's murder, Apocalypse carried on his world domination years earlier than he would have otherwise, conquering most of a world known as the Age of Apocalypse. In this dystopian reality, the X-Men were founded by Magneto and acted as freedom fighters. Although they suffered many casualties, the X-Men were able to send Bishop back in time to stop Legion and restore reality to normal. However, the crisis had many consequences since some individuals crossed over to the regular timeline.[290][291]

Storm rips Marrow's heart out

During the crisis, the conflicting couple Rogue and Gambit had even more problems after they shared their first kiss,[292] as Rogue absorbed some of Gambit's darkest memories.[293][294] Meanwhile, Cable had his X-Force relocated to the X-Mansion, promoting his field leader Cannonball to the X-Men.[295] On Avalon, the Acolytes made contact with Holocaust, one of the escapees from the Age of Apocalypse. Holocaust ravaged Avalon slaying many of the Acolytes, who were assisted by the X-Men Cyclops and Jean Grey (who had adopted the codename Phoenix).[296] Following the fall of Avalon, the past came to haunt the X-Men. This time in the form of the mutant terrorist group known as Gene Nation, led by the ruthless Marrow. The Gene Nation members were descendants of the Morlocks who Mikhail transported from Earth. Now returned, they orchestrated a massive terrorist attack in retaliation for the Morlock Massacre. The X-Men were alerted by Colossus and Callisto and were able to stop the Gene Nation after Storm was forced to murder Marrow, by ripping her heart out.[297]

Other two interlopers from the Age of Apocalypse, namely Dark Beast and Sugar Man, were afraid that Bishop might recognize and expose their existence, especially to Mister Sinister, whom they feared the most.[298] To eliminate him, they had hired the assassin Fatale to seduce and kill Bishop. As Bishop noticed Fatale was a threat, she engaged in a fight with the X-Men.[299] During this fight, Dark Beast realized the best way to hide was simply assimilating his counterpart's identity as a member of the X-Men.[300] Dark Beast kept the real Beast captive secretly, while acting as a member of the X-Men. During a mission, Dark Beast, Bishop, and Gambit were captured by Sinister, much to Dark Beast despair. However, he manipulated Gambit into destroying Sinister's lab and preventing him from learning about the Age of Apocalypse.[301]

Meanwhile, Sabretooth's permanence at the X-Mansion would end tragically when he tricked X-Force member Boomer into believing he had reformed. As he revealed his true intentions and threaten Boomer, Psylocke went to her rescue, being savagely brutalized by Sabretooth.[302] To save Psylocke's life, the X-Men Archangel and Wolverine went on an adventure to retrieve the mystical Crimson Dawn elixir.[303] Around this period, the X-Men, while helping Wolverine to cope with the loss of his adamantium, also met one of Apocalypse's servants, the scribe known as Ozymandias, who warned them about the imminent return of Apocalypse.[304][305][306]


The X-Men kept receiving hints about a malicious villain named Onslaught for days. First, they found Juggernaut severely beaten in New Jersey. As Juggernaut came to his sense, he was terrified of the mysterious Onslaught.[307] Next, one of Onslaught's minions, Post, forced some of the X-Men so he could test them for his master.[308] Onslaught first direct strike to the X-Men happened when he psychically attacked Phoenix, in an failed attempt to recruit her to his cause.[309] Following the attack, Juggernaut went to the X-Mansion to offer his help against the Onslaught.[310] Suspicious of her own teammates, Phoenix worked alone with Juggernaut, probing into his memories. Horrified, she discovered Onslaught's true identity: Charles Xavier.[311] Onslaught was the result of Professor X shutting Magneto's mind down months earlier, Magneto's anger combined with Xavier's repressed negativity resulted in his birth. Knocking the X-Men out at the X-Mansion, Onslaught turned his attentions to two powerful mutants he had interest in, Franklin Richards from the Fantastic Four, and Nate Grey, another traveler from the Age of Apocalypse who had alerted the Avengers about Onslaught.[312]

Onslaught intended to unleash his fury over the human race, ordering Dark Beast to find him lackeys to achieve his goals.[306] Dark Beast and his Dark Descendants hacked an army of Sentinels, setting them loose on New York City, to capture mutants and other super-humans.[313] Soon after, the real Beast was found and freed by X-Factor.[314] Meanwhile, Onslaught succeeded in kidnapping Frankling Richards,[315] using his powers to create a citadel on Central Park, causing most prominent super-heroes of the world to unite in order to stop him.[316] Concurrently, Rogue discovered the enigmatic Joseph, an amnesiac and rejuvenated Magneto,[317] bringing him to the Avengers[318] and ultimately to the X-Men.[316]

Onslaught threatens to obliterate the world

A first strike by the combined might of the Avengers, Fantastic Four, and the X-Men allowed Thor to free Xavier from Onslaught, who was left as psionic energy contained within special armor.[319] No longer restricted by Xavier, Onslaught captured Nate Grey.[320] As he assessed Grey's memories about the Age of Apocalypse, Onslaught realized that neither humans nor mutants deserve to rule the world, choosing to obliterate both races instead.[321] Jean Grey telepathically aided the Hulk in destroying Onslaught's armor. Thor then proceeded to slash at the now unprotected psionic energy being and managed to damage him. Surmising mutants would only empower Onslaught, the non-mutant members of the Avengers and Fantastic Four successfully destroyed Onslaught by sacrificing their own lives. In actuality, Franklin Richards had used his reality-warping powers to transport them to a pocket universe. No one discovered the true fate of the heroes for a while, and in the meantime anti-mutant hysteria erupted into chaos as most of the Earth's super-heroes perished when battling a mutant menace.[322] Professor Xavier chose to leave his X-Men,[323] being taken into federal custody.[324]

Operation: Zero Tolerance

The mysterious Bastion took advantage of the Onslaught crisis to push his militant anti-mutant agenda to the United States government. His plans were so extreme that, surprisingly, Senator Kelly warned the X-Men about them.[325] Bastion supported the presidential campaign of Graydon Creed, a mutant hater politician and founder of the Friends of Humanity.[326] The X-Men Iceman and Cannonball infiltrated Creed's campaign staff to investigate Bastion's intentions.[327] Unfortunately, Creed learned of their plan and had Iceman's father brutally beaten as a message. Iceman temporarily left the X-Men to take care of his father.[328] Following Creed's murder, with the nations' approval, Prime Sentinels hunted down and eliminated mutants across the country under Operation: Zero Tolerance.[329]

Meanwhile, the X-Men dealt with inner issues. First, they had to accept Joseph on the team, something difficult especially for Gambit, as Joseph and Rogue became close during the Onslaught crisis.[330] Unfortunately, they also had to deal with their former teammate Havok, who had become a mutant terrorist and leader of a new iteration of the Brotherhood, executing actions that boosted anti-mutant sentiments.[331]

On a Christmas night, some of the X-Men were inadvertently teleported by Gladiator to Shi'ar space.[332] Assisted by Deathbird,[188] the X-Men were successful in eliminating the Phalanx from the Shi'ar throne,[333] but they had a long way home.[334] The remaining X-Men also had their share of missions, as they battled Candra to help Storm escape her rage,[335] and allied themselves with Shang-Chi and Sebastian Shaw in hopes of retrieving a cure for the Legacy Virus in Hong Kong.[336] As they returned home from Hong Kong, they were imprisoned by Bastion's forces.[337]

Iceman and his allies resist Bastion's Sentinels

Iceman was the only active X-Men left free during the climax of Bastion's operation. In New York City, he managed to rescue Dr. Cecilia Reyes from termination by Prime Sentinels.[338] Marrow and Israeli mutant Sabra joined the two and took the confrontation to Bastion himself.[339] Before the matter could worsen, Senator Kelly was brave enough to put an end to Bastion's insanity and S.H.I.E.L.D. arrested him.[340]

The X-Men who were in space ended up prisoners of Nanny, except for Bishop, who was lost in space with Deathbird.[341] Meanwhile, Psylocke and Archangel faced off the mysterious Maggott in New York.[342] Nanny eventually brought Gambit before “Erik the Red”, who put Gambit on trial for past crimes. Erik revealed Gambit led the Marauders to the Morlocks during the “Mutant Massacre”. Repulsed, Gambit's teammates, Rogue included, abandoned him to die in Antarctica. Unbeknownst to the X-Men, Erik the Red was actually Magneto in disguise.[343]

All-new mutants join the X-Men

The captive X-Men also found their freedom, though Cyclops had a bomb planted in his chest as Bastion's last laugh.[344] Fortunately, returning home, Dr. Reyes helped save his life. Dr. Reyes, Marrow, and Maggott stayed at the X-Mansion and joined the X-Men.[345] Cyclops and Phoenix left for Alaska so Scott could recover from his wounds.[346] The new team faced adversities such as Sauron,[347] the new Alpha Flight,[348] and the Ru'Tai.[349] The, answering a distress call from Storm's village in Kenya, the X-Men were tricked by the Shadow King, who had Psylocke give him control over the astral plane, causing a telepathy “blackout”.[350] Psylocke managed to trap him in her mind with the Crimson Dawn, though she could no longer use her telepathy in order to keep him prisoner.[351]

Xavier's return and Magneto War

Xavier mysteriously vanished from his imprisonment.[352] Following the disbanding of Excalibur, X-Men former members Shadowcat, Nightcrawler, and Colossus were kidnapped by an all-new formation of X-Men.[353] Soon, the trio rejoined the real X-Men and identified the brand new X-Men has an impostor as their leader, who impersonated Professor Xavier.[354] By this time, a new addition to the X-Men was Gambit, who was forgiven by his teammates and returned to the group.[355][356]

With Xavier still missing, the X-Men tried to locate him, learning that his impersonator was the artificial intelligence Cerebro.[357][358] Eventually, the X-Men found Professor X with the Brotherhood.[359] Following a confrontation against Cerebro,[360] the X-Men discovered that Xavier joined forces with the Brotherhood after Cerebro hunted them.[361] Cerebro also revealed it was conceived after Bastion cleansed the X-Mansion using nano-technology, giving the mutant locator artificial intelligence. With the help of the Mannite Nina, Cerebro ceased to be.[362]

Magneto vs. Joseph

Professor Xavier returned to his X-Men, believing his dream of peaceful coexistence was still worth the fight. Meanwhile, Magneto resurfaced once more, certain that mutants deserved to rule the world.[363] He held the Earth hostage with the planet's electromagnetic field in his control, and the X-Men traveled to his Antarctica base.[364] Meanwhile, Joseph was revealed to be a clone created by Astra, who was originally supposed to kill his genetic template.[365] As the X-Men battled Magneto and his Acolytes,[366] only with Joseph's the world was saved from Magneto. Yet, the United Nations, acting preventively, granted Magneto the control of the island of Genosha.[367]

The Twelve

The X-Men were unintentionally transported to another dimension[368] when Black Tom summoned them to help a possessed Juggernaut.[367] Though they managed to free Juggernaut, they were left in outer space far away from home.[369] The X-Men eventually found their way home after an adventure in the past, on Tarnax IV.[370][371] Suspicious his X-Men might have been compromised, Xavier ultimately decided to disband the group.[372][373]

Cyclops and Phoenix, however, returned to the X-Mansion and formed an unofficial group of X-Men to help the Mannites. During the mission, Wolverine was killed by a new mysterious Horseman of Death.[374] As the X-Men gathered at the X-Mansion, Professor X investigated the body and realized “Wolverine” was the traitor he had been suspicious of, actually a Skrull who had replaced Wolverine.[375] Other Skrulls were tricked by the X-Men, who learned about the secret of the " Twelve", a dozen mutants prophesied to defeat Apocalypse. Before the X-Men could learn more, the Horseman of Death interrupted them, revealing his real identity: Wolverine.[376]

The Twelve, captured by Apocalypse

The X-Men tried to round up the mutants listed as the Twelve according to one of Destiny's diaries.[377] However, with the help of Skrulls and his new Horseman, Apocalypse managed to capture the Twelve.[376] He revealed his plan for ensuring the ascension of An Age of Apocalypse by absorbing the Twelve's powers, using Nate Grey as his new vessel for intense energy.[378] However, Magneto's weakened powers broke the machine Apocalypse used for the power transfer, freeing the Twelve. Unfortunately, as Nate Grey was still in danger of being possessed by Apocalypse, Cyclops sacrificed himself to save Grey.[379] With Cyclops presumed dead and Apocalypse defeated, Cable decided to join the X-Men as his father's replacement.[380] At the same time, Professor X left the X-Men to space in order to mentor Cadre K, a group of mutant Skrulls.[381]

Eve of Destruction

Following Apocalypse's defeat, the High Evolutionary, believing mutants to be a threat and manipulated by Mister Sinister, extirped all mutants from their powers.[381] His actions had a considerable impact on the Neo, a recluse clan of mutants who suffered major casualties.[382] Eventually, the X-Men destroyed the Evolutionary's device and mutants had their powers returned.[383] Six months later, after recruiting a new Thunderbird,[384] the X-Men were attacked by the Neo, who wished for revenge. The Neo battled the X-Men in several different occasions.[385][386] Around this time, both Professor X and Bishop rejoined the X-Men following a calamity when Earth was briefly an intergalactic prison.[387]

Mystique targets Senator Kelly for assassination

Amidst Senator Kelly's presidential campaign, Prosh sent Phoenix, Iceman, Juggernaut, Toad an Mystique on a journey through time for a better enlightenment on mutant evolution. In the process, the group learned several secrets behind the past of the X-Men. At the end of their adventure, they had to battle the Stranger. As a consequence of this experience, Mystique decided to assassinate Kelly once again.[388] Mystique had her new Brotherhood to directly attack Senator Kelly,[389] something that was prevented by a dying Pyro, who begged the Senator to stop the circle of violence.[390]

Colossus sacrifices himself to cure the Legacy Virus

However, Mystique's real intentions were more sinister; she had tampered with the Legacy Virus to release a strain that would only infect regular humans. On Muir Island, Moira had finally discovered a cure of the virus, but Mystique mortally wounded her. Mystique even stabbed Rogue to keep the cure hidden, yet Rogue recovered quickly enough and subdued her.[391] Professor Xavier was able to transfer Moira's knowledge of the virus to his mind before she seemingly died. While Cable aided his mentor, a human angry at Senator Kelly's change of stance on mutants shot and killed him, ironically executing Mystique's plans.[392] Using Moira's data, Beast created the Legacy Virus cure. Unfortunately, a mutant power signature had to be activated for the cure to disperse around the world. Colossus secretly injected himself with the cure, sacrificing his life to save countless mutants.[393]

Not accepting Cyclops had died, Jean Grey went on a journey with Cable to search for the truth. Cyclops was eventually found Scott in the Middle East. As Jean's exorcised Apocalypse from his mind, Cable used his Psimitar to cleave Apocalypse's final hold on his father.[394] Cyclops returned to his friends more distant and self-conscious due to insecurities from being possessed.[395]

Meanwhile, fearful for the fate of Destiny's diaries, Storm founded her own globetrotting squad of X-Treme X-Men no longer linked with Xavier. As one of her recruits, she had Sage, Hellfire Club's former secretary.[396] Tragically, this team soon suffered major losses, their investigation led them to cross paths with the super-human Vargas, who killed Psylocke and left Beast critically injured.[397]

Wolverine stabs Magneto

With the Legacy Virus cured, the Genoshan Mutates were healthy enough for Magneto to amass a superpowered army. Without enough X-Men around to stop him, Magneto was successful in capturing Xavier,[398] whom he brought to Genosha on the eve of his invasion. Cyclops and Wolverine infiltrated the island nation as Jean Grey recruited a team of X-Men formed by ex-Alpha Flight member Northstar, Wraith, Paulie Provenzano, Sunfire's sister Sunpyre, and mentally controlled Acolyte Joanna Cargill a.k.a. Frenzy. They were unexpectedly joined by Dazzler had showed up seeking help with a crisis on Mojoworld.[2][399] On Genosha, the team managed to free Xavier, who mentally stopped Magneto from ripping out Wolverine's adamantium a second time. Convinced there was no other way, Wolverine ultimately impaled Magneto with his claws, incapacitating him for good.[400][401]

New X-Men

The death of Genosha

A new nemesis for the X-Men arrived in the form of Cassandra Nova, Xavier's personal "mummudrai". In a factory in Ecuador, Nova activated a forgotten Master Mold using the Trask DNA, manufacturing immense wild Sentinels to attack Genosha. Magneto, incapacitated from Wolverine's attack, could do nothing but watch as the entire island along with sixteen million mutants were exterminated.[402] One of the few survivors from the massacre found by the X-Men was Emma Frost, due to her sudden new diamond form powers. Nova was brought into custody by Cyclops and Wolverine, but managed to break free, secretly switching bodies with Xavier. Pretending to be Xavier, she shot her previous body, where the real Xavier was trapped, to near-death. Nova's first action was to expose Xavier and the residents at his institute as mutants on live television, revealing the X-Men's best-kept secret to the public.[1]

The "new" X-Men

As the X-Men went public, several mutant offices were opened all over the world as an extension of the X-Men, the X-Corporation. When one of its operatives, Risque, was killed in Hong Kong, the X-Men teamed up with her partner, Domino, to investigate. There, they learned of the existence of John Sublime's mutant organ harvesters, the U-Men. During the investigation, the X-Men freed a Chinese imprisoned mutant named Xorn, whom Cyclops invited to join the X-Men.[403]

The Xavier Institute hosted a much larger student body and had classes taught by X-Men. Meanwhile, Nova, in Xavier's body, left Earth to the Shi'ar Empire, not before beating Beast into a coma after he learned her true identity[404] and infecting the X-Men with nano-sentinels.[405] Soon after Nova's departure, the X-Men were targeted by Sublime's U-Men at different locations. At the X-Mansion, they were fended off by Phoenix.[406] Following the attack, Beast woke up from his coma, revealing Xavier's fate to his comrades. As the X-Men assessed Cassandra Nova's body, they learned her origins.[407]

Cassandra Nova's mental trap

On the Shi'ar Empire, Nova managed to wreak havoc, seizing control of the powerful Imperial Guard.[408] She then led her army to destroy the X-Men, who became severely debilitated by the nano-sentinel infection.[409] During the conflict, Phoenix managed to save Xavier's consciousness, uploading it through Cerebra.[410] Nova planned to use Cerebra do eliminate all mutants on the world, as a way to hurt Xavier. Her plans were foiled when, as soon as she accessed Cerebra, Xavier claimed his body back. Without a body, Nova was tricked by Emma Frost into being trapped inside the alien Stuff. Meanwhile, Xorn cured the X-Men of the nano-sentinel infection, effectively joining the Xavier's School staff. With the efforts of the X-Men, mutantkind was safe.[411]

Meanwhile, the X-Treme X-Men kept having their fates directed by Destiny's diaries. When Gambit was framed for having murdered Viceroy, an Australian crime-lord, the X-Men went to Sydney to investigate. They were assisted by Red Lotus and Teri Baltimore in clearing Gambit's name. Concurrently, Sage was attacked by Sebastian Shaw, who wished to have her back under his control being assisted by his illusionist partner, Lady Mastermind. Viceroy's children, the mutants Lifeguard and Slipstream joined the X-Men, helping them to fend Shaw and Lady Mastermind off.[412]

Rogue avenges Psylocke

The X-Treme X-Men were then attacked by Shaitan in Madripoor, who used Gambit to erect a giant interdimensional tower as a beacon for his lord Khan to invade Earth. The X-Men managed to undermine Khan's plot by invading his tower and defeating him. Simultaneously, Rogue avenged Psylocke by slaying Vargas.[413] Storm and her X-Men were left dreadfully injured from these events.[414]

A squad of X-Men led by Nightcrawler dealt with mutant-related affairs all over the globe. On one of their assignments, they saved a group of mutant outcasts in London attacked by human supremacist Mister Clean. Following this incident, ex-Generation X student Chamber joined the X-Men.[415] Mister Clean was part of an extremist anti-mutant cult known as the Church of Humanity, whose next target was the X-Ranch, a mutant brothel. The only survivor of the attack, the prostitute Stacy X was rescued by and joined the X-Men.[416] The X-Men then made their move against the church's Supreme Pontiff, but, before they could end the threat, the churchgoers escaped.[417]

The X-Men investigate Banshee's X-Corps

When Banshee formed X-Corps, a violent mutant police force in Europe, Nightcrawler's team decided to investigate his new initiative, since many of its operatives were former members of the Brotherhood. Banshee also was unscrupulous in using Martinique Wyngarde's mental powers to brainwash his prisoners and operatives.[418] The matters escalated when Mystique was found to be behind the scenes, manipulating Banshee to her purposes with the Brotherhood's help, including Wyngarde. Ultimately, as the X-Men defeated her minions, Mystique slit Cassidy's throat and left him to bleed to death. Luckily, he managed to capture Mystique by releasing Abyss, a mutant who could open an other-dimensional portal, and was then taken to the hospital by his former Generation X students.[419] The X-Men proceeded to take down Vanisher's mutant drug business using Worthington Industries.[420]

Some of Banshee's X-Corps previous operatives joined X-Corporation Europe, headquartered in Paris. When Professor X received a tip about a “genetic emergency” in Paris Métro, he requested X-Corporation to investigate, as he examined Jean Grey to assess her growing power levels, a manifestation of the Phoenix Force. They were interrupted by Fantomex, who demanded asylum, claiming to be a mutant on the run with information about the Weapon Plus Project. In the tunnels, the X-Corporation team was massacred by Weapon XII. Professor X, Phoenix and Fantomex went to stop Weapon XII, who was killed by Fantomex. Jean let Fantomex escape after she learned he was in fact “Weapon XIII”, one of Weapon Plus subjects, who manipulated the X-Men into helping him break free.[421]

The X-Men deal with their first student riot

At the X-Mansion, Cyclops and Emma Frost started a psychic affair following his matrimonial issues with Jean, who kept assisting X-Corporation all over the world.[422] Following the murder of mutant stylist Jumbo Carnation,[423] one of Xavier's students, Quentin Quire, formed an mutant extremist gang, whose unscrupulous members made use of the power-enhancing drug Kick. The gang broke out a riot at the institute, detaining the X-Men. Quire was ultimately stopped by the Stepford sisters, at the cost of Sophie's life. Meanwhile, Xorn's Special Class, when camping, were attacked by the U-Men, who were violently killed by Xorn.[424]

The Stepford sisters, disillusioned by Sophie's death, told Jean Grey about her husband's affair with Frost.[425] After being telepathically turmoiled by Jean, Emma was found dead in her diamond form, splintered into thousands of pieces, while Cyclops left the institute.[426] As Bishop and Sage investigated Frost's murder, Beast and Phoenix were able to revive her. The culprit was found, Esme, one of the Stepfords, who also had killed Sophie. It was also revealed that a traitor inside the institute supplied the students with the Kick.[427]

After Nova's attack, Nightcrawler's team investigated a mutant signal at the Cassidy Keep. There, they were attacked by Black Tom, who was not in control of his mutation. The X-Men put him down with the help of Tom's partner, the Juggernaut, who joined the team by Xavier's invitation after being saved by Xavier's newest student, Sammy Paré. Meanwhile, a catatonic Havok, missing for months, was found by nurse Anne Ghazikhanian, who contacted the X-Men to meet him.[428] Ghazikhanian moved to the X-Mansion and her son to care for Havok, befriending Generation X former member Husk, who had also joined the X-Men.[429] Around this period, Northstar also joined the team and the school's staff.[430]

The X-Men meet the Exiles

Now based at the X-Mansion, Nightcrawler's group battled the ferocious Maximus Lobo and his hordes.[431] Around this period, Polaris, rescued by X-Corporation in Genoshan ruins, returned to the X-Men.[432] With Havok's recovery and an unfortunate possession by an alternate version of him, the X-Men were assisted by the dimension-hopping Exiles in defeating Lobo for good.[433] Following threats included the Alpha Flight,[434], the destruction of the Church of Humanity,[435] Nightcrawler's father, Azazel, and his minions,[436], and the Guthries' rival family, the Cabots.[437]

After Storm and what was left of the X-Treme X-Men recovered, they got into a conflict with Xavier's School over the fate of an accused mutant killer, Jeffrey Garrett, who was granted asylum. As Storm's X-Men investigated the murders, they learned about the existence of mutant psychic predator, Elias Bogan, who possessed Emma Frost. With Bogan's disappearance, Storm was still left at odds with Xavier.[438] The group faced a surprisingly live Reverend Stryker and his new bodyguard, Lady Deathstrike, who had kidnapped Kitty Pryde. As they discovered Mount Haven's bizarre origin as a mutant-exclusive city, Stryker realized his actions and was buried with the city.[439]

Storm sanctions her X-Men as the X.S.E.

The X-Treme X-Men then investigated mutant-related incidents against mutants in Valle Soleada, a mutant-friendly neighborhood where Rogue and Gambit lived. The incidents were discovered to be funded by X-Corporation's Los Angeles branch, run by Sunspot. As the X-Men confronted Sunspot, the X-Men learn Elias Bogan schemed the situation.[440] Bogan made his first direct strike at the X-Men after Sage and Bishop orchestrated a plan to force him to get out of the shadows. Though Bogan escaped, the X-Men destroyed his base and resources, freeing Rachel Summers in the process, who had been a slave for months.[441]

Wolverine and Fantomex were joined by Cyclops to infiltrate the World, Weapon Plus facility. From there, the trio followed Weapon XV to a station on Earth Orbit, where Wolverine chose to destroy the station upon learning about his own past as Weapon X, John Sublime's plans for mutant extermination and the fact that there was a traitor at the X-Mansion.[442] As Cyclops and Fantomex escaped to Earth, Jean Grey went to space to rescue Wolverine. Meanwhile, Xorn pushed Magneto's theories on his Special Class, leading his student Dust to destroy Cerebra. Trapping Wolverine and Jean Grey on the remnants of Asteroid M and incapacitating the other X-Men, Xorn was revealed to be Magneto in disguise as he captured Xavier.[443]

Xorn destroyed the Institute and took over Manhattan with his new Brotherhood, leading to the death of thousands.[444] Moving closer to the Sun, Jean was killed by Wolverine so she could unlock the power of Phoenix.[445] Cyclops led a last-ditch assault on Magneto and his allies,[446] while Phoenix returned in time with Wolverine, Frost and Beast to defeat the mad mutant. During the confrontation, the X-Men questioned Xorn's identity as Magneto, which infuriated him. Knowing he was defeated, a desperate Xorn used his stored energy to give Phoenix a stroke 'on the planetary level'. Wolverine decapitated Xorn in a berserker rage as Jean Grey died in the arms of her husband.[447] Decades in the future, Jean was reborn as the Phoenix and used her powers to push Scott to embrace Emma Frost's proposal of re-opening the Xavier Institute, ensuring the survival of the X-Men.[448]

As Cyclops and Frost ran a reformed Xavier Institute as their headmasters,[449] Xavier left to Genosha to help mutants who still lived on the hazarded island, including Magneto.[450] Meanwhile, Storm's team was sanctioned by the United Nations as a peaceful force responsible for policing relations between humans and mutants, the X.S.E., headquartered at the X-Mansion.[451]


The astonishing X-Men

Cyclops, willing to improve the public perception of mutants, decided to revamp the X-Men as a group of astonishing super heroes. Their first mission put them in conflict with the extraterrestrial threat of Ord. Concurrently, Genetech's lead researcher, Dr. Kavita Rao, publicly announced a mutant cure, secretly financed by Ord.[452] As Beast investigated the efficacy of the cure, the X-Men learned Genetech used the body of an X-Man in their tests.[453] This led Kitty Pryde to discover Colossus very much alive within Genetech's Research Facility.[454] With Colossus back to the team, the X-Men defeated Ord and destroyed Genetech's laboratories and their cure.[455]

The X-Men were surprisigly attacked from within when the Danger Room's artificial intelligence broke free from her restraints, in an attempt to murder the X-Men and their students.[456] The X-Men were tricked into freeing the A.I. from its command core, allowing her to take a new form as Danger.[457] Danger, having years of experience in battling the X-Men as the Danger Room, easily outpowered them, deciding to go to Genosha to assassinate her former captor, Professor Charles Xavier.[458] Though her plans were foiled by the X-Men, they were deeply disappointed in their mentor, who kept Danger, a sentient being, captive for years.[459]

Though Jean Grey was dead, the same could not be said about the Phoenix. Without a host, the cosmic entity became a target for the Shi'ar, being shattered and driven insane by the attack. Weakened, it reanimated Jean Grey's deceased body at the X-Mansion. The X-Men, upon learning about the Phoenix's return, attempted to stop her mad quest for power. With Wolverine's help, Jean Grey managed to regain control over her body, while Emma Frost tricked the Phoenix into possessing her. Jean was then allowed to successfully merge the Phoenix within her own self, ascending as the White Phoenix and departing to the White Hot Room.[460]

When Cerebra registered a mysterious mutant manifestation in China, Havok was assigned a team to investigate. The dysfunctional team found a different Xorn, with no control over his powers.[461] Following some brief conflicts with Chinese super heroes, the X-Men managed to save Xorn, who joined the team.[462] Upon their return, the X-Men battled Exodus and his incarnation of the Brotherhood. Juggernaut and Exiles' former member Nocturne pretended to be members of the villainous team, secretly assisting the X-Men. The Brotherhood brutally ravaged the Xavier School, leading to the death of Sammy Paré. Xorn was crucial to fend them off, sucking them into the black hole within his helmet. Unfortunately, a trapped Nocturne also entered the void, followed by Juggernaut who attempted to rescue her. Feeling guilty on his actions, Xorn decided to leave the X-Men.[463]

The X.S.E. investigated the Weaponeers of Al-Khalad as their first assignment. Simultaneously, when visiting the Braddock Manor, the group was targeted by the powerful super hero hunter known as Fury. With much effort, the X-Men managed to combine their abilities and put the Fury down for good.[464] However, the X.S.E. was soon ambushed by Viper, who was in seek of revenge for the X-Men's intervention on Khan's invasion months prior on Madripoor. As the X-Men broke free from Viper, Sage became aware that Sebastian Shaw and Courtney Ross had been assembling a new Hellfire Club.[465]

Following a series of mutant-related murders in District X, the X.S.E. went to investigate, finding the young X-23 apparently guilty for the crimes. After X-23 was found innocent, she was taken to the Xavier Institute as a protégée of the X.S.E.[466] Emma Frost, as a former member of the Hellfire Club, assisted the X.S.E. in uncovering the club's recent revival. The X-Men shockingly learned the club was acting as a beneficial organization, since Sage had secretely managed to place one of their own, Sunspot, as the club's new Lord Imperial, dismissing both Sebastian Shaw and Donald Pierce in the process. Sage left the X-Men to serve as Sunspot's assistant, hoping to prevent him from being corrupted by power.[467]

Unexpectedly, Psylocke was resurrected in the exact spot where she was murdered. After the X.S.E. retrieved her, they were suddenly trapped and kidnapped by the Hauk'ka when investigating a distress call by Wolverine. Psylocke and X-23 joined forces to rescue the X-Men, who had been taken to the Savage Land.[468] Having Rachel under their control, the Hauk'ka forced Storm to cast an insanely powerful ice age upon the world. The X-Men teamed up with the Savage Land Mutates and the Hauk'ka, regretful for their actions, and liberated Storm.[469] As soon as they returned to the X-Mansion, the X.S.E. members were attacked by Mojo and Spiral, but managed to defeat them with the help of Juggernaut and Nocturne, who were revealed to had been sent to the Mojoverse.[470] Around this period, Angel founded the Mutantes Sans Frontières, an international humanitarian organization that sought to improve living conditions of needy mutants.[471][472]

Meanwhile, Havok's maladjusted team had to deal with the hallucinating attacks of the Golgotha.[473] The group, left debilitated, was further undermined when Mystique infiltrated Gambit's student squad as the mysterious Foxx. For days, Mystique played with the X-Men's lives, especially Rogue's, as she attempted to seduce Gambit. Shockingly, when her identity became known, Mystique was offered to join the X-Men. However, Nightcrawler begged Mystique to refuse such an offer, helping her to escape instead.[474] Soon next, when Havok's group went to investigate the emergence of non-human mutants in Niganda, they were joined by Storm and the Black Panther in foiling the Red Ghost's activities.[475][476]


Following the Scarlet Witch's devastating attack on the Avengers[477] Magneto took her to Genosha, where neither Professor Xavier nor Doctor Strange could help her.[478] The Avengers united with the “astonishing” X-Men arrived on Genosha to discuss the fate of the increasingly worrisome Scarlet Witch. Manipulated by her brother Quicksilver, the Scarlet Witch altered the reality tapping into Xavier's telepathy to grant the heroes on Genosha their most desired wishes, creating a world known as the House of M where mutants were a dominant species.[479]

On the seemingly perfect world, Wolverine suspected something was wrong since he had his memories recovered.[480] With the help of young mutant Layla Miller, the X-Men and the other heroes remembered their past lives.[481] The enlightened heroes commenced an assault on Magneto's Genoshan headquarters and tried to find the missing Professor Xavier. Quicksilver's betrayal was revealed, leading Magneto to nearly kill him. Angry at how her mutant heritage and her father's choices ruined her family, the Scarlet Witch uttered three words as she restored the reality to what it used to be: "No More Mutants."[482]

The world seemingly returned to what it was, with those awakened by Miller still remembering the Scarlet Witch's twisted reality. However, mutant population was drastically reduced from millions down to approximately two hundred, an event that became known as the M-Day.[483] Students at the Xavier Institute, inhabitants of the District X, X-Corporation operatives and major mutants such as Iceman, Polaris, Magneto, Quicksilver, the Blob, Danielle Moonstar, Jubilee and many others were depowered. Tragically, there were several other consequences. Professor Xavier's whereabouts were unknown. The crisis led to X-Corporation being shut down following a bombing in Paris. Meanwhile, the Xavier Institute became a sanctuary to surviving powered mutants, who became known as the 198. At a time when the X-Men were needed the most, Storm decided to stay in Africa to aid mutants in need and the X.S.E. ceased to be. The M-Day also was the catalyst for the reformulation of X-Factor Investigations and the return of the British mutant group Excalibur.[484]

With mutantkind severely compromised and weakened, mutant-hating groups had an opportunity to eradicate mutants for good. Afraid of violence breaking out, Val Cooper dispatched Sentinel Squad O*N*E to protect the swelling population at the X-Mansion. The X-Men became under constant surveillance of sentinels.[485] A group of rabid mutant haters, the Sapien League, were the first to attack the Xavier Institute, intending to kill the remaining mutants. When their leader, the Leper Queen, attempted to murder Iceman, he managed to counter her attack, learning in the process he was not truly depowered.[486] A depowered Polaris then decided to leave the X-Men, accompanied by Havok, who wished to look after her. Unbeknownst to them, Apocalypse had been awakened from his slumber after the M-Day, and captured Polaris.[487]

Apocalypse transformed Polaris, Sunfire and Gazer into his new horsemen, respectively Pestilence, Famine and War.[488] His first move was to land his sphynx ship on the X-Mansion, offering salvation to the mutants succumbed to misery due to the M-Day. Apocalypse planned to proportionally reduce the human population in order to even out the effects of M-Day on mutantkind by unleashing a deadly plague.[489] The 198 sided themselves with Apocalypse, attacking the O*N*E Sentinels. The X-Men, heavily outnumbered, were surprisingly assisted by Ozymandias, who decided to betray his own master.[490] Unfortunately, Apocalypse revealed his last horseman, Death, to be Gambit, who apparently turned traitor following his recent relationship problems with Rogue. With the X-Men temporarily subdued, Apocalypse announced his objectives at the United Nations Headquarters.[491] Eventually, the X-Men, assisted by the O*N*E and Sunfire, defeated Apocalypse, who managed to escape.[492] Though Polaris, now repowered, was rehabilitated and rejoined the X-Men, Gambit and Sunfire abandoned their former friends, allying themselves with Mister Sinister.[493]

When the X-Men started being haunted at the X-Mansion with visions of their pasts, Cyclops and Rachel were kidnapped by a mysterious attacker.[494] During the investigation, the X-Men witnessed the tragic death of Banshee and were led to unravel the truth behind Moira's secret X-Men, who had perished on Krakoa years before.[495] The assailant claimed to be Vulcan, who had been revived by the energies unleashed on M-Day. In seek of revenge, he and the X-Men were greeted by Professor X, who was revealed to be powerless due to the Scarlet Witch's spell.[496] After Professor X shared Vulcan's true origins as Cyclops' lost brother, who had his life ruined by Shi'ar Emperor D'Ken, Vulcan departed to space aiming at destroying the Shi'ar Empire. On Earth, Professor X's already eroded relationship with his X-Men became irredeemably injured.[108]

Since M-Day had a massive impact on the Xavier Institute student body, lowering their numbers from hundreds to around twenty-seven mutants, Emma Frost formed a group of New X-Men as a response.[497] This coincided with the return of Reverend Stryker and his Purifiers. Gathering intel from Nimrod, the Purifiers attacked the Xavier Institute, murdering several kids, both mutant and depowered ones. The New X-Man Elixir killed Stryker with his newfound death powers.[498] As the New X-Men learned about Nimrod's involvement, they joined forces with Forge to destroy him. They were partially successful as they managed to send Nimrod back to the past.[499][157]

The X-Men also struggled with other threats unrelated to the M-Day. With the X.S.E. disbanded, its former members remained at the X-Mansion. Soon after M-Day, Rachel and her teammates found themselves battling the Shi'ar Death Commandos, sent to Earth to eradicate the Grey family and prevent the ascension of the Phoenix within their bloodline.[500] As Rachel mourned the death of her family, the mysterious conditions behind Psylocke's resurrection were revealed. She was returned by her brother, Jamie Braddock, to battle a cosmic threat known as the First Fallen. The X-Men were whisked away to the First Fallen's reality to combat him, returning victorious, though at the apparent cost of Jamie's life.[501] Soon after, the X-Men went to Kenya to assist Storm in overpowering the vicious Colonel Shetani. Following his defeat, Storm decided to stay in Africa, traveling to Wakanda to meet the Black Panther.[502] Meanwhile, the X-Men suffered another loss when Psylocke, while confronting the Shadow King – recently imprisoned by the new Excalibur –, was forcedly ripped from the timestream, covertly joining the Exiles.[503]

As the Superhuman Registration Act passed, Iron Man attempted to recruit the X-Men to their side into the super-hero civil war. However, they were turned down, preferring to remain neutral.[504] The registration act would affect the 198, nevertheless. As O*N*E, being aligned with Iron Man, kept the 198 prisoners, X-Force, sided with Captain America, decided at liberating them. While Bishop worked with O*N*E in recapturing the fugitive 198, Cyclops and the X-Men opted to defend them. When all parts realized they faced a common enemy in General Lazer, they joined forces to defeat them. As a consequence, the 198 were freed and Bishop left the X-Men.[505] Amidst many recent conflicts, the wedding of Storm and the Black Panther represented a brief moment of truce and peace.[506]

Blinded by the Light

The rise and fall of the Shi'ar Empire

Fearful for the fate of the Shi'ar Empire and his beloved Lilandra, Professor X recruited a team of X-Men to stop Vulcan's rage. As a new recruit, he had James Proudstar, Warpath (a mutant who had hated Xavier the most), Rachel, Nightcrawler, Havok, Polaris, and a recently returned Darwin also wished to participate in the space mission.[507] During the travel, the Shi'ar sent the slave warrior Korvus, who wielded the Blade of the Phoenix, to assassinate Rachel. Though Korvus defected and joined the X-Men in their mission, Xavier was captured.[508] As the X-Men were found by the Starjammers, Darwin learned not only that Vulcan had resurrected Emperor D'Ken, but also had arranged to marry Deathbird.[509] During the wedding, Vulcan killed D'Ken and proclaimed himself the new emperor of the Shi'ar Empire, murdered his own father, Corsair, and also trapped Xavier inside the M'Krann Crystal, unintentionally restoring his telepathic powers. As Lilandra sent most of the X-Men back to Earth, Havok, Polaris, and Rachel stayed in space, joining the Starjammers to lead a resistance against emperor Vulcan and his wife, Deathbird.[510]

On Earth, the New X-Men were attacked by X-23's former oppressors, the Facility, who tortured and captured Mercury to create mutant-hunting monsters known as Predators X.[511] Soon after that, the X-Men and the New X-Men were imprisoned on Limbo by Belasco, who desired to have Illyana Rasputin back. Illyana, resurrected as the soulless Darkchylde by Belasco, led the remaining students at Xavier's to destroy her former abuser. With Belasco dead, Illyana sent her former friends back to Earth, choosing to remain on Limbo as its new ruler.[512]

The X-Men go Rogue

Unexpectedly, Sabretooth arrived at the Xavier Institute asking for refuge, escaping from the deadly Children of the Vault, artificially evolved post-humans who became active after the M-Day.[513] The Children of the Vault, aiming to eliminate Sabretooth to keep their existence secret, sent Northstar and Aurora to ambush the Xavier Institute, though they were fended off with the help of Cable.[514] Rogue was then assigned a team to stop the Children of the Vault, recruiting Mystique, Iceman, Cannonball, and Cable for her mission. Lady Mastermind and Karima Shapandar, an Omega Sentinel, who had been recently rescued by Rogue from an illegal mental institution, also joined the group. The last member was Sabretooth himself. Rogue's team was successful in destroying the Children of the Vault before they could reach the Xavier's. The new X-Men group then decided to leave the institute and follow their own agenda.[515] Their first action was to rehabilitate Northstar and Aurora from their brainwashing in a S.H.I.E.L.D. helicarrier. There, the X-Men were confronted by Exodus' new Acolytes. As Exodus realized the enormous consequences of the M-Day, he ceased his attack and fled.[516]

Rogue's next objective was to track Lady Mastermind's and Omega Sentinel's captor, a man known as Pandemic, who had a special interest in Rogue's replicating powers. Left powerless by Sabretooth, he still managed to infect Rogue with a viral agent that rendered her powers more lethal than ever, leaving her on the brink of death.[517] Cable sought to treat Rogue on his island nation Providence. Unfortunately, the island was attacked by the Hecatomb, a Shi'ar mind devouring bomb that followed Urizen, a mummudrai who had possessed Lady Mastermind, to Earth. The Hecatomb annihilated Providence, but was ultimately deactivated by Rogue, who absorbed all of its minds. The attack allowed Sabretooth to furtively escape, and Rogue was left in severely poor condition, both physically and psychically.[518]

At Mystique's house, other X-Men were assembled to stabilize Rogue's condition. There, they were ambushed by Mister Sinister's Marauders, who had been targeting any being with knowledge about the future, including Rogue, who had read Destinty's Diaries. Mystique, Lady Mastermind and Omega Sentinel (recently possessed by Malice) revealed to be Marauders, who heavily outnumbered the X-Men. With the X-Men defeated, Rogue was kidnapped. On Providence, Cable was seemingly killed by Gambit and Sunfire.[519] Moreover, the Acolytes, subordinated to Mister Sinister, attacked the X-Mansion to collect Destiny's Diaries and kill the precognitive mutant Blindfold, being unsuccessful in their mission. The X-Men, though massively fractured by the attacks, were able to survive mostly due to Mystique's and Gambit's misleading behavior.[520]

When Caliban was brutally assaulted by Masque and his Morlocks, he asked for help at the X-Mansion, leading Storm to rejoin the X-Men. Leading a team comprising Warpath, ex-Starjammer Hepzibah and Caliban, Storm infiltrated the sewers of Manhattan to stop Masque's extremist terrorist attacks. The mission led them to learn about the visions of the late Morlock Qwerty. Concurrently, Xavier and Nightcrawler learned that Magneto was secretly active and had a role to play in the upcoming future of mutantkind.[521]

Emma Frost's trick on Cassandra Nova years before proved to create nefarious consequences. Nova had planted a suggestion on Frost's mind that grew to a more robust mind control. Under Nova's influence, Frost telepathically tormented the X-Men with a series of illusions related to the Hellfire Club, ultimately turning Cyclops' powers off. Kitty Pryde was the most affected victim, since Frost forced her to believe the alien Stuff, where Nova was trapped, was actually a child she had had with Colossus. Before Nova could achieve her goal of breaking free from Stuff's body, S.W.O.R.D.'s director Abigail Brand abducted the X-Men, Danger and Ord to her spaceship, where Frost was out of Nova's reach.[522]

Brand, in need of super-heroes, explained that Ord's leader, Lord Kruun of the Breakworld, intended to eliminate Earth due to a prophecy that claimed Colossus would destroy the Breakworld, justifying Ord's former involvement with Genetech.[523] Upon reaching the Breakworld, the X-Men were relentlessly attacked, being scattered all over the alien planet. Kitty Pryde, Colossus, Wolverine and new recruit Armor were the most afflicted by the attacks.[524] Kitty and Colossus were met and helped by Aghanne, the leader of the Breakworlder revolution. Meanwhile, Cyclops and Frost were ambushed by Danger.[525] Frost managed to convince Danger to aid the X-Men, while Beast and Brand learned Kruun had a gigantic missile aimed at Earth. Cyclops, Wolverine and Armor deceived Kruun's forces, by being intentionally captured. Another deception involved Cyclops pretending to have lost his powers, which guaranteed him the opportunity to incapacitate Kruun.[526] With Kruun accounted for, Kitty phased into the missile in order to disable it, only to discover it was actually a giant bullet. The bullet was ultimately fired at Earth with Kitty trapped inside it.[527] On the Breakworld, the X-Men learned Aghanne fabricated the prophecy in order to destroy a world she despised, built in suffering and pain. She was ultimately killed by her own rage, failing to destroy the Breakworld. Meanwhile, the X-Men and other Earth's heroes were not able to detain the bullet. In the last moment, Kitty Pryde used her powers to phase the bullet through Earth, effectively preventing the planet's destruction. However, the bullet kept moving in a straight line; Kitty was lost in outer space.[528]

Messiah Complex

When the first mutant birth since M-Day occurred, Cerebra registered a powerful spike. The X-Men jumped to the Alaskan town of Cooperstown only to find that the Marauders and the Purifiers had beaten them to it.[529] As the X-Men tracked the Acolytes to learn the location of Mister Sinister's hideout, Rictor from X-Factor Investigations infiltrated the Purifiers. Meanwhile, Multiple Man and Layla Miller were sent to the future to research about the mutant messiah.[530][531] The X-Men arrived at Mister Sinister's facility on Antarctica, while Rictor, allied with the New X-Men, discovered the Purifiers were working with Lady Deathstrike and her Reavers. Neither the Marauders, the Acolytes, the Purifiers or the Reavers had the baby.[532] The X-Men and the New X-Men were massacred by their enemies, partially because, during their missions, the O*N*E Sentinels were hijacked by an unknown assailant, destroying the X-Mansion. However, before the X-Men escaped from the Marauders, Gambit revealed to Wolverine the messiah's whereabouts: she was rescued by a very much alive Cable.[533]

In order to retrieve the baby from Cable, Cyclops assigned to Wolverine the command of a new X-Force, a strike force team composed of tracker killers.[534] The Reavers managed to find Cable before the X-Men could, and attempted to eliminate him and the baby.[535] The conflict was interrupted by X-Force, who rescued Cable and the baby, at the cost of Caliban's life. Distrustful, Cable stole X-Force's Blackbird, once again running loose with the baby by himself.[536] On the future, the Multiple Man met a young Bishop, learning about his feelings of hate towards the mutant messiah: the traitor who destroyed the X-Mansion was revealed to be an X-Man. Bishop found Cable in Forge's Eagle Plaza, easily subduing him and having the baby at his mercy.[537]

Before Bishop could take any action, he was ambushed by the Marauders, who kidnapped the baby.[538] The Marauders' track led the X-Men to Muir Island. At the same time, Cable sought help from Professor Xavier, and the duo also went to Muir Island.[539] As a deadly fight ensued, Mystique's and Gambit's motivations for their erratic behavior was revealed. After assassinating Mister Sinister and forcing the baby to touch Rogue, Mystique restored her daughter's mind and body, as predicted by Destiny. Meanwhile, a Predator X attacked Xavier's School, but before it could claim any kill, it was teleported to Muir Island by the New X-Man Pixie.[540] With Predator X being accounted for by Wolverine, and the Marauders being mostly dead, Cyclops decided to go on with Cable's intentions, handing the baby over to him so he could raise her on the future, where he could protect her. As Cable departed, Bishop attempted a last shot against the child, accidentally hitting Xavier in the head. With Xavier apparently dead, Cyclops disbanded the X-Men.[541]

Professor Xavier's lifeless body was claimed by the Acolytes, who managed to revive him with the help of Magneto. Having his memories severely affected by his condition, Xavier went on a self-discovery journey without the knowledge of the X-Men.[542] Though the X-Men were disbanded, Cyclops kept protecting what was left of mutantkind by secretly carrying on with the X-Force initiative, targeting members of the mutant-hating Human Council, formed by Bastion, for assassination.[543] He also tasked Wolverine with putting Mystique down for her betrayal.[544] Meanwhile, Donald Pierce saw the X-Men's withdrawal as an opportunity to impersonate Cyclops and create his own team of X-Men. Pierce manipulated his team into attacking the former New Mutants, but was ultimately unmasked and arrested for his crimes, unfortunately at the cost of Wolf Cub's life.[545]

San Francisco

Dispersed all over the world, the former X-Men enjoyed their precious moment of calm after the storm. When Cyclops and Emma Frost, after a period of vacation in the Savage Land, went to San Francisco to meet other X-Men who had suddenly fallen out of contact, they witnessed odd events happening there. Eventually, they learned Martinique Wyngarde was behind a mental trap that deceived people into thinking they lived in a hippie community. When Cyclops and Frost confronted Wyngarde, they were forced to fight their fellow X-Men, brainwashed by her powers. As the X-Men subdued the villainess, they coincidentally rescued the mayor of the city, Sadie Sinclair, who offered the X-Men a safe haven in San Francisco. Cyclops then contacted Wolverine, Nightcrawler and Colossus, who had just fought Omega Red and the Red Room in Europe, to join them.[546]

On the outskirts of the city, the X-Men reestablished and built the X-Center, funded by Angel's Mutantes Sans Frontières and politically promoted by Mayor Sinclair. In San Francisco, the X-Men experienced local acceptance and veneration. Under this new status quo, the team investigated an art installation where Sentinels were exhibited for mutant affectionate admirers. Unexpectedly, the X-Men were intercepted by an artificially repowered Magneto, a mere distraction to allow the High Evolutionary to access the Dreaming Celestial without the X-Men's interference. After Magneto and the Evolutionary vanished, Emma Frost helped Cyclops sent a telepathic message to all mutants around the world stating that they now had a place they could call home in San Francisco, recreating the X-Men and Xavier's dream once again.[547]

Collaborating with the SFPD and with Abigail Brand, the X-Men investigated bizarre mutant-related murders.[548] Their inspection led them to places such as Chaparanga Beach and the Chinese hidden mutant city of Tian, where they learned both about the existence of inter-dimensional portals known as Ghost Boxes and of fabricated artificial mutants.[549] The X-Men found out Forge, left insane after Bishop's attack and now based at the Wundagore Mountain, was behind the bizarre events.[550] With the S.W.O.R.D.'s assistance, the X-Men destroyed Forge, his artificial mutants and his dangerous Ghost Box.[551] Next, the X-Men teamed up with Brand's S.W.O.R.D. again to ward off a deformed madman known as Kaga, who made attacks on the X-Men weaponizing deceased mutants and the Brood as organic Sentinels.[552] Later on, the X-Men traveled to the village of Karere in Mbangawi, where mutant births were reported. The children were revealed to be actually Warpies, who emerged due to the presence of an alternate Jim Jaspers. Jaspers was followed by Furies from his reality. Helped by Doctor Crocodile, the X-Men expelled the Furies back to their realities, while Jaspers was murdered by Doctor Crocodile, ceasing his warping effects on the newborns.[553]

Though the X-Men benefited from the public acceptance in general – something exemplified by their efforts to save San Francisco from the Skrull Invasion –,[554] they still struggled with anti-mutant hate. After Pixie was brutalized by the Hellfire Cult, the X-Men (who had Karma as their latest addition) stroke back.[555] They learned Empath led the Hellfire Cult.[556] The X-Men detained him after Pixie dealt the ultimate blow against her aggressor, joining the X-Men after that.[557]

After the Skrull invasion, Norman Osborn was granted full control over the super-hero law enforcement powers. He invited Emma Frost to join his Cabal and represent mutants in his dark schemes.[558] Frost found in Namor, the Sub-Mariner, an ally inside Osborn's Cabal. With his help, she captured Sebastian Shaw, though Namor believed Shaw to have perished, a ruse orchestrated by Frost. Cyclops' and Frost's secrets, about the X-Force and the Cabal, proved to damage their relationship.[559] In San Francisco, Frost assisted Colossus in battling a ghost from his past, the Tattooed Man. Meanwhile, Beast followed his own agenda, recruiting Doctor Nemesis, Madison Jeffries, Dr. Yuriko Takiguchi, and Dr. Kavita Rao for his own X-Men science team, the X-Club, to research ways of reverting M-Day.[560]

Meanwhile, the X-Men were unexpectedly attacked by Madelyne Pryor and her Sisterhood. Pryor was behind the Hellfire Cult and targeted the X-Men both in seek of revenge for being abandoned and of being completely resurrected in a physical body. She retrieved Psylocke from the multiverse, resurrecting her as a test for Madelyne's own resurrection ritual.[561] Brainwashed by Madelyne, Psylocke assisted the Sisterhood in infiltrating the X-Center and retrieving a beacon for Jean Grey's body.[562] On the ruins of the X-Mansion, with the help of Domino, the X-Men tricked Madelyne into being disincorporated. In San Francisco, Psylocke overcame her brainwashing and rejoined the X-Men.[563]

Feeling the presence of her Soulsword within the X-Man Nightcrawler, Illyana Rasputin invaded the X-Center from Limbo with hopes of recovering part of her soul.[564] While Illyana was successful in retrieving her Soulsword from the X-Men, Belasco's daughter, Witchfire, seized control of Limbo intending to liberate the Elder Gods from their enclosure.[565] Cyclops dispatched an X-Men team led by Colossus to bring Illyana back. On Limbo, most of the X-Men were controlled by Witchfire.[566] Joining forces with the X-Men, Illyana reconquered her rule over Limbo as Witchfire escaped.[567] As Magik, Illyana assembled her former teammates from the New Mutants, Cannonball, Sunspot and Magma as a new group of X-Men to save Karma and Dani Moonstar, who also joined the team. Karma and Moonstar had been subdued by a recently resurrected Legion, who was ultimately defeated and captured by the X-Men.[568]

Utopia, the new mutant nation

Simon Trask, leader of the Humanity Now! coalition, leaked to the press the involvement of mutants in the Cooperstown massacre, inciting an anti-mutant sentiment against the X-Men.[569] He proposed the Proposition X act, to regulate mutant births in San Francisco.[570] When Humanity Now! went on a march for their proposition, they were met by the mutant community led by Beast in San Francisco. The city erupted into a riot, and some mutants, including Beast, were arrested by the SFPD. Cyclops' X-Men and Norman Osborn's Avengers intervened in the violent protests. As the two groups clashed, Osborn revealed to the media he was backed by Professor Charles Xavier, secretly Mystique in disguise. Cyclops and his X-Men retreated back to the X-Center, while, on the Alcatraz Prison, Beast learned Xavier’s true condition as Osborn's prisoner.[571] Amidst this incident, Cyclops welcomed Rogue back to the X-Men, though she had the suspicious company of Gambit and Danger. Rogue and her friends were tasked to protect civilian lives in San Francisco, being assisted by Ariel under Cyclops' orders to fight Osborn's Avengers.[572] Osborn dispatched an apparently traitorous Frost, now in charge of his own team of X-Men, to control the mutant rioters, now led by Frost's former student, Hellion.[573]

With the rioters arrested, Frost learned that Beast and Xavier were being tortured by Dark Beast, who, under Osborn's order, used the Omega Machine to boost Omega's powers. In addition to this, another threat came in the form of Trask, who had infected the Humanity Now! coalition members, transforming them into biomechanical sentinels.[574] Trask's human sentinels went on a direct conflict with Osborn's X-Men. Meanwhile, Cyclops sent the X-Club to assess the remains of Asteroid M.[575] As Wolverine and his X-Force freed the prisoners on Alcatraz, Emma revealed her true allegiances to Cyclops' X-Men alongside Namor. With the ruins of Asteroid M revitalized by the X-Club, Cyclops relocated the X-Men to Utopia, an island sovereign nation out of the American territory and Osborn's reach.[576] Betrayed by Frost and Namor, Osborn led his Avengers to Utopia. Cyclops, counting with the largest group of X-Men ever, was successful in fending Osborn off, though at the cost of Frost's mind being infected by the Void after she mentally attacked the Avenger Sentry, permanently trapping her in her diamond form.[577]

Though free from Osborn, the X-Men immediately faced unfortunate surprises, such as the sudden death of Dr. Takiguchi and the arrival of Magneto to his former base.[578] Praising Cyclops for reuniting the mutant race on Utopia following their tragic decimation, Magneto revealed he had his mutant powers restored with the help of the High Evolutionary.[579][580] Though suspicious, the X-Men had no choice but to accept Magneto back into their ranks when the ex-Marauder Scalphunter, blackmailed by the villain Lobe, unleashed from a plane a macabre cargo: a bunch Predators X. With Magneto's help, the X-Men destroyed the Predators X and incarcerated Scalphunter on Utopia.[581] Meanwhile, one of the X-Men's young protégés, Bling!, was kidnapped from Utopia by Emplate. Rogue, after defeating the villain and recuing Bling!, decided to act as a guide for the youngest generation of X-Men.[582][583]

Utopia was suddenly attacked by a horde of undead brainwashed mutants, many of them being former allies or foes of the X-Men. Selene was behind the bizarre resurrections using the Transmode Virus, as part of a ritual to channel the souls of deceased mutants to empower her to godhood. She led her Inner Circle to Genosha in order to raise millions of mutants from dead. On Utopia, the deceased member of the New Mutants, Cypher, alongside the Hellions, manage to break the island's defences and allow the invasion of Selene's lackeys. Meanwhile, Blindfold was alerted by Destiny about a dire situation on the Muir Island.[584] Cyclops dispatched a team led by Nightcrawler to the Muir Island, comprising Rogue, Magneto, Psylocke, Colossus, Husk, Trance and Blindfold. When Destiny was finally found, the X-Men learned she had been tricked by a resurrected Proteus, who was hidden inside her body.[585] Since most of the X-Men were possessed by Proteus, Rogue and Magneto had to combat their own teammates. As Rogue freed her friends from Proteus' control, Magneto ultimately destroyed him.[586]

On Utopia, Cypher personally attacked his former teammates, brutally maiming Magma. Unexpectedly, however, he came into contact with Warlock, who disrupted Selene's influence.[587] Before Cypher could totally break free from his brainwashing, the Hellions captured him.[588] With the Hellions defeated, Magik purged Cypher from his infection using her Soulsword.[589] Both Cypher and Warlock joined Cannonball's X-Men squad.[590] As soon as the X-Men realized millions of Genoshan mutants had been resurrected,[591] Selene and her Inner Circle attacked Utopia personally, killing some of its residents and capturing Warpath.[592] X-Force followed Selene to Genosha, now renamed “Necrosha”, where she completed her ritual and ascended as a goddess.[593] Defeated by X-Force and with Warpath's final strike, Selene was slain, which released the souls she had consumed.[594]

Following this series of conflicts, the X-Men could finally attend to the Void fragment trapped inside Frost's mind. With Professor X's and Psylocke's help, Cyclops and Frost destroyed the fragment. Meanwhile, Magneto made a deal with Namor to build a New Atlantis city underneath Utopia, providing it support in order to prevent it to sink. Unable to adjust to life on Utopia under Cyclops' rule, after being tortured and realizing Magneto was gaining influence on the island, Beast decided to leave the X-Men.[595]

As Cyclops learned about the existence of a surviving Predator X in New York City, a team went to investigate.[596] Joined by Fantomex and his partner E.V.A., the X-Men found out Lobe and his New U-Men were the schemers behind the Predator X attack on Utopia. Though Lobe escaped, the X-Men learned of his ties with John Sublime.[597] Meanwhile, on San Francisco, Magneto still did not have Cyclops' complete trust. To remedy that, he used his magnetic powers to rescue Kitty Pryde from the Breakworld's giant bullet, forcing it to return Earth. However, as she returned, Kitty was trapped in her intangible form and was kept in a containment cell.[598]

The Return of Hope

Cable and the first mutant born after M-Day, now a teenage girl called Hope, finally managed to return to the present. As they arrived at the ruins of the X-Mansion, they were immediately attacked by the Right, under orders of Bastion's Human Council. As Cerebra registered Cable's signature, Cyclops led his alpha team of X-Men to assist him. The X-Men arrived just in time to confront the Sapien League, who were also after Cable and Hope under Bastion's orders. The brutality shown by Wolverine, X-23 and Archangel when dealing with the Sapiens League compromised X-Force's secret existence to the other X-Men.[599]

Even with the X-Men's trust on Cyclops shaken by this revelation, he kept coordinating several missions to ensure Hope's survival. He sent Cannonball's team to deal with Cameron Hodge. Meanwhile, the alpha team of X-Men found Cable and Hope hiding in a motel, now under the target of William Stryker's Purifiers.[600] Once again, Cable and Hope managed to escape their assailants. The X-Men lost their teleporter Magik when the Purifiers successfully banished her to Limbo. The Purifiers were then obliterated by Archangel. Meanwhile, Cannonball's team was brutally massacred by Hodge.[601] Their survival was only possible due to Warlock killing Hodge and several members of the Right. To pursue Cable, the X-Men alpha team was joined by Rogue and Ariel. At the cost of Ariel's life, Cable and Hope met the X-Men. Escorted by Rogue and Nightcrawler, Hope started a journey across the country to reach Utopia as the rest of the X-Men and Cable fought the Human Council forces.[602] In Las Vegas, the trio of runaways were welcomed by Bastion himself, who knocked Rogue out and fatally wounded Nightcrawler. At the moment of his death, Nighcrawler teleported Hope to Utopia.[603]

In order to rescue Magik, Cannonball led a team to Limbo, transported by Pixie. On Utopia, the X-Men mourned Nightcrawler while preparing to face Bastion.[604] The X-Men's last teleporter, Vanisher, was unexpectedly assassinated by Stephen Lang. Meanwhile, Donald Pierce, who had infiltrated in Utopia, destroyed the X-Men Blackbirds. With no teleporters or vehicles, the X-Men were trapped on Utopia.[605] Using a series of towers around Utopia, Bastion cast an energy dome to prevent the X-Men from leaving the San Francisco Bay. On the Golden Gate, Bastion opened a dimensional portal from the future, allowing Nimrod Sentinels access to the present.[606] Thousands of Nimrods coming out of the portal proved to be an unbeatable adversary. Using Cable's time-travel technology, Cyclops decided to send X-Force to the future to destroy the Nimrod factory.[607]

As the X-Men struggled to contain the Nimrods, Cyclops asked Professor X work with Legion to help.[608] As Legion kept the Nimrods under relative control, X-Force reached the Master Mold responsible for creating the Nimrods in the future.[609] The X-Men were then joined by a recovered Magneto in fending the Nimrods off. As Cypher deactivated the Master Mold, the Nimrods stopped their invasion. However, X-Force had no way back to the present. As Cable allowed his body to be taken by the Techno-Organic Virus, he was able to transport X-Force through Bastion's portal.[610] At the cost of his own life, Cable saved X-Force. Tragically, the X-Men still had to combat a final foe, Bastion. Tormented by the death of the man who raised her, Hope had her power manipulation mutant abilities activated and used the X-Men's powers to disintegrate Bastion and his dome.[611] On Limbo, Cannonball's team rescued Magik, having to oppose N'astirh and Gambit's Death persona in the process.[612] Following Cable's funeral, the world would change drastically for the X-Men. Wolverine decided to keep X-Force operating secretly, even from Cyclops' knowledge. X-23 left the X-Men and Utopia. And, most crucially, with the return of Hope, five new mutants were registered on Cerebra.[613] With the help of the X-Men, Hope raced around the world to recruit the recently emerged mutants. Under her direction, the new group trained as a rescue team for eventual new mutant manifestations.[614][615]

Dracula's son, Xarus, aimed at using the mutants of Utopia as an asset to seize control of all vampires of the world. Intending to subvert Wolverine to his cause, Xarus infected Jubilee. When Wolverine went to her rescue, he was also transformed into a vampire. Wolverine's transformation was ultimately proven to be a ruse planned by Cyclops, who also had resurrected Dracula to act as an extra strategy. With Blade's assistance and having Dracula as a risky ally, the X-Men dethroned Xarus and freed San Francisco from the vampires.[616] Though free from his brainwashing, Jubilee kept being a vampire.[617] Soon after, following the reports of several missing teenagers in New York City, Cyclops sent a team to investigate. In the sewers, the group found many lizard-like creatures. Teaming up with Spider-Man, they learned Dark Beast was behind the kidnappings by manipulating the Lizard's DNA. With Emma Frost and Spider-Man immune from the effect of his experiments, Dark Beast was defeated.[618]

After Emma Frost, Kitty Pryde and Fantomex left Utopia to dispose of Sebastian Shaw in order to prevent Namor from learning about him being alive, Utopia suffered from an HX-N1 epidemy, orchestrated by Lobe. Angel gathered a team to publicly act in San Francisco and improve mutant popularity, while most of the X-Men were quarantined in Utopia. Meanwhile, Lobe dispatched his own fabricated team of X-Men, empowered by the Xperience drug.[619] Angel's group, assisted by Kate Kildare as their public relations, performed heroic activities in San Francisco, battling the Collective Man, who attempted to control San Francisco's crime scene.[620] Angel's team ultimately got into direct conflict with Lobe's X-Men during a fight against the Collective Man and easily managed to defeat and capture the impostors.[621] Realizing Lobe was trying to capitalize the X-Men's public image, Cyclops decided to break the quarantine.[622] When the X-Men infected Lobe and his partners with HX-N1, he had no option but to deactivate the artificial virus. Meanwhile, as Frost, Pryde and Fantomex battled Sebastian Shaw, Frost decided to erase his memory and set him loose instead of killing him.[623]

On Utopia, the X-Men learned more about their past when after being attacked by the Evolutionaries, who wished to test mutankind as a species.[624][625] On Mumbai, when visiting Indra's family, Rogue, accompanied by Magneto and a small band of young X-Men, once again crossed paths with the Children of the Vault, who put her on trial for Sangre's death.[626] The X-Men were successful in defeating both of these threats. Unfortunately, when they turned their attention to rebuild San Francisco after Bastion's attack, Karima Shapandar's original Omega Sentinel programming was reactivated in the presence of Hope. Involuntarily, Shapandar attacked the X-Men, but was put out of action by Hellion.[627]

Legion, the God-Mutant

When Pixie was kidnapped by Project Purgatory operatives[628] Magik led Cannonball's X-Men team to Limbo to prevent them from realeasing Limbo's Elder Gods. There, the group was attacked and defeated by the Inferno Babies they had rescued from S'ym years before.[629] Magik and Karma were able to escape from Limbo,[630] leading Magik to explain why she returned to the X-Men and formed her new group.[631] It was revealed Magik had orchestrated Legion's return and the release of the Elder Gods, which would allow her to recover her soul and eliminate her oppressors. Magik led an army of X-Men to Limbo to combat the Elder Gods, secretly setting Legion free, in his “God-Mutant” personality, amidst the fight. Legion erased the Elder Gods from existence, and Magik recovered her soul.[632] As a consequence of her dangerous behavior, Magik was incarcerated by the X-Men.[633]

Legion's psyche was still struggling with chaos. As a reaction to Professor X's and Doctor Nemesis' attempts to recover his mind by erasing his personalities, Legion unconsciously created a new personality to act as an anti-body. When confronted by Xavier, this personality masqueraded as Moira and created a reality where mutants from Utopia had their lives rewritten and were besieged into the Fortress X, where the Mutant Resistance, under Magneto's rule, was everyday attacked by the waves of soldiers of the Human Coalition.[634] In this pocket reality, Legion was a renowned super-hero, part of the Force Warriors, responsible for keeping the Fortress X's telekinetic barriers up. However, when Kitty Pryde was found trying to cross the barrier, Legacy (Fortress X's version of Rogue) started to question the integrity of Fortress X.[635][636] With Gambit's help, Legacy escaped the Moonstar Cadre and Magneto, after being accused of treason.[637][638] Legacy's and Gambit's investigation led them to free Professor Xavier from the Fortress Brig, allowing him to reveal the true origin of that world to all mutants,[639] who ultimately joined forces to defeat Legion's rogue personality. Legion managed to reabsorb his evil self and returned Utopia to its former form. However, many of its residents were permanently scarred by their experience on Fortress X.[636]

Legion's fake reality had several consequences on the X-Men. Though Emma Frost and the Stepford sisters offered to suppress the Utopians' memories from the Fortress X on the aftermath of the crisis, some mutants, such as Frenzy, refused the help. Her recent experience led her to adopt a more heroic stance, joining the X-Men.[640] Another consequence was the escape of some of Legion's personalities to the real world. Legion joined the X-Men and the group managed to recapture the errant personalities.[641] Another consequence was a telepathic call for help sent by Rachel Grey that got distorted in the Fortress X as Revenant.[642] Rogue, using one of Legion's powers, teleported a small group of X-Men across the galaxy in order to rescue Rachel and the other Starjammers. After a conflict with the Grad Nan Holt, the X-Men successfully returned home with Polaris, Rachel and Havok.[643]

Prelude to Schism

After Mentallo manipulated Roxxon to seize control of the monster population from the Monster Island, the X-Men had to unexpectedly defend Tokyo from monsters during Armor's mother's and brother's funeral.[644] The X-Men followed Mentallo's trail to the Monster Island,[645] where he was defeated.[646] Concurrently, Kitty Pryde, Colossus and Storm were recruited by her friends from S.W.O.R.D. – Beast and Lockheed, led by Abigal Brand – to rescue them from a spatial research center invaded by the Brood.[647] During the mission, the X-Men learned about the existence of a benevolent Broodling,[648] who was fundamental to help the X-Men save themselves and their allies.[649]

With Kate Kildare officially invited by Cyclops to act as the X-Men's superhuman public relations, her first task, among many, was to take care about Magneto's recent return to the team.[650] Soon after, the X-Men were contacted by Abigail Brand concerning the arrival of a fleet of refugees from the Breakworld to Earth led by Krunn, who asked Colossus for asylum.[651] The X-Men welcomed the aliens to Utopia, where Kruun revealed his actual intentions on the first night. Using a temporary version of Kavita Rao's mutant cure, he incapacitated some of the X-Men.[652] Kruun's beloved, Haleena, in order to stop him, sacrificed and resurrected Kitty Pryde, performing the same ritual that brought Colossus back to life years before.[653] No longer trapped in her intangible state, Pryde managed to recruit other X-Men to defeat Kruun. Realizing the tragedy he caused to Haleena, Kruun surrendered. The refugees from the Breakworld were reallocated to San Francisco.[654]

When the God of Fear sought revenge against his brother, the All-Father Odin, some superhumans were, against their wills, recruited to his cause. Among his minions was Juggernaut, now possessed by Kuurth, the Breaker of Stone.[655] More unstoppable than ever, Juggernaut marched to San Francisco, leaving a destruction path as he walked, leading the the X-Men to respond to Mayor Sinclair's request for help.[656] As the X-Men failed in her first attempt to stop the unstoppable, Juggernaut's herald proposed an ultimatum to Cyclops and Sinclair: to destroy each other in order to save themselves. Meanwhile, Emma Frost, was telepathically infected by Juggernaut's rage on Utopia.[657] Cyclops deployed his X-Men in numerous different plans. All of them failed but one, involving Magik, who teleported herself, Colossus and Kitty Pryde to the Crimson Cosmos and told Cyttorak that his avatar venerated another god now. Enraged, Cyttorak offered Magik to be his new Juggernaut, but Colossus took the offer instead.[658] Imbued with the Juggernaut's powers, Colossus defeated Kuurth and saved both Utopia and San Francisco. However, Cyclops' relationship with Mayor Sinclair was damaged as both sides considered the possibility of destroying each other. On Utopia, Emma Frost was released from the Juggernaut's influence by Namor before she could harm Hope Summers, which fragilized her relationship with Cyclops.[659]

Schism & Regenesis

Sides are taken in wake of the Schism

The future of the X-Men was tragically altered when they found an unexpected enemy in the form of Kade Kilgore, the 12-year-old heir of Kilgore Arms, a billionaire weapon manufacturer empire.[660] Kilgore regarded the business of hunting and killing mutants as a very lucrative activity. To increase anti-mutant sentiment, Kilgore recovered Quentin Quire's from his stasis and set him free upon the world. When Cyclops and Wolverine attended an international arms conference, speaking in the name of Utopia in order to prevent mutants from being persecuted, Quire committed a psychic terrorist attack, causing several nations all over the world to activate their sentinels. Successful in his plan, Kade Kilgore was coronated the new Black King of the Hellfire Club.[661]

Following this simultaneous activation of several sentinels, Cyclops dispatched several teams to protect humans from being harmed by malfunctioning machines. Meanwhile, Mayor Sinclair expedited the grand opening of the Mutant History Museum to improve the X-Men's reputation. While Cyclops kept coordinating his missions on Utopia, Emma Frost was sent with the most powerful X-Men to the opening alongside some students.[662] Kilgore's Hellfire Club took this opportunity to set a bomb during the opening. Despite Wolverine's objections, Cyclops ordered one of the youngest X-Men students, Idie Okonkwo, to stop the Hellfire Club henchmen by any means, which led to their deaths.[663]

As the bomb went off, a gigantic Sentinel was created and marched to a defenseless Utopia. As Utopia counting only with the power of teenagers, Cyclops decided to stay and protect the island, while Wolverine wished to evacuate it. The debate escalated into a brutal fight between them.[664] Ultimately, as the Sentinel arrived at Utopia, the students chose to stay and managed to destroy it. The difference, however, ended up being more than could be reconciled. Wolverine decided to leave with other X-Men and students to resettle the institute in Westchester.[665] Because of the schism, each resident on Utopia was forced to choose to remain with Cyclops or go back to the mutant school Wolverine.[666]

The Jean Grey School victorious.

Wolverine founded the Jean Grey School for Higher Learning. On their school's first day the school was attacked by the same Hellfire Club that orchestrated the X-Men's schism. They attacked using a variety of methods: an army of Frankenstein monsters; a Krakoa (which the school had been built upon); and the state inspectors, who were transformed into a 'Sauron' and a 'Wendigo'. They were saved by none other than Kid Omega, who telepathically accessed the Krakoa's mind. He discovered that it was not the original Krakoa but a grandchild of it; furthermore, it was a mutant. Having been tortured his whole life, Quire's telepathic contact represented its first friendly interaction. Krakoa then opened its thoughts to Rachel Grey, apologizing and hoping to become an X-Man. With their plans ruined, the Hellfire Club fled. Kade Kilgore was later served papers by Matt Murdock, having been sued by Wolverine. Not content, the Hellfire Club contracted Sabretooth to torment the School.[667]

Avengers vs. X-Men

The first blow is struck.

When Nova crashed in New York, he gave the Avengers a cryptic warning: "It's Coming". Thanks to this, the Avengers discovered that the Phoenix Force was burning a path through the universe on its way to Earth. Meanwhile, Cyclops sparred with Hope repeatedly, training her harshly. When she asked why, he refused to give a straight answer, and Hope flared up with the power of the Phoenix, which the Avengers detected. Captain America consulted Wolverine, who told him of Hope Summers.

Cyclops became convinced that the coming of the Phoenix Force would herald the rebirth of mutantkind as a species. Captain America saw it as the herald of Earth's destruction, and so arrived on Utopia with the intent of taking Hope into protective custody. After arguing, Cyclops refused Captain America, blasting him into the ocean. In response, a S.H.I.E.L.D. Helicarrier uncloaked itself and the Avengers began an invasion of Utopia.[668]

Cyclops feigned a surrender to the Avengers and teleported out of Utopia together with several powerful X-Men, thus gaining a head start in the search for Hope. He contacted his alternate future daughter Rachel Summers and convinced her to feed the Avengers false information in order to throw them off of Hope's trail. Since Hope had scattered her signal, thus appearing to be in several places at once, various teams of X-Men traveled around the world to find her, facing Avengers on the spots. Cyclops later traveled to the Jean Grey Institute in order to recruit more people for the war against the Avengers, including Rachel Summers, Angel, and Iceman among various others. After finding out that Hope was on the Blue Area of the Moon, the X-Men pursued her and encountered the Avengers there. Before a fight broke out between the two groups, a badly injured Thor crashed onto the Moon, followed by the Phoenix Force.

The hosts of the Phoenix Force.

The Avengers and X-Men descended into a brawl. The power of the Phoenix increased within Hope and she found herself unable to control it. Desperate, she asked Wolverine to kill her. However, Cyclops prevented him from doing so. As the Phoenix descended on the moon, Iron Man used a special suit to try to destroy the Phoenix. He only managed to splinter it, and it took the five other X-Men present as hosts; Namor, Cyclops, Emma Frost, Magik, and Colossus.[669]

The schism between the X-Men was ended and the five hosts and the rest of the X-Men went about making the world a better place by stopping wars, destroying weapons and providing free food, water, and energy for the entire world. The Avengers continued to oppose them however by staging guerrilla attacks against X-Men and the Phoenixes. After kidnapping Transonic and convincing Hope to join them, Namor lost his patience and attacked the Avengers in their homebase, Wakanda. The Avengers narrowly managed to defeat him at the cost of great damage to themselves and Wakanda. After being defeated, Namor's portion of the Phoenix Force left him for the other 4 hosts.

Now having even more power to control, some of the Phoenixes began acting erratically and showed signs of losing control. After the Avengers staged a prison breakout for their fellows, Colossus and Magik lost their portions after knocking each other out over an argument regarding the control of their powers. This left Emma and Cyclops the sole hosts. Emma began to rapidly lose control and started to kill people who were guilty of committing heinous crimes against mutants. She also ruled the Utopian X-Men with an iron fist, threatening those who's thoughts displeased her which prompted many of them to seek sanctuary in the Jean Grey School.

The Avengers were attacked by Cyclops who now possessed half of the Phoenix. He made quick work of anyone that opposed him but was defeated by Hope who in an act of desperation combined the powers of the Iron Fist, Scarlet Witch's chaos magic, and Shao-Lao's flames to teleport Cyclops to the Moon. Several X-Men then teamed up with the Avengers after realizing that Cyclops and Emma had completely lost control. Together they attacked Cyclops and Emma and gained the upper hand until Cyclops was forced to take the final piece of the Phoenix from Emma, making him the sole host. The complete Phoenix proved too much and finally turned him into Dark Phoenix upon which he killed Professor X after Xavier attempted to stop him.

The X-Men fought Cyclops around the world with the help of the Avengers and Nova, while trying to contain the chaos the Phoenix Force produced around Earth. After regaining his composure for a moment, Cyclops begged the Scarlet Witch and Hope to kill him, but together, all three of them managed to rid Cyclops of the Phoenix, which possessed Hope instead. Hope wanted to use the power to do what the Phoenix Five could not, and create a real Utopia on Earth, but the Scarlet Witch reminded her why the Phoenix chose her in the first place. Together they dissipated the Phoenix and used it to create new mutants.

Cyclops was brought into custody and Captain America visited him in his cell. Cyclops accepted full responsibility for everything that happened and asked Rogers not to hunt the X-Men that went missing after their conflict. After Cyclops learned that mutantkind has been reborn he stated that while he regretted the destruction he caused and the death of Professor Xavier, he would do it all again to save mutantkind. Captain America accepted that the Avengers should have done more to help mutants instead of standing by while the world hated them, and promised Cyclops he'd change that.

The Mutant Rebellion and the Arrival of the Original Five

While Cyclops was initially content to stay in prison in order to protect his Extinction Team teammates, as well as fulfill his intent to become either a martyr or political prisoner, his opinions soon changed after his fellow mutant inmate and friend Jake was murdered in jail and after receiving a visit from Mr. Sinister who goaded Cyclops by telling him that he was free to do whatever he wanted now and only he (Cyclops) could stop him. Cyclops sent a message to Magneto who staged a prison breakout for him. Now leading Magneto and Magik, Cyclops vowed to continue fighting to protect mutantkind. He began staging various operations to rescue new mutants in trouble with the authorities and offered to train them in the use of their powers and gave them a place in his rebellion. While rescuing Emma Frost, Cyclops and Magneto both ran into problems with their powers. Emma revealed she was going through something similar and told them it was because of the Phoenix which had broken their powers.

Meanwhile, Beast began suffering from another mutation which was threatening to kill him. Distressed by Cyclops' more extreme stance against anti-mutantism, which Beast believed would antagonize humanity and threaten the future of mutantkind, Beast resolved to attempt to set thing right. Using a time-machine he had constructed based on the designs of Reed Richards and Doctor Doom, Beast traveled back to the time of the original X-Men and brought the young versions of Cyclops, Jean Grey, Angel, Iceman, and himself to the present. The Original X-Men were detained by the present X-Men at the school, but escaped to go and find the present Cyclops, whom Beast had told them had killed Professor Xavier. Finding him in the middle of a mission, Jean Grey's telepathy manifested early and she lost control of her powers, flinging Cyclops away and causing him to lose his visor. Coupled with his loss of control over his powers, this led Cyclops to inadvertently begin firing optic blasts wildly, which the Original X-Men mistook as him trying to attack them. They fought back, but were dispatched by Magneto who rescued Cyclops and had Magik extract them.

While many present X-Men, chiefly Wolverine wanted to send the Original X-Men back to their own time, but after young Beast saved the present version, the Original X-Men voted on whether to remain or not, with only Angel voting against it and were granted stay in the present under the watchful eye of Kitty Pryde.

Battle of the Atom

X-Men Battle of the Atom Vol 1 2 Ribic Variant Textless.jpg

After Beast brought back the Past X-Men, they have attracted the attention of some not so welcome visitors, the Brotherhood. [670] Posing as the Future X-Men, they convince most of the X-Men that something terrible happens in the future and it is all because they brought back the past X-Men. Past Jean, frightened by the mysterious team's blocking of her telepathic powers, convinced Past Cyclops to run away with her and not be sent home.[671] After a huge fight between the mutants, Magik, still in disbelief, departed with past Beast and Iceman for answers.[672] There answers are met when the real Future X-Men appear and explain to them what happened. Reluctantly, the future X-Men go to the present, trying to stop their time's Brotherhood without causing any more fractures in the space-time continuum.[673]

Once the Brotherhood realize they cannot send the past X-Men back for some unknown reason, they decide to try and re-write history by cornering all X-Men and having S.H.I.E.L.D. fire all their weapons at them.[674] After a huge battle between mutants, Xorn lost control of her mutant power and exploded giving both teams a chance to evacuate. As the future X-Men left by saying good bye to their past friends, Kymera, Storm's daughter, decided to stay and keep a look out for the Brotherhood in this timeline. Kitty Pryde along with all of the past X-Men were disappointed in how the X-Men reacted to this crisis and liked how Cyclops' X-Men handled the situation much better. With that they left to join their team of X-Men.[675]

After a time, Wolverine died, making Storm the sole Headmistress of the Jean Grey School and leader of the X-Men.


After briefly teaming up with the Avengers in Genosha to take down the Red Skull, who was empowered by the brain of Charles Xavier, the Jean Grey School's X-Men and Cyclops' X-Men became one once more. But due to the inversion spell used to defeat the Skull, the moral axis of the X-Men present in the island was inverted, and the now-evil leaders of the X-Men waged a war against humanity, and the Avengers.[676]

The inverted X-Men planned on using a gene bomb to kill everyone on the Earth who wasn't a mutant.[677] The Astonishing Avengers tried to stop them, and even though they were defeated in combat,[678] managed to prevent the bomb from fulfilling its purpose.[679] The Axis, the group of inverted Avengers, arrived to New York to kill the inverted X-Men. During the fight, a reinversion spell was cast by Doctor Doom and the Scarlet Witch, with the help of the inverted Red Skull, turning almost everybody back to normal. After the event, Cyclops' X-Men returned to Alberta, Canada.[680]

The M-Pox Crisis

The entirety of mutantkind found itself at a crossroads once more when it was discovered that the clouds made of Terrigen Mists that roamed the atmosphere after being released months earlier by Inhuman king Black Bolt were hazardous to mutants, afflicting any mutant that entered in contact with them with an illness known as M-Pox.

The first people to discover the toxicity of the Terrigen Cloud were Cyclops' X-Men when they heeded a call for help from Muir Island, which had been swept by the mists. As soon as he entered in contact with the residual mists, Cyclops fell ill and died almost instantly of M-Pox. Fueled by rage and unwilling to let Scott's legacy end there, Emma Frost revealed to the world the hazard of the Terrigen Clouds and destroyed one of them with the help of Alchemy. She also confronted the Inhumans, all while projecting a mental image of Cyclops to keep his death a secret. Black Bolt "killed" Cyclops, fulfilling Emma's wish to see him die for his cause and transcend his mortality to become an idea.[681]

Frost's actions in the name of Cyclops were not well received by the world, leading mutants to become prosecuted and hated once again, and prompting the X-Men to disband. Emma's manipulations also raised tensions between Inhumans and mutants. With her people in constant danger, Storm started working on a sanctuary called X-Haven,[682] which consisted of the entirety of the Jean Grey School being moved to the realm of Limbo with the help of Doctor Strange and other magic users.[683] However, she realized that mutants couldn't simply hide, so in order to show that mutants had a place in the world, she rebuilt the X-Men.[682]

Inhumans vs. X-Men

When Beast, who had been working with the Inhumans to find a cure to M-Pox, discovered that the remaining cloud was weeks from reaching a saturation point, which would've caused it to become fully assimilated into the atmosphere, rendering the Earth completely uninhabitable for mutants, he shared this information first with the X-Men. Believing that the Inhumans would refuse to destroy the cloud even at this moment, the different factions of the X-Men united to launch a coordinated attack on Inhuman key players in order to neutralize them long enough, trapping most of them in Limbo, to use a machine created by Forge to absorb and destroy the Terrigen.[684] Two of the newest Inhumans, Iso and Inferno, managed to escape the assault on New Attilan[685] and destroyed Forge's machine, taking him hostage. The two young Inhumans then called reinforcements in the form of other NuHumans, including Mosaic,[686] who used his powers to infiltrate Muir Island and learn the X-Men's reason behind their attack, later reporting that to his peers,[687] which prompted the NuHumans to join forces with Forge to come up with a new solution.

The NuHumans then travelled to Iceland, the latest location of the Terrigen Cloud, but were soon confronted by the X-Men, who had no idea of their plans.[688] The royal Inhumans joined the brawl, having escaped from Limbo and regrouped. The battle was interrupted when Ennilux arrived, having provided Forge and Moon Girl with the resources to build the machine necessary to eliminate the Terrigen Cloud. Medusa was notified of what was at stake and given the trigger to activate the device. In spite of what the destruction of the Terrigen Cloud meant for Inhumans, Medusa activated the machine, destroying the Cloud and ending the threat of the M-Pox.

Cyclops' time-displaced younger self exposed Emma's lies regarding the events surrounding his older self's death,[689] having learned of this as a consequence of being possessed by Mosaic back in Muir Island, and gaining access to residual memories the body-usurper Inhuman had of his previous victim, Magneto, with whom Emma had shared the truth.[690] Having being driven mad by Cyclops' death at the hands of the Mists, Emma still insisted on fighting the Inhumans, even using reprogrammed Sentinels to massacre the Ennilux and attack the rest. The Inhumans and the X-Men joined forces and eventually managed to take Frost and her Sentinels down, but she managed to escape.[689]

In the wake of the war, Storm chose to pass the reins of leadership to Kitty Pryde, who had recently returned to Earth after working with the Guardians of the Galaxy. Kitty decided to take advantage of the doors to the future opened for mutantkind to build on Xavier's dream once again and build a legacy of heroes and protectors of the world. As part of this plan, Kitty had the mansion moved from Limbo to the middle of Central Park to help the exposure of the X-Men.[691]

Age of X-Man and the Return of Cyclops

Cyclops and the current X-Men

At some point Cyclops returned to life and after the younger X-Men returned to the past and the rest of the team disappeared after their confrontation with X-Man,[692] he went looking to restart the team with whoever was left and came into contact with Wolverine.[693]

Dawn of X

When Professor X, with the assistance of Magneto and Moira, established a mutant nation on Krakoa,[694] the X-Men disbanded for a time, but ultimately reformed, when Cyclops and Marvel Girl went to Otherworld to rescue their son and the remaining mutants in that dimension.[695] After this, Cyclops and Jean decided to keep the team going as opposed to retaining their positions on the Quiet Council because they felt the mutants of Krakoa needed someone working in their best interests. Krakoan citizens chose the team lineup themselves through an election.[696]



Cerebro; formerly Danger Room, Cerebra, Image Inducer Cyber-glasses. Although most X-Men choose to individualize their costumes, standard blue and gold uniforms are available.


No standard weaponry. Some members have at times carried weapons as suited their tastes.


Gateways; formerly X-Men Blackbird. The original is still in use and Forge has constructed additional models for each team. An earlier version was the X-Men Stratojet and before that the X-Copter.


  • The name "X-Men" was trademarked by Charles Xavier, and inherited by Kitty Pryde upon Charles' death.[697]
  • It should be noted that bigotry toward Mutants in the world of the X-Men has long been seen as a metaphor for all kinds of prejudice towards others occurring in the real world. Professor Xavier has been equated to peaceful civil rights activists like Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Conversely, Magneto could be compared to more violent activists like Malcolm X. Recently, Storm has been forming her own perspective that acts as a middle ground and is analogous to opinions of moderate progressive activists.
  • According to the Angel, the founding X-Men took an oath to help anyone who was in trouble.[29] He invoked the oath to convince his teammates to help out a mysterious mutant who was under attack by an angry mob. The Angel was unaware that the attack victim was the Toad in disguise.[29]


  • X-Men co-creator Stan Lee originally intended for the team to be called "The Mutants." Publisher Martin Goodman shot down the idea, allegedly arguing readers wouldn't know what a mutant was.[698]
  • The X-Men celebrated their 1st anniversary since classes began with a birthday cake.[28]
  • The X in the X-Men name might have deviated from the Three X-es.[699]

See Also

Links and References


  1. 1.0 1.1 New X-Men #116
  2. 2.0 2.1 Uncanny X-Men #392
  3. Uncanny X-Force #2
  4. Uncanny X-Men Annual #1992
  5. Spider-Man and the X-Men #1
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 X-Men #1
  7. New X-Men #129
  8. Uncanny X-Men #389
  9. Powers of X #1
  10. Uncanny X-Men #161
  11. X-Men #117
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Uncanny X-Men #300
  13. Uncanny X-Men #309
  14. X-Men #40
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 X-Men #7
  16. 16.0 16.1 X-Men #38
  17. X-Men #39-42
  18. X-Men #44-46
  19. 19.0 19.1 X-Men #54
  20. X-Men #55-56
  21. X-Men #51-53
  22. Bizarre Adventures #27
  23. X-Men #2
  24. X-Men #3
  25. Tales of Suspense #49
  26. Sentry: X-Men #1
  27. Fantastic Four #28
  28. 28.0 28.1 X-Men #4
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 X-Men #5
  30. X-Men #6
  31. Journey into Mystery #109
  32. 32.0 32.1 X-Men #8
  33. All-New X-Men #1-2
  34. X-Men #9
  35. X-Men #10
  36. X-Men #11
  37. X-Men #12
  38. X-Men #13
  39. X-Men #14
  40. X-Men #15
  41. X-Men #16
  42. X-Men #17
  43. X-Men #18
  44. X-Men #19
  45. X-Men #20
  46. X-Men #21
  47. X-Men #22-23
  48. X-Men #24
  49. X-Men #25
  50. X-Men #26
  51. X-Men #27
  52. X-Men #28
  53. X-Men #29
  54. X-Men #30
  55. X-Men #31
  56. X-Men #34
  57. X-Men #32
  58. X-Men #33
  59. X-Men #35
  60. X-Men #36
  61. X-Men #37
  62. 62.0 62.1 X-Men #39
  63. 63.0 63.1 X-Men #65
  64. X-Men #41
  65. X-Men #42
  66. X-Men #43
  67. X-Men #44-45
  68. Avengers #53
  69. X-Men #46
  70. X-Men #47
  71. X-Men #48
  72. 72.0 72.1 X-Men #49
  73. X-Men #50
  74. 74.0 74.1 X-Men #58
  75. X-Men #51
  76. X-Men #52
  77. X-Men #53
  78. X-Men #55
  79. X-Men #56
  80. X-Men #57
  81. X-Men #59
  82. X-Men #60
  83. X-Men #61
  84. X-Men #62
  85. X-Men #63
  86. X-Men #64
  87. X-Men #66
  88. X-Men The Hidden Years #1
  89. X-Men The Hidden Years #2-4
  90. X-Men: The Hidden Years #5-7
  91. X-Men The Hidden Years #7
  92. X-Men: The Hidden Years #8-9
  93. X-Men: The Hidden Years #10-13
  94. X-Men: The Hidden Years #11
  95. X-Men: The Hidden Years #13-14
  96. X-Men: The Hidden Years #2-12
  97. X-Men The Hidden Years #14
  98. X-Men The Hidden Years #15
  99. X-Men The Hidden Years #16
  100. X-Men The Hidden Years #17
  101. X-Men The Hidden Years #18
  102. X-Men The Hidden Years #19
  103. X-Men: The Hidden Years Vol 1 20-21 and between the events of Fantastic Four Vol 1 103-104
  104. X-Men The Hidden Years #22
  105. Amazing Adventures Vol 2 #11
  106. Captain America #172-175
  107. 107.0 107.1 Giant-Size X-Men #1
  108. 108.0 108.1 X-Men: Deadly Genesis #6
  109. Classic X-Men #1
  110. X-Men #94-95
  111. X-Men #96
  112. X-Men #97
  113. X-Men #98-100
  114. X-Men #101
  115. X-Men #101-103
  116. X-Men #105-108
  117. X-Men #111-113
  118. X-Men #114
  119. X-Men #115-116
  120. X-Men #118-119
  121. X-Men #120-121
  122. X-Men #122-124
  123. X-Men #125-128
  124. X-Men #129-131
  125. X-Men #132-134
  126. X-Men #135
  127. X-Men #136
  128. X-Men #137
  129. X-Men #138
  130. X-Men #139-140
  131. Uncanny X-Men #141-142
  132. Uncanny X-Men #145-147
  133. 133.0 133.1 Uncanny X-Men #148
  134. Uncanny X-Men #150
  135. Powers of X #2
  136. Uncanny X-Men #151-152
  137. Uncanny X-Men #154-157
  138. Uncanny X-Men #158
  139. Uncanny X-Men #159
  140. Uncanny X-Men #160
  141. Uncanny X-Men #161-166
  142. 142.0 142.1 Uncanny X-Men #168
  143. Marvel Graphic Novel #4
  144. Uncanny X-Men #167
  145. Marvel Graphic Novel #5
  146. Uncanny X-Men #169-171
  147. Uncanny X-Men #171
  148. Uncanny X-Men #172-173
  149. Uncanny X-Men #177-178
  150. Uncanny X-Men #170-173
  151. Uncanny X-Men #174-175
  152. Uncanny X-Men #173
  153. Kitty Pryde and Wolverine #1-6
  154. Uncanny X-Men #182
  155. Uncanny X-Men #185-188
  156. Uncanny X-Men #184
  157. 157.0 157.1 Uncanny X-Men #191
  158. Uncanny X-Men #194
  159. Uncanny X-Men #197
  160. Uncanny X-Men #193
  161. Secret Wars II #1
  162. Uncanny X-Men #196
  163. 163.0 163.1 Uncanny X-Men #199
  164. Uncanny X-Men #200
  165. New Mutants #35-75
  166. Uncanny X-Men #201
  167. X-Factor #1
  168. Uncanny X-Men #202-203
  169. Uncanny X-Men #207
  170. Uncanny X-Men #209-210
  171. New Mutants Annual #2
  172. Uncanny X-Men Annual #1986
  173. 173.0 173.1 Uncanny X-Men #210-213
  174. Uncanny X-Men #215-217
  175. Kitty Pryde/Shadowcat would be saved by the combined know-how of Reed Richards and Doctor Doom in Fantastic Four vs. the X-Men #4, although she would remain in convalescence until after Fall of the Mutants.
  176. Uncanny X-Men #213
  177. Uncanny X-Men #214
  178. Uncanny X-Men #215-218
  179. Uncanny X-Men #219
  180. Uncanny X-Men #221-223
  181. Uncanny X-Men #224-227
  182. Excalibur Special Edition #1
  183. Uncanny X-Men #229-230
  184. Uncanny X-Men #233-234
  185. Uncanny X-Men #235-238
  186. Uncanny X-Men #239
  187. Uncanny X-Men #240-241
  188. 188.0 188.1 Uncanny X-Men #242
  189. X-Factor #38
  190. Uncanny X-Men #243
  191. X-Factor #39
  192. Uncanny X-Men #246-247
  193. Uncanny X-Men #248
  194. Uncanny X-Men #249-250
  195. Uncanny X-Men #251
  196. Uncanny X-Men #253
  197. Uncanny X-Men #254
  198. Uncanny X-Men #255
  199. Uncanny X-Men #251-252
  200. Uncanny X-Men #256-258
  201. Uncanny X-Men #261
  202. Uncanny X-Men #262-263
  203. Uncanny X-Men #264
  204. Uncanny X-Men #265
  205. Uncanny X-Men #266
  206. Uncanny X-Men #267
  207. Uncanny X-Men #270
  208. New Mutants #95
  209. X-Factor #60
  210. Uncanny X-Men #271
  211. X-Factor #61
  212. Uncanny X-Men #272
  213. New Mutants #97
  214. X-Factor #62
  215. New Mutants #100
  216. Uncanny X-Men #269
  217. Uncanny X-Men #274-275
  218. Uncanny X-Men #274
  219. Uncanny X-Men #275
  220. Uncanny X-Men #276
  221. Uncanny X-Men #277
  222. Uncanny X-Men #278
  223. Uncanny X-Men #277-278
  224. Uncanny X-Men #279
  225. X-Factor #69
  226. Uncanny X-Men #280
  227. X-Factor #70
  228. X-Factor #71
  229. X-Men Vol 2 #1
  230. X-Men Vol 2 #2
  231. X-Men Vol 2 #3
  232. X-Men (Vol. 2) #4-7
  233. X-Men (Vol. 2) #8-9
  234. Ghost Rider (Vol. 3) #26-27
  235. X-Men (Vol. 2) #10-11
  236. X-Men (Vol. 2) #12-13
  237. Uncanny X-Men #281
  238. Uncanny X-Men #282
  239. Uncanny X-Men #283
  240. Uncanny X-Men #284
  241. Uncanny X-Men #285
  242. Uncanny X-Men #286
  243. Uncanny X-Men #287-288
  244. Uncanny X-Men #291
  245. Uncanny X-Men #292
  246. Uncanny X-Men #293
  247. Uncanny X-Men #294
  248. X-Factor #84
  249. X-Men Vol 2 #14
  250. X-Force #16
  251. X-Factor #85
  252. Uncanny X-Men #295
  253. X-Men Vol 2 #15
  254. X-Force #17
  255. Uncanny X-Men #296
  256. X-Factor #86
  257. X-Men Vol 2 #16
  258. X-Force #18
  259. X-Men (Vol. 2) #18-19
  260. Uncanny X-Men #300-303
  261. X-Men Vol 2 #20
  262. X-Men Vol 2 #21-24
  263. X-Men Annual Vol 2 #2
  264. X-Men (Vol. 2) #30-31
  265. Uncanny X-Men Annual #1993
  266. Uncanny X-Men #298
  267. Uncanny X-Men #299
  268. X-Men Unlimited #1
  269. X-Factor #92
  270. X-Force #25
  271. 271.0 271.1 Uncanny X-Men #304
  272. X-Men Vol 2 #25
  273. Avengers #368
  274. X-Men Vol 2 #26
  275. Avengers West Coast Vol 2 #101
  276. Wolverine Vol 2 #75
  277. X-Men Unlimited #3
  278. X-Men Vol 2 #33
  279. X-Men Vol 2 #38
  280. X-Men Vol 2 #30
  281. Uncanny X-Men #305-306
  282. Uncanny X-Men #311-313
  283. Uncanny X-Men #314
  284. Uncanny X-Men #316
  285. X-Men Vol 2 #36
  286. Uncanny X-Men #317
  287. X-Men Vol 2 #37
  288. Uncanny X-Men #318
  289. Legion Quest
  290. Age of Apocalypse (Event)
  291. X-Men Prime #1
  292. X-Men Vol 2 #41
  293. Uncanny X-Men #323-324
  294. X-Men Vol 2 #45
  295. X-Force #44
  296. X-Men Vol 2 #42-44
  297. Uncanny X-Men #323-325
  298. X-Men Vol 2 #48
  299. X-Men Vol 2 #49
  300. X-Men Unlimited #10
  301. X-Men Vol 2 #50-51
  302. Uncanny X-Men #328
  303. Uncanny X-Men #329-330
  304. Uncanny X-Men #332
  305. Wolverine Vol 2 #100-101
  306. 306.0 306.1 Uncanny X-Men #335
  307. Uncanny X-Men #322
  308. X-Men Vol 2 #50
  309. X-Men Vol 2 #53
  310. Uncanny X-Men #334
  311. X-Men Vol 2 #54
  312. Onslaught X-Men #1
  313. X-Factor #125
  314. X-Factor #126
  315. Fantastic Four #415
  316. 316.0 316.1 X-Men Vol 2 #55
  317. X-Men Unlimited #11
  318. Avengers #401
  319. Uncanny X-Men #336
  320. X-Man #19
  321. X-Men Vol 2 #56
  322. Onslaught Marvel Universe #1
  323. Uncanny X-Men #337
  324. X-Men Vol 2 #57
  325. Uncanny X-Men #333
  326. Uncanny X-Men #323
  327. Uncanny X-Men #338
  328. Uncanny X-Men #340
  329. X-Factor #130
  330. X-Men Vol 2 #58
  331. Uncanny X-Men #339
  332. Uncanny X-Men #241
  333. Uncanny X-Men #243-244
  334. Uncanny X-Men #245
  335. X-Men Vol 2 #60-61
  336. X-Men Vol 2 #62-64
  337. X-Men Vol 2 #65
  338. X-Men Vol 2 #66
  339. X-Men Vol 2 #67-68
  340. X-Men Vol 2 #69
  341. Uncanny X-Men #347-348
  342. Uncanny X-Men #349
  343. Uncanny X-Men #350
  344. Wolverine Vol 2 #115-118
  345. X-Men Vol 2 #70
  346. X-Men Vol 2 #71
  347. Uncanny X-Men #353-354
  348. Uncanny X-Men #355
  349. X-Men Vol 2 #75
  350. X-Men Vol 2 #77
  351. X-Men Vol 2 #78
  352. X-Men Vol 2 #73
  353. Uncanny X-Men #360
  354. X-Men Vol 2 #80
  355. Uncanny X-Men #361
  356. X-Men Vol 2 #81
  357. Uncanny X-Men #362
  358. X-Men Vol 2 #82
  359. Uncanny X-Men #363
  360. X-Men Vol 2 #83
  361. Uncanny X-Men #364
  362. X-Men Vol 2 #84
  363. X-Men Vol 2 #85
  364. Uncanny X-Men #366
  365. X-Men Vol 2 #86
  366. Uncanny X-Men #367
  367. 367.0 367.1 X-Men Vol 2 #87
  368. Uncanny X-Men #368
  369. Uncanny X-Men #369
  370. Uncanny X-Men #369-371
  371. X-Men Vol 2 #89-91
  372. Uncanny X-Men #372
  373. X-Men Vol 2 #92
  374. Astonishing X-Men (Vol. 2) #1-3
  375. Uncanny X-Men #375
  376. 376.0 376.1 X-Men Vol 2 #96
  377. Uncanny X-Men #376
  378. Uncanny X-Men #377
  379. X-Men Vol 2 #97
  380. Uncanny X-Men #381
  381. 381.0 381.1 Uncanny X-Men #379
  382. X-Men Vol 2 #99
  383. Uncanny X-Men #380
  384. X-Men Unlimited #27
  385. X-Men Vol 2 #100-106
  386. Uncanny X-Men #381-385
  387. Maximum Security
  388. X-Men Forever #1-6
  389. Uncanny X-Men #388
  390. Cable #87
  391. Bishop the Last X-Man #16
  392. X-Men Vol 2 #108
  393. Uncanny X-Men #390
  394. X-Men: The Search for Cyclops #1
  395. Uncanny X-Men #391
  396. X-Men #109
  397. X-Treme X-Men #1-3
  398. X-Men Vol 2 #111
  399. X-Men #112
  400. Uncanny X-Men #393
  401. X-Men Vol 2 #113
  402. New X-Men #114-115
  403. New X-Men Annual #2001
  404. New X-Men #117
  405. New X-Men #123
  406. New X-Men #118-120
  407. New X-Men #121
  408. New X-Men #122
  409. New X-Men #123-124
  410. New X-Men #125
  411. New X-Men #126
  412. X-Treme X-Men #5-9
  413. X-Treme X-Men #10-17
  414. X-Treme X-Men #18-19
  415. Uncanny X-Men #395-398
  416. Uncanny X-Men #399
  417. Uncanny X-Men #400
  418. Uncanny X-Men #401-402
  419. Uncanny X-Men #403-406
  420. Uncanny X-Men #408-409
  421. New X-Men #128-130
  422. New X-Men #131-133
  423. New X-Men #134
  424. New X-Men #135-137
  425. New X-Men #138
  426. New X-Men #139
  427. New X-Men #140-141
  428. Uncanny X-Men #410-413
  429. Uncanny X-Men #413
  430. Uncanny X-Men #414-415
  431. Uncanny X-Men #417-420
  432. New X-Men #132
  433. Exiles #28-30
  434. Uncanny X-Men #421-422
  435. Uncanny X-Men #423-424
  436. Uncanny X-Men #428-434
  437. Uncanny X-Men #437-441
  438. X-Treme X-Men #20-23
  439. X-Treme X-Men #26-30
  440. X-Treme X-Men #31-35
  441. X-Treme X-Men #40-45
  442. New X-Men #142-145
  443. New X-Men #146
  444. New X-Men #147
  445. New X-Men #148
  446. New X-Men #149
  447. New X-Men #150
  448. New X-Men #151-154
  449. New X-Men #155-156
  450. Uncanny X-Men #442-443
  451. X-Treme X-Men #46
  452. Astonishing X-Men (Vol. 3) #1-2
  453. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #3
  454. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #4
  455. Astonishing X-Men (Vol. 3) #5-6
  456. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #7-8
  457. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #9
  458. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #10
  459. Astonishing X-Men (Vol. 3) #11-12
  460. X-Men Phoenix Endsong #1-5
  461. X-Men Vol 2 #157
  462. X-Men Vol 2 #158-160
  463. X-Men Vol 2 #161-164
  464. Uncanny X-Men #444-447
  465. Uncanny X-Men #448-449
  466. Uncanny X-Men #450-451
  467. Uncanny X-Men #452-454
  468. Uncanny X-Men #455-456
  469. Uncanny X-Men #457-459
  470. Uncanny X-Men #460-461
  471. X-Men Vol 2 #165
  472. Excalibur (Vol. 3) #11-12
  473. X-Men Vol 2 #166-170
  474. X-Men Vol 2 #171-174
  475. X-Men Vol 2 #175-176
  476. Black Panther Vol 4 #8-9
  477. Avengers #500-503
  478. Excalibur Vol 3 #14
  479. House of M #1
  480. House of M #2
  481. House of M #3-5
  482. House of M #6-7
  483. House of M #8
  484. Decimation: House of M - The Day After #1
  485. X-Men Vol 2 #177
  486. X-Men Vol 2 #178
  487. X-Men Vol 2 #179-181
  488. X-Men Vol 2 #182
  489. X-Men Vol 2 #183
  490. X-Men Vol 2 #184
  491. X-Men Vol 2 #185
  492. X-Men Vol 2 #186
  493. X-Men Vol 2 #187
  494. X-Men: Deadly Genesis #1
  495. X-Men: Deadly Genesis #2-4
  496. X-Men: Deadly Genesis #5
  497. New X-Men (Vol. 2) #20-23
  498. New X-Men (Vol. 2) #24-27
  499. New X-Men (Vol. 2) #28-31
  500. Uncanny X-Men #466-471
  501. Uncanny X-Men #472-475
  502. Uncanny X-Men Annual Vol 2 #1
  503. New Excalibur #8
  504. Civil War #3
  505. Civil War: X-Men #1-4
  506. Black Panther Vol 4 #18
  507. Uncanny X-Men #475-476
  508. Uncanny X-Men #478-479
  509. Uncanny X-Men #481-482
  510. Uncanny X-Men #484-486
  511. New X-Men Vol 2 #33-36
  512. New X-Men Vol 2 #37-41
  513. X-Men Vol 2 #188
  514. X-Men Vol 2 #189-190
  515. X-Men Vol 2 #192-193
  516. X-Men Annual Vol 2 #2007
  517. X-Men Vol 2 #194-196
  518. X-Men Vol 2 #197-199
  519. X-Men Vol 2 #200
  520. X-Men Vol 2 #201-204
  521. Uncanny X-Men #487-491
  522. Astonishing X-Men (Vol. 3) #13-18
  523. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #19
  524. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #20
  525. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #21
  526. Astonishing X-Men (Vol. 3) #22-23
  527. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #24
  528. Giant-Size Astonishing X-Men #1
  529. X-Men: Messiah Complex #1
  530. Uncanny X-Men #492
  531. X-Factor Vol 3 #25
  532. New X-Men Vol 2 #44
  533. X-Men Vol 2 #205
  534. Uncanny X-Men #493
  535. X-Factor Vol 3 #26
  536. New X-Men Vol 2 #45
  537. X-Men Vol 2 #206
  538. Uncanny X-Men #494
  539. X-Factor Vol 3 #27
  540. New X-Men Vol 2 #46
  541. X-Men Vol 2 #207
  542. X-Men: Legacy #208-210
  543. X-Force (Vol. 3) #1-6
  544. Wolverine Vol 3 #62-65
  545. Young X-Men #1-5
  546. Uncanny X-Men #495-499
  547. Uncanny X-Men #500
  548. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #25
  549. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #26-28
  550. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #29
  551. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #30
  552. Astonishing X-Men (Vol. 3) #31-35
  553. Astonishing X-Men: Xenogenesis #1-5
  554. Secret Invasion: X-Men #1
  555. Uncanny X-Men #501
  556. Uncanny X-Men #502
  557. Uncanny X-Men #503
  558. Secret Invasion: Dark Reign #1
  559. Uncanny X-Men Annual Vol 2 #2
  560. Uncanny X-Men #504-508
  561. Uncanny X-Men #508
  562. Uncanny X-Men #509-510
  563. Uncanny X-Men #511
  564. X-Infernus #1
  565. X-Infernus #2
  566. X-Infernus #3
  567. X-Infernus #4
  568. New Mutants Vol 3 #1-4
  569. Uncanny X-Men #504-507
  570. Uncanny X-Men #509
  571. Dark Avengers / Uncanny X-Men: Utopia #1
  572. X-Men: Legacy #226-227
  573. Uncanny X-Men #513
  574. Dark Avengers #7
  575. Uncanny X-Men #514
  576. Dark Avengers #8
  577. Dark Avengers / Uncanny X-Men: Exodus #1
  578. Uncanny X-Men #515
  579. Uncanny X-Men #516
  580. Uncanny X-Men #507
  581. Uncanny X-Men #517
  582. X-Men: Legacy Annual #1
  583. X-Men: Legacy #228-230
  584. X-Necrosha #1
  585. X-Men: Legacy #231
  586. X-Men: Legacy #232-233
  587. New Mutants Vol 3 #6
  588. New Mutants Vol 3 #7
  589. New Mutants Vol 3 #8
  590. New Mutants Vol 3 #9
  591. X-Force Vol 3 #21
  592. X-Men Vol 3 #22-23
  593. X-Force Vol 3 #24
  594. X-Force Vol 3 #25
  595. Uncanny X-Men #518-519
  596. Uncanny X-Men #520
  597. Uncanny X-Men #521
  598. Uncanny X-Men #522
  599. X-Men: Second Coming #1
  600. Uncanny X-Men #523
  601. New Mutants Vol 3 #12
  602. X-Men: Legacy #235
  603. X-Force Vol 3 #26
  604. Uncanny X-Men #524
  605. New Mutants Vol 3 #13
  606. X-Men: Legacy #236
  607. X-Force Vol 3 #27
  608. Uncanny X-Men #525
  609. New Mutants Vol 3 #14
  610. X-Men: Legacy #237
  611. X-Force Vol 3 #28
  612. X-Men: Hellbound #1-3
  613. X-Men: Second Coming #2
  614. Uncanny X-Men #529-530
  615. Generation Hope #1
  616. Curse of the Mutants
  617. X-Men Vol 3 #11
  618. X-Men Vol 3 #7-10
  619. Uncanny X-Men #530
  620. Uncanny X-Men #531
  621. Uncanny X-Men #532
  622. Uncanny X-Men #533
  623. Uncanny X-Men #534
  624. X-Men: Giant-Size #1
  625. X-Men Vol 3 #12-15
  626. X-Men: Legacy #238-241
  627. X-Men: Legacy #242-243
  628. New Mutants Vol 3 #15
  629. New Mutants #17-18
  630. New Mutants Vol 3 #19
  631. New Mutants Vol 3 #20
  632. New Mutants Vol 3 #21
  633. New Mutants Vol 3 #25
  634. New Mutants Vol 3 #24
  635. X-Men: Legacy #245
  636. 636.0 636.1 New Mutants Vol 3 #22
  637. X-Men: Legacy #246
  638. New Mutants Vol 3 #23
  639. X-Men: Legacy #247
  640. X-Men: Legacy #248-249
  641. X-Men: Legacy #250-253
  642. X-Men: Legacy #250
  643. X-Men: Legacy #254-258
  644. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #36-37
  645. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #39
  646. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #41
  647. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #38
  648. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #40
  649. Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 #42
  650. Uncanny X-Men #534.1
  651. Uncanny X-Men #535
  652. Uncanny X-Men #536
  653. Uncanny X-Men #537
  654. Uncanny X-Men #538
  655. Fear Itself #1
  656. Uncanny X-Men #540
  657. Uncanny X-Men #541
  658. Uncanny X-Men #542
  659. Uncanny X-Men #543
  660. Wolverine and the X-Men #16
  661. X-Men: Schism #1
  662. X-Men: Schism #2
  663. X-Men: Schism #3
  664. X-Men: Schism #4
  665. X-Men: Schism #5
  666. X-Men: Regenesis #1
  667. Wolverine & the X-Men #1-3
  668. Avengers vs. X-Men #1
  669. Avengers vs. X-Men #5
  670. X-Men: Battle of the Atom #1
  671. All-New X-Men #16
  672. Wolverine and the X-Men #36
  673. All-New X-Men #17
  674. Wolverine and the X-Men #37
  675. X-Men: Battle of the Atom #2
  676. Avengers & X-Men: AXIS #4
  677. Avengers & X-Men: AXIS #6
  678. Avengers & X-Men: AXIS #7
  679. Avengers & X-Men: AXIS #8
  680. Avengers & X-Men: AXIS #9
  681. Death of X #1-4
  682. 682.0 682.1 Extraordinary X-Men #1
  683. Extraordinary X-Men #7
  684. IVX #1
  685. IVX #2
  686. IVX #3
  687. IVX #4
  688. IVX #5
  689. 689.0 689.1 IVX #6
  690. All-New X-Men Vol 2 #18
  691. X-Men Prime Vol 2 #1
  692. Uncanny X-Men Vol 5 #10
  693. Uncanny X-Men (Vol. 5) #11-12
  694. House of X #1
  695. X-Men Vol 5 #15
  696. X-Men Vol 5 #16
  697. Astonishing X-Men Vol 4 #13
  698. Melrose, Kevin (13 September 2017). What Stan Lee Originally Wanted to Call the X-Men. Retrieved on 14 September 2017.
  699. Marvel Comics #1000
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